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INDEX

A.

289. Of Senators, 73, 291
Absent members of Congress, Of President and Vice-Presi.

compelled to attend,90,91,292. dent, 167, 298.
Absolute governments, the pow-Agreements between States, fore
ers of, 46.

bidden, 156,296. See Alliances
Account of the receipts and expen- || Alexandria, meeting of commis-
ditures of all public money, to

sioners at, in 1785, 33.
be published, 144, 145, 296. Aliens, suits by and against, in the
Accusation, self, criminals not courts of the United States,
bound to, 230, 233, 304.

211, 300.

See Foreigners.
Accused, in cases of impeachment, Alliances, States forbidden to

86. Privileges to the, 230– make, 146, 296. Washington,
234, 304. Not bound to testi- on domestic, 313; on foreign,
fy against themselves, 230, 233, 321. See Agreements, and
304. Examination of witnesses Combination.
against the, 231, 235, 304. Ambassadors, appointment of,
Counsel for, 231, 236, 304. 172, 173, 299. To be received
Confessions of, 241.

by the President, 176, 299.
Acts, public, of the States, faith to Suits by and against, 186, 192,
be given to, 135, 301.

213, 221, 223, 300.
Adams, John, Vice-President of || Amendments to the Constitution,

the United States, 34. Various 161, 303. On the election of
offices held by, 325. Minister President and Vice-President,
Plenipotentiary for the conclud- 161,163,305. On suits by and
ing and signing the Definitive against the States, 203, 205,
Treaty of Peace, between the 216, 305.

On the appellate ju-
United States of America and risdiction of the Supreme Court,
his Britannic Majesty, in 1783, both as to law and fact, 225,
325, 329.

304. On trial by jury, 230,
Adjournment of Congress, 92, 304. On search-warrants, 237,

292. Bills not approved by the 303. On excessive bail, fines,
President at the time of, 98, and punishments, 237,238, 304.
100, 293.

Mode of making, 246, 302. Re
Admiralty and maritime jurisdic- specting religious tolerance, 254,

tion, jurisdiction of the Supreme 303. Articles of, 303.
Court in cases of, 186, 187, || American, Washington on the
194, 196, 221, 300.

name, 310.
Admission of New States int) the American Colonies, history of the,
Union, 137, 301, 307.

11. Their title to the soil, 13,
Atfirmation, substitution of, for Times and manner of the settle-
oath, 252, 298, 303.

ment of the, 15. Governmente
Age, of Representatives, 54, 73, of the, 17. Rights and privi

leges of the, 19. legislative ileged as to, 93, 292 ; under
powers of the, 19. Common the Confederation, 281.
law of England introduced into Arsenals, 129, 295. Reservation
the, 20. Political state of the, respecting, 130.
at the time of the Revolution, || Articles, of Confederation, 279.
22. Their connexion with Great Of the Constitution, 289. Of
Britain and with each other, 22. Amendments to the Constitution,
Controversies between the, de- 303. Provisional,of Peace,sign-
termined before the King in ed at Paris, in 1782, 324. Of
council, 200. Declaration of the Definitive Treaty of Peace,

Independence of the, 275. of 1783, 325. Of compact, be-
American Revolution, see Revo- tween the original States and
lution.

the People and States in the
Annapolis, meeting of commission- Territory northwest of the river
ers at, in 1786, 33.

Ohio, 334. See Confederation
Appellate jurisdiction of the Na-|| Arts and sciences, promotion of
tional Judiciary, 212, 300. the, 118, 294.
Suggestions respecting it, 213– || Assemblies of the people, 264,
228. Of inferior tribunals, 214, 303. Claimed in the Declara-
218. On the exclusion of, by tion of Rights, of 1774, 274.
original jurisdiction, 215. Ex- | Assemblies, Provincial, 17. Dis-
tent of the, 217. Meaning of solution of, by English gover-
and mode of exercising, 224. nors, 92, 272.
Qualified, 227, 304.

Attainder, effect of, in treason,
Appointments to office, power of, 134, 135, 239, 301. Bills of, not
172–175, 299. By the Presi- to be passed, 144 ; by Congress,
ident, 172, 299. By Congress 144, 295 ; nor by the States,
and the Heads of Departments, 146, 150, 296.
172, 174, 299. When discre- || Authors, copy-rights for, 118, 294.
tionary in Congress, 172, 174, Ayes and noes,in Congress,92,292.
299. See Commissions, and
Vacancies.

B.
Apportionment, of Representa- | Bail, excessive, unconstitutional,

tives, 56–62, 104, 290. Of di- 238, 304.

rect taxes, 56–60, 97, 104, 290. Baltimore, Lord, 18. William
Appropriations, for armies, 122, Penn versus, 201.

123, 294. Before drawing Bankruptcy, power of Congress
money from the treasury, 144, respecting, 114, 294. · Impo-
295.

tency of the States as to, 115.
Aristocracy, absolute, or despotic, Bills, power of the President to
47.

approve and negative, 98, 293.
Arms, on keeping and bearing, Bills for raising revenue and tax-
264, 303.

es, 96, 293.
Army, power of Congress as to Bills of attainder, not to be passed
the, 43, 122, 141, 294.

