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can even spare a considerable surplus to other nalé tions, notwithstanding the prodigious use they make of them in their own manufactures, * whilst we are obliged to import from abroad more than one half of the wool necessary to ours, which are without comparison, less numerous and considerable than those of England.

* In supposing 35,000,000 sheep, in England, according to M. la Platiere, which render one with the other, at least six pounds of wool a year, by putting the

10 millions of wool, at 15 fols only a pound, results a property' upon the spot of 157,500,000 livres a year. What is it afterwards, when, to this property, we add the benefits of manufacture, of contraband, &c. &c.

Mr. Roland de la Platiere, author of two volumes of the Encyclopodie Methodique, entitled Manufactures Arts et Metiers, has calculated from observations made upon the spot, that thirty-five millions of sheep were fed in the pastures of England, Scotland, and Ireland. This author appears to possess the true means of acquiring information ; he has displayed too much understanding in the fervices which he has rendered his country, for people not to have the greatest confidence in what he asserts. A sound logic, a courageous patriotism, a juftness of mind characterize his writings. He sees the causes of evil, and what is more rare, has the courage to publifh them. His uncouth, but energic style, discovers a mind too profoundly struck with abuses to employ himself about words. These are the precious men who should be encouraged. These are the writings which should be read, day and night, by honest and zealous administrators ; who, not confining themselves to the sterile and weak desire of doing good," dare to undertake the reform of abuses, and persevere in their undertaking. M. de la Platiere has been looked upon as a man of pretensions. This title ought not to offend him, it was also given at London, to Dr. Price, when he predicted the loss of the colonies. The ministerial heads of that country laughed at the prophet, but the event proved he was right.


But is it impossible to acquire to France the advantage which that Ille enjoys ? No, certainly, France, says an author which I quote with pleafure, manufactures to the greatest extent woollen stuffs. “ She consumes a great many of " them; exports as many; might export double " the quantity, and more easily prevent the intro“ duction of foreign ones.

She does not grow " half the wools the consumes. She might fur“nish all her manufactures with them, and even ** those of other nations; she obtains mixed qua

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* Let not people be deceived ; the author of this article is 100 well informed, knows men and things too well to have a great confidence in the little means of prohibition, which only increase smuge gling, without preventing the importation of prohibited merchandize. He pretends not to prevent it but by making a judicious and profitable use of all our national advantages. When a nation like France, has every thing, and can do every thing as well and at a cheaper raté than any other nation, all the barriers, guards and gibbets, erected to prevent smuggling, whose progress is not prevented, do more harm than good to the exterior of nation fources. They are fuccours to idleness, to a spirit of monopoly, and by no means to that of industry. This is animated by the presence of articles manufactured abroad, when it is perceived that no insurmountable obstacle is in the way of that which it manufactures to the fame degree of perfection.

Most merchants or manufacturers fpeak, either through interest or ignorance, a doctrine quite contrary, Their advice is, in general, very much suspe&ted on this head; ever ready to ask for exclusive privileges ; incessantly catching at those speculations which are useful to the few only, and prejudicial to the many, there are few of them capable of that fpirit of generalization, of those generous principles, which would at once be the cause of prosperity and glory to such a nation as France.


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" lities only by a bad cultivation; she might have “ of every sort and quality. However middling

they may be, they come twice as dear as those of

England; they might be reduced to the fame “ rate. Workmanship is much dearer in Eng“ land; lands are there at a higher price; yet " the English make continual and lucrative specu"lations upon the growth and commerce of wools;

as well as upon the fabrication of stuffs ; whilft

our farmers are discouraged from the rearing their “ docks, and our manufacturers in their enterpri

This escription is not a declamation; the same hand which has traced it, has left nothing to be desired on the indication of the true means of putting France in a situation not to fear for her cloths, a competition of foreign manufactures. She can improve her wools, and render them abundant; her soil is proper for producing the different qualities necessary to the different kind of stuffs ; and with respect to the art of manufacturing, and to that kind of process which gives reputation to clothis, &c. I repeat it, that nothing is wanting to us, and we have over and above all nations, cheapness of workmanship. Let those who doubt of this, read 'the articles, Draps* Laine, Mouton, in the


* We recommend to all administrators, and to every one zealous, for his country, the reading and ineditating of these articles, whole importance cannot be called in question, and whose details will prove more and more how greatly provincial adminißrations would con


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Encyclopedie Methodique ; their confidence will be fo much the greater, as the author relates what he was charged to see, and what he has seen; and that his defcriptions are given with too much exactitude, neatness and intelligence, to put him in the rank of fuperficial observers.

He predicts to France, that she will soon be deprived of the greatest part of her foreign wools, whose void will cause immediately a great number of trades to fail; and certainly this danger presses, feeing that there is no European nation which does not perceive the advantage and necessity of converting them into cloths and stuffs.

This is another reason for giving to the formation of the commerce with the United States, the greatest encouragements and facilities. The Ame

tribute to the prosperity and glory of France. We feel at the same time pain and pleasure, on reading these articles Draps, Laine, Mouton; pain on feeing how far we are behind in the development of our fundamental resources ; fatisfaction, when thinking of the immense debt which overwhelms us, on the obligation we are under to discharge it. We see resources of riches and revenues which yec remain to be opened, if we be willing to establish the credit which improves every thing.

I ought not to finish this note, wi:hout doing justice, in part, to that immense undertaking of the Encyclopedie. If all the volumes were written with that energy and information, which appears in those digested and reduced to order by M. de la Platiere, nothing but eulogium would be due to them. But all are not alike, and what intrepid mortal will have the courage, in order to discover the truth, to go over forty volumes in quarto ? This solid idea muft al. ways be recurred to write elementary books and not di&tionaries. G


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ricans will have, as I have already observed, a much better employ for their time and industry, than to concern themselves about manufactures ; yet the multiplication of woolly animals, will be among them a necessary consequence of their clearing lands, and their existence as husbandmen, which is more preferable to them than any other life. They will therefore have a great deal of wool to export, a great deal to fend into Europe, to be manufactured there. These wools will be perfect, because the English method of rearing flocks is naturalized in the United States, and the soil is there excellent.

The Northern States gathered a great deal of wool before the war; it was as cheap there as in England; it will come to us cheaper when it forms a part of our returns, because it will not be charged with the extraordinary expences and risques of a prohibited exportation, under the most rigorous pains.

Finally, if British wools be necessary to us, which ought not to be doubted of, let us expect to see the exportation of them every day become more difficult. We see England carry on against smuggling a war the most proper to destroy it. This judicious nation, awakened by the enormity of its debt, which it is its first duty, as well as its greatest interest to discharge, considers attentively the prejudice which smuggling does to the pubļic revenue; and not being yet able to do without the produc

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