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POSTAL SERVICE BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND

MEXICO

CENTS

Letters, for each ounce or fraction..

2 Postal Cards ...

1
Reply Postal Cards, each...

2
Newspapers and periodicals, for each 4 ounces
or fraction of 4 ounces..

1
Printed matter in general, for each 2 ounces
or fraction of 2 ounces.

1
Commercial Papers
For the first 10 ounces or less.

5
For each additional 2 ounces.

1
Samples of Merchandise
For the first 4 ounces or less.

2
For each additional 2 ounces.

1 Registration fee, in addition to postage......10 Articles which are admitted to the domestic mails of the United States will be admitted under the same conditions to the mails for Mexico, except that printed matter, commercial papers, and bona fide trade samples are transmissible in the regular mails at the postage rate and subject to the conditions applicable to those articles in Mexican mails. Sealed packages other than letters in their usual and ordinary form are unmailable.

Packages of merchandise may be sent to Mexico at the postage rate of 1 cent for each ounce or fraction for packages not weighing more than 4 ounces, and at the rate of 12 cents for each pound or fraction for packages exceeding 4 ounces in weight up to 4 pounds 6 ounces. Parcels for Mexico must be accompanied with customs declarations regardless of their weight. Mailable mer. chandise may also be sent by foreign parcel post. (See below.) Packages of merchandise cannot be insured or sent C. 0. D., but they may be registered.

PARCEL Post REGULATIONS Postage rate.

12 cents per lb. or fraction Limit weight.

.22 lbs. Maximum Dimensions. ....Combined length and girth 72 in., max. length, 36 in.

Customs Declaration required. Parcel cannot be insured but may be registered. Maximum indemnity for parcels under 11 lbs. is approximately $4.80.

MONEY ORDER FEES
For Orders from-
$0.01 to $10.

10
From $10.01 to $20.

20 From $20.01 to $30.

30 From $30.01 to $40.

40 From $40.01 to $50.

50 From $50.01 to $60.

60 From $60.01 to $70.

70 From $70.01 to $80.

80 From $80.01 to $90.

90 From $90.01 to $100.

$1

CENTS

APPENDIX VI

TREATIES BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES

AND MEXICO

1828.a

TREATY OF LIMITS. Concluded January 12, 1828; ratification advised by the Senate April 4, 1832;

ratified by the President April 5, 1832 ; ratifications exchanged April 5, 1832; proclaimed April 5, 1832.

ARTICLES. I. Boundary.

III. Commissioners. II. Boundary line.

IV. Ratification. The limits of the United States of America with the bordering territories of Mexico having been fixed and designated by a solemn treaty, concluded and signed at Washington on the twenty-second day of February, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and nineteen, between the respective Plenipotentiaries of the Government of the United States of America on the one part, and of that of Spain on the other; and whereas the said treaty baving been sanctioned at a period when Mexico constituted a part of the Spanish monarchy, it is deemed necessary now to confirm the validity of the aforesaid treaty of limits, regarding it as still in force and binding between the United States of America and the United Mexican States:

With this intention, the President of the United States of America has appointed Joel Roberts Poinsett their Plenipotentiary, and the President of the United Mexican States their Excellencies Sebastian Camacho and José Ygnacio Esteva;

And the said Plenipotentiaries, having exchanged their full powers, have agreed upon and concluded the following articles:

ARTICLE I. The dividing limits of the respective bordering territories of the United States of America and of the United Mexican States being the same were agreed and fixed upon by the above-mentioned treaty of Washington, concluded and signed on the twenty-second day of February, in the year one thousand eight hundred and nineteen, the two high contracting parties will proceed forthwith to carry into full effect the third and fourth articles of said treaty, which are herein recited, as follows:

ARTICLE II. The boundary line between the two countries west of the Mississippi shall begin on the Gulf of Mexico, at the mouth of the river Sabine, in the sea, continuing north along the western bank of that river to the thirty-second degree of latitude; thence by a line due north to the degree of latitude where it strikes the Rio Roxo of Natchitoches, or Red River; then following the course of the Rio Roxo westward to the degree of longitude one hundred west from London and twenty-three from Washington; then crossing, the said Red River, and running thence by a line due north to the river Arkansas; thence, following the course of the southern bank of the Arkansas, to its source, in latitude forty-two north; and thence, by that parallel of latitude,

* Reprinted from Malloy, Treaties and Contentions, I. 1982 1205.

aThe commission referred to in this treaty was never appointed. The accession of Texas and the war between the United States and Mexico rendered the treaty inoperative.