Rev-

by Congress, 144, 295 ; nor by
olutionary, 122. Restrictions the States, 146, 150, 296.
respecting the, 123, 294. A | Bills of credit, 146, 148. States
standing impolitic, 265 ; con- forbidden to emit, 146,147,296.
demned in the Declaration of Meaning of, 147. Emission of,
Rights, of 1774, 274.

under the Confederation, 286.
Ariest, members of Congress, priv- || Bills of indictment, 231.

Bills of Rights, of 1774, 24, 271. ican colonies, 18. Introduc-

Of States, 48, 256. Under the tion of the common law into the,
Constitution, 255, 303 ; impor- 20.

tance of considered, 256. Chief Justice shall preside at the
Blackstone, Sir William, on the trial of the President, 76, 78

laity in England, 82. On ex- 291.
culpation by witnesses, in capi- || Chisholm versus Georgia, 202.
tal cases, 235. On counsel for Church and State, alliance be
accused persons, 236. On the tween, cut off, 253, 259, 303
liberty of the

press,
263.

Cicero condemned torture, 233.
Borrowing money, under the Con- Circuitous voyages, 105.

federation, 29, 287. Under the Citizens, privileges and immunities

Constitution, 107, 141, 294. of, in each State, 242, 301. See
Boston Port Bill, 271.

Controversies, and Judiciary.
Boundaries, between States, 200. || Citizenship, of Representatives,

Of the United States, according 54, 55, 73, 290. Of Senators,
to the Definitive Treaty of 1783, 73, 291. Of the President and
325. For States in the North- Vice-President, 167, 297. See
western Territory, 336.

Naturalization.
Bribery, impeachment for, 81, || Civil obligation of contracts, on

83, 299. Persons liable to be impairing the, 154.
removed from office for, 178, || Civil officers, meaning of, under
299.

the Constitution, 81.

Clearances at custom houses, 105,
C.

295.
Cabinet,see Heads of Departments. Coinage of money, under the Con-
Canada, provision for the acces- federation, 30, 285. Power of

sion of, to the Confederation, Congress respecting, 116, 294.
287. Boundaries between the Counterfeiting, 116, 294. For-
United States and, according to bidden to the States, 146, 147,
the Treaty of 1783, 325.

296.
Capital offences, and second trials | Coke, Sir Edward, on the law of
for, 230, 232, 304.

the land, 233. On witnesses in
Capitation taxes, 103, 104, 295. behalf of accused persons, 235.
Captures, 120, 122, 294. Juris- || Colonial governments, 17.
diction in cases of, 194.

Colonies, see American Colonies.
Cases, meaning of, in the sense of Colonists, sent to England for

the Constitution, 189, 190. By trial, 271.
implication, 191. In equity, Columbia, District of, 129, 295.
192, 216, 305.

See Equity. Combination among the States,
Ceded places, power of Congress

156, 245.

See Alliances.
over, 129, 295. Reservation Commerce, crippled, under the
respecting, 130.

Confederation, 31. Foreign im-
Censorship of the Press, 262. See positions respecting, 32, 108
Press.

Power of Congress to regulate,
Census, provision for the, 56, 58, 108, 109, 141, 294.

State of,
290. Capitation or other direct at the adoption of the Constitu-

taxes according to the, 104, 295. tion, 108. Meaning of the words
Cessions, see Ceded Places.

“ to regulate commerce,
Charter granted by James I., 15. See Duties, Taxes, and Trade.
Charter governments, in the Amar Commissioners, appointed by Ma.

» 110.

ryland and Virginia, meet at 279. See Congress, Continental
Alexandria, 33 Meeting of, at Confederation among States, un-
Annapolis, 33.

constitutional, 146, 296. See
Commissions from the President, Alliances.

176, 178, 299. See Appoint- Confessions, au evidence, 241.
ments.

Confiscation, in punishment for
Committee of the States, under the treason, unconstitutional, 134,
Confederation, 285.

135, 239, 301. In the States,
Common defence, provision for, during the Revolution, 150.
42, 101, 141, 289, 293.

Articles respecting, in the treaty
Common law, of England, intro- of peace, of 1783, 327, 328.

duced into the Colonies, 20. Congress, Continental, first and
Conservative principle in the, second meetings of the, 24, 26.
20. Its effects in the Colonies, Declaration of Rights of the, in
22. Cases at, under the Consti- 1774, 24, 271. Voting in, 26,

tution, 189. See Law,and Laws. 68, 281. Organization of the,
Common socage, 16.

27. Its powers and its weak.
Compacts, see Alliances.

ness, 27, 29, 30. Articles
Compensation, of members of Con- of Confederation by the, 28,

gress, 93, 292. Of the Presi- 279. Had no coercive author-
dent, 169, 298. Of the judges ity, 30 ; nor penal sanctions
of the Supreme Court, 181, 185, for its enactments, 30. Could
300. For private property taken not lay taxes or collect revenue,
for public use, 233, 304.

for the public service, 30 ; nor
Confederation, history of the, 28. regulate commerce, 31. Repor.

