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sels of less burden than 60
RECIPROCITY, continued. ported into, or exported from, such foreign country in vessels of such country.—$ 2. His Majesty, by and with the advice of his Privy Council, or
by any Order or Orders in Council as aforesaid, imposition of is hereby empowered to remove, or again to im
pose, any such additional or countervailing Duty
of Customs, or to renew or withhold such drawbacks, bounties, or allowances, whenever it shall be deemed expedient so to do.4 Geo. IV. c. 77. § 4. And whereas it might tend to the advantage of Bri
tish vessels, arriving in foreign ports, if power Foreign Ves.
was given to His Majesty to exempt foreign ves
sels of less burden than sixty tons from the obliTons may be exempted from gation of taking on board'a Pilot to conduct taking a Pilot them into or from the ports of the United King
dom, in all cases in which British vessels of less burden than sixty tons are not required by law to take Pilots : he it, therefore, enacted, that from and after the passing of this Act *, it shall and may be lawful for His Majesty, by and with the advice of his Privy Council, or by any Order or Orders in Council, in all such cases as aforesaid, to exempt foreign vessels, being of less burden than sixty tons, from taking a Pilot on board to conduct them into or from any of the ports of the United Kingdomt.- $ 5. His Majesty, by Order in Council as aforesaid, may direct
additional tonnage Duties to be levied on Vessels Imposition of belonging to Countries where higher tonnage
Duties are imposed on British vessels, than on
vessels of such Countries, not greater in amount than may be deemed fairly to countervail the difference of duty. --5 Geo. IV. c. 1. $ 3. His Majesty may also, by the authority aforesaid, authorize
the entry of Foreign Vessels, on payment of the Remission of like tonnage Duties as are or may be charged in Tonnage Du.
respect of similar British Vessels, upon satisfac
tory proof being laid before His Majesty in Council, that vessels of the foreign country in whose favour such permission shall be granted, are charged with no other or
* The Act passed the 18th of July, 1823.
Bremen Vessels, by Order in Council, 19 Oct., 1824,
18 Nov. 1823.
Goods to higher duties than are levied on
RECIPROCITY, continued. higher tonnage Duties, on their entrance into the ports of such foreign country, than are levied on the entry into such ports upon the vessels of such country.—§ 4.
If any Foreign State or Power shall subject British Vessels, at any port within its dominions, to any higher Foreign States Duties or Charges whatever, than are levied on
tish Ships or National Vessels at any such port, or shall subject goods, the produce or manufacture of any of His Majesty's dominions, when imported from any Vessels, &c. of such dominions in British Vessels, to any higher other Coun; Duties or Charges than are levied on the like jesty may progoods, of whatever production, when so imported hibit the im. in National vessels, or shall so subject any article portation of of the growth, produce, or manufacture of His Majesty's dominions, when imported from any of such dominions, in British vessels, or in National vessels, to any Duties or Charges which would not be payable on the like article, the growth, &c. of any other Country, and imported from such other Country in National vessels; or shall grant any Bounties, Drawbacks, or Allowances, on the Exportation of any Articles the growth, produce, or manufacture of any other foreign power, which hath not also been granted on the exportation from any port or place within the dominions thereof, of the like articles, being the growth, &c. of His Majesty's dominions ; then and in any of the cases aforesaid, His Majesty, with the advice of his Privy Council, may prohibit the importation of any sort of Corn, Grain, Meal, or Flour from the dominions of such Foreign State or Power; and His Majesty may revoke or renew any such prohibition, as there shall be occasion. -9 Geo. IV. c. 60. § 7.
His Majesty is empowered, by and with the advice of his Privy Council, to order and direct, that there shall be levied and collected any additional Duty, not exceeding one-fifth of the amount of any existing reign Merchan
dize may be leduty upon all or any goods or merchandize, the growth, produce, or manufacture of any Country ceeding one which shall levy higher or other duties upon any
amount of any article the growth, produce, &c. of any of His existing Duty. Majesty's dominions, than upon the like article, the growth, &c. of any other foreign Country; and in like manner, to impose such additional Duties upon all or any goods when imported in the ships of any Country which shall levy higher or other duties on any goods, when imported in British ships, than when imported in the National ships of such Coun
Additional Duties on Fo.
vied, not ex
the Additional Du.
