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303. Amendments to the Con-
stitution, adopted by, 254, 303.
Shall make no law respecting
an establishment of religion, or
prohibiting the free exercise
thereof, 255, 259, 303; or
abridging the freedom of speech,
or of the press, 255, 259, 261,
303 ; or the rights of the peo-
ple peaceably to assemble, and
to petition the government for a
redress of grievances, 255, 259,
264, 303. Recommendations
required to be made by the, ac-
cording to the treaty of 1783,
327, 328. See Commerce, Con-
gress, Continental, Impeach-
ments, Judiciary, Representa-

tives, Senators, and States.
Connecticut, settled, 16. Charter

government of, 19. Adopts the

Constitution, 35.
Conscience, rights of, 252, 253,

255, 259, 303.
Constitution of the United States

of America, 33, 289. Origin of
the, 33. Adoption of the, 34, 35,
303. Remarks on the framers of
the, 35, 247. Exposition of the,
36. Formed by the people, and
not by the States, 36. Remarks
on the interpretation of the, 36.
Final interpreter of the, 37. The
Preamble of the, and its exposi-
tion,37,289. Distribution of pow-
ers by the, 46, 289. Separation
of the legislative, the executive,
and the judicial, departments by
the, 47, 49. On the House of
Representatives, 49, 50, 289.
On the Senate and Senators, 49,
64, 67, 290. On impeachments,
62, 63, 76, 291, 298, 299. On
elections and meetings of Con-
gress, 89, 291. On the powers
and privileges of both Houses,
90, 292. On the mode of pas-
sing laws, 96, 293. On tax-
ation, 101, 141, 293. On
borrowing money, 107, 294.
On regulating commerce, 108,

109, 294. On trade with Indian
tribes, 108, 113, 294. On nat
uralization, 114, 294. On bank-
ruptcy, 114, 294. On coinage
of money, 115, 294. On post-
offices, and post roads, 117, 294.
On patents and copy-rights, 118,
294. On the punishment of
piracies and felonies, 119, 294.
On the declaration of war, 120,
141, 294. On the army, 122,
294. On the navy, 124, 294.
As to militia, 125, 294. On the
Seat of the Government, and oth
er ceded places, 128, 295. Gen
eral power of Congress under
the, to make necessary and prop-
er laws,131,295. On the punish-
ment of treason, 134, 239, 301.
On State Records, 135, 301
On the admission of New States,
137, 301. On the government
of Territories, 138, 301. Pro-
hibitions on the United States
by the, 142, 305 ; on the States
by the, 146, 296. On the struc-
ture, organization, and powers,
of the Executive department,
158, 296. On the powers and
duties of the President, 170, 298.
On the Judicial department,
179, 299. On the powers and
jurisdiction of the Judiciary,
186, 300, 304, 305. On trial
by jury, 228, 300. Definition
of treason by the, 239, 300. On
the privileges of citizens, 242,
301. On fugitive criminals and
slaves, 242, 243, 301. Guaran-
tee of republican government by
the, to the States, 244, 302.
Mode of making amendments to
the, 246, 302. Considered as
an experiment, 247, 267. On
public debt, 248, 302. Supre-
macy of Laws, treaties, and the,
249,302. On oath of office, 251,
298, 303. On religious tests,
252, 253, 303. Ratification of
the, 254, 303. Amendments to
the, 254, 303. Regarded as a

Bill of Rights, 255, 259, 303. mony necessary .0, 76, 291 ; in
Powers not delegated to the treason, 241, 310.
United States by the, 266, 305. | Copy-rights, 118, 294.
Concluding remarks on the, 267. || Corporations, non-identification of
Disturbing causes of the, 269. States with, 204. Not, constie
See Congress, Impeachment, tutionally, citizens, 208. For-
Judiciary, President, Represen- eign, may sue in the courts ofthe
latives, Senate, Senators, and Union, 211.
States.

Corruption of blood, in treason
Constitutional questions, impor 134, 135, 301.

tance of independence in the Council, The, under the Provincia]
Judiciary as to, 184. Jurisdic- Governmento, 17, 274.

tion in, 186, 188, 190, 300. Counsel for accused persons, 236,
Constructive treasons,

240.

304. See Accused.
Consuls, appointment of, 172, 173, Counterfeiting securities and mon-
299. Suits by and against, 186,

ey, 116, 294.
193, 213, 223, 300.

Country, trial by the, 228. See
Contempts of Congress, 93.

Jury.
Continental Congress, see Con-Credit, States cannot emit bills of,
gress, Continental.

146, 147, 296. Meaning of
Contracts, laws impairing the obli- bills of, 147. Emission of bills

gation of, prohibited, 146, 150, of, in the Revolution, and un-
248, 296, 302.