Delays and objections to the, laid before the, for a General
28. Final adoption of the, 28. Convention, 33. Calls a Con-
Defects in the, 29. Powers and vention for revision of the Arti-
weakness of the, 29. Gave to cles of Confederation, 34. Puts
Congress no coercive authority, into operation the Federal Con-
30 ; nor penal sanction to their stitution, 34. Adjournment of,
enactments, 30 ; nor power to to Princeton, 129. Compelled
lay taxes, or to collect revenue, to violate the Confederation, in
30, 102 ; nor to regulate com- order to preserve it, 132. Re-
merce, 31. Prospective termi- presentation of the States in the,
nation of the, 33. Convention 280. Freedom of speech and
for revision of the Articles of, debate in the, 281. Sole and
34. Legislative power under the, exclusive rights and powers of
49. Voting in Congress under the, 283. See Confederation.
the, 56, 68, 281. State of com-Congress, the first under the Con-
merce under the, 108. Impoten- stitution, 34. Divided into two
cy of the, as to armies, 122. branches, 49, 289. Impeachment
Restricted the authority of Con- by, 62, 63, 76, 78, 85, 290,
gress to powers expressly grant- 291, 299. Elections for, 89, 90,
ed, 132, 279. Want of an execu- 291, 292. Meetings of, 90, 291
tive department in the, 169 ; of Powers and privileges of both
judicial power, 180. Authority Houses of, 90, 292. Judgement
under the, to determine differ- of elections by, 90, 91, 292.
ences between States, 200, 283. Quorum of, 90, 91, 292. Absent
Disregard of treaty stipulations members compelled to attends
under the, 250. Articles of, 90,91, 292 Rules of, 91. Pan-

ishment and expulsion of mem-
bers of, 91, 292. Journals of,
to be kept, 92, 292. Yeas and
nays of, 92, 292. Adjournment
of, 92, 292. Contempts of, 93.
Compensation of members of,
93, 292. Their privilege from ar-
rest, 93, 292. Liberty of speech
and debate in, 93, 94, 292.
Disqualifications of members of,
94, 161, 162, 292, 297. Mode
of passing laws in, 96, 293.
Power of the President to neg-
ative the laws of, 98-100, 293.
Power of, to lay and collect tax-
es, 101,103,141,293. May bor-
row money, 107, 141, 294. May
regulate commerce, 108, 109,
141, 294 ; inquiries respecting
this power, 109. On trade with
Indian tribes, 108,109,113,294.
Power of, respecting naturaliza-
tion, 114, 294 ; bankruptcies,
114, 294 ; to coin money, regu-
late the value thereof, and fix the
standard of weights and meas-
ures, 116, 294 ; as to counter-
feiting, 116, 294 ; post offices
and post roads, 117, 294; pa-
tents and copy-rights, 118, 294 ;
to constitute tribunals inferior to
the Supreme Court, 119, 181,
218, 294, 299 ; to define, and
punish piracies and felonies,
committed on the high seas, and
offences against the law of na-
tions, 119, 294; to declare war,
120, 141, 294 ; grant letters of
marque and reprisal, 120, 121,
294 ; to make rules concerning
captures, 120, 122, 294 ; to
raise and support armies, 122,
123, 141, 294 ; to provide and
maintain a navy, 124, 141, 294;
to make rules for land and na-
val forces, 124, 294; to provide
for calling forth the militia, 125,
127, 294 ; for organizing and
disciplining the militia, 126,
294. Power of, over the Seat of
the Government, 128, 129, 295;

over ceded places for forts, mag.
azines, arsenals, dock-yards,
and other needful buildings,
128, 129, 295 ; to make all nec-
essary and proper laws for care
rying their powers into effect,
131, 295. Implied and inciden-
tal powers of, 131, 133, 141,
191 Power of, respecting trea-
son, 134, 239, 301 ; respecting
the faith and credit to be given
in each State to the public acts,
records, and judicial proceedings
of every other State, 135,301; as
to the admission of New States,
137, 140, 301, 336; respecting
the territory, or other property,of
the United States,138,301. Pro
hibitions on the powers of, 141,
266, 305 ; respecting the slave-
trade, 142, 295 ; respecting the
writ of habeas corpus, 143, 295;
respecting bills of attainder, and
ex post facto laws, 144, 239,
295 ; respecting appropriations
before drawing money from the
treasury, 144, 295 ; as to creat-
ing titles of nobility, 145, 296.
Power of, respecting Electors,
166, 297. Provision by, for va-
cancy of the Presidency and
Vice-Presidency, 168, 298 ; for
appointment of inferior officers,
172, 174, 299. The President
to give information to, and re-
commend measures, 176, 299.
Power of the President to con-
vene and adjourn, 176, 299
Authority given by, to the post
master-general, to bring suits
205. Restriction by, on appel-
late jurisdiction, 212–224, 226,
227, 300, 304. Power of, as to
designating places for trials, 228,
300 ; respecting amendments to
the Constitution, 246, 302.
Duty of courts, respecting un-
constitutional laws passed by,
251. Oaths to be taken by
members of, 251, 303. No
religious test required, 252, 258,

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