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HISTORY OF THE WAR.
From the LONDON GAZETTE, June 7, 1796.
Admiralty Office, June 7, 1796.
Extract of a Letter from Captain Mowat, of his Majefty's Ship Affiftance, to Evan Nepean, Efq. dated Staten Island, May 3, 1796.
YOU will be pleafed to acquaint my lords commiffioners of the
on the 20th of March, his
Majefty's fhip I have the honour to command left Spithead, and at eight o'clock the fame evening the paffed the Needle Point, the wind then at E. N. E, which carried her in the lat. 43 deg. 57 min. long.. 25 deg. 20 min. having been a week out; from that period until laft evening, that the anchored two miles below New York, the wind did not continue twenty-four hours at any time favourable to her courfe. The day before the fair wind left us, a fail was difcovered right a-head; the fhip being under full fail, with a moderate breeze, foon brought the veffel to be feen from the deck standing towards us, which the continued to do within the distance of feven or eight miles, when he thought it time to put about, and crowded all the fale fhe could from us, and was difcovered to be a brig. About four hours after the was brought to, and proved to be Le Chaffeur, French privateer, belonging to Bayonne, pierced for twelve guns, fix pounders, only four on board, the others having been reported to be thrown over-board: her crew fixty-two in number. From the time of her failing fhe had captured only one veffel, a brig, with a cargo of falt from Spain, bound to Newfoundland.
From the LONDON GAZETTE, June 11.
Downing-freet, June 8.
Extract of a Difpatch from Mr. Frafer to Lord Grenville, dated Hamburgh, May 27, 1796.
INFORMATION has been received here from Amfterdam, of the 24th inftant, that, in confequence of the late difturbance in that city, the French General Bournonville had thought it advifable to propose putting a confiderable number of French troops in garrifon in that city; that that measure had at first met with much oppofition on the part of the burghers of that city, who had claimed to themselves the right of fettling their own difpute without the interference of the French military; that, however, they had been obliged to yield, and that a confiderable body of French troops had marched into Amsterdain.
Whitehall, June 11.
BY a dispatch from Major-General Gordon Forbes to the right hon. Henry Dundas, one of his Majefty's principal fecretaries of state, dated Mole St. Nicolas, St. Domingo, April 10, 1796, it appears, that a divifion of British and colonial troops from the garrifon of Port-auPrince were embarked, on the 17th and 18th of March, in order to proceed against the town and fortrefs of Leogane, in the fame island. The troops were landed on the 21ft, and a firing was opened on the following day from a temporary battery, which had been conftructed. The enemy having brought their heavy artillery to flank this battery, it was obliged to be abandoned, with the lofs of one fix-pounder dif abled, and another fpiked and left behind. On this occafion Lieutenant Bingham, of the artillery, loft his arm, and that corps, which behaved remarkably well, fuffered fome trifling lofs. A very heavy fire had been maintained during the greateft part of the 22d from the fhips of war against the town and forts; but no impreffion whatever having been made by them, and the place appearing much ftronger than it had been reprefented, the forces were judged inadequate to the enterprize, and the troops, ftores, guns, and ammunition of every kind, were therefore reimbarked, without further lofs or accident,
Admiralty Office, June 11.
Extract of a Letter from Rear-Admiral Parker, Commander in Chief of bis Majefty's Ships, &c. at Jamaica, to Mr. Nepean, dated Swiftfure, at Port-au-Prince, March 27, 1796.
FOR their lordfhips' information I beg leave to acquaint you, that agreeably to my letter of the 28th ultimo, I proceeded to Port-au-Prince with General Forbes, where, upon our arrival, a meeting was called of the general officers, and the propofal for attacking Leogane difcuffed.
On the 21ft the army was landed, in two divifions, to the eastward and weftward of the fort and town, covered to the weftward by the Ceres and Lark, and to the eastward by the Iphigenia, and the Cormorant and Serin floops, with the Africa and Leviathan placed againft
the fort, and the Swiftfure to cannonade the town. The fire of the latter was interrupted in the courfe of half an hour from the fituation of the army on fhore; but the two former kept up an unremitting cannonade, for near four hours, against the fort, until dark, and the land wind coming fresh, the fhips were moved off to a proper anchorage.
The day following the army were chiefly employed reconnoitring, and the nex- day, from what they had obferved, and the intelligence gained, the enemy were found fo exceedingly numerous, that it was refolved beft for his Majefty's fervice to reimbark the army, &c. and poftpone the operations for the prefent.