as

to the South Sea; the whole being as laid down in Melish's map of the United States, published at Philadelphia, improved to the first of January, one thousand eight hundred eighteen. But if the source of the Arkansas River shall be found to fall north or south of latitude forty-two, then the line shall run from the said source due south or north, as the case may be, till it meets the said parallel of latitude forty-two, and thence, along the said parallel, to the South Sea, all the islands in the Sabine, and the said Red and Arkansas Rivers, throughout the course thus described, to belong to the United States of America; but the use of the waters and the navigation of the Sabine to the sea, and of the said rivers Roxo and Arkansas, throughout the extent of the said boundary on their respective banks, shall be common to the respective inhabitants of both nations.

The two high contracting parties agree to cede and renounce all their rights, claims, and pretensions to the territories described by the said line; that is to say, the United States hereby cede to His Catholic Majesty, and renounce forever, all their rights, claims, and pretensions to the territories lying west and south of the above-described line; and, in like manner, His Catholic Majesty cedes to the said United States all his rights, claims, and pretensions to any territories east and north of the said line; and, for him. self, his heirs, and successors, renounces all claim to the said territories forever.

ARTICLE III. To fix this line with more precision and to place the landmarks which shall designate exactly the limits of both nations, each of the contracting parties shall appoint a commissioner and a surveyor, who shall meet before the termination of one year from the date of the ratification of this treaty, at Natchitoches, on the Red River, and proceed to run and mark the said line, from the mouth of the Sabine to the Red River, and from the Red River to the river Arkansas, and to ascertain the latitude of the source of the said river Arkansas, in conformity to what is above agreed upon and stipulated, and the line of latitude forty-two to the South Sea. They shall make out plans and keep journals of their proceedings; and the result agreed upon by them shall be considered as part of this treaty, and shall have the same force as if it were inserted therein. The two Governments will amicably agree respecting the necessary articles to be furnished to those persons, and also as to their respective escorts, should such be deemed necessary.

ARTICLE IV. The present treaty shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Washington, within the term of four months, or sooner if possible.

In witness whereof we, the respective Plenipotentiaries, have signed the same and have hereunto affixed our respective seals.

Done at Mexico this twelfth day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, in the fifty-second year of the Independence of the United States of America, and in the eighth of that of the United Mexican States. (SEAL.]

J. R. POINSETT. [SEAL.]

S. CAMACHO. [SEAL.]

J. Y. ESTEVA.

1831.a

TREATY OF LIMITS. Concluded April 5, 1831; ratification advised by the Senate April 4, 18.32;

ratified by the President April 5, 1832; ratifications exchanged April 5, 1832; proclaimed April 5, 1832.

The time having elapsed which was stipulated for the exchange of ratifcations of the treaty of limits between the United States of America and the United Mexican States, signed in Mexico on the twelfth day of January,

aThis extension treaty expired with the treaty of 1828.

one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, and both Republics being desirous that it should be carried into full and complete effect, with all due solemnity, the President of the United States of America has fully empowered, on his part, Anthony Butler, a citizen thereof, and Chargé d'Affaires of the said States in Mexico; and the Vice-President of the United Mexican States, acting as President thereof, has, in like manner, fully empowered, on his part, their Excellencies Lucas Alaman, Secretary of State and Foreign Relations, and Rafael Mangino, Secretary of the Treasury;

Who, after having exchanged their mutual powers, found to be ample and in form, have agreed, and do hereby agree, on the following article:

The ratifications of the treaty of limits concluded on the twelfth of Jan. uary, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, shall be exchanged at the city of Washington within the term of one year, counting from the date of this agreement, and sooner should it be possible.

The present additional article shall have the same force and effect as if it had been inserted, word for word, in the aforesaid treaty of the twelfth of January, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, and shall be approved and ratified in the manner prescribed by the Constitutions of the respective States.

In faith of which the said Plenipotentiaries have hereunto set their hands and affixed their respective seals. Done in Mexico, the fifth of April of the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, the fifty-fifth of the independence of the United States of America, and the eleventh of that of the United Mexican States. (SEAL.]

A. BUTLER. (SEAL.]

LUCAS ALAMAN. (SEAL.]

RAFAEL MANGINO.

1831.a

TREATY OF AMITY, COMMERCE, AND NAVIGATION. Concluded April 5, 1831; ratification advised by the Senate March 23, 1832;

ratified by the President April 5, 1832; ratifications exchanged April 5, 1832; proclaimed April 5, 1832.