Remarks on, der the Confederation, 148,
150. Express and implied, 151. 286. Washington on public,
The obligation of, 152. What 317. See Debts.
impairs, 154. Insolvent laws Crimes, impeachable, 81, 83, 88,

by States respecting, 155. 299. Committed upon the high
Controversies, judicial power in, seas, 119, 198, 294. Mode and

where the United States is a place of trying, 228, 229, 300,
party, 186, 187, 199, 300. Be-

304. Second trials for, 230,
tween two or more States, 186,

304. See High Seas, Im-
187, 199, 200, 221, 300.

Be-

peachment, and Offences.
tween a State and citizens of an- | Criminals,on delivering up fugitive,
other State, 186, 187, 199, 201, 140, 242, 301, 337. Trial of,
300. Between citizens of differ-

228, 229, 300, 304. Not bound
ent States, 186, 187, 205, 221, to accuse themselves, 230, 233,
300; of the same State, claiming 304. Not to be twice tried, 230,
lands under grants of different 233, 304. Delivering up fugi
States, 186, 187, 209, 221, 300. tive, under the Confederation,
Between a State, or the citizens 280.
thereof, and foreign States, citi- | Crown, see King.
zens, or subjects, 186, 187, 210, Currency, of the country, 116
211, 221, 300.

294. Paper, 148. See Money
Conventions, at Alexandria and Custom-house entries and clear
Annapolis, 33. At Philadel-

ances, 105, 295.
phia, for forming the Consti- Customs, use of the word, 103.
tution, 34. For amendments to
the Constitution, 246, 302.

D.
Ratifications of, 254, 303. Dane, Nathan, ordinance by, for
Conviction, in cases of impeach- the government of the Torri-

ment, 76, 79, 88, 291. Testi- tory of the United States north
eration, 32. To foreigners, un- and judicial, powers, 47. Of
paid, 41. Prohibitions on the legislative powers, 49, 289.
Slates respecting, 146, 149, 296. Dock-yards, 129, 295. Reserva.
Tenderin payment of, 146, tions respecting, 130.
149, 296. State, at the adop- Domestic insurrections, supprer
tion of the Constitution, 216. sions of, 244, 302.
Contracted before the adoption | Domestic manufactures, encour-
of the Constitution, valid after- agement of, 113.
ward, 248, 302. Washington Domestic tranquillity, on insuring,
on the public, 317.

232,

West of the river Ohio, 139, Congress, 94, 161, 162, 292,
329.

297.
Debate, liberty of, in Congress, Distribution of powers, in govern

93, 94, 292. In the Continen- ments, 46.
tal Congress, 281.

District of Columbia, 129, 295.
Debts, public, under the Confe- Division, of legislative, executive,

42, 289.
Decimal mode of calculation, 116. Dutch, early settlements by the,
Declaration of Independence, 12, in New York and Delaware, 12.
24, 27, 275.

Duties, evils of want of uniformi-
Declaration of Rights, in 1774, ty in, among the States, 44.
24, 271.

Power of Congress to lay and
Declaration of war, 120, 141, 294. collect, 101, 293. Use of the
Defence, the common, provision word, 103. Uniformity in, re-

for, 42, 101, 141, 289, 293. quired, 104, 294. On imports,
Definitive Treaty of peace, be- 105, 296. Not to be laid on
tween the United States of

exports, 105, 295, 296. By
America and his Britannic Maj- the States, unconstitutional,
esty, 324. See Peace.

106, 156, 296.
Delaware, settlement of, 12, 16.
Proprietary government of, 18.

E.
Adopts the Constitution, 35. East Greenwich, manor of, held
Delegates, to the Continental Con- in free and common socage, 16.

gress, 26, 272, 280. For re- Education, Washington on institu-
vising the Articles of the Con- tions for, 317.
federation, 34. The choice of, | Elactions for Congress, 89, 90,
and representation by, in the 291, 292. Judges of, 90, 91,
Continental Congress, 280.

292.
Democratic governments, features Electors of President and Vice-
of, 47.

President, choice of, 161, 297.
Departments, see Heads of the Their mode of electing, 162,
Departments.

163, 297, 305. Vote by ballot,
Despotic governments, features 163, 165, 297, 305. Time of
of, 46.

choosing, 166, 297. Time of
Direct taxes, apportionment of, their voting, 166, 297.

56-60, 97, 104, 290. Power Electors of Representatives, quali-
of Congress to lay and collect, fications for, 50, 51. 289.

103, 295. Meaning of, 103. Emigrants, 142, 295. See Natu-
Discovery, title founded upon the alization.

right of, 13. Effect of, upon Emission of bills of credit, by the
the Indian title, 14.

States, unconstitutional, 146,
Disqualifications of members of 147, 296.

Emit, meaning of, 148.

Fines, excessive, not to be impos
England, see Peace.

ed, 238, 304.
Enlistments in the Revolution, First Colony, under the charter
122.

of James I., 15.
Equity, cases of law and, 186, Fisheries, privileges as to, accord-
189, 192, 216, 300.

ing to the treaty of 1783, 327.
Establishments of religion, uncon-Florida, acquisition of, 138.

stitutional, 255, 259, 303. Foreign alliances, Washington on,
Europeans, claim of, to the soil of 321. See Alliances.
America, 13.

