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Property of all kinds situated on the said bancos shall be inviolably respected, and its present owners, their heirs, and those who may subsequently acquire the property legally, shall enjoy as complete security with respect thereto as if it belonged to citizens of the country where it is situated.

ARTICLE V. This convention shall be ratified by the two high contracting parties in accordance with their respective Constitutions, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Washington as soon as possible.

In witness whereof, we, the undersigned, by virtue of our respective powers, have signed the present convention, both in the English and Spanish languages, and have thereunto affixed our seals.

Done in duplicate, at the City of Washington, this 20th day of March, one thousand nine hundred and five.







Concluded May 21, 1906; ratification advised by the Senate June 26, 1996;

ratified by the President December 26, 1906; ratifications exchanged January 16, 1907; proclaimed January 16, 1907.

ARTICLES. 1. Delivery of waters to Mexico.

1. Treaty,


constitute basis II. Distribution of the waters.

ciaims. III. Cost of delivery and storing.

VI. Ratification. IV. Waiver of claims by Vexico.

The United States of America and the United States of Mexico being desir. ous to provide for the equitable distribution of the waters of the Rio Grande for irrigation purposes, and to remove all causes of controversy betiveen them in. respect thereto, and being mored by considerations of international comity, have resolved to conclude a Convention for these purposes and have named as their Plenipotentiaries:

The President of the United States of America, Elihu Root, Secretary of State of the United States; and

The President of the United States of Mexico, His Excellency Señor Don Joaquín D. Casasús, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the United States of Mexico at Washington;

Who, after having exhibited their respective full powers, which were found to be in good and due form, have agreed upon the following articles:

ARTICLE I. After the completion of the proposed storage dam near Engle, New Mexico, and the distributing system auxiliary thereto, and as soon as water shall be available in said system for the purpose, the United States shall deliver to Mexico a total of 60,000 acre-feet of water annually, in the bed of the Rio Grande at the point where the head works of the Acequia Madre, known as the Old Mexican Canal, now exist above the city of Juarez, Mexico.

ARTICLE II. The delivery of the said amount of water shall be assured by the United States and shall be distributed through the year in the same proportions as the water supply proposed to be furnished from the said irrigation system to lands in the United States in the vicinity of El Paso, Texas, according to the following schedule, as nearly as may be possible:

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In case, however, of extraordinary drought or serious accident to the irrigation system in the United States, the amount delivered to the Mexican Canal shall be diminished in the same proportion as the water delivered to lands under said irrigation system in the United States.

ARTICLE III. The said delivery shall be made without cost to Mexico, and the United States agrees to pay the whole cost of storing the said quantity of water to be delivered to Mexico, of conveying the same to the international line, of measuring the said water, and of delivering it in the river bed above the head of the Mexican Canal. It is understood that the United States assumes no obligation beyond the delivering of the water in the bed of the river above the head of the Mexican Canal.

ARTICLE IV. The delivery of water as herein provided is not to be construed as a recognition by the United States of any claim on the part of Mexico to the said waters; and it is agreed that in consideration of such delivery of water, Mexico waives any and all claims to the waters of the Rio Grande for any purpose whatever between the head of the present Mexican Canal and Fort Quitman, Texas, and also declares fully settled and disposed of, and hereby waives, all claims heretofore asserted or existing, or that may hereafter arise, or be asserted, against the United States on account of any damages alleged to have been sustained by the owners of land in Mexico, by reason of the diversion by citizens of the United States of waters of the Rio Grande.

ARTICLE V. The United States, in entering into this treaty, does not thereby concede, expressly or by implication, any legal basis for any claims heretofore asserted or which may be hereafter asserted by reason of any losses incurred by the owners of land in Mexico due or alleged to be due to the diversion of the waters of the Rio Grande within the United States; nor does the United States in any way concede the establishment of any general principle or precedent by the concluding of this treaty. The understanding of both parties is that the arrangement contemplated by this treaty extends only to the portion of the Rio Grande which forms the international boundary, from the head of the Mexican Canal down to Fort Quitman, Texas, and in no other case.

ARTICLE VI. The present Convention shall be ratified by both contracting parties in accordance with their constitutional procedure, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Washington as soon as possible.

In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the Conven. tion both in the English and Spanish languages and have thereunto affixed their seals.

Done in duplicate at the City of Washington, this 21st day of May, one thousand nine hundred and six.




ARBITRATION CONVENTION. Signed at Washington, March 24, 1908; ratification advised by the Senate, April

2, 1908; ratified by the President, May 29, 1908; ratifications exchanged at Washington, June 27, 1908; proclaimed June 29, 1908.

ARTICLES. I. Differences to be submitted.

