Slike strani

Participate of this republican feast, which makes, by a cordial brotherhood, the French and Batavians one people; on this hofpitable ground, where you provisionally experience the first fruits of that happy tranquillity which you will find in your own habitations. Reunite your voices and citizen-like dances as closely as your hearts are already tied. Recollect, in your warlike fongs, those worthy Frenchmen, those noble Dutchmen, martyrs to liberty, who fell dead at your sides in the field of honour. Answer, through patriotic tones, in the songs attuned to victory, those which echo from all quarters; from the gates of the capital to the borders of Westphalia; and to the cries of joy that resound the successes of your brothers on the whole course of the Rhine.

Let, secondly, this new solemnity, ordained as a national acknowledgment, serve as a token of succeeding triumphs, the security of the Republic; the joy of its good inhabitants; the despair of revolters; the terror of our enemies; and an incite. ment to following generations.-Long live the Republic !

The minister was then addretled in a suitable manner by the representative Lestevenon.

Declaration of the Archduke Charles, published at Mentz, on the 30th

of May, and given aut in General Orders to the Army. THE unjust and extravagant demands of the haughty govern,

ment of France having banithed all hopes of peace, and rendered another campaign unavoidable, his Imperial Majesty has, in consequence, given notice of the cessation of the armistice; and hostilities will recommence on the 31st, between the hours of eleven and twelve at noon.

His Majesty having deigned to confer on me, at this imporó tant crisis, the command of this army, and thereby to bestow on me the most flattering proofs of his confidence, it is my duty to exert my utmost powers; and I request and trust that all the troops under my command, on whose good conduct depend the safety of our common country, and the obtaining of an honourable peace, animated with an equal zeal and a generous patriotism, will concur with perseverance and courage to effect this important and falutary end; to which I now exhort them in the most folemn manner.

The mutual confidence of the troops in their general, and the general in his troops, is indispensable to the execution of so great a plan, and the fulfilment of duties so noble and so sacred. It is this confidence which I request of the army which I have. the honour to command, and which, I flatter myself, I merit by the fincerity of my attachment.

I am proud to find myself at the head of one of the finest and bravest armies which has yet taken the field, and which has already given proofs so exemplary and so numerous of the most unalierable courage, and most unshaken fidelity.

Without fhewing any predilection or partiality for the troops of the hereditary territories of his Imperial Majesty, merit, wherever found, shall, without distinction, receive its due reward; and sufferings, wherever felt, alike excite my commiseration. Our connections, our views, our advantages, are so closely united, that all have the same claim to my attachment and assistance.

The same spirit must animate us, founded on reciprocal esteem, and a just confidence derived from experience.

The generals will labour ftill to increase among the troops under their respective orders this general attachment to their duty, by strengthening in them the sentiment of love for their country, and the noble enthusiasın for renown and glory. They will carefully guard them against the frenzy of the times, which feduces the public opinion, and breaks 'the bonds of society : they will not permit individuals, by imprudent discourse, illgrounded censure, the mania of political scandal, or precipitatejudgments, to destroy the constant perseverance of the whole body; they will maintain in the flower of the German people the absolute conviction, and the most lively sentiment of the justness of our cause, and they will inspire the soldier with confidence in his leaders and in hiinfelf, It is certainly imprudent to despise an enemy, at least relative to his courage and his strength; but it is the highest degree of pusillanimity to esteem him above ourselves, and to attribute to him a superiority of which no kind of proof has yet been given.

We fight for every thing which ought to be most dear to us; and to defend religion, our form of government, property, true political liberty, order, and the laws, against the attacks of a people who have irampled under foot all the bonds of society, destroyed all ideas, and all posfellions; and, destitute of religion, conscience, or fenfe of duty, endeavour to precipitate all humanity into one cominon ruin.

We defend the rights of all civilized nations. Germany has confided to us the care of its well-being, and its preservation. We inust answer for this great charge : we can, if we will,

The Fild-Marshal will communicate these sentiments to the troops under his command; and will assure them of the unlimited confidence he places in the talents and exertions of their generals, and in the valour and intrepidity which they themselves have manifested on all occasions.




Proclamation of General Kleber, commanding the left Wing of the

Army of the Sambre and Meuse; to the Inhabitants of the right Bank of the Rhine.

THE pride and the obstinacy of your sovereign princes compel

us again to fight them. The French armies are on the point of traversing your country: the most rigid discipline will be observed on their march, for the preservation of order, and the security of the persons and property of the inhabitants. You will never have reason to reject the confidence you repose in them, by remaining quietly at your respective houses, and prosecuting your ordinary occupations. I shall protect your peaceful habitations from all the evils which attend a state of warfare, and all I require in return is, that you will not quit your houses. Those that reject this offer, and fly with the enemy, shall be treated as hostile; they shall be considered as having endeavoured to promote their cause, or engaged in their defence; their property shall be given up to fire and pillage. Inhabitants of the right bank of the Rhine, your fate is in your own power! You are apprised that it will wholly depend upon the mode of conduct you think proper to adopt. It will give me much satisfaction to treat you as friends, and not as enemies; nor to be compelled to refort to acts of severity, which will unfortunately be provoked by your implacable resentment against the troops under my command. 311 May 1796.



