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PEC QUE T.
1514 ; and his “ Perspectiva Communis," Venice, 1504 ; Colon. 1592, Norimb. 1542, and Paris, 1556, 4to.'
PECOCK. See PEACOCK.
PECQUET (John), a learned anatomist, and a native of Dieppe, a considerable author of the seventeenth century, has rendered his name famous by his discovery of the thoracic duct, and the receptacle of the chyle; with which, however, some alledge that Bartholomeus Eustachius was acquainted before bim. But the world is obliged to Pecquet for shewing, beyond all contradiction, that the lacteal vessels convey the chyle to this receptacle ; and for proving that it is thence carried, by particular vessels, through the thorax, almost as high as the left shoulder, and there thrown into the left subclavian vein, and so directly carried to the heart. He died at Paris, in February 1674. The work in which he published the discovery was entitled “ Experimenta nova Anatomica, quibus incognitom hactenus Chyli Receptaculum, et ab eo per Thoracem in Ramos usque subclavios Vasa lactea deleguntur;" to which was subjoined a dissertation, “ De Circulatione Sanguinis et Chyli Motu," 1651. It was reprinted in 1654, together with an essay “De Thoracis lacteis," in answer to Riolan; and many subsequent editions have appeared.”
PEDRUSI, or PEDRUZZI (Paul), a learned antiquary, was born of a noble family at Mavtua, in 1646. He entered himself among the Jesuits, and became distinguished for his deep knowledge of history and antiquities. His private character too was such as made bim beloved by erery person who knew him. He was chosen by Rannuncio, duke of Parma, to arrange his rich and curious cabinet of medals, of which, in 1694, he began to publish an account under the title of “ I Cæsari in oro raccolti nel Farnese Musæo o publicati colle loro congrue interpretazioni;" and he continued his labours till his death, Jan. 20, 1721. This work, in-its complete form, consists of ten vols. folio, and bears the title of “ Museo Farnese;" but is not held in so much estimation on the continent as to bear a high price.3
PEELE (GEORGE), an English poet, who flourished in the reign of queen Elizabeth, was a native of Devonshire. He was first educated at Broadgate's Hall, but was some time afterwards made a student of Christ Church college, Oxford, about 1573, where, after going through all the several forms of logic and philosophy, and taking all the necessary steps, he was admitted to his master of arts degree in 1579. After this it appears that he removed to London, became the city poet, and had the ordering of the pageants. He lived on the Bank-side, over against Black-friars, and maintained the estimation in his poetical capacity which he had acquired at the university, which seems to have been of no inconsiderable rank. He was a good pastoral poet; and Wood informs us that his plays were not only often acted with great applause in his life-time, but did also endure reading, with due commendation, many years after his death. He speaks of him, however, as a more voluminous writer in that way than he appears to have been, mentioning his dramatic pieces by the distinction of tragedies and comedies, and has given us a list of those which he says he had seen ; but in this he must have made some mistake, as he has divided the several incidents in one of them, namely, his “ Edward I.” in such manner as to make the “ Life of Llewellin," and the “ Sinking of Queen Eleanor,” two detached and separate pieces of themselves; the error of which will be seen in the perúsal of the whole title of this play. He moreover tells us, that the lastmentioned piece, together with a ballad on the same subject, was, in his time, usually sold by the common balladmongers. The real titles of the plays written by this author, of which five only are known, are, 1. “The Arraignment of Paris,” 1584, 4to.
I Tanner.-Cave,-- Wharton's Anglia Sacra.-Archæologia, vol. X. ? Eloy.-Dict. Hist. de Medicine.
3 Moreri, - Dict. Hist.
2. “ Edward the First, 1593," 4to. 3. “ King David and Fair Bethsabe,” 1599, 4to. 4. “ The Turkish Mahomet and Hyren the Fair Greek." 5. “ The Old Wives Tale," a comedy, 1595, 4to.
Wood and Winstanley, misguided by former catalogues, have also attributed to him another tragedy, called " Alphonsus, emperor of Germany.” But this, Langbaine assures us, was written by Chapman, he himself having the play in his possession, with that author's name to it. About 1593 Peele seems to have been taken into the patronage of the earl of Northumberland, to whom he dedicated in that year, “ The Honour of the Garter, a poem gratulatorie, the Firstling, consecrated to his noble name.” He was almost as famous for his tricks and merry pranks as Scoggan, Skelton, or Dick Tarleton; and as there are books of theirs in print, so there is one of his called “ Merrie conceited Jests of George Peele, gent. sometime student in Oxford; wherein is shewed the course of his
life, how he lived,” &c. 1627, 4to. These jests, as they are called, might with more propriety be termed the tricks of a sharper. Peele died before 1598, of the consequences of his debaucheries. Oldys says he left bebind him a wife and a daughter. He seems to bave been a person of a very irregular life; and Mr. Steevens, with great probability, supposes, that the character of George Pieboard, in “ The Puritan,” was designed as a representative of George Peele. See a note on that comedy, as published by Mr. Malone.
