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France, under the infpe&tion and controul of the military agents, to whom it shall be accountable.

VI. The municipal administrations are also retained in all the communes of Lombardy.

VII. The municipal assembly existing at Milan, composed of thirteen members and a syndic, is also provisionally retained under the name of the municipality of the town of Milan.

VIII. The commandant of the fort of Milan thall be president of the municipal council, and shall exercise in it a military police, and also all the fun&tions delegated by the French laws to the commandants of forts in a state of fiege.

IX. The members composing the municipality of Milan are Francois Viscanti, Antoine Caccianini, Galeas Serbelloni, Felix Laticada, Charles Bignami, Antoine Corbetta, Fidele Sopranfi, Gatean Porro, Pierre Verri, Joseph Violtini, Jean Baptiste Sommarina, Paul Sangiorgio, Antoine Crespi, Cæsar Pelagata, Charles Ciani, Charles Parea.

X. The acts and deliberations of all the authorities created or preserved by the present decrec, shall be in the name of the French Republic.


"Buonaparte, Commander in Chief of the Army of Italy, to his Brothers

in Arms, dared I lead Quarters at Milan, Prairial 1, (May 20.) SOLDIERS, you have precipitated yourselves like a torrent from

the heights of the Appenines; you have routed and dispersed all who have opposed your progress : Piedmont, delivered from Austrian tyranny, displays its natural sentiinents of peace and friendship for France. 'Milan is our's, and the Republican flag flies over all Lombardy. The Dukes of Parma and Modena owe their political existence to your generosity. I he army that with so much pride threatened you, has no barrier of protection againit your courage : the Po, the Teslin, the Adda, have been unable to ftop you a lingle day; those boafted bulwarks of Italy have been insufficient to delay your progress ; you have furmounted them as rapidly as you passed the Appenines. So much fuccess has carried joy to the bosom of our country; your representatives have ordained a fête, dedicated to your vi&ories, which will be celebrated in all the communes of the Republic. Your fathers, your mothers, your wives, your sisters, your lovers, will enjoy your fuocess, and boast with pride that they belong to you. Yes, roldiers, you have done much ; but does there remain nothing more to be done? Though we have known how to vanquish, we have


not known how to profit of our victories. Posterity will reproach us with having terminated our course in Lombardy; but already I. see you run to arms; a flothful repose fatigues you. Let us depart! We have yet forced marches to make, enemies to subdue, laurels to gather, injuries to revenge. Let those tremble who have whetted the poniards of civil war in France, who have basely asfaffinated our ministers, and burnt our ships at Toulon: the hour of vengeance and retribution is near at hand. But let the people remain tranquil; we are friends to all the people, and more particularly the descendants of Brutus, of Scipio, and the great iden we have taken for our models. Re-establish the capitol, and place there, with honour, the itatues of the heroes that rendered it celebrated : awaken the Roman people, debased by many centuries of llavery: fuch will be in the fruit of your victories; they will form an epoch for pofterity; you will have the immortal glory of changing the face of the finest country in Europe. The free French people, respected by the whole world, will give to Europe a glorious peace, which will indemnify them for the facrifices they have made during six years; you will then return to your homes, and your fellow-citizens will say, shewing you, this man was of the army of Italy. (Signed)


The Deputies of the People D'Albe, to Citizen Buonaparte, General in

Chief of the French Army, to procure Liberty to Italy.
LIKE Frenchmen, we with to be free. To live under no king
or tyrant


title. We wish for civil equality, and that the feudal monster should be thrown to the ground.

For this purpose we have taken up arms at the approach of your victorious troops, and we come to implore your assistance, to break the chains which have for a long time retained us in bondage.

Worn down by the yoke of iron which presses on our heads, we never should have been able to succeed in relieving ourselves. Always courageous, and yet always debafed, we have lived in expectation of the happy moment of your arrival.

Oh! most delightful moment! The time is at length arrived. Here are Frenchmen, our brothers and our friends ; in our arms, in our houses, they are willing cordially to partake of our joy, to ratify our vows, and to fly with us to the destruction of the infamous throne of the tyrant Victor.

The proclamation to the people and clergy of Piedmont and Lombardy, and to the Neapolitan and Piedmontese E 2


troops, prove to you our republican fpirit, and the right which we have to a well-founded reliance on your generous protection.

Citizen General, behold all Italy extending forth its arms to your embrace, and calling you its deliverer. In giving it the blessings of liberty, you grant to this beautiful part of Europe its greatest lustre; your name will be rendered glorious and immortal in its history.

Our sons, and our latest posterity, will have it engraved in their heart; and they will not have in their mouth a name more dear thas that of General Buonaparte.

Respect, safety, and fraternity,

JEAN ANTOINE, Ramea of Verseil,

Deputed commissaries.

