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troops or hips fhall be on the territory or in the ports of the requiring power, it thall furnish from its magazines or arfenals whatever may be neceffary to them, in the fame way and at the fame price as it fupplies its own troops and fhips.

X. The power called on fhall immediately replace the ships it furnishes, which may be loft by accidents of war or of the fea, It thall alfo repair the loffes the troops it fupplies may fuffer.

XI. If the aforefaid fuccours are found to be, or fiould become infufficient, the two contracting powers fhall put on foot the greateft forces they poffibly can, as well by fea as by land, against the enemy of the power attacked, which fhall employ the aforefaid forces, either by combining them, or by causing them to act feparately, and this conformably to a plan concerted between them.

XII. The fuccours ftipulated by the preceding articles fhall be furnished in all the wars the contracting powers may have to maintain, even in thofe in which the party called on may not be directly interested, and may act merely as a fimple auxiliary,

XIII. In the cafe in which the motives of hoftilities being prejudicial to both parties, they may declare war with one comnon affent against one or feveral powers, the limitations eftablished in the preceding articles fhall ceafe to take place, and the two contracting powers thall be bound to bring into action against the common enemy the whole of their land and fea forces, and to concert their plans fo as to direct them towards the most convenient points, either feparately or by uniting them. They equally bind themfelves, in the cafes pointed out in the prefent article, not to treat for peace unless with one common confent, and in fuch a way as that each fhall obtain the fatisfaction which is

its due.

XIV. In the cafe in which one of the powers fhall act merely as an auxiliary, the power which alone thall find itfelf attacked may treat of peace feparately, but fo as that no prejudice may refult from thence to the auxiliary power, and that it may even turn as much as poflible to its direct advantage. For this purpofe advice thall be given to the auxiliary power of the mode and time agreed on for the opening and fequel of the negociations.

XV. Without any delay there thall be concluded a treaty of commerce on the most equitable bafis, and reciprocally advantageous to the two nations, which fhall fecure to each of them, with Its ally, a marked preference for the productions of its foil or manufactures, or at least advantages equal to thofe which the most favoured nations enjoy in their refpective ftates. The two powers engage to make inftantly a common caufe to reprefs and annihilate the maxims adopted by any country whatever, which may be fubverfive of their prefent principles, and which may bring into danger the fafety of the neutral flag, and the refpe&t which is due

to it, as well as to raise and re-establish the colonial fyftem of Spain on the footing on which it has subsisted, or ought to subsist, tonformably to treaties.

XVI. The character and jurifdiction of the confuls fhall be at the fame time recognized and regulated by a particular convention. Those anterior to the present treaty fhall be provisionall executed.

XVII. To avoid every dispute between the two powers, they shall be bound to employ themselves immediately, and without de lay, in the explanation and developement of the VIIth article of the treaty of Bafle, concerning the frontiers, conformable to the inftructions, plans, and memoirs, which fhall be communicated through the medium of the plenipotentiaries who negotiate the present treaty.

XVIII. England, being the only power against which Spain has direct grievances, the prefent alliance fhall not be executed unless against her during the prefent war; and Spain shall remain neuter with respect to the other powers armed against the Republic.

XIX. The ratifications of the prefent treaty fhall be exchanged within a month from the date of its being figned.

Done at Ildephonfo, 2 Fructidor, (Aug. 19) the 4th year of the French Republic, one and indivifible.


PERIGNON, and the

The Executive Directory refolves on and figns the prefent offenfive and defenfive treaty of alliance with his Catholic Majefty the King of Spain, negotiated in the name of the French Republic by Citizen Dominique Catherine Perignon, general of divifion, founded on powers to that effect by a refolution of the Executive Directory, dated 20 Meffidor, (Sept. 6) and charged with its inftructions.

Done at the National Palace of the Executive Directory, the fourth year of the French Republic, one and indivifible. Conformable to the original.

(Signed) REVEILLIERE LEPEAUX, president. By the Executive Directory,

LAGARDE, fecretary general.,

This treaty was ratified on the 26 Fructidor, (Sept. 12) by

the Council of Elders.


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Conditions of the Sufpenfion of Arms between the French Republic and the Pope.

I. WISHING to give a proof of that refpect which the French government entertains for his Majefty the King of Spain, the commander in chief and the civil commiffioners of the army of Italy grant a fufpenfion of arms to his Holiness, counting from this day till five days after the clofe of the negociation which fhall be opened at Paris for the conclufion of a definitive peace between the two ftates.

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II. The Pope fhall fend with all poffible expedition to Paris a plenipotentiary, in order to obtain from the Executive Directory a definitive peace, by offering the neceffary reparations for the outrages and infults which the French endured in his ftates, and particularly for the murder of Baffeville, and the recompenfe due to his family.

III. The individuals detained in the territories of the Pope for their political opinions thall be immediately fet at liberty and re-enter into the poffeflion of their effects.

IV. The ports belonging to the Pope's states shall be shut to all veffels belonging to the powers at war with the French Republic, and open to the French fhips..