In the courfe of the night, and by noon the next day, the artillery, army, &c. were reimbarked; but, I am forry to add, that the army loft a few men, and the Africa had one man killed and feven wounded; and the Leviathan five killed and twelve wounded, two fince dead, with damage done to the mafts and yards of both fhips, infomuch that they must go down to Jamaica to have them made good.
From the LONDON GAZETTE, June 18.
Admiralty Office, June 18.
DISPATCHES, of which the following are copies and extracts, have been received at this office by Evan Nepean, Efq.
Extract of a Letter from Sir Edward Pellew, Bart. Captain of his Majefty's Ship Indefatigable, dated off Falmouth, June 13, 1796, to Mr. Nepean.
YOU will be pleased to make known to the lords commiffioners of the admiralty my return off this harbour, accompanied by the fquadron and two national brig corvettes, which we fell in with about eight leagues from Ufhant, on Saturday morning. The early habit they have of making off as foon as feen led me to fufpect they were cruizers; and after a chace of twenty-four hours, they were both captured. One is called Les Trois Couleurs, mounting 10 guns and 70 men, the other La Blonde, of 16 guns and 95 men, commanded by enfigns du vaffeaux, both coppered; had left Breft two days, to cruize for fix weeks; had not taken any thing.
Copy of a Letter from Vice-Admiral King fmill, Commander in Chief of his Majefty's Ships and Veffels at Cork, to Mr. Nepean, dated June 12, 1796.
BY my laft, of the roth inftant, you were acquainted, for the information of my lords commiffioners of the admiralty, that his Majefty's fhips Unicorn and Santa Margaritta, part of the fquadron under my orders, had fent in a large hip, under Swedish colours, laden with Dutch property, from Surinam; and that Lieutenant Carpenter, of the Unicorn, who brought her here, told me he had left our fhips in chace of three fail, fuppofed to be enemies.
Their lordships will now have the fatisfaction of being informed, that thofe three fail were French frigates, viz. La Tribune, of 40 guns, La Tamife, of 36 guns, (formerly the Thames) and La Legere, of 24 guns, under the command of Commodore Moultfon. Notwithstanding that fuperiority, his Majefty's two frigates, immediately on afcertaining what they were, crowded fail after them; upon which the enemy formed in line of battle, but shortly after declining to come to action, they feparated, and endeavoured to efcape. Captain Williams, in the Unicorn, purfued the largeft, La Tribune, and I have no doubt will give a good account of her, while Captain Martin chaced and came up with La Tamife, which ftruck to him after a fmart action, wherein thirty-three of the enemy were killed and nineteen wounded, and only two men were killed and three wounded on board the Santa Margaritta. Unluckily, as the Legere could not be attended to during this chace and engagement, fhe got off.
Their lordships will find more particulars on this fubject in the inclofed letter to me from Captain Martin, who is fafely arrived here with his prize which capture is the more interefting, as the has been by far the most active and fuccefsful of all the enemy's cruizers against our trade.
The credit of the British name has been fo eminently well fupported on this occafion by the zeal, fpirit, and judgment with which his Majefty's fhips were conducted, that it becomes wholly unneceffary for me further to exprefs my fente of the merits of their captains, officers,
I am, Sir, &c, &c. &c.
L'Engageante, Cork Harbour, June 13, 1796. Three, P. M.
I SEND this exprefs to Cork, hoping it will overtake my letter of this date by the poft from hence, for the purpofe of giving to my lords commiffioners of the admiratly as early as poffible, the agreeable intelligence that his Majesty's fhip Unicorn is now in fight, off the harbour, with her prize La Tribune.
I have the honour to be,
E. Nepean, Efq.
Extract of a Letter from Vice-Admiral Kingsmill, Commander in Chief of his Majefty's Ships and Veffels on the Coaft of Ireland, to Mr. Nepean, dated Cork Harbour, June 14.
THE expectations my laft letter to you must have raised, are most happily realized. I now with particular fatisfaction defire you will acquaint their lordfhips, that the French frigate La Tribune, of 44 guns and 337 men, bearing Commodore Mouliton's broad pendant, is captured and brought in here by his Majefty's fhip Unicorn, commanded by Captain Williams, whofe official letter to me, containing a detail of the circumstances, is herewith tranfmitted. It is remarkable, that though they were clofe engaged for thirty-five minutes, and the Unicorn's mafts, fails, and rigging, are much cut and damaged, not a