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CHAPTER I. Genealogy of the Washington Family,

CHAP. II. The Home of Washington's boyhood-His

Early Education-Lawrence Washington and his Cam-

paign in the West Indies-Death of Washington's

Father-The widowed Mother and her Children-School


CHAP. III. Paternal Conduct of an Elder Brother-The
Fairfax Family-Washington's Code of Morals and Man.
ners Soldiers' Tales-Their Influence-Washington
prepares for the Navy-A Mother's Objections-Return
to School-Studies and Exercises-A School-boy Passion
The Lowland Beauty-Love Ditties at Mount Vernon
-Visit to Belvoir-Lord Fairfax-His Character-Fox-
hunting a Remedy for Love-Proposition for a Surveying


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CHAP. VII. Council of the Ohio Tribes at Logstown-
Treaty with the English-G'st's Settlement-Speeches
of the Half-king and the French Commandant-
French Aggressions-The Ruins of Piqua-Washington
sent on a Mission to the French Commander-Jacob
Van Braam, his Interpreter-Christopher Gist, his Guide
-Halt at the Confluence of the Monongahela and Alle-
gany-Projected Fort-Shingiss, a Delaware Sachem-
-Logstown-The Half-king-Indian Councils-Indian

Diplomacy-Rumors concerning Joncaire-Indian Es-

corts The Half-king, Jeskakake, and White Thun-



CHAP. VIII. Arrival at Venango-Captain Joncaire-

Frontier Revelry-Discussions over the Bottle-The Old

Diplomatist and the Young-The Half-king, Jeskakake,

and White Thunder staggered-The Speech-belt-Depar

ture-La Force, the wily Commissary-Fort at Frei ch

Creek-The Chevalier Legardeur de St. Pierre, Knight

of St. Louis-Captain Reparti-Transactions at the Fort

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CHAP. XIV. Return to quiet Life-French and English

prepare for Hostilities-Plan of a Campaign-General

Braddock-His Character-Sir John St. Clair Quarter-

master-general-His Tour of Inspection - Projected

Roads-Arrival of Braddock-Military Consultations

and Plans-Commodore Keppel and his Seamen-Ships

and Troops at Alexandria-Excitement of Washington

-Invited to join the Staff of Braddock-A Mother's

Objections-Washington at Alexandria-Grand Council

of Governors-Military Arrangements-Colonel William

Johnson-Sir John St. Clair at Fort Cumberland-His

Explosions of Wrath-Their Effects-Indians to be en-

listed-Captain Jack and his Band of Bush-beaters, 52

CHAP. XV. Washington proclaimed Aide-de-camp-Dis
appointments at Fredericktown-Berjamin Franklin and
Braddock Contracts- Departure for Wills' Creek-
Rough Roads-The General in his Chariot-Camp at
Fort Cumberland-Hugh Mercer-Dr. Craik-Military
Tactics Camp Rules-Secretary Peters-Indians in
Camp-Indian Beauties-The Princess Bright Light-
ning-Errand to Williamsburg--Braddock's Opinion of
Contractors and Indians-Arrival of Conveyances,
CHAP. XVI. March from Fort Cumberland-The Great
Savage Mountain-Camp at the Little Meadows-Divi-



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CHAP. III. Washington's Object in distressing Boston-
Scarcity and Sick ess in the Town-A Startling Discov-
ery-Scarcity of Powder in the Camp-Its Perilous
Situat on-Economy of Ammunition-Correspondence
between Lee and Burgoyne Corresponder ce between
Washington and Gage-The Diguity of the Patriot Army

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CHAP. IV. Dangers in the Interior-Machinations of the
Johnson Family-Rivalry of Ethan Allen and Benedict
Arnold-Government Perplexities about the Ticonde
roga Capture-Measures to secure the Prize--Allen and
Arnold ambitious of further Laurels-Projects for the
Invasion of Canada-Ethan Allen and Seth Warner
honored by Congress-Arnold displaced by a Committee
of Inquiry-His Indignation-News from Canada-The
Revolution to be extended into that Province-Enlist-
ment of Green Mountain Boys Schuyler at Ticonderoga
-State of Affairs there-Election for Officers of the
Green Mountain Boys-Ethan Allen dismounted-Joins
the Army as a Volunteer-Preparations for the Invasion
of Canada-General Montgomery-Indian_Chiefs at
Cambridge - Cou_cil Fire-Plan for an Expedition
against Quebec-Departure of Troops from Ticonde-
roga-Arrival at Isle aux Noix,
CHAP. V. A Challenge declined-A Blow meditated-A
cautious Council of War-Preparations for the Quebec
Expedition-Benedict Arnold the Leader-Advice and
Instructions-Departure-General Schuyler on the Sorel
-Reconroitres St. Johns-Camp at Isle aux Noix-I]].
ness of Schuyler-Returns to Ticonderoga-Expedition
of Montgomery agairst St. Johns-Letter of Ethan Al-
len-His Dash against Montreal-Its Catastrophe-A
Hero in Irons-Correspondence of Washington with
Schuyler and Arnold-His Anxiety about them,