V. The French army fhall remain in poffeffion of the legations of Bologna and Ferrara, and fhall occupy that of Ancona.

VI. The citadel of Ancona thall in fix day be put into the poffeffion of the French troops, with its artillery, ftores, and provifions.

VII. The city of Ancona fhall continue under the civil government of the Pope.

VIII. The Pope thall yield to the French Republic a hundred pictures, bufts, vafes, and ftatues, at the choice of commiffioners to be fent to Rome, amongst which are fpecifically comprised the bufts in bronze of JUNIUS BRUTUS, and that in marble af MARCUS BRUTUS, both placed in the capitol. The Pope fhall alfo deliver up five hundred manufcripts, at the choice of the faid commiffioners.

IX. The Pope fhall pay to the French Republic twenty-one millions of French money; of which fifteen millions five hundred thoufand livres thall be in fpecic or ingots, the remaining five millions five hundred thoufand livres in goods, merchandize, horfes, &c.

X. The fifteen millions five hundred thousand to be paid in three instalments; five millions in fifteen days, five millions in the following month, and the remainder within three months.

XI. The five millions five hundred thoufand livres in goods fhall be faithfully delivered according to the demands made from


the parts of Genoa, Leghorn, and thofe places occupied by the army, which fhall be pointed out.

XII. Those twenty-one millions fhall be independent of the contributions which thall be levied on Bologna, Ferrara, and Faenza.

XIII, The French troops fhall have a free paffage through all the territories of the Pope.

Correfpondence between the French Commiffioners and the Pope's Plenipotentiary relative to Peace,

Letter from the French Commiffioners Garrau and Saliceti to Monfignor Galeppi, the Pope's Plenipotentiary at Florence.


In the name of the French Republic.

THE French commiffioners of the Executive Directory with the armies in Italy and the Alps being especially charged, by a decree of the Executive Directory, dated the ift day of Fructidor, to negociate with the Pope, Pius Sextus, on the conditions on which the French Republic confents to grant peace to his Holiness, do hereby tranfmit to Monfignor Galeppi, the Pope's plenipotentiary, the annexed compilation of

ift. The Treaty of Peace, containing 21 articles. 2dly. The Secret Conditions, containing 8 articles.

3dly. The Treaty of Commerce and Navigation, containing 5 articles; and

4thly. The Convention refpecting the Jurifdiction of the Confuls, forming 3 articles.

The commiffioners are inftructed by the Executive Directory to declare to Monfignor Galeppi, that the terms of thefe conditions muft either be acceded to or refufed abfolutely by the Pope or his plenipotentiary.

They defire that Monfignor Galeppi will inform them if he confents to fign thefe conditions, and fhould particular inftructions impofe on him the obligation of communicating them to the Pope, they obferve that they can agree to a delay of fix days. puly; fhould no answer be received at the expiration of the above period, the circumftance will be confidered as a refufal on the part of his Holiness to iffue the neceffary powers for the accepta


tion of the faid conditions; and, in purfuance of their orders, they will report the fame to the Executive Directory.

Done at Florence, the 23d Fructidor, in the 4th year of the French Republic, one and indivifible.




His Holiness Pope Pius Sextus having fhewn a defire to reeftablish mutual union, friendship, and harmony with the French Republic, the Executive Directory have named citizens Garrau and Saliceti, their commiffioners with the army of Italy, to treat with Monfignor Lorenzo Galeppi, the Pope's plenipotentiary, on the claufes and conditions of peace, and have determined on the following articles:

I. There fhall be a peace for the future between the Republic and the Pope.

II. The Pope fhall withdraw himfelf from the coalition, and from every offenfive and defenfive alliance against France. He obliges himself not to provide for any of the enemies of France.

III. The Pope fhall never grant a paffage through his territory to the enemies of France, either in this or in any future war, He fhall always allow it to French troops, who will conform to what is due to neutral or friendly countries.

IV. His Holiness acknowledges, in the most pointed terms, that the common enemy have abufed his confidence, and impofed on his religion as a plea for iffuing, publifhing, and diffeminating, in his name, different edicts, of which the principle and the effect are equally contrary to his true intentions, and to the refpe&ive laws of nations. His Holinefs, therefore, difapproves, revokes, and annuls all fuch bulls, briefs, apoftolical mandates, circular or other letters, monitors, inftructions from the pastoral staff, and in general all other writings iffued from the authority of the holy chair, and from every other authority, as relate to the affairs of France, from the year 1789 to this day.

V. The Pope thall, through the means of his ambaffador at Paris, exprefs his difapprobation of the affaffination of Basville, and fhall pay 500,000 livres, which payment fhall be made up by those who were concerned in that tranfaction.

VI. All the French who have been expelled or imprifoned fince the year 1788, or deprived of their property on account of political opinions, fhall be fet at liberty, and all fuch property thall be reftored to them. The goods or effects already fold fhall be valued by commiffioners from both parties, and the amount thall be paid to them by his Holiness.

VII. The preceding article fhall extend to individuals of every other nation, and particularly to thofe of the Pope's ftates who have fuffered for the fame caufe. They shall be allowed to enter

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