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SECTION XI. Jewellery, Gold and Silversmiths Artieles,
Clockwork, &c.

page 138 If the United States follow the nature of things, they must

disdain every thing which belongs to jewellery. As to gold and silversmiths ware, copper plated with filver

will be preferred in America to filver plate; and the plated
ware of the English, being infinitely superior to that of

France, will have the advantage.
Causes of the inferiority of French plated ware. With

respect to clockwork, Watches are articles of necessity to
the free Americans ; but to furnish these people with them,
they must be made good and cheap. France may pretend
to this commerce.-Means which the ought to employ.

Section XII. Different Sorts of Paper, Atained Paper, &c.

page 142

These are manufactured in France better than any where else.
France will furnish the Americans with them in concurrence

with all other nations.
Paper is an article of commerce, and of which the production

cannot exceed the consumption; which ought to be every where encouraged. The consumption of it will become considerable in free America ; but the Americans will not for a long time be able to furnish themselves with all the paper they want.



page 146

Workmanship being dear in the United States, printing-preffes

cannot be multiplied there; those which exist ought to furnish nothing but gazettes and a few books. It is to Europe to furnish the last.-France is invited by the low price of her workmanship to print for the United States.


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pagi 149 An important article of the first necessity to the United States.

They will be for a long time obliged to get it from Europe: That of France being of a more salty nature, will have the preference ; it may be furnished at a cheap rate, if government will remove the impediments to the exportation of salt.

SECTION XV. General Confiderations on the Catalogue of French Importations into the United States.

page 153 Extent of the Exportations of England to the Colonies,

before the revolution : they will encrease with the encrease of population. France ought to be anxious to make these exportations. It is the only means of supporting her marine. But in prosecuting this commerce, the ought to do nothing but that which agrees with her convenience : she ought not to embrace every thing. The same advice to be given to the free Americans : all ought to consult their pofition, and by this pofition Europe ought to manufacture for America, whose position should difpofe her to agriculture.


page 159 Of the Articles which Independent America may furnih in re

turn for Importations from France. Preliminary reflections on the facilities which France has just

granted to the free Americans, to encourage their exportations to France; facilities contained in a letter from M. de Calonne to M. Jefferson.

page 162


Tobacco. This article is the most important of American productions. The consumption of tobacco cannot but encreafe, if it be given at a cheaper rate.

The cultivation of tobacco does not agree with the Euro.

pean states, which have acquired population enough to

make another use of their good lands. Moreover, this cultivation has nothing which ought to make

it defirable, it is not lucrative to the planters, it is one of

the causes of slavery. Particular and natural circumstances favour the cultivation

of tobacco in Virginia and the Carolinas, and as it is at present extended in the immense interior of America, this country will be for a long time the great magazine of to

bacco. It is from America that France should


tobacco. Of the prodigious revenue which France draws from the This new method confifts in diftributing the colletion of the

impost on this article. Of the inconveniencies attached to the monopoly of the

Company which farms it. Of the impoflibility of ever making tobacco an article of

commerce, or of exchange, as long as this monopoly exists. Of the Committee chosen in France to remedy these incon

veniencies. Of the project presented to this Committee, by the Marquis

de la Fayette, to restore tobacco to a free commerce, and yet preserve to the state the revenue which it draws from

the import on that leaf, Examination of the inconveniencies attached to this project. Another plan proposed, which offers none of these inconve

niencies, and which unites the double advantage of rendering a revenue more considerable, in leaving the commerce of tobacco perfectly free, in preventing contraband for

ever, and in difpenting with an army to hinder it. Before this plan is laid open, an objection, proposed in a ce

lebrated work, against the establishment of the liberty and

freedom of commerce, is refuted. Of the new method of collecting the duty laid on tobacco be

come saleable ; a duty which would render, in the actual State of things, much more than the fiscal revenue.


duty on entry, on the preparation and sale ; developement

and discuffion of these three stages of the impost. Of the advantages which result from the liberty of the com

merce of tobacco in France. That this liberty far from making tobacco dearer, would di

minish its price, That it would improve the preparation of it. That the consumption would encrease, and consequently the


SECTION II. Fisheries, Whale Oil, Spermaceti Canelles. page 200

The necessity of favouring abundance, and the low price of

articles of subfistence; means of encreasing population. Fish is one of these articles of subfistence of which Govern

ment ought to favour the importation ; the necetlity of

abandaning entirely the ancient system of the productions, Refutation of the objections of Lord Sheffield. That the free Americans have many advantages to enable

them to take their fish and sell it, and their oil at the lowest

price. That France has none of these advantages. That, consequently, France ought to abandon her fisheries. Examination of an objection of Lord. Sheffield's upon the

fisheries forming failors. Discullion of his opinion, and general opinion on premiums, Developement of their inconveniencies to the fisheries. The true means of forming good failors. The necessity and advantages of giving privileges to the filli

and oil of the Americans. Absurdity of wishing to encourage, by premiums, the French

whale-fishery. Another absurdity of wishing to invite and settle American fishermen in our ports.


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Corn and Flower.

page 218

Advantages of giving privileges on the admission of Foreign

corn and flower. Discussion of some objections proposed against the entire and

constant liberty of the commerce of grain. Of the great quantity of corn produced by the United States. Of the receffity of receiving them, and of ma ing great de

pofits of them in France. Of the lodging of American corn in the Sugar Islands.

Section IV. Masts and Yards, and other Timber for the Navy.

page 229 That the State of the North, which furnith them, begin to

be exhausted. That it was advantageous to get them from the United States;

that they are, at least, as good, cheaper, and the transport

of thein more easy. Examination of the objections made against the ship-timber

of America. Of the different species of timber, in he United States, pro.

per for the construction of vessels. Of the confiderable quantity of it which the English procured

therefrom before the war.

SECTION V. Of Furs and Skins,

page 234 Of the Advantages which the free Americans will have over

the English of Canada in the commerce of furs. That these advantages result from the position of the Ame

ricans. Of the quantity of furs exported by Canada into England

before the war. Of the the means which the English use to procure American skins.


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