Foreign commerce, regulation of,
Ex post facto laws, prohibition 108, 109, 141, 294. See Com-

of, by the Union, 144, 295 ; by merce.

the States, 146, 150, 296. Foreign corporations, see Corpora-
Excises, power of Congress to lay tions.

and collect, 101, 293. Use of Foreign debts, non-payment of, 41.
the word, 103. Uniformity in, See Debts.
required, 104, 294.

Foreign influence, Washington on,
Executed and executory contracts,

319.
151.

Foreign judgements, proof of, 135.
Execution of the laws, the Presi- || Foreign ministers, to be received

dent to take care as to the, by the President, 176, 299
177, 299.

Jurisdiction of the Judiciary
Executive department, structure, over, 186, 192, 213, 221, 223,

organization, and powers of the, 300.
158 ; the President, 159, 296. Foreign powers, resistance to, by
Three practical questions re- individual States, 43. The faith
specting the, considered, 159. to be given to the acts, records
Unity in the, 159. See Presi- and judicial proceedings of, 135.
dent.

Presents and favors from, pro-
Expenditures of public money, ac- hibited, 145, 296. Controversies

count of, to be published, 144, with, 210, 300. Cannot be
145, 296.

compelled to become rties,
Exports, no duties on, 105, 295. 211.

Duties on', by the States, 106, Foreigners, justice towards, 40.
296.

Jurisdiction in cases affecting,
Express contracts, 151.

196. See Aliens.
Expulsion from Congress, 91, 292. Forfeiture, see Confiscation.

Forgeries, 116, 294.
F.

Forts, 129, 295. · Reservation re-
Fact, jurisdiction of the Supreme specting, 130.

Court as to the law and, 224, France, peace between Great Brit-
226, 300, 304.

ain and, 324.
Faith and credit to be given to the Franklin, Benjamin, various offices

acts, records, and judicial pro- held by, 325. Minister Plenipo-
ceedings of the States, 135, 242, tentiary for concluding and sign-
301.

ing the Definitive Treaty of
Farewell Address of Washington, Peace, between the United States
306.

of Arnerica and his Britannia
Federal Constitution, see Consti- Majesty, in 1783, 325, 329.
tution,

Freedom of the press, 255, 261
Felonies, 119, 242, 294, 301. 303.

H.

Freedom of speech, see Liberty. || Grand Bank, the privilege to take
Freedom, religious, 139, 252, 253, fish on the, according to the
255, 259, 303, 334.

treaty of 1783, 327.
Fugitive criminals and slaves, on Grand Jury, 231 See Jury

delivering up, 140, 242, 301, Grants, 151, 152.
337. Under the Confedera- | Great Britain, see Peace.
tion, 280.

Guarantee of a republican form of

government to the States, 244
G.

245, 302.
General welfare, on promoting the,

su8, 202.

44, 102, 289, 294.
George III., injuries and usurpa- | 4abeas corpus writ, provision for

tions by, 276. Definitive Trea- the right to the, in the North
ty of Peace between the United western Territory, 139, 324.
States of America and, 324. Privilege of, and suspension of
Peace between France and, it, 143, 295. Meaning of the
324. See King.

143. On the exercise of au-
Georgia, settled, 16. Government

thority respecting, 224.
of, at the commencement of the Hardwicke, Lord, on appellate ju-
Revolution, 18. Adopts the risdiction, 201.
Constitution, 35. Chisholm ver- Hartley, David, British minister

plenipotentiary for signing the
Germany, wars in, previous to the Definitive Treaty of Peace, be-

institution of the Imperial cham- tween the United States of
ber, 200.

America and his Britannic Ma-
Glossary, 339.

jesty, in 1783, 324, 329.
Gold, to be legal tender in pay- || Heads of the Departments, restric-

ment of debts, 146, 149, 296. tions respecting the, 94, 95, 292
Governments, the Colonial, 17. President may require the opin.

Provincial, 17. Proprietary, 17, ions of the, 170, 171, 298
18. Charter, 17, 18. The Appointments by the, 172, 174
Revolutionary, 26. The three 299.
great powers of, 46. Of the Henry III., 20.
Territory northwest of the Ohio, || High seas, definition of, 119. Pun-
139, 329. Republican, guaran- ishments of crimes upon the,
tied to the States, 244, 245,302. 119, 294. Jurisdiction in cases
Rights of, as to religious inter- of crimus committed upon the,
ference, 260. Difficulty of fix- 187, 196, 198,300. See Crimes.
ing principles for, 268. Re- || History, of the American Colonies,
marks on, in the Declaration of 11. Of the Confederation, 28.
Independence, 275.

House of Commons, election of
Governors, under Provincial gov- Speaker by the, 62. Impeach-

ernments, 17. Under proprie- ment by the, 63. Money bills
tary governments, 18.

Under originate in the, 97. On the
charter governments, 19. Ap- right to witnesses, by accused
proval of Speakers by, 62.

persons, 235.
Prorogued and dissolved Assem- | House of Lords, a court, 63. Re-
blies, 92, 272. Powers and strictions on the, as to money
privileges of, according to the bills, 97.
Ordinance for the government House of Representatives, in the
of the Territory northwest of colonies, 17, 19. See Represen
the Ohio, 139, 331.

tativos.

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