RECIPROCITY, continued. 1ry, or which shall levy higher or other tonnage, or port, or other Duties upon British ships, than upon such National ships, or which shall not place the commerce or navigation of this kingdom upon the footing of the most favoured nation, in the ports of such country; and either to prohibit the importation of any manufactured article, the produce of such country, if the export of the raw material of which such article is wholly or in part made, being prohibited from such country to the British dominions, or to impose an additional duty, not exceeding one-fifth as aforesaid, upon such manufactured article; and also to impose such additional duty, in the event of such raw material being subject to any duty, upon being exported from the said country to any of His Majesty's dominions ; and all duties imposed by any such order shall be deemed to be duties imposed by this Act.-3 & 4 Wm. IV. c. 56.9 5. And whereas higher and other Duties are levied in the ports
of the United Netherlands on certain goods when ty on Goods im. imported in British ships than when imported in ported in Ne. Netherland ships ; His Majesty doth therefore, un
der the authority of the Act 6 Ġeo. IV. c. 111,(now
3 & 4 Wm. IV. c. 56,) above recited, by and with the advice of his Privy Council, order, that upon all goods imported into the United Kingdom in Netherland ships, from and after the 30th Jan. 1826, there shall be levied and collected, in addition to the existing duties otherwise payable upon the importation of such goods, a further duty amounting to one-fifth part of such existing duties.-Order in Council, 30 Jan. 1826. The vessels of the following Kingdoms and States, entering
the ports of the United Kingdom of Great Britain ciprocity con- and Ireland, in ballast or laden, or departing from
the said ports, together with the cargoes on board the same (consisting of cargoes which may be legally imported or exported), shall be subject to such and the like duties only (from the date of their respective orders annexed), as are paid on British ships, and on similar Articles when imported or exported in British vessels; and such Articles, when exported from the said ports in such Foreign vessels, shall be entitled to the same Bounties, Drawbacks, &c. that are granted on similar Articles when exported in British vessels.
therland Ves. seis.
In what Re
Treaties of Reciprocity, or Commercial Agreements, have been concluded, or to which privileges of Trade have been granted under the 5th section of the Act 3 & 4 Wm. IV., c. 59, viz.:
* Treaty or Convention,
See Hanse Towns.
+ Order in Council.
See United Provinces of Rio de la Plata. | See Sweden,
with advice of
to declare the Powers with
enacted, that it shall and may be lawful for His His Majesty, Majesty, his heirs and successors, by any order Privy Council,
or orders to be by him or them made with the advice of his or their Privy Council, and pub.
lished in the London Gazette, from time to time whom Treaties are subsisting.
to declare what are the foreign powers with
which any such treaty or treaties as aforesaid is or are subsisting; and this present Act and the said recited Act * shall apply, and shall be deemed, from the time of the ratification of any such treaties, to have been applicable to the trade and shipping of such foreign countries as shall be so mentioned in any such Order or Orders in Council as aforesaid, so long as any such Order or Orders shall continue unrevoked, and no longer.—2 & 3 Wm. IV. c. 84. § 64.
In Pursuance of the above, the following List of Foreign Powers with which any such treaties as aforesaid are subsisting, was published in an Order in Council, dated the 12th Oct., 1832.
Portugal. Brazil. Order in Council exempting the Vessels and Boats of certain
Foreign Nations from Anchorage Dues in the Islands of
Guernsey, Jersey, Alderney, and Sark. Whereas certain dues and duties are payable to His Majesty within the Islands of Guernsey, Jersey, Alderney, and Surk, upon the anchorage of foreign ships, vessels, and boats arriving at, and casting anchor within the ports, roads, and havens of the said islands, commonly called anchorage dues ; and which dues are not payable by British ships, &c.; and whereas by certain treaties or conventions of commerce made and concluded with certain foreign powers, it is amongst other things agreed, that during the continuance of such treaties respectively, vessels of, and belonging to, the subjects of such States, entering or departing from the ports of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, shall not be subject to any other or higher duties or charges whatever than are or shall be levied on British vessels entering or departing from such ports; His Majesty, being desirous to carry the said Treaties into full effect, is pleased, with the advice of his Privy Council, to order, that during the continuance of the beforementioned Treaties or Conventions of commerce respectively, and so long as the same shall respectively remain in force, the
* Viz., the 59 Geo, III. c. 54.