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Vassar Opened' (1914); Vassar: A History) was merely a legal settlement.” At any rate, (1915).

it is otherwise inconsistent with his procedure TAYLOR, Jane, English poet and author,

in Ireland. But he was at his best not as an daughter of Isaac Taylor, 1759–1829 (9.v.): b. accurate theologian or polemic but as a preacher London, 23 Sept. 1783; d. Ongar, Essex, 12 of righteousness. His literary genius is genApril 1823. She was educated under the super

erally thought to be seen to best advantage in vision of her father and early displayed lit- his sermons. They do not lack rhetorical faults erary ability. Her work, which was very suc- redundancy, diffuseness, a burdensome excessful, bears some similarity in thought to

tent of quotation and illustration; but they are that of Cowper. Her first work was The Beg- always eloquent, with a certain vividness, diggar Boy) (1804) and in conjunction with her nity and solidity for which many critics have sister Ann (Mrs. Gilbert, of Nottingham, 1783–

been unable to find an equal in English prose. 1824), she published Original Poems) and His devotional works, inspiring for their deep

Hymns for Infant Minds." Her other work piety, are also highly valued for their usefulincludes Display,' a didactic tale (1815); Es- ness. Next to the Liberty of Prophesying' says in Rhymes (1816), and (published they are most famous among Taylor's writposthumously) Contributions of Q. Q. to a ings and now the most widely read. There Periodical (1826); Correspondence) (1825),

are collected editions by Bishop Heber (1820– etc. Consult Taylor, Isaac, Memorials of the 22) and by Eden (1847–54). (See Holy LivTaylor Family) (1867).

ING; HOLY DYING). Consult Coleridge's TAYLOR, Jeremy, English prelate and au

Literary Remains'; Hunt, Religious Thought thor: b. Cambridge, 1613; d. Lisburn, County

in England' (1870); Tulloch, Rational TheAntrim, Ireland, 13 Aug. 1667. After gradua

ology (1872); Barry, "Classic Preachers'

(1878); 'Dowden, Puritan and Anglican tion in 1630 from Caius College, Cambridge,


' he was ordained in 1634, attracted some atten

(1901); Life' by Heber (1822), revised by tion by his divinity lectures at Saint Paul's

Eden (1854); Gosse, Jeremy Taylor) (1904). and was sent by Laud to Oxford, where he was TAYLOR, John, English poet: b. Gloucesadmitted perpetual Fellow in 1636. He was tershire, 24 Aug. 1580; d. London, 25 July presented to the rectory of Uppingham, Rut- 1653. When young he was taken to London land, in 1638, to that of Overstone, Northamp- and apprenticed to a waterman, hence the title tonshire, in 1643. By this time he had made of "water-poet," by which he is commonly much of a reputation by his casuistical dis- known. He was at the taking of Cadiz, under courses. In the civil war he was committed to the Earl of Essex, in 1596, and afterward visited the Royalist party. As chaplain in ordinary Germany and Scotland. At home he was many to the king, he accompanied the army and was

years collector for the lieutenant of the Tower taken prisoner by the Parlimentarians in the of London and his fees of the wines from all battle before Cardigan Castle (1645). Soon the ships which brought them up the Thames. released, he remained in Wales, having found,

When the civil war broke out he retired to as he later said, that the "great storm had Oxford, where he kept a common victualing dashed the vessel of the church all in pieces.”

house, and wrote pasquinades upon the RoundWhile chaplain to Richard Vaughan, Earl of heads. He afterward kept a public house at Carbery, at Golden Grove, Carmarthenshire, Westminster. Certain of his works are pubhe did some of his best literary work, includ- lished under the title All the Works of John ing (The Liberty of Prophesying (1646); Taylor, the Water-Poet, being Sixty and Three Holy Living (1650), and Holy Dying?

in Number, collected into one volume by the (1651). He was twice imprisoned at Chepstow,

author, with sundry new Additions, corrected, occasionally preached to small Episcopalian con- revised, and newly imprinted? (1630). His pieces gregations in London and in 1658 was appointed were subsequently increased to more than to a weekly lectureship at Lisburn, County double that number. They are not destitute of Antrim. In April 1660 he signed the declara- natural humor and of the jingling wit which tion" of the Loyalists and in August following prevailed so much during the reign of James the Restoration was made bishop of Down and

