Druge izdaje - Prikaži vse
aggregate America amount annual Bank of England bankers bills of exchange bonds Branch Branch Bank California Canal Bank capital Cashier cent charter circulation circumstances coin coinage commercial committee commodities cotton Court currency days of grace demand deposits discount dividends dollars employed estimated Europe exports extent Farmers foreign France Free Banking Frémont fund gold and silver hundred important increase individual interest July labor Legislature liabilities loan London manufacture Maryland means Mechanics Bank ment Merchants millions mines money market mortality obtained operations Orleans paid Paper Money party payable payment Pennsylvania period persons population pounds precious metals present principle produce profits promissory note proportion purchase quantity received Rhode Island South Carolina specie stockholders supply thousand tion Total trade transactions United usury whole York
Stran 213 - The result is a conviction that the States have no power, by taxation or otherwise, to retard, impede, burden, or in any manner control, the operations of the constitutional laws enacted by Congress to carry into execution the powers vested in the General Government.
Stran 609 - The value of any commodity, therefore, to the person who possesses it, and who means not to use or consume it himself, but to exchange it for other commodities, is equal to the quantity of labour which it enables him to purchase or command. Labour, therefore, is the real measure of the exchangeable value of all commodities.
Stran 297 - The sovereignty of a State extends to everything which exists by its own authority or is introduced by its permission ; b*ut does it extend to those means which are employed by Congress to carry into execution powers conferred on that body by the people of the United States ? We think it demonstrable that it does not.
Stran 335 - ... acts calling elections, acts providing for tax levies or appropriations for the usual current expenses of the state, and urgency measures necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health or safety, passed by a twothirds vote of all the members elected to each house.
Stran 328 - I never knew an early-rising, hard-working, prudent man, careful of his earnings and strictly honest, who complained of bad luck. A good character, good habits, and iron industry are impregnable to the assaults of all the ill luck that fools ever dreamed of.
Stran 517 - The United States in congress assembled shall also have the sole and exclusive right and power of regulating the alloy and value of coin struck by their own authority, or by that of the respective states..
Stran 177 - ... the amount of the capital stock, and the number of shares into which it is divided; and at least ten per cent of that amount must be subscribed before directors can be chosen.
Stran 296 - to borrow money on the credit of the United States.' The stock it issues is the evidence of a debt created by the exercise of this power. The tax in question is a tax upon the contract subsisting between the Government and the individual. It bears directly upon that contract, while subsisting and in full force.
Stran 680 - The practice of granting exclusive privileges to particular individuals invited competition for these legislative favors. They were soon regarded as part of the spoils belonging to the victorious party, and were dealt out as rewards for partisan services. " This practice became so shameless and corrupt that it could be endured no longer, and in 1838 the legislature sought a remedy in the general banking law.
Stran 83 - The whole interior of the Southern States was languishing and its inhabitants emigrating for want of some object to engage their attention and employ their industry, when the invention of this machine at once opened views to them which set the whole country in active motion. From childhood to age it has presented to us a lucrative employment. Individuals who were depressed with poverty and sunk in idleness have suddenly risen to wealth and respectability. Our debts have been paid off. Our capitals...