PEGGE (SAMUEL), an eminent and laborious antiquary, descended from an ancient family in Derbyshire, was the son of Christopher Pegge, a woollen-draper, and was born at Chesterfield, Nov. 5, 1704. He was admitted a pensioner of St. John's college, Cambridge, May 20, 1722, and in November was elected a scholar upon Lupton's foundation. In Jan. 1725 be took his degree of B. A. and in March 1726 was elected to a fellowship, which he did not hold long, owing to a singular circumstance. His fel. low competitor was Mr. Michael Burton, who had the superior right as being a-kin to the founder of the fellowship, but this claim was set aside, owing to his being de ficient in literature. He now artfully applied to the college for a testimonial, that he might receive orders, and undertake some cure in the vicinity of Cambridge; and this being unadvisedly granted, he immediately appealed to the visitor (Dr. Thomas Greeve, bishop of Ely), represents ing.that, as the college had, by the testimonial, thought him qualified for ordination, it could not, in justice, deem him unworthy of becoming a fellow of the society. The consequence was, that the visitor found himself reluctantly obliged to eject Mr. Pegge, and Burton took pussession of the fellowship. The visitor, however, recommended Mr. Pegge in such a manner to the master and seniors of the college, that he was from that time considered as an honorary member of the body of fellows (tanquam socius), and kept his seat at their table and in the chapel, being placed in the situation of a fellow-comwoner. Feeling yet more the indignity of the trick played upon them by Burton, they chose Mr. Pegge to a Platt-fellowship in 1729.
Classical criticism being one of his earliest studies, it is thought that he had before this time meditated an edition
ļ Biog. Dram.—Wartou's Hist. of Poetry --Ath. Ox, vol. I. new edit.-Cen. sura Literaria, vol, it, and III,
of Xenophon's “ Cyropædia" and " Anabasis," from a cola lation of them with the Duport MS. in the library of Eton, to convince the world that he had not been utjustly preferred to Burton ; but this undertaking was probably prévented by the appearance of Hutchinson's edition. Havi ing taken the degree of M. A. in July 1729, he was ori dained deacon in December, and priest in February follows ing, on both occasions by Dr. Baker, bishop of Norwich. His first clerical employment was as curate to the Rev. Dr. John Lynch, at Sandwich, in Kent. This he held from Lady Day 1730, to Midsummer 1731, when he removed to Bishopsbourne, another living belonging to Dr. Lynch, who at the end of the same year procured for him the liv: ing of Godmersham.. · Being now possessed of a living, and of some independent personal property inherited from his mother, he inari ried, in April 1732, miss Anne Clarke, the only daughtet of Benjamin Clarke, esq. of Stanley, bear Wakefield, in Yorkshire. While he resided in Kent, which was for the space of twenty years, he made himself universally acceptable by his general knowledge, his agreeable conversation, and his vivacity. Having an early propensity to the study of antiquities as well as of the classics, he here laid the foundation of what in time became a considerable cola lection of books, and his cabinet of coins grew in propor tion; by which two assemblages, so scarce among country gentlemen in general, he was qualified to pursue those collateral studies, without neglecting his parochial duties, to which he was always assiduously attentive. Here, how: ever, the placid course of his life was interrupted by the death of Mrs. Pegge, whom he lamented with unfeigned sorrow; and now meditated on some mode of removing himself, without disadvantage, to his native country, either by obtaining a preferment tenable with his present vicarage, or by exchanging this for an equivalent. · Having been induced to reside for some time at Surrenden, to superintend the education of Sir Edward Dering's son, that baronët obtained for bim the perpetual curacy of Brampton, near Chesterfield, in the gift of the dean of Lincoln“; but the parishioners insisting that they had a right to the presentation, law proceediugs took place, before the termination of which in favour of the dean of Lincoln, Mr. Peġge was présented by the new dean of Lincoln, Dr. George, to the rectory of Whittington, near Chesterfield. He was ac
cordingly inducted Nov. 11, 1751, and resided here upwards of forty-four years without interruption. About a fortnight after, by the interest of his friend sir Edward Dering with the duke of Devonshire, he was inducted into the rectory of Brinbill, or Brindle, in Lancashire, on which he resigned Godmersham. Sir Edward also obtained for him in the same year a scarf from the marquis of Hartington (afterwards the fourth duke of Devonshire) who was then called up to the house of peers by the title of baron Cavendish of Hardwick. In 1758 Mr. Pegge was enabled, by the acquiescence of the duke of Devonshire, to exchange Brinhill for Heath, alias Lown, which lies within seven miles of Whittington; a very cominodious measure, as it brought his parochial preferments within a smaller distance of each other. The vicarage of Heath he held till his death. His other preferments were, in 1765, the perpetual curacy of Wingerworth ; the prebend of Bobenhull, in the church of Lichfield, in 1757; the living of Whittington in Staffordshire, in 1763; and the prebend of Louth, in Lincoln church, in 1772. Towards the close of his life he declined accepting a residentiaryship in the church of Lichfield, being too old to endure, with tolerable couvenience, a removal from time to time. His chief patron was archbishop Cornwallis, but he had an admirer, if not a patron, in every dignitary of the church who knew him ; and his protracted life, and bis frequent and almost uninterrupted literary labours, made him very generally known. In 1791, when on a visit to his grandson, sir Christopher Pegge, of Oxford, he was created LL. D. by that university. He died, after a fortnight's illness, Feb. 14, 1796, in the ninety-second year of his age, and was buried, according to his own desire, in the chancel of the church of Whittington, near Chesterfield, where his son placed a mural tablet of black marble, over the east window, with a short inscription.
Dr. Pegge's manners were those of a gentleman of liberal education, who had seen much of the world, and had formed them upon the best models within his observation. Having in his early years lived in free intercourse with many of the principal and best-bred gentry in various parts of Kent, he ever after preserved the same attention, by associating with superior company, and forming honoura. ble attachments. In his avocations from reading and retirement, few men could relax with more ease and cheera