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procure them the necessary provisions. But this object requires on account of the urgency of circumstances, the most speedy difpositions. The most proper means for attaining this end is by the convocation of a common and extraordinary allembly of all the Upper States of the Circles of Lower Saxony, with the States of the Lower Rhine and of Westphalia, as well as of the other States that shall be comprised in the line of neutrality, in order that we may be able to deliberate upon this subject, and to regulate the distribution of the maintenance of the troops upon an equitable footing, proportioned to the faculties of each flaie; for on the speedy furnishing of the objects necessary for this maintenance will alone depend the maintenance of the common safety of the north of Germany.

Those, therefore, whose territory is comprised in the said line of neutrality, and which, consequently, will enjoy the benefit of this protection, being principally implicated in this case, we have,

our quality of Prince and Director of the Circle of Lower Saxony, addressed to them conjointly the present Letter of Convocation, in order to unite them to assemble, by their deputies, furnished with the necessary instructions on the 20th of the month of June, in the town of Hildestein. We have no doubt that they acknowledge, in its full extent, the urgency of the case, and of the actual conjunctions, as well as of the importance it is to procure to the north of Germany security and repose ; and that in consequence they will adhere and contribute every thing that can attain the common end, sufficiently in time to avoid being susa. prised by danger.

We, the King, shall depute to the common assembly of the States, our intimate Counsellor de Dohm, directorial minister to the Circle of the Lower Rhine and Westphalia, and plenipotentiary to the Electoral court of Cologne, furnished with necessary powers; and we entreat, very amicably, this assembly to give from this time faith and confidence to all that he may propose on our part, upon the subject of the affairs in question.

April 22.

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Proclamation of the Prince of Bouillon.

Jersey, May 14, 1796. THE multiplied proofs of rare devotion to the public cause : of

proved disinterestedness; of valour, that calculates neither resistance nor danger; have taught your enemies that honour is the fole duty of a French gentleman, and the desire of being useful his fiult passion. You have been seen, Gentlemen, every where in the most difficult posts, braving all dangers, and even death itself, in order to devote yourselves to every sacrifice.

The regret of all honest men accompanied you, when, in the plains of Champagne, disastrous circumstances forced you far from your homes, which you had so nearly approached; then, Gentlemen, the army of the centre, under the direction of the allies, had only an existence in some measure dependent,

Now, however, long miferies deeply felt, the deep indignation of having been deceived, the horror of having been, without withing it, the instruments of the most atrocious crimes, have at length roused the people from their lethargy; whole provinces of France have risen, and, in order to thew themselves, wait only for chiefs; these people, accustomed to find them in their benevolent lords, who were to them as fathers, call out for these lords in just reparation.

It is under their conduct that they wish to fly to battle ; and if they burn with a desire of re-establishing the throne and the altar, they will attest to posterity, that, before they enter upon this enterprize, they will have rendered themselves worthy of affifting in it, by putting at their head those who have never deferved being at any other place.

This willi, Gentlemen, has been manifested to the ministers of the King, my master, and I am directed to communicate it to you. Armies are organizing: but armies without chiefs would be useless. When, at the name alone of their King, and at the wilt of their King, these armies shall be directed by gentlemen trained to arms, and illustrious by their actions, who fight for themselves, and on their own ground, what may not be expected?

Brethren in arms, true Frenchmen, of whom Englishmen have too long been rivals, we fee the safety of France and the repose of Europe dependent on this union. Is there a more powerful motive for them? In the name of their country, with the approbation of iny King, and by the authority of their own, I invite thuse among you, Gentlemen, whose position, talents, and age, enable you, to join the royal and catholic armies of the interior. I am sure that I speak to your generous hearts.

We have no longer to engage in those isolated combats, in those clandestine ítruggles, at the first appearance of which the delicacy of a soldier, accuftoined to attack his enemy in front, revolts. There are properly organized corps, an immense army, which waits only the arrival of its chiefs, and for which the King, my maiter, furnishes all the succours that the most powerful interest and true fraternity can bestow.

It is indeed, Gentlemen, to the judges of honour, and to those who are in the habit of regulating their conduct according to its principles, that we address this invitation. It is they alone who can judge in what way it affects them. We do not pretend to trace out any duty, any obligation ; but to indicate to French chevaliers the means of rendering themselves ufeful. And we believe, in doing so, we are acting according to their wishes.

Attached to France by so many and such strong ties, and to Frenchmen who have só nobly devoted themselves to the cause of their religion and their King, I hereby promise, that all those who may think themselves bound to attend to this invitation, will find me ever anxious to fulfil their desires, and to remove every difficulty. The aged and the infirm, women and children, í fhall contider as a precious trult confided to my honour and niy care.

I fhall taste no repose as long as any one of you shall experience any want which I may be able to relieve. "In thus acting, I am sure that I fulfil the intentions of the King my master, and; I can assure you, also a duty dear to my own heart.