I. As a mirror of the coarse mariners of his Connor. He found the diocese a troublesome

times they are invaluable to the historian and one, owing to difficulties with the Presbyterian antiquary. leaders, who refused to recognize Episcopal TAYLOR, John, Mormon president: b. jurisdiction. At his first visitation he declared Milnthorp, Westmoreland County, England, 1 36 churches vacant, their incumbents not having Nov. 1808; d. Salt Lake City, Utah, 25 July been episcopally ordained. Contrary to his pur- 1887. He was born of parents professing the pose, he contributed greatly toward the estab- faith of the Church of England, but while a lishment of Loyalist Presbyterians in northern youth became a Methodist local preacher. In Ireland as an independent ecclesiastical or- 1832 he emigrated to Canada and in 1835 was ganization. Of his works, the best known is converted to the Mormon faith during the misprobably the Liberty of Prophesying' — by sionary tour of Porley P. Pratt. He was orwhich he meant expounding – a defense of tol- dained a high priest by Joseph Smith in 1837 eration. He rests this plea for private judgment and in 1840 went as a Mormon missionary to on the uncertainty and inadequacy of tradi- various parts of the British Isles. The followtion, the fallibility of any arbiter that may ing year he returned and settled at Nauvoo, be selected on points of controversy, and the diffi- Ill., where in 1844, in company with several culty of expounding the Scriptures. Coleridge other Mormon leaders, charges of sedition and thought the result of the argument was that disloyalty were brought against him. The "so much can be said for every opinion and Carthage jail where the prisoners were consect) that appeal must be made to some posi- fined was attacked by a mob, two of his comtive jurisdiction on earth.” Perhaps Taylor's panions were killed and he was severely

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wounded. Returning from a second mission to in 1841 was made administrator of the state England in 1846 he went to the new Mormon of Shorapore, subduing its rebellious ruler. settlement in Salt Lake City and in 1849 was He rendered valuable service in keeping order elected an associate judge of the Mormon State during the berar mutiny in 1857, for which he of Deseret. He subsequently translated and was promoted to the rank of colonel. He pubpublished the Book of Mormon in French lished “Confessions of a Thug) (1839); (Tara! and German. In 1854 he was elected a mem- (1863); Ralph Darnell (1865); Manual of þer of the legislative council and the next year the History of India (1870); (A Noble Queen began a mission in New York, published The (1878), and other works. His autobiography Mormon and took charge of Mormon follow- was published in 1877. ers in the East. From 1877 to 1880 he was

TAYLOR, Richard, American soldier, son president of the Twelve Apostles and in the

of Zachary Taylor (q.v.): b. New Orleans, La., latter year organized the first presidency of the Church anew and took the chief place himself.

27 Jan. 1826; d. New York, 12 April 1879. He

was graduated from Yale in 1845, after which In March 1885 he was among those indicted

he went to his father's camp on the Rio Grande by a Federal grand jury under the Edmunds Law; but remained in concealment until his

and was present at Palo Alto and Resaca de la

Palma. He sat in the Louisiana senate in 1856death.

60 and was a member of the Louisiana SecesTAYLOR, John Louis, American jurist: sion Convention. He aided in the organization b. London, England, 1 March 1769; d. Raleigh, of the Confederate troops, commanded a brigN. C., 29 Jan. 1829. Arriving in this country ade under “Stonewall Jackson and fought at in his 12th year he gained an education at Front Royal, Middletown, Winchester, StrasWilliam and Mary College, Virginia, and was burg, Cross Keys, Port Republic and also in admitted to the bar after reading law with- the seven days' battle before Richmond. He out tuition. He settled at Fayetteville and be- was then promoted major-general and assigned came member of the legislature (1792-95). to the command of Louisiana, where he sucMoving to Newbern (1796) he was appointed ceeded in strengthening the Confederate posi(1798) judge of the Superior Court, a posi- tion, an advantage which was lost by the fall tion he held for 20 years, being chief justice of Vicksburg in 1863. On 8 April 1804 he met 10 years of the time. In 1818 he was elected and defeated General Banks at Sabine Crossas the first chief justice of the Supreme Court Roads, but on the following day lost his advantage of North Carolina. He was appointed (1817), and was in his turn defeated. He was projointly with Judge Henry Potter, to revise moted lieutenant-general in 1864 and placed in the statute laws of the State, which caused command of the Department of Alabama and publication of the work Potter's Revisal Mississippi. After the surrender of Lee and (1821), which work he continued and pub- Johnston he capitulated to General Canby at lished (1825), known as “Taylor's Revisal.? Citronelle, 8 May 1865. He published DestrucHe also wrote (Treatise on Executors and tion and Reconstruction' (1879). Administrators) (1825).