Proclamation of the Archduchess of Austria, Maria Elizabeth, to the

Inhabitants of Tyrol.

DEARLY. AND MUCH BELOVED SUBJECTS, THE defire you have manifested to take up arms for the good of

sovereigns, and the defence of your country, has often compelled me to shed tears of gratitude. I am unable to recompence, as I wish, the brave men who devote themselves in a cause fo loyal; but as an inhabitant of Tyrol I will, for the benefit of the defenders of the country, dispose of every thing superfluous; gold and silver watches, knives, medals, plate, &c. which I will distribute myself after the war, as acknowledgments to those brave Tyrolians who shall distinguish themselves by their courage and and brilliant actions. I entreat all the brave defenders of the country to believe, that they shall ever be the objects of my most anxious folicitude, and that I will not neglect to make known to the Emperor, my dear relation, the services they ihall have


rendered, for the purpose of obtaining from him the rewards they may deserve.

(Signed) MARIE ELIZABETH. Done at our Court, at Inspruck,

the zoth of May, 1796.

Proclamation by General Buonaparte and Commissary Salicetti, dated

the goih of Floreal (191h Maj). THE French Republic, while it has sworn hatred to tyrants, has

sworn fraterniiy to nations. This principle, sanctioned by the constitution of the Republic, is as much a principle of the army: The despotism which for fó long a time has held Lombardy under its yoke, has been the cause of great calamities to France; but the French know that the cause of kings is not the cause of the people.

The victorious army of á monarch are insolent, and spread terror among the nations where they carry their victories; but a republican army, though forced to carry on a deadly war against the kings with whom it contends, promises friendship to the people whom its victories deliver from tyranny: Respect for the persons and property, and respect for the religion of the people, are the sentiments which actuate the government of the French Republic, and their victorious army in Italy. Of this the good order which they have observed from the first moment of their entry into Lombardy, is no unequivocal proof.

If the victorious French consider the inhabitants of Lombardy as brethren, the latter ought to entertain a reciprocity of affection. The army muft pursue its victories, and drive entirely out of Italy that despotism which has held Lombårdy in chains. The independence of this

country, and its good fortune, depend upon the success of the French enterprizes. Lombardy then ought to second them by all the means in its power. To assure the march of the troops provisions are neceffary, which they cannot receive from France, from which they are separated; they ought to find then these in Lombardy, where they are making their conquests. The rights of war give them fecurity for obtaining them, and friendship ought to be eager to offer them.

Twenty millions of French money are imposed as a contribué tion for this purpofe; the division will be made among the diffe: rent provinces of Austrian Lombardy. The terms of payment, which admit of the least pollible delay, will be fixed by particular instructions. It is certainly a moderate contribution for fo fertile à country, particularly when we reflect upon the advantages which must refult from it. The divifion might have been fettled by agents of the French government, and this mode would


certainly have been reasonable ; but the French Republic, not withing to reserve to itself this right, has left it to the local authorities, and to the afTembly of the state. It only points out to you, as the basis upon which you ought to levy this contribution, that it ought to be proportionably divided among those provinces which formerly paid imposts to the tyrant of Austria, and that it ought to fall upon the rich and the ecclefiaftical bodies, who too long thought themselves privileged, and withstood all taxation ; do not oppress the poorer class. If some requifitions be made in kind, the general in chief, and the commissary of the government, declare, that there thall be no surcharge upon the contribution. They will afterwards settle the price of the articles required, which they will pay to the venders with the produce of the contribution fixed as above, or with the receipts which they will give, inttead of ready money.

Proclamation of Commissary"Salicetti. Art. I. THE council established on the oth of May last by the

Archduke, at the moment of his flight, on which he devolved, by an ediet, the exercise of the supreme power, is suppressed. The president of the supreme tribunal, the two presidents of appeal and of the firlt instance, and the president of the magistracy, who were appointed by the Archduke to compose this council, are prohibited from continuing their functions.

II. The general council of decurions, concentrated into privi. leged classes, whose functions were reserved for extraordinary occalions, having become useless by present circumstances, is also suppressed; and the same prohibition is extended to the nobles and patricians who compose it.

II. The magistracy, known by the name of magistrat politique de la chambre, whose complicated functions having also become useless, tend only to throw obstacles in the way of the simple course of government, is likewise suppressed; and those who exercised the office are forbidden to assemble, except it be to replace, after receiving other instructions, the members of this body, when their fun&tions thall be rendered fubfervient to the happiness of the people.

iv. The authorities thus suppressed shall be provisionally replaced by a military agency, composed of citizens Maurin, Reboul, and Patrain.

V. The assembly of the state, composed of thirteen members, to whom the government of all Lombardy is committed, is provisionally retained in the fun&tions allotted to it by its institution. It shall exercise these functions in the name of the Republic of Vol. V.



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