Proclamation issued by Scepeaux, in the Western Department. COMPANIONS in armis--as long as we thought it possible to

attain our desired end, the free exercise of the religion of our fathers, and the establishment of the legitimate heir of the French monarchy, we have not ceased to combat at your head, and to excite that courage and perseverance which you have displayed to the eyes of all Europe ; but at present, convinced that freih efforts will only draw new misfortunes on our already devastated country, informed that the most violent measures of terror would be exercised against our relations, who would be imprisoned, and their property entirely ravaged, we have not thought we could continue a war which was become the scourge of the country we had hoped to defend, and did not think ourselves permitted any longer to risk the lives of those brave men who had confided to us the charge of conducting them to the field of honour. However painful the sacrifice may be to our opinion, we invite you to give up, into the hands proposed for that purpose, the arms that we cannot any longer engage you to preserve, without becoming the executioners of your relations and friends. This claufe fulfilled, your persons and property will be under the safeguard of the laws: you will remaia quiet at home: nor will you in any respect be troubled for the paft. This assurance concerning your fate has alone induced us to consent to a conduct contrary to the wishes of our heart, but dictated by the neceflity of the circumstance. Decreed 15th May, 1796. (Signed)


General in Chief.
Lieut. Gen. of the army of St. Scepeaux.

Inspector General.

Proclamation of the King of Naples. THE long war which fill desolates Europe, which affli&s so

many nations, and costs so much blood, and so many tears, is not a mere political contest, but a religious war. Our enemies are the foes of Christianity; not content with destroying it in the breasts of their own nation, they would also banish it from every quarter of the globe, and replace it by atheism or enthusiastic idolatry. Religion openly reprobates their projects. They aim at the overthrow of all princely government, and to attain this, they disturb the peace of nations, stimulate them to revolt against their lawful sovereigns, plunge them into the most dreadful anarchy, and sink them in an abyss of confusion and misery, Belgium, Holland, and so many German and Italian provinces have become the wretched vi&tions of their seduction, and thirst for plunder. Those unfortunate countries groan and lament, but in vain, under the vain despotism of their oppressors, while the calls of justice and humanity are unattended to. It was necessary that religion, the most powerful obstacle of their horrid projects, thould be removed and destroyed, in order that this fence being once broke down, all laws, both divine and human, might be violated without shame or reserve.

Religion, whilst it informs us of our duties,, ought also to in. spire us with courage. The religious citizen well knows that he was born for himself and for others; that at the moment of his birth he contracts the obligation to love his native land, to protect it in times of distress, and even to hazard his life in the defence of the country where he reposes in safety, and finds a livelihood for himself and his family, especially when that country is invaded by an enemy, who spares neither law nor property, neither life nor religion; who, wherever he makes his appearance, insults, profanes, and destroys the churches, breaks down the altars, persecutes the priests, and trainples under foot the most sacred emblems of the church of Christ. It is impossible that a citizen, devoted to the cause of religion, should remain unconcerned at the dangers which threaten his country; prompted by the impulse of his conscience, and a proper sense of his own welfare, he will hasten to its defence, join the military force, and co-operate in a vigorous resistance ; he will place his confidence in the God of Hosts, who often strikes an unexpected blow, and disperses his enemies like chaff before the wind.

I myself will set you the example of zeal and courage; I will put myself at the head of my dearly beloved subjects, assembled for the defence of their country, fully relying on the protection of the King of Kings, and the Lord of Lords, who guides the counsels of princes, and enlightens their minds, if with sincerity they implore his holy name. Yet at the same time I fall negle&t no proper means for procuring peace and tranquflity to the people whom Divine Providence has entrusted to my care. But in order to obtain this end, we ought not to neglect the necessary precautions, that we may be prepared for every event. Negociations for peace shall occasionally be set on foot, but they must be carried on with arms in hands, that we may not be obliged to submit' to destructive and disgraceful conditions, which this enemy, so apt to 'avail himself of the weakness of his adversaries, might choose to dictate. For this purpose lend me your assistance, ye prelates of the realm, ye who are the depositaries and first defenders of our holy religion, and support my exertions with a zeal worthy of your apostolic mission. Summon the inhabitants of your dioceses to join me and my troops, to beat off the enemy, if he should dare to approach our frontiers. Explain to them the justice and importance of our cause, and convince them that it is their bounden duty to concur in its defence. Let the voice of the church be heard through her ministers, and invite her children to support the cause of God, and to offer up prayers to him, that, in his mercy, he may grant us either a just peace, or a glorious triumph.


(Signed) FERDINAND Naples, May 18, 1796.

Proclamation issued at Petersburgh, relating to Dutch Ships. WE, Count Alexander Nikolazenwitsch, do hereby give di

rections for the immediate release and departure of all the Dutch vessels, together with their respective crews, on which an embargo was laid last year; but we also prohibit, by this proclamation, the entry of any vessel from that country into our ports, and such as do arrive shall be treated the same as French ships. la other respects they thall not be molested. The original was signed by her Majesty.

CATHERINE. Zarskoselo, May 20, 1796.

Extract of a Dispatch from Field Marshal Wurmfer to the Helvetit

Body at Basle.

Fribourg, May 25, YOUR answer of the 25th of April last is not suficient to disi

pate my uneasiness respecting the preservation of the line of neutrality. My suspicions were the better founded, as since that epoch, I have been informed that the French have formed a camp in the neighbourhood of Brudruth, which you have not opposed

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