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to make the United States one nation, it was a matter of course that the citizens of the Uni. ted States, should not on account of removal from one state to another be laid under disabilities, but enjoy the same advantages as the citizens of the latter state.
In what manner can a person fleeing from one state into another, to escape justice, be delivered up, to be removed into the state which has jurisdiction of the crime?
What is the provision of the constitution which prevents a person held to service from becoming free by escaping into another state?
Sec. 3. Who are authorized to admit new states into the union? How many states have been admitted since the adoption of the constitution ? Ans. Eleven. What restrictions are placed upon the authority of congress to admit new states ?
Who are authorized to dispose of, and make rules for the regulation of the territory, and other property of the United States ? It is said that “nothing in the constitution shall be construed to prejudice any claim of the United States or of any particular state ;” to what claim is allusion made ? Ans. To claims of unsettled lands, about which there was at the
time of the formation of the constitution, some dispute.
Sec. 4. What form of government do the United States guaranty to every state in the union?
Remark. All the members of the union have a particular interest in the forms of gov. ernment of each other, since those forms may affect the well being of the union. Besides, to promote the general welfare is one of the great objects of the union. In what way can it be more effectually promoted than by this combination against any but the freest form of government ?
Against what are the United States bound to protect each of the states ?
In what way may amendments to the constitution be made ? What exceptions are made to the general rule concerning amendments ? Repeat the clauses which it is declared, should not be altered prior to the year 1808.
Repeat the clause of the constitution by
which the new government assumed the debts of the confederation.
What is declared to be the supreme law of the land? What officers are required to be bound by oath to support the constitution ?
The ratification of how many states was necessary for the establishment of the constitution between the states ratifying it?
Questions on the Proceedings in Convention.
What states were represented in the conven. tion which formed the constitution?
What did the convention resolve, as to the mode by which the constitution should be rati. fied ? To whom was each convention ratifying it, to give notice ?
What did the convention resolve should be, in their opinion, the method of organizing the new government ?
Who addressed a letter to congress by order of the convention, on submitting to their consideration the constitution ? does that letter say, it has long been the opinion of the friends of the country, should be
vested in the general government? Why was it not proper that such powers should be vested in the old congress ?
Remark. We find here intimated the reason of distributing the powers of the government among the three different departments, the legislative, the executive, and the judicial, and also of dividing the legislative department into two houses. All these different departments, while each is best suited for the performance of the peculiar duties assigned to it, operate as checks upon each other. Had all the powers of the government in one consoli. dated mass, been vested in a single body of men, the most odious tyranny might have been the
What was the great difficulty with which the convention met in forming the general gov. ernment ?
Of what spirit is the constitution declared to be the result ?
Questions on the Amendments to the Constitu
When were the ten first amendments propo.
sed by congress ? What induced congress to propose them?
Remark. One of the objections brought against the constitution when it was proposed to the people, was that it contained no bill of rights, that is, no declaration of the essential rights and privileges reserved to the people. This was not srictly true, provisions being made in it against bills of attainder, ex post facto laws, the granting of titles of nobility, and in favor of the right of trial by jury and the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus. Yet, so jealous were the people of their liber. ties, these provisions were deemed insufficient. Further restrictions upon the powers of the general government were therefore made. The ten first amendments sufficiently indicate of themselves, by what a careful regard to republican principles and to popular rights, they were dictated.
ARTICLE I. What restrictions upon the power of congress are made in this article ?
ARTICLE II. What right of the people does this article declare shall not be infringed ?
ARTICLE III. What are the only conditions on which a soldier can be quartered in any house?