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Government House, Jeremie House,
September 3, 1796. FROM the intelligence you will probably have received from other quarters, you will not be surprised to hear of the posts on the extremities of this dependency, both east and west, being attacked in force on the same day. On the 8th of August I ordered Lieutenant Brad. Mhaw, with twenty-two of the 13th light dragoons, mounted, to march for Du Centre; and Captain Whitby, two subalterns, and fixty privates of the 17th light dragoons, with non-commissioned officers in proportion, embarked the same evening for Caymites, from whence they arrived, without any accident, at Du Centre and Raimond, which was a most 'fortunate circumstance, as the next day, the sith, the enemy appeared before Post Raimond, and after keeping a very heavy fire on the Block-house with little effect, they attempted to storm it in considerable force four different times, and were each time repulsed with great lofs, and their chief killed. In this business only one British and two chasseurs were wounded. On Captain Whitby's arrival at Du Centre he detached Lieutenant Gilman, of the 17th light dragroons, with twenty men, to Poft Raimond, who immediately placed himself in the Block-house with his detachment and a larger party of Chasseurs. On the 12th the enemy still continued before the Block-house, which is situated on a small height, about one hundred yards from the fort, keeping up a fire with musketry with as little effect as before, when Lieutenant Gilman made a successful sortie with the whole of the 17th and some chasseurs, driving the enemy before him into the woods, who left sixteen whites and forty-seven blacks dead on the spot, and many dead and wounded were afterwards found in the woods and road leading over the mountains to Aux Cayes. Some four-pound fhot, a twopounder mounted, several firelocks, and other articles, were left by the enemy in their retreat. I am happy to report, that in this gallant affair the 17th regiment had only two privates wounded. The challeurs had one officer, Captain Dutoya, and three chaffeurs killed, and fourteen wounded. It is supposed the loss of the enemy must have been very considerable indeed, as from every account of spies and deserters, above forty whites are among the killed, and those dead of their wounds and found in the woods, which I can easily conceive, as the assault of the Block-house was made by about two hundred whites, formerly fol. diers in the regiment of Berwick, affifted by the brigands.
Captain Whitby reports, that the honour of the British service was never more ably maintained than in the engagement at Post Raimond, and expreffes himself highly grateful to Lieutenant Gilman and the fol diers of the 17th, as well as those of the colonial corps, for their active exertions in fo bravely checking the enemy in the attempt on this post.
Indeed, Lieutenant Gilman's intrepidity and cool conduct on this occafion, appear to me so praiseworthy, that I thould not do justice to hiin or my own feelings on this occafion, if I did not strongly recon. mend him
to you, Sir, for promotion. I am also happy to have it in my power to report, that the enemy has been under the necessity of raising the fiege of Irois, before wbich they lay eighteen days. On the 11th ult. General Rigaud, with three of four thousand brigands, appeared before it, and sent a summons to Captain Beamish to surrender the fort to the republic of France ; Capraia VOL. V.
Beamish very properly answered, he thould defend it to the last extremity. The enemy had in the night landed a sixteen-pounder and a mortar, which, with incredible labour, they got up, and opened on the fort the next day, within about 450 yards. The moment I heard Irois was invested, I ordered 100 privates, officers and non-commissioned in proportion, with Lieu enant-colonel Hooke, of the 17th, to embark for that place, where they arrived safe. Lieutenant-colonel Hooke took the command of the fort and troops, in which station he has rendered very meritorious services. • Finding the enemy had advanced a confiderable force between Irois and L'Ance Eros, which fhut up by land the communication with je. remie, I determined, with what force I could colle&, to attack them on the Morne Gautier. On my arrival at L'Ance Eros the 16th, a plan was agreed upon to march in three columns on the 19th, so as to arrive be. fore Morne Gautier at day-break. Observing, on my approach, that a few men of the 17th dragroons were killed and wounded, and that firing at a distance answered no purpose, I determined to carry the hill by atsauli, had formed the 17th dragioons for that purpose, ordered the 12th to dismount, and was endeavouring to rally the negroes, who had been thrown into some confusion, when I received a thot in my left breatt, which caused me to fall from my horse ; afterwards I kneir nothing of what patled, except by report; and I was sorry to hear that we were under the neceility of retreating, with the loss of the three pounder we had with us. Fortunately this little check did not effect the safety of the fort; on the contrary, the enemy, who must have suf. fered more than ourselves, evacuated Gautier, and retired the next day to Rigaud, on the other side of the Irois; and ou the 29th, Lieutenantcolonel Hooke wrote me he had raised the fiege entirely : fo that, Sir, I may now congratulate you on this dependency being wholly freed from the enemy, and on your having it in your power to acquaint his Majesty's ministers, that he has been beaten, and failed in every quarter of this island under your command..