IV. Ratification. II. Special agreement.

V. Duration. III. Treaty of Guadaloupe-Hidalgo.

The Government of the United States of America and the Government of Mexico, signatories of the Convention for the pacific settlement of international disputes, concluded at The Hague on the 29th of July, 1899;

Taking into consideration that by Article XIX of that Convention the High Contracting Parties have reserved to themselves the right of concluding Agreements, with a view to referring to arbitration all questions which they shall consider possible to submit to such treatment;

Have authorized the Undersigned to conclude the following arrangement:

ARTICLE I. Differences which may arise whether of a legal nature or relative to the interpretation of the treaties existing between the two contracting parties and which it may not have been possible to settle by diplomacy, in case no other arbitration should have been agreed upon, shall be referred to the Permanent Court of Arbitration established at The Hague by the Convention of the 29th July 1899, provided that they do not affect the vital interests, the independence, or the honor of either of the contracting parties and do not prejudice the interests of a third party.

ARTICLE II. In each individual case, the High Contracting Parties, before appealing to the Permanent Court of Arbitration, shall conclude a special agreement defining clearly the matter in dispute, the scope of the powers of the Arbitrators and the periods to be fixed for the formation of the Arbitral Tribunal and the several stages of the procedure. It is understood that such special agreements shall be made by the Presidents of both contracting countries by and with the advice and consent of their respective Senates.

ARTICLE III. The foregoing stipulations in no wise annul, but on the contrary define, con. firm and continue in effect the declarations and rules contained in Article XXI of the Treaty of peace, friendship and boundaries between the United States and Mexico signed at the city of Guadalupe Hidalgo on the second of February one thousand eight hundred and forty-eight.

ARTICLE IV. The present Convention shall be ratified by the President of the United States of America, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof; and by the Government of Mexico in accordance with its constitution and laws. The ratifications shall be exchanged at Washington as soon as possible, and the Convention shall take effect on the date of the exchange of its ratifications.

ARTICLE V. The present Convention is concluded for a period of five years dating from the day of the exchange of its ratifications.

Done in duplicate at the City of Washington, in the English and Spanish languages, this twenty-fourth day of March in the year 1908.




The following report and graph, prepared by Mr. E. E. Evans. U. S. Vice Consul, Mexico City, furnishes a valuable revision of the Mexican official figures for the stock census of 1923, published opposite p. 253 of this volume, and also shows in a vivid way how severe has been the loss in livestock suffered by Mexico during the last decade and a half.

A national inventory of livestock in Mexico was carried on in 1923 by the Mexican Department of Agriculture, and the corrected and final results have been made available to this Consulate-General in manuscript form.

In order to give greater significance to the data in question, they are placed upon the background of the last previous nation-wide enumeration of Mexican resources in farm animals in 1902, with which they are compared in the annexed tabulation of the several species of livestock existent within the various State areas at the time mentioned.

The fact that Mexican herds and flocks diminished 60 per cent during the twenty-one years intervening between the two censuses bears witness of the extent to which the country's livestock suffered during the period of political revolutions from 1911 to 1920, when banditry and continual civil strife worked havoc to the economic fabric of Mexico.

During the years in question, the most notable bandit chiefs operated in the north central States and the tier of northern States that lie close proximity to the American border, and there the animal industry of Mexico found its widest extension. As a commodity easily driven from place to place, and readily converted into cash, either on the hoof or in the form of hides and skins, by sale across the Rio Grande, cattle and other livestock necessarily sustained rapid diminution in number. The total loss on account of such depredations is probably much larger than can be appreciated upon the basis of the 1902 census, as it seems reasonable to suppose that some augmentation in the size of herds occurred during the years of peace subsequent to 1902 and up to 1911.

The falling off of 3,392,149 head of cattle represents the largest numerical loss that occurred in any branch of the livestock of Mexico, and it also constituted a greater percentage of the 1902 figure than in the case of other animals, viz., 67 per cent, therefore exceeding the general decrease which may be fixed at 60 per cent.

Goats decreased by 2,635,026 head or 63 per cent, as compared to total of these animals in 1902; sheep by 2,042,716 head, or 60 per cent; and horses by 503,555 head, or 59 per cent.

The smallest numerical losses occurred in mules and hogs, the respective decline of which, by 85,571 and 64,344 head, represented a diminution of 26 and 11 per cent from the 1902 figures.

As stated above, the final and corrected figures concerning the livestock census of 1923 have been obtained directly from the Mexican Department of Agriculture, as a result of the close contact which the Consulate-General maintains with that branch of the Mexican Federal Government, the archives of which have also been placed under contribution for details of the last previous national livestock census which, as stated above, was taken in the year 1902.

The table, which was printed by the “Revista de Hacienda,” of January 28, 1924, was subsequently found by the Mexican Department of Agriculture

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