Brescia, 10 Prairial, (May 29). Buonaparte to the Republic of Venice. IT T is to deliver the finest country in Europe from the iron yoke

of the proud house of Austria, that the French army has braved obstacles the most difficult to surmount. Victory, in union with justice, has crowned its efforts. The wreck of the enemy's army has retired beyond the Mincio. The French army, in order to follow them, passes over the territory of the Republic of Venice; but it will never forget, that antient friendship unites the two Republics. Religion, government, customs, and property, shall be respected. That the people may be without apprehension, the most severe discipline shall be maintained. All that may be provided for the army shall be faithfully paid for in money. The general in chief engages the officers of the Republic of Venice, the magiftrates, and the priests, to make known those sentiments to the people, in order that confidence may cement that friendship which has so long united the two nations faithful in the path of honour, as in that of victory. The French soldier is terrible only to the enemies of his liberty and his government. (Signed)

The general of division, chief of the

etat-major of the army of Italy. (Signed)




By General Buonaparte, Commander in Chief of the Army of Italy,

to the People of the Milanese. THE 'HE nobles, the priests, and the agents of Austria have mified

the people of these fine countries; the French army, as generous as it is powerful, will treat with fraternity the peaceable and tranquil inhabitants; but they will prove as terrible as the fire of heaven to the rebels, and the villages which protect them.

Art. I. In consequence, the commander in chief declares as rebels, all the villages which have not conformed to his order of the 6th Prairial. The generals shall march against such villages the forces necessary for subduing them ; setting them on fire, and Mooting all those taken with arms in their hands. All the priests and nobles who remain in the rebel communes, shall be arrested as hostages, and sent into France.

II. Every village where the tocfin shall be founded, shall be in. stantly destroyed. The generals are responsible for the execution of this order.

III. Every village on the territory of which any Frenchman Thall be affaffinated, shall be fined in a fum amounting to a third part of the contribution they pay annually to the Archduke, unless they make known the affaffin, arrest him, and send him to the , IV. Every man found with a musquet, and ammunition of

war, shall be immediately shot by the order of the general commandant on duty.

V. Every field wherein shall be found concealed arms, shall be condemned to pay one-third more than its actual revenue, by way of amends. Every house in which shall be found a musket, shall be burnt, unless the proprietor declares to whom such musket be. longs.

All the nobles, or rich people, who shall be convicted of hav. ing stirred up the people to revolt, whether by dismissing their domestics, or by designs against the French, shall be arrested as hostages, sent into France, and the half of their estates confil. cated. (Signed)

BUONAPARTE. 10 Prairial, (29th May).

French army.

PROCLAMATION Isued by General Buonaparte, on the 16th Prairial, (June 4). A MISLED multitude, who have no real means of resistance,

proceed in several communes to every kind of excess, refuse


to acknowledge the Republic, and menace the army that has triumphed over so many kings. This in fanity is deserving of pity. It will conduct the people to their destruction.

The general in chief, faithful to the principles of the French nation, which makes not war upon the people, is still desirous of leaving a door open to repentance.

But those who, after a delay of twenty-four hours, do not lay down their arms, and take a new oath of fidelity to the French Republic, shall be treated as rebels, and their villages shall be burnt. The terrible example of Binasco ought to open their eyes. The same fate threatens every village and every town that shall remaip obstinately rebellious.

Extract of a Letter from the Commissioner of Government with the

Army of Italy, to the Executive Directory, dated roth Prairial (May 3), fourth Year of the Republic.

CITIZENS DIRECTORS, THE army in entering Lombardy, by the defeat of the Aufrians, had no reason to expect to be obliged to repress the people themselves; the testimonies of joy which it met with must have made it conceive other hopes : such, however, has been its disagreeable situation. We have, however, fortunately to announce to you a result no less prompt than favourable.

I was informed, on the 5th, by General Despinoy, who commanded in the town, that in the fuburbs of Milan, towards Pavia, some commotions began to appear; that the people were gathering, and that forces were sent to disperse them. The rebels made an attempt to disarm these troops ; many in this attempt were killed or wounded, the rest fied, and order was restored.

In the night I was informed, that fimilar disturbances had taken place at Vareza, as well as at Pavia and Lodi : that in some parts of the country the alarm bell was founded, to excite the people to arm's: that this revolt, which seemed to have combinations, was fomented by the priests and nobles, who roused the people to rebellions, in order to affaffinate the French: that the garrison, which was stationed in Pavia, had been disarmed; and that on the road some armed peasants had murdered passengers and persons employed by the administration.

I had no hesitation in judging, that it was necessary instantly to repress this effervescence; I gave orders for the arrest of some persons suspected by their principles, and their attachment to the Grand Duke. These measures, seconded by the active exertions of General Despinoy, secured the tranquillity of Milan.

I haftened to inform General Buonaparte of what was paffing. He immediately came to Milan, and we repaired together 10 Pa

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