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Exhibit No. 22.–Statement of operations of special-delivery system in month of October,
STATEMENT No. 21.-Weight of letters, newspapers, &c., sent from United States to Eu.
ropean countries during fiscal year
THE POST MASTER-GENERAL.
Washington, D. C., November 21, 1885. Sir: The annual report upon the affairs of this Department-which I have the honor now to submit to your consideration-undertakes, according to usage, to exhibit especially the past year, ended with June, and the lessons suggested by its experiences, the pending operations of the current year which require any particular mention, the estimates for the coming year to begin with next July, and such dis. cussion of special topics and recommendations of legislation as its officers think may tend to improvement of the service.
THE PAST FISCAL YEAR
has witnessed three persons at the head of administration of the Department. It was, when the year begun, under the charge of the Hon. Walter Q. Gresham, who resigned this office on the 24th day of September, 1884, to assume the duties of Secretary of the Treasury. To him succeeded the Hon. Frank Hatton, whose service as PostmasterGeneral commenced on the 14th day of October, 1884, and terminated, apon the acceptance of his resignation, on the 7th of March last, at which date, by virtue of your commission, I took the office. The exposition of the transactions of the year must therefore be in the greater part derived from the books and records, which imposes the risk of a less satisfactory presentation of the affairs in which I had no part than my distinguished predecessors would have given for themselves—a risk lessened by their able administration and faithful records.
The Financial Summary of the year shows a considerable increase in the deficiency of the postal revenues to sustain the cost of the postal service. This deficiency has now attained to a large figure, and it will contribute to an understanding of the causes for its existence and of the manner in which they have operated their effects to state the general exhibit of the past year in contrast with similar showings of the two preceding years. The following condensed statements derived from the Auditori Office and the guance division of the Department show the expenditures for the two first years, not as, in part, estimated in the annual reports, but corrected according to subsequent facts; while the cost for the past year is necessarily in small part the subject of estimate only.
FOR THE YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1883. Revenue: Ordinary postal....
$45, 097, 073 24 Money-order business...
411, 619 37
1,948, 943 39
tion of mails...
915, 710 22
Total net surplus
1,033, 233 17
FOR THE YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1884. Revenue: Ordinary postal......
42, 818,635 00
519, 492 08
FOR THE YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1885. Revenue : Ordinary postal....
42, 151, 910 53
42,560, 843 83