ARTICLES. 1. Amity.

XVIII. Contraband. II. Most favored nation.

XIX. Blockade. III. Entry into ports.

XX. Contraband liable to confiscation. IV. Duties on imports.

XXI. Notice of blockade. V. Tonnage duties.

XXII. Examination of vessels at sea. VI. Drawbacks.

XXIII. Sea etters.
VII. Reciprocal privileges of citizens. XXIV. Vessels under convoy.
VIII. Embargo.

XXV. Prize courts.
IX. Military service.

XXVI. War. X. Asylum for vessels.

XXVII. Ministers. XI. Pirates.

XXVIII. Consuls. XII. Shipwrecks.

XXIX. Consuls. XIII. Succession to personal estate.

XXX. Deserters. XIV. Protection to persons and property.

XXXI. Consular convention. XV. Religious liberty.

XXXII. Interior commerce. XVI. Free ships; free goods.

XXXIII. Indian hostilities. XVII. Neutral Aag over enemy's property. XXXIV. Duration; ratification.

The United States of America and the United Mexican States, desiring to establish upon a firm basis the relations of friendship that so happily subsist between the two Republics, have determined to fix in a clear and positive manner the rules which shall in future be religiously observed between both, by means of a treaty of amity, commerce and navigation. For which impor

"aThe operation of this treaty was suspended by war between the parties in 1846-47, but was revived with some exceptions by article 17 of the treaty of February 2, 1848. Article XXXIII was abrogated by the second article of the treaty of December 30, 1853, and the entire treaty was finally terminated November 30. 1881, by virtue of notice given by Mexico.”—J. C. Bancroft Davis' Notes to Treaties and Conventions, 1889, P. 1234.

Atocha v. U. S. (8 Ct. Cls., 427).

ex

tant object the President of the United States of America has appointed Anthony Butler, a citizen of the United States and Chargé d'Affaires of the United States of America near the United Mexican States, with full powers; and the Vice-President of the United Mexican States, in the exercise of the executive power, having conferred like full powers on His Excellency Lucas Alaman, Secretary of State for Home and Foreign Affairs, and His Excel. lency Rafael Mangino, Secretary of the Treasury;

And the aforesaid Plenipotentiaries, after having compared and changed in due form their several powers as aforesaid, have agreed upon the following articles:

ARTICLE I. There shall be a firm, inviolable, and universal peace and a true and sincere friendship between the United States of America and the United Mexican States in all the extent of their possessions and territories, and be. tween their people and citizens respectively, without distinction of persons or places.

ARTICLE II. The United States of America and the United Mexican States, designing to take for the basis of their agreement the most perfect equality and reciprocity, engage mutually not to grant any particular favor to other nations in respect of commerce and navigation which shall not immediately become common to the other party, who shall enjoy the same freely, if the concession was freely made, or upon the same conditions, if the concession was conditional.

ARTICLE III. The citizens of the two countries, respectively, shall have liberty, freely i nd securely, to come with their vessels and cargoes to all such places, ports, and rivers of the United States of America and of the United Mexican States, to which other foreigners are permitted to come; to enter into the same, and to remain and reside in any part of the said territories respectively; also, to hire and occupy houses and warehouses for the purposes of their commerce, and to trade therein in all sorts of produce, manufactures, and merchandise; and, generally, the merchants and traders of each nation shall enjoy the most complete protection and security for their commerce.

And they shall not pay higher or other duties, imposts, or fees whatsoever, than those which the most favored nations are or may be obliged to pay; and shall enjoy all the rights, privileges, and exemptions, with respect to navigation and commerce, which the citizens of the most favored nation do or may enjoy; but subject always to the laws, usages, and statutes of the two countries respectively.

The liberty to enter and discharge the vessels of both nations of which this article treats shall not be understood to authorize the coasting trade, which is permitted to national vessels only.

ARTICLE IV. No higher or other duties shall be imposed on the importation into the United Mexican States of any article, the produce, growth, or manufacture of the United States of America, than those which the same or like articles, the produce, growth, or manufacture of any other foreign country do now or may hereafter pay; nor shall articles, the produce, growth, or manufacture of the United Mexican States, be subject, on their introduction into the United States of America, to higher or other duties than those which the same or like articles of any other foreign country do now or may hereafter pay.

Higher duties shall not be imposed in the respective States on the exportation of any article to the States of the other contracting party, than those which are now or may hereafter be paid on the exportation of the like articles to any other foreign country; nor shall any prohibition be estab

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