I have not hitherto been able to procure exact returns of the killed .and wounded, but I conceive that the 17th regiment had about seven killed, and fourteen or fitteen wounded; none dangerously in my affair of the 19th ult. Lieutenant-colonel Hooke has not yet made his report; .but I do not believe that more were killed at Irois, and three or four wounded: so that the enemy's fhot and shells had little effect.
I am sorry to say that Brigadier-major Manners received a ball through his thigh, but as it milled the bone, no bad effect will arise, and he is doing well.
I have the honour to be, &c.
HENRY BOWER, Major-general.
Downing Street, D:c. 20. DISPATCHES, of which the following are extracts, have been received from Robert Craufurd, Esq. by the right hon. Lord Grenville, his Majesty's principal fecretary of state for foreign affairs.
Head Quarters of his Royal Highness the
Archduke Charles of Aufiria, Offenburgh
November 23, 1796. NY LORD, * I HAVE the honour to inform your Lordship, that in the night of the 2 i it to the 22d, the trenches were opened before Khel, on the right bank of the Kinzig. The first parallel of this attack, with its communications, proceeding from the right and left flank of the right wing of the line of contravallation, were so far completed during the night, that before day-break the men were tolerably covered. The enemy did not attempt to interrupt the work, nor had he yet fired a fingle thot upon the trenches; but early yesterday morning (the 22d) he made a sudden attack upon the left wing of the line of contravallation, and, after an action, than which nothing could be possibly more severe, was driven back into his works with very great loss.
The enemy having, in the course of the night, from the 21st to 22d, brought over a large body of troops from Strasbourg, formed his co·lumn of attack close behind the chain of his advanced posts, with fo much filence, that they were not perceived. Just before the break of day (which however was rendered extremely obscure by a very thick mift, that lasted the greater part of the forenoon), these columns began to advance. The instant the Austrian videttes and centries gave their fre, which was the only notice of their approaching attack, the enemy's infantry rushed on with the utmost impetuosity, without bring a lot, and in an instant they were masters of two redoubts on the left of the firit line. The village of Sundheim was attacked in the same manner, and with equal success ; after which, coming in the rear of the curtain that connects the village with the first redoubt to its left, the enemy immediately carried that work, one face of which was not quite finished. Upon this large bodies of their infantry rushed through the openings in the curtains on the whole front of this wing; and, whilst part advanced against the second line, the others endeavoured to possess themselves of the remaining redoubt of the first; but these, though perfectly left to themselves for a considerable time, entirely surrounded, cut off from every aslistance, and attacked with fury by the enemy, who frequently got into the ditches, and attempted to climb the parapet, were defended in a manner that reflects the highest honour on the officers and troops that were in them. The loss in all of these redoubts was considerable; and in one the artillery drivers were at last obliged to fire the guns, but all the attacks were repulsed.
The enemy's right column, after occupying the two works which they had carried, pudied on between the dykes to attack the left of the fecond line ; but Prince Frederick of Orange (whose gallant and judicious conduct cannot fufficiently be praised) having rallied his brigade, placed a part of his infantry behind the dyke, which connects the third redoubt from the left of the firit line with the work which is on the left of the second; and in this situation he resisted the most severe attack that can be imagined upon his front, whilst those bodies of the enemy's infantry, which had pierced between the redoubt of the firfe line, were actually in his rear; he not only maintained his post, but completely checked the enemy's progress on his fank.