TAYLOR, Robert William, American TAYLOR, Mary Imlay, American novel- physician: b. London, England, 11 Aug. 1842; ist: b. Washington, D. C. She has published d. 1908. He was graduated at the College of (An Imperial Lover); A Yankee Volun- Physicians and Surgeons, New York (1868) teer) (1898); The Cardinals Musketeer) and started practice in that city. He was pro(1900); "Th Cobbler of Nimes (1900); fessor of diseases of the skin at Woman's MediAnne Scarlett' (1901); "Little Mistress Good cal College, New York, and in the medical Hope' (1902); (The Rebellion of the Princes) department of the University of Vermont; also (1903); (On the Red Staircase (1906); “The surgeon in the venereal department of Charity Impersonator) (1906); My Lady Clancarty! Hospital, Bellevue Hospital Dispensary, New (1907); (The Reaping' (1908); Caleb French York Dispensary, etc. He wrote A Practical (1910);- (The Long Way) (1913). She is also Treatise on Sexual Disorders of the Male the author of the photoplays, (The Plough- and Female) (New York, 3d ed., 1905). share?; Friend Wilson'; Daughter,' etc. TAYLOR, Rowland, English martyr: b.

TAYLOR, Nathaniel William, American Rothbury, Northumberland; d. Hadleigh, SufCongregational clergyman: b. New Milford, folk, 9 Feb. 1555. He was graduated at CamConn., 23 June 1786; d. New Haven, Conn., 10 bridge University and appointed by Cranmer, March 1858. He was graduated at Yale in to whom he was domestic chaplain, rector of 1807 and five years later became the pastor Hadleigh and he became archdeacon of Exeter of the First Congregational Church at New and a canon of Rochester. Under Mary he Haven, in which position he continued until was imprisoned, as a heretic, for more than a 1822, when he resigned to become professor of 12-month and on being condemned to the stake theology at Yale. This chair he held during suffered at Hadleigh. Consult Cooper, Athena the remainder of his life. He maintained the Cantabrigienses? (1858). "New Haven theology, and especially on the doctrine of total depravity, which was regarded

TAYLOR, Thomas, English scholar: b. as heretical, led him into a controversy with

London, 15 May 1758; d. Walworth, 1 Nov.

1835. He was educated (with the idea of bethe less liberal branch of the Congregational church in 1828–30. His works were edited and

coming a Dissenting minister) at Saint Paul's

School, London, but entered a banking house published by Noah Porter (1858–59).

as clerk, and subsequently served for several TAYLOR, Philip Meadows, English mili- years as assistant secretary to the Society for tary officer and author: b. Liverpool, 25 Sept. the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and 1808; d. Mentone, France, 13 May 1876. He Commerce. On the condition of his devoting entered the Nizam's army in India in 1824 and himself to literary work for the last 40 years

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of his life he received during that period a and atoning for the past critical offenses of pension of $500 a year from his friend, W. Punch. Meredith, who also defrayed the expenses of TAYLOR, William, American Methodist publishing his translation of Aristotle' in 10

bishop: b. Rockbridge County, Va., 2 May 1821; volumes (1806-12). His edition of Plato)

d. Palo Alto, Cal., 18 May 1902. He became a in English (1804) was published at the expense Methodist preacher in 1842, served as of the Duke of Norfolk, who locked up nearly itinerant until 1849 and was then sent as misthe whole edition in his own house, where it

sionary to California. He was engaged in that remained until 1848 when it was sold by auc- field until 1856 after which he spent five years tion. Taylor's works comprise about 60 volumes

in Canada and in the eastern States. In 1862 and include treatises on arithmetic and geom

he went out as an evangelist and continued his etry and translations of Proclus and Plotinus.

work for many years in Australia, Asia, Africa Opinions differ as to the exactness of his

and South America. He was particularly sucscholarship, but he well deserved his title of

cessful in his work among the Kaffirs in South «Platonist) and did good service to British

Africa, where he established numerous indephilosophy and literature by introducing to the

pendent mission churches and in 1884 was public as completely as possible the masters of

elected missionary bishop for Africa. He is Greek thought in an English garb.

