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It is proved, that having no manufactories, they are forced

to recur to European manufactures; that they cannot establish any of their own for a long time to come, because they have but few hands, and that agriculture ought to

employ all their care. It is proved that, according to physical, political and moral

relations, they ought to persevere in employing themselves exclufively in agriculture, and to renounce even the trans

portation of their own productions into Europe. It is proved, that this is the only means of preserving their

republican manners, and of retarding the progress of

luxury. Finally is is proved, that in giving themselves up to culture,

and in neglecting manufactures, they will less perceive the scarcity of money ; that they will find the means of supplying its place, and of carrying on a very advantageous ex

terior commerce of exchange. These different points being established, it is proposed to fhew,

that of all the nations of Europe, France is that with which it best suits the United States to league themselves by commerce, both having wants and productions which correspond with each other. This truth is made appear in presenting the double catalogue of reciprocal importations and exportations to be made between France and the United States.

CHAPTER V.

page 65 Of the Importations to be made from France into the United

States, or of the Wants of the United States and the Productions of France which correspond thereto.

SecTION I.
Wines.

page

66 Three questions are therein difcuffed. ist. Is it proper for free America to cultivate the vine and to make wine ?

The

The negative is maintained ; and it is proved that the vine is

an incommodious and a little lucrative property; that wine at two low a price would be a dangerous production in republics, whose manners form their basis, &c. That it is

better to get wine from abroad. 2d. Ought not free America, in renouncing this culture, to

give the preference to French wines ? That this question can suffer no difficulty ; that French wines

are, without dispute, the most wholesome and agree

able. 3d. What means ought to be taken to insure them a prefer

ence ? In meliorating the cultivation of the vine ; in improving the

manner of making wine ; in instituting establishments which would render the profits less precarious. Different means proposed for this purpose.

SECTION II.
Brandy.

page 79 Of the moral and political inconvenience of the low price of

brandies. Of the superiority of the brandies of France over those of

other countries, and even over rum.
Of the facility of insuring to the first the preference in the

United States, to all other nations.
Examination of the question ; if it be important to the French

Government to favour the distillation of brandies.
Reafons for why this distillation ought to be profcribed.
It consumes a deal of combustible, and combustible becomes

very rare.
The exportation of brandy adds nothing to the revenue, and

that of wine brings in a great deal. The exportation of brandy diminishes the consumption of

French wines abroad; this brandy forms the principal in

gredient in made wines prepared there. The distillation of brandy is for the vineyard proprietor but a last resource which ruins him.

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SECTION III. Oils, Olives, dried Fruits, &'c.

page 87 Articles of a sure and advantageous fale from France to the

United States.

SECTION IV.

Cloths.

page 88

People governed by a free constitution ought to prefer cloth to any

other kind of manufacture. Its different qualities accord better with the different climates

of the United States. The manufacture of cloths being complicated, is not proper

for the free Americans in their present state, Those they manufacture ought to be confined to coarse

stuffs. For fine cloths they ought to have recourse to Europe. That France may please herself in the rank of those nations

which pretend to furnish these cloths to free America. The first essays of this kind made by France, badly received,

ought not to discourage her manufacturers. Causes of the discredit of these cloths. That this discredit

cannot continue, because the French manufacture fine cloths, and understand dying, better than any other

people. Examination of the causes which make the competition of

French with English cloths disadvantageous to the

former. This advantage does not come from the inferiority of French

cloths, but from the want of French wools, and from their high price, whilst wools are cheap and plenty in Eng

land. Causes of this difference of price. That the dearness of French wools, holding to the scarcity of

sheep, may be removed, by taking means to encrease the

brced of sheep. Causes which are in opposition to this encrease. Means of encouraging it.

Until this end be obtained, the adınission of American wools

ought to be encouraged.

SECTION V.

Linens.

page 104

Two fpecies of linen drapery are distinguished. The first

comprehending linen properly so called, with which sheets,

&c, are made. The manufacture of these linens being simple, and fufcep

tible of being associated with the labours of the field, the

free Americans are right in undertaking this manufaclure. There are but certain linens, very fine, for which they will

have recourse to Europe. The second fpecics of linen drapery contains tissues, compof

ed of thread of different colours ; such as painted linens,

handkerchiefs, &c. The manufacture of the greatest part of this linen drapery,

being complicated, belongs to Europe. The English having invented machines, which fimplify this

manufacture ; and manufacturing better and cheaper, may

obtain the preference. If France were left to her natural means, and not restrained

by any obstacle, fhe might enter into a competition with

England. Examination of the arret published in 1985, to favour this

manufacture of linens, and to entice foreign manufa&turers into France.- Motives which ought to prevent them froin settling there.

SECTION VI. Silks, Ribbons, Silk Stockings, Gold and SilverLaces, &c.

page 117 For the supplying of which articles, France will have the

preference in the United States. Her looms and frames are numerous ; her filks fine, and let's

dear than elsewhere. The manufacture of filks is not proper for the United States.

Motives which ought to prevent them from ever undertaking it.

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Motives which ought to prevent their consuming any filk.

If they import any, it ought to be for no other purpose than that of furnishing Spanish America.

SECTION VII.

Hats.

page 122

'The manu'acture of hats belongs to Europe, and France

must have the preference for this article.

SECTION VIII. Leather, Shoes, Boots, Saddles, & c. page 123
The English have a great fuperiority in all these, over the

French.
The principal causes of this superiority.--The true spirit of

commerce reigning in England; the trader honouring
himself by his profession, consecrates a great capital to it,
and lets his capital remain in trade. The contrary is the
case in France; commerce being degraded, but small ca-
pitals are employed, and are quickly withdrawn: leather
is overcharged with duties, the tanner has little or no pro-
fit.--Duties and impediments to be removed, if it be wished
to encourage tanneries in France.

page 128

SECTION IX.

Glass-Houses.
The French Government ought to lose no time in fupprefling

glafs-houses. Bottles only, might constitute an article of
exportation : but the glass-houses are too pernicious, laying
the forests in waste, which are already too much impaired.
It is preferable to encourage the free Americans to build
glass-houses: they will have in it a double advantage.

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SECTION X.
Iron and Steel,

page 131 It is ncccfiary, and for the same reason, to suppress the French

forges. The Americans must one day furnith Europe with iron. In the mean time, France cannot enter into a com

petition with the North in this article. Her interest ought to incline her to get iron from abroad.'

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