CHAP. VI. British in Boston send out Cruisers-Depre-

dations of Captain Wallace along the Coast-Treason in

the Camp-Arrest of Dr. Church-His Trial and Fate-

Conflagration of Falmouth-Irritation througl.out the

Country-Fitting out of Vessels of War-Embarkation

of General Gage for England-Committee from Con-

gress-Conferences with Washington-Resolutions of

Congress to carry on the War-Return of Secretary

Reed to Philadelphia,

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CHAP. IX. Washington's Anticipations of Success at Que-
bec-His Eulogium of Arnold-Schuyler and Montgom-
ery talk of resigning-Expostulations of Washington-
Their Effect-Schuyler's Conduct to a Captive Foe, 195
CHAP. X. Difficulties in filling up the Army-The Con-
necticut Troops persist in going Home-Their reception
there-Timely Arrival of Spoils in the Camp-Putnam
and the Prize Mortar-A Maraud by Americans-Re-
buked by Washington-Correspondence of Washington
with General Howe about the treatment of Ethan Allen
-Fraternal Zeal of Levi Allen-Treatment of General
Prescott-Preparations to bombard Boston-Battery at
Lechmere's Point-Prayer of Putram for Powder,

CHAP. XI. Mount Vernon in Danger-Mrs. Washington

invited to the Camp-Lund Washington, the General's

Agent-Terms on which he serves-Instructed to keep

up the Hospitality of the House-Journey of Mrs. Wash-

ington to Camp-Her Equipage and Liveries-Arrival

at Camp-Domestic Affairs at Head Quarters-Gayetics

in Camp-A Brawl between Round-Jackets and Rifle-



CHAP. XII. Affairs in Canada-Arnold at Point Levi-

Quebec reinforced-Crossing of the St. Lawrence-Land-

ing in Wolfe's Cove-Arnold on the Heights of Abra-

ham-Cautious Counsel-Quebec aroused-The Invaders

baffled-Withdraw to Point aux Trembles-Booming

of Cannon-Carleton at Quebec-Letter of Washington

to Arnold,

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CHAP. XIV. Military Preparations in Boston-A Secret
Expedition-Its Object-Lee's Plan for the Security of
New York-Opinion of Adams on the Subject-Instruc-
tions to Lee-Transactions of Lee in Connecticut-Lee's
Policy in regard to the Tories-Uneasiness in New York
-Letter of the Committee of Safety to Lec-His Reply
-His Opinion of the People of Connecticut-Of the

Hysterical Letter from the New York Congress, 207

CHAP. XV. Montgomery before Quebec-His Plan of Op-

erations-A Summons to Surrender-A Flag Insulted-

The Town Besieged-Plan of an Escalade-Attack of

the Lower Town-Montgomery in the Advance-His

Death-Retreat of Colonel Campbell-Attack by Ar

nold-Defence of the Lower Town-Arnold wounded

-Retreat of the Americans-Gallant Resolve of Ar-



CHAP. XVI. Correspondence of Washington and Schuy
ler on the Disasters in Canada-Reinforcements required
from New England-Dangers in the Interior of New
York-Johnson Hall beleaguered-Sir John capitulates
-Generous Conduct of Schuyler-Governor Tryon and
the Tories-Tory Machinations-Lee at New York-Sir
Henry Clinton in the Harbor-Menaces of Lec-The
City ad River fortified-Lee's Treatment of the Tories
-I's Plans of Fortification-Ordered to the Command
in Canada-His Speculations on Titles of Dignity,

