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to every body that the above letters could not have made part of a genuine correfpondence, as they bear date on the 2d of May, and were inferted in the Jamaica newspapers, brought by the packet, which left that ifland the 23d of the fame month.
As you have thought it neceffary to make ufe of my name in the newspapers (an honour I would rather have declined), I fhall be obliged to you to fhew that I am not ufually made a vehicle" for an attack upon any man; neither is it the ufual mode of Lord Balcarras's proceeding.
I have the honour to be, Sir,
Your moft obedient humble fervant,
P. S. I think your unjuft obfervation on the first Lord Hardwicke's" affection for the Highlanders," might as well have been fpared. You are under a great mistake. Scotland is the best judge whether the laws paffed at that time have not tended to promote the civilization and happinefs of its northern extremity.
Letter from Admiral Langara to the Municipality of Toulon.
YOUR letter of yesterday, which confirms your fentiments of generofity at the moment of my departure, affords unequivocal proofs of the good reception which my nation and myself have received from the refpectable municipality of Toulon, as well as from all the inhabitants of that place.
I cannot make a better reply than to teftify, by fentiments of the most lively gratitude, how defirous I am of feizing every opportunity to demonftrate the fincere affection and esteem Í entertain for you; withing at the fame time fuccefs to the arms of the Republic, which will infallibly procure an honourable peace, and cover the French nation with profperity and glory.
I addrefs to you my particular refpects. As you have imposed apon me the agreeable obligation of informing you of my fuccefs, and of my arrival in Spain, I hope, in return, that you will not neglect to inform me, by your correfpondence, of the military advantages of a people who have given fo many proofs of friendship to their real allies-a friendship which I have fo amply experienced on your part in this port.
I pray God to preferve you for many years!
On board of the Most Holy Trinity,
Toulon Road, Dec. 16, 1796.
Order of Council relative to Trade to and from the Cape of Good Hope.
At the Court at St. James's, the 28th of December, 1796, prefent the King's Moft Excellent Majefly in Council.
WHEREAS by an act paffed in the prefent feffion of Parliament, intituled, An act to authorife his Majesty, for a limited time, to make regulations refpecting the trade and commerce to and from the Cape of Good Hope," it is enacted, that it shall and may be lawful for his Majefty," by and with the advice of his privy council, by any order or orders to be iffued from time to time, to give fuch directions, and make fuch regulations, touching the trade and commerce to and from the fettlement of the Cape of Good Hope, and the territories and dependencies. thereof, as to his Majefty in council fhall appear most expedient and falutary, any of the acts of Parliament therein referred to, or any ufage, law, or cuftom, to the contrary notwithstanding: ---And whereas during the time the faid fettlement, with the tersitories and dependencies thereof, were in the poffeffion and under the government of the ftates general of the United Provinces, or of the honourable the General Eaft India Company in the Nether lands, it was ufual to admit the hips and veffels belonging to the fubje&ts of countries in amity with the faid United Provinces into the ports of the faid fettlement, and of the territories and depen dencies thereof, for repair and refreshment, and with that view, to permit the faid thips and veffels to carry on trade with the inha bitants of the faid fettlement, and of the territories and depen dencies thereof his Majefly is hereby pleafed to order, by and with the advice of his privy council, in purfuance of the powers vefted in his Majelty by the above recited act, and it is hereby ordered, that it fhall be lawful, until further order, for all fhips and veffels belonging to the fubjects of any country or state in amity with his Majesty, to enter into the ports of the faid fettlement of the Cape of Good Hope, and of the territories and dependencies thereof, and to carry on trade and traffic with the inhabitants of the faid fettlement, and of the territories and depen dencies thereof, and to import and export to and from the ports of the faid fettlement and of the territories and dependencies thereof, any goods, wares, or merchandife whatfoever, fubje& to the following exceptions, and fubject alfo to fuch duties, rules, regulations, and reftrictions, as fhall be established by his Majesty, or by the governor of the faid fettlement, and of the territories and dependencies thereof, by virtue of authority derived from his Majelly; and in the mean time fubject to fuch duties, rules, regulations, and reftrictions, as fubfifted and were in force before
and at the time of the conqueft of the said settlement by the arms of his Majesty, with fuch alterations as have been fince made under the authority of the commander in chief of his Majesty's forces at the faid fettlement: but it is his Majefty's pleasure, that no goods, wares, or merchandise, which fhall be imported into the faid fettlement, or the territories or dependencies thereof, from any part of his Majesty's dominions, fhall be fubject to any duty.
And it is his Majefty's pleasure, that no goods, wares, and merchandise, the growth, produce, or manufacture of the countries to the eastward of the Cape of Good Hope, be imported into the faid fettlement, or the territories or dependencies thereof, except by the United Company of Merchants trading to the East Indies; and that no fuch goods, wares, or merchandise, be permitted to be exported from thence, except for fea ftores only, or by the United Company of Merchants of England trading to the Eaft Indies, or by their licence.