A great part of the troops on the left wing had been working in the trenches on the right wing of the Kenzig. General Latour, who commands the army of the liege, formed three of these battalions which happened to be just returning from work, and retook the village of Sundheim, which he maintained, though the enemy made great efforts to dislodge him. Lieutenant-general Staader (who commands the left wing) drove back the enemy, who had advanced against the right of the second line of it, and retook the redoubt on the left of Sundheim ; and the Prince of Orange, advancing between the two dykes, defeated the column with which he had been so severely engaged, and recovered the redoubts it had carried. The enemy then retired into his entrenched camp.
The loss of the Austrians amounted to forty officers and about 1300 mer killed, wounded, and missing, which, confidering thạt not more than half the left wing was engaged, is certainly considerable ; but that of the French must have been much greater. The ground round the works was in some parts covered with their dead bodies, and I am very much within bounds in Aating their loss at 2000 men. During the time the French were in poflession of the redoubts on the left, they found means to carry of five pieces of cannon. The others were all retaken.
It is imposible to attempt to do justice to the conduct of the Archduke; he animated the troops in retaking Sundheim, directed the attacks on the work that had been lost to the left of it, and, under the heaviest fire, gave his orders with the greatest coolness and the most perfect military knowledge.
Lieutenant Proby, of his Majesty's gth regiment of foot (attached to Lieutenant-colonel Craufurd's mission) was wounded by a musket shot ; but I feel great satisfaction in being able to add that the wound is of a very flight nature, and will have no other consequence whatever than that of a very short confinement.
I have the honour to bę, &c.
(Signed) ROBERT CRAUFURD.
Head Quarters of his Royal Highness the
Archduke Charles of Auftria, Offenburg,
November 29, 1796.
After the action of the 6th, near Bassano, the enemy continued to retreat, abandoned even the strong position of Montabello without resistance, and crossed the Adige at Veroną.
On the nith General Ivinzi arrived near Villanova, and the fame evening a considerable part of the enemy's army, commanded by Buonaparte in person, advanced from Verona, and took post in the neighbouring mountains.
Early on the 12th Buonaparte commenced a general attack upon the whole line, which, though made with infinite violence, was refifted with the most perfect steadiness and bravery.
Whilft Buonaparte was thus employed, in repeated though ineffectual efforts to force the front of the position, General Alvinzi detached a column against each of his flanks. No sooner had these arrived at their point of attack, than the enemy retreated with precipitation; and a most severe and important affair was thus completely decided in favour of the Austrians.
Two of the enemy's generals were known to have been wounded, and a third was amongst the number of prisoners already brought in.
I have the honour to be, &c. (Signed) ROBERT CRAUFURD,
Head Quarters of his Royal Highness the
Arcbduke Charles of Austria, Offenburg,
November 28, 1796.
I HAVE the honour to inform your Lordship, that after the affair of the 22d inftant, nothing remarkable happened here till the night from the 26th to the 27th, in which the enemy made a sally, in confiderable force, against the first parallel of the attack, on the right bank of the Kinzig. The enemy was instantly repulsed, with the loss of about forty killed and wounded. Amongst the killed was the comman. dant of a battalion.
The batteries of the first parallel, as well as the guns in all the redoubts to the right and left of it, commenced firing this morning; and in the course of the forenoon the enemy's advanced posts were driven out of the village of Khel.
I have the honour to be, &c. (Signed) ROBERT CRAUFURD.
Head Quarters of bis Royal Highness tbe
Archduke Charles of Austria, Offenburg,
Nov. 27, 1796. MY LORD, IT is with much satisfaction that I have the honour to inform your lordship, that his Royal Highness the Archduke has this day received a report from General Davidowich, dated Piovenazo, November 18, in which he gives an account of his having, on the preceding day, attacked and entirely defeated the enemy on the heights of Rivoli.
The attack commenced about seven in the morning of the 17th, and, after a most obftinate resistance, the enemy was entirely driven from his position, and pursued as far as Cambara.
General Davidowich took twelve cannon, about eleven hundred pri. foners, and inany officers. Amongst the latter are Generals Fiorella and Valette. He praises, in the warmest terms, the conduct of his generals, and the discipline and remarkable bravery of his troops.
The enemy having, in the course of the night from the 17th to the 18ih, received considerable reinforcements, took another position on the heights near Cambara ; in which General Davidowich attacked him the next morning, and drove him back beyond Peschierra.