CHAP. XVII. Monotonous State of Affairs before Boston

-Washington anxious for Action-Exploit of Putnam-

Its Dramatic Consequences-The Farce of the Blockade

of Boston-An Alarming Interruption-Distresses of the

Besieged-Washington's Irksome Predicamen.t-His

Bold Proposition-Demur of the Council of War-Ar-

rival of Knox with Artillery-Dorchester Heights to be

seized and fortified-Preparations for the Attempt, 218

CHAP. XVIII. The Affair of Dorchester IIeights-Amer-

ican and English Letters respecting it-A Laborious

Night-Revelations at Daybreak-Howe in a Perplexity

-A Night Attack meditated-Stormy Weather-The

Town to be evacuated-Negotiations and Arrangements

-Preparations to Embark-Excesses of the Troops-Bos-

ton evacuated-Speech of the Duke of Manchester on the

subject-A Medal voted by Congress,


CHAP. XIX. Destination of the Fleet-Commission of the

two Howes-Character of Lord Howe-The Colonies

divided into Departments-Lee assigned to the Southern

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CHAP. XXIII. Retreat of General Thomas-His Death-

General Sullivan in Command-Scene on the Sorel-San-

guine Expectations of Sullivan-Washington's Opinion

of Sullivan's Character-Gates appointed to the Com-

mand in Canada-Reinforcements of the Enemy-Re-

verses-Thompson Captured-Retreat of Sullivan-Close

of the Invasion of Canada,

CHAP. XXIV. Designs of the Enemy against New York

and the Hudson-Plot of Tryon and the Tories-Arrival

of a Fleet-Alarm Posts-Treachery up the Hudson-

Fresh Arrivals-General Howe at Staten Island-Wash-

ington's Preparations,

CHAP. XXV. First Appearance of Alexander Hamilton

-His Early Days-General Hugh Mercer in command

of the Flying Camp-Declaration of Independence

Announced to the Army-Downfall of the King's



CHAP. XXVI. Arrival of more Ships-Movements of the
Phoenix and the Rose-Panic in the City-Host.le Ships
up the Hudson-Stir of War along the River-General
George Clinton, and the Militia of Ulster County-Fresh
Agitation of New York-Arrival of Lord Howe,
CHAP. XXVII. Precautions against Tories-Secret Com-
mittees Declaration of Lord Howe-His Letter to the
Colonial Governors-His Letter to Washington rejected
-Interview between the British Adjutant-General and
Colonel Reed-Reception of the Adjutant-General by
Washington-The Phoenix and Rose in the Tappan Sea,
and Haverstraw Bay-Arming of the River Yeomanry
-George Clinton at the Gates of the Highlands,
CHAP. XXVIII. Question of Command between Gates
and Schuyler-Condition of the Army at Crown Point-
Discontent and Departure of Sullivan-Fortifications at
Ticonderoga-The Question of Command adjusted-Se-
cret Discontents-Sectional Jealousies in the Army-
Southern Troops-Smallwood's Macaroni Battalion-
Connecticut Light-Horse,

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CHAP. XXXIX. Affairs on Lake Champlain-Gates at

Ticonderoga-Arnold's Flotilla-Military Preparations

of Sir Guy Carleton at St. Johns-Nautical Encounters

-Gallant Conduct of Arnold and Waterbury-Carleton

in Possession of Crown Point-His return to Canada

and Winter Quarters,


CHAP. XL. Washington crosses the Hudson-Arrives at

Fort Lee-Affairs at Fort Washington-Question about

its Abandonment-Movements of Howe-The Fort sum-

moned to Surrender-Refusal of Colonel McGaw-The

Fort attacked-Capture of the Fort and Garrison-

Comments of Washington on the State of Affairs, . 295

CHAP. XLI. The Enemy cross the Hudson-Retreat of

the Garrison from Fort Lee-The Crossing of the Hack-

ensack-Lee ordered to move to the West Side of the

River-Reed's Letter to him-Second move of the Army

-Beyond the Passaic-Assistance sought from various

quarters-Correspondence and Schemes of Lee-Heath

stanch to his Instructions-Anxiety of George Clinton

for the Safety of the Hudson-Critical Situation of the

Army-Disparaging Correspondence between Lee and

Reed-Washington retreats across the Raritan-Arrives

at Trenton-Removes his Baggage across the Delaware

-Dismay and Despondency of the Country-Procla-

mation of Lord Howe-Exultation of the Enemy-

Washington's Resolve in case of Extremity,


CHAP. XLII. Lee at Peekskill-Stanch adherence of

Heath to Orders-Lee crosses the Hudson-Washing-

ton at Trenton-Lee at the Heels of the Enemy-His

Speculations on Military Greatness-Forced March of

Cornwallis-Washington crosses the Delaware-Put-

ram in Command at Philadelphia-Baffling Letters of

Lee-Hopes to reconquer the Jerseys-Gates on the

March-Lee quartered at Baskingridge-Surprised and

Captured-Speculations on his Conduct,

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