But it is his Majefty's pleasure, that nothing in this order contained fhall extend to prevent fhips or veffels employed in the fouthern whale fishery from carrying on the fame, in fuch and the fame manner as might have been done if this order had not been made.
And it is alfo his Majefty's pleasure, that no arms or artillery, gunpowder or ammunition, of any fort, be allowed to be imported into the faid fettlement, or the territories or dependencies thereof, except by the faid United Company of Merchants of England trading to the Eaft Indies, or by licence from his Majesty.
And it is his Majefty's further pleafure, that the trade and commerce to and from the faid fettlement, and the territories and dependencies thereof, fhall be fubject to fuch of the laws of trade and navigation as would have affected the fame if this order had not been made, except fo far as fuch laws are contrary to this prefent order.
And the right honourable the lords commiffioners of his Majesty's Treafury, and the lords commiffioners of the Admiralty, are to give the neceffary directions herein as to them may refpectively appertain
EXPEDITION AGAINST IRELAND.
Dublin, December 27.
The following is a Copy of a Letter received on Sunday the 25th of December, by the Right Honourable the Lord Mayor of Dublin,
AM directed by my Lord Lieutenant to acquaint your Lordship, that his Excellency has received intelligence from Lieutenantgeneral Dalrymple, ftating, that a fleet had been seen steering for Bantry Bay, which it was fuppofed was French; alfo, that the Kangaroo floop of war had paffed through the faid fleet the 21ft instant, and, having reported to Vice-admirał Kingsmill that it appeared to belong to the enemy, had failed for England to give information to the Admiralty.
Under thefe circumftances his Excellency has thought it expedient to take all precautionary measures in cafe the enemy should attempt a landing, and his Excellency has the fulleft reliance on the zeal and loyalty of the citizens and inhabitants of Dublin, which has already been fo confpicuous, to fecond and facilitate the measures which, in cafe of emergency, it will be neceffary for the government to adopt.
I have the honour to be, &c.
Right Hon. the Lord Mayor, &c.
The following is a Copy of a Letter addressed to the Sovereign of Belfast.
I AM directed by my Lord Lieutenant to acquaint your Worship, that his Excellency has received intelligence from Lieu, tenant-general Dalrymple, ftating, that a fleet had been seen fteering for Bantry Bay, which it was fuppofed was French; alfo, that the Kangaroo floop of war had paffed through the faid fleet the 21st, and having reported to Vice-admiral Kingsmill that it appeared to belong to the enemy, had failed for England, to give information to the Admiralty.
Under thefe circumftances his Excellency has thought it expe. dient to take all precautionary meafures in cafe the enemy should attempt a landing, and his Excellency has the fulleft reliance on the zeal and loyalty of all his Majesty's fubjects to fecond and
facilitate the measures which, in cafe of emergency, it will be nece.lary for the government to adopt.
I have the honour to be, &c. &c.
The Sovereign of Belfast, Dec. 27.
To the Lord Mayor of Dublin.
MY LORD, Dublin Cafle, Dec. 29, 1796. THE laft accounts from General Dalrymple are by his aid-de-camp, Captain Gordon, who left Bantry at ten A. MJ on Tuesday, and arrived here this morning. Seventeen fail of French fhips of the line were at that time at anchor at the lower part of Bear Ifland, but at fuch a diftance as their force could not be afcertained. The lieutenant of a French frigate was driven on fhore in his boat, in going from his veffel (which was difinafted) to the admiral. He confirms the account of the fleet being French, and with views hoftile to this country; but does not appear to know whether the whole fleet (which confifted of about feventeen fail of the line, fifteen frigates, and, including tranfports and luggers, amounting to fifty fail) were all to reaffemble at Bantry Bay. General Hoche was on board, commanding a confiderable force.
I have the honour to be, my Lord, &c.
Refcript, published by Order of the King of Pruffia, refpecting the Pruffian Territories on the left Bank of the Rhine.
E having been informed that an opinion has been propagated through a part of our state of Welphalig fituated on the left bank of the Rhine, to wit, the provinces of Cleves, Meurs, and Gueldres, in the actual poffeffion of the French troops, that fufficient remonftrances and proteftations had not been made on our part against the various innovations and oppreffions which the French commiffaries and agents exercife over our faithful fubjects; we have therefore thought it good to make this public declaration, by means of our regency, jointly with our chamber of war and of territory; and we do publicly declare, that we have never ceafed, nor fhall we ever ceafe, to intereft ourselves in behalf of our faid fubjects, by the interven tion of our envoy to the French Republic; and that it is far from