said to have visited in the course of his misTAYLOR, Sir Thomas Wardlaw, Cana- șionary work every English-speaking country dian jurist: b. Auchtermuchty, Fifeshire, Scot

in the world. After his elevation to the office land, 25 March 1833. He was educated at of bishop he went to Central Africa where he Edinburgh University, removed to Canada and established a chain of 36 mission stations along in 1858 was admitted to the bar of Upper the Kongo. He published Seven Years PreachCanada. He was master in chancery, 1872–83

ing in San Francisco) (1856); Infancy and and puisne judge of Queen's Bench of Mani

Manhood of Christian Life) (1867); The toba, 1883–87. From 1887 to 1899 he was chief

Story of My Lifel (1882); Pauline Methods justice of Manitoba and administrator of the

of Missionary Work) (1889), etc. government of that province in 1890 and 1893. TAYLOR, William Ladd, American_arHis specialty is equity jurisprudence and he tist and illustrator: b. Grafton, Mass., 10 Dec. has published Commentaries on Equity Juris- 1854. He was educated at Worcester, Mass., prudence (1875); "Chancery Statutes and and studied art at Boston and New York Orders'; Public Statutes Relating to the schools and under the tuition of Baulanger Presbyterian Church.'

and Lefebvre, Paris, from 1884–85. Since that TAYLOR, Tom, English dramatist and

time he has been painter and illustrator, Some

of his best works are Selections from Longjournalist: b. Bishop-Wearmouth (Sunder

fellow's poems; a series of illustrations deland), 19 Oct. 1817; d. Wandsworth, 12 July 1880. He was educated at the University of

picting 19th century New England, his Pioneer

West' series, Psalms) series, pictures from Glasgow and at Trinity College, Cambridge,

the Old Testament, etc. graduating from the latter in 1840. He was elected a Fellow of his college in 1842 and in TAYLOR, William Mackergo, American 1845-47 he was professor of the English lan- Congregational clergyman: b. Kilmarnock, guage and literature in University College, Scotland, 23 Oct. 1829; d. 8 Feb. 1895. He London. Called to the bar in 1846, he was on was graduated at the University of Glasgow the northern circuit for a time, but in 1850

and studied theology at Divinity Hall of the was appointed assistant secretary, in 1854 sec

United Presbyterian Church, Edinburgh, till retary to the board of health. On the forma- 1852. He then was ordained and became pastor tion of the local government board he was at Kilmaurs till his fame called him (1855) made secretary of the sanitary department and to a new congregation at Bootle, Liverpool, when his post was abolished in 1871 he re

where he preached till 1871, obtaining a great tired with a pension. He engaged in journalis- and growing congregation. In the latter year tic work at an early stage in his career and he accepted the invitation to fill the pulpit of in 1844 began his connection with Punch, the Rev. Dr. Storrs, Brooklyn, for a vacation which continued until his death; in 1874 he

season, which caused his call to the Broadway succeeded Shirley Brooks as editor. He was

Tabernacle Church, New York, where he the author of a large number of successful

gained great popularity. He wrote much for plays, including To Parents and Guardians

the Scottish Review and over 30 of his works (1845); Masks and Faces) (1852), in collabo

were published. He was for four years ediration with Charles Reade, "To Oblige Benson

tor-in-chief of Christian at Work. Yale and (1854), an adaptation from the French; Our

Amherst (1872) conferred the degree of D.D. American Cousin? (1858), first produced at

and (1883) the College of New Jersey gave Laura Keane's theatre, New York, when

him its LL.D. diploma. Sothern created the character of Lord Dun- TAYLOR, Zachary, 12th President of the dreary; New Men and Old Acres (1859), United States : b. Orange County, Va., 24 Sept. partly by A. W. Dubourg; The Overland 1784; d. 9 July 1850. His father, Col. Richard Route (1860); (The Ticket-of-Leave Man) Taylor, served under Washington and he held (1863), based upon a French work; (The Fool's a number of important offices in Kentucky Revenge? (1869), based upon Hugo's (Le Roi where he migrated soon after the birth of S'Amuse; Twixt Axe and Crown (1870), Zachary. Young Taylor grew up in the vicinity

) adapted from the German; Joan of Arc) of Louisville in the midst of its exciting fron(1871); Lady Clancarty) (1874), and Settling tier life. In 1808 aroused by the Chesapeake Day) (1877). He wrote a striking poem on outrage, Taylor asked for a commission in the death of Lincoln eulogizing the martyr the army and in May was commissioned first

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