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of about five lack of rix dollars, of which, however, at least one half is in the treasury, with a promise to realize the fame; and as feveral fervants have their pay and emoluments in the hands of the Company, for which they have no other fecurity but their property, the above mentioned debts fhall be paid out of them, and the notes difcharged, which can occafion the lefs confideration, as the returns alone, taking the fine cinnamon at only three rupees a pound, the pepper at one hundred rupees per candy, the cardamoms at one rupee a pound, and the piece goods and other merchandize at the invoice price, will amount to about twenty-five lacks of rupees, and all the debts, pay, and notes in circulation not above fix lacks. The copper doodees fhall continue current for one stiver.

Anf. As Mr. Van Angelbeck has affured the officers commanding his Majesty's naval and land forces before Colombo, that a refufal to comply with the demand contained in the Vlth Article, will be attended with the total ruin of the colony, they confent to the following arrangements regarding the paper currency of this island, provided the public property of the Dutch Company is found to be conformable to the statement contained in this Article. The English Government of Ceylon will take up the promiffory notes of the Dutch Government which are still in circulation, provided they do not exceed the fum of 50,000l. fterling, and ifiue certificates for the amount, bearing an intereft of three per cent. per annum, payable half-yearly, which certificates fhall be in force fo long as the districts of Ceylon, extending from Matura to Chilau, fhall be in poffeffion of the English, and no longer. Should thefe diftricts be restored to the Dutch, the refponfibility of payment will neceffarily revert to them, in which event the original notes of the Dutch Government fhall be restored to the pro prietors, in exchange for the certificates granted by the British Government. The officers commanding the British forces are not authorized to provide for the payment of the arrears due to the fervants of the Company. This must be left to the future determination of his Bri tannic Majefty.

The copper coin of this island must find its own value in the course of exchange.

Art. VII. All private property, without exception, shall be secured to the proprietors.

Anf. Granted, with the exception of all military and naval stores, which, in every inftance, muft be deemed public property.

Art. VIII. In which is exprefsly included the funds of the Orphan Houfe, or the College for the Administration of the Effects of Infant Children, and of the Committee for managing the Poor Funds, as alfo the two fhips now in the roads, (Berlicum and Enfgezindheid) which belong to individuals in Holland, and are chartered by the Company, as fhall be proved.

Anf. Granted, with exception of the hips, which must be deemed public property,

Art. IX, The garrifon fhall march out with the honours of war; pile their arms, by command of their own officers, on the efplanade, and again return to their barracks. The officers to keep up their fidearms; the clevangs and crees of the noncommiffioned officers and private Malays to be locked up in chefts, and on their departure, on being fet on fhore, to be returned to them.


Anf. Granted.

Art. X. The European officers, noncommiffioned and privates of the battalion of the Dutch troops, and the detachment of the Wirtemberg regiment, doing duty with it, as well as the artillery and feamen, fhall be tranfported in Englifh fhips from hence to Europe or Batavia, according to their choice, with permiffion to carry along with them their women, children, neceffary fervants, and baggage. None of the officers, however, fhall be moved from hence against their will, as many of them are married, and have their property here; and in cafe any of them wishing to depart, time fhall be allowed them to arrange their affairs, to go where they pleafe, on their parole of honour not to ferve in this war against England, until they fhall be exchanged.

Anf. The European officers, noncommiffioned officers and privates, as well of the Dutch battalion, of the regiment of Wirtemberg, the artillery, engineers, and marine, must be confidered as prifoners of war, and as fuch they will be treated with that attention which the British Government has ever fhewn to thofe whom the fortune of war has placed in its power. The whole fhall be fent to Madras. Such of the officers as defire to return to Ceylon, for the reafons mentioned in this article, will have permiffion to do fo, on giving their parole of honour not to ferve during the prefent war against the English. Thofe who may defire to return to Europe fhall be permitted fo to do, on the fame conditions, but without any claim on the British Government for pay and allowance of any defcription.

Art. XI. As there are fome native born French in garrifon, they fhall be tranfported to the Trench islands if they choose it.

Ans. The French of the garrifon will be confidered as prifoners of war, and fent to Madras.

Art. XII. The Malays that do not choose to remain here, fhall be tranfported in English fhips, with their women and children, to the ifland of Java.

Anf. The Malay troops fhall be fent from hence, with their wives and children, to Tutacoren, and from thence by easy marches to Madras. They fhall be fubfifted while they remain prifoners, and if not taken into the British service, fhall, at a convenient time, be fent to the ifland of Java, at the expence of the British Government.

Art, XIII. These transportations fhall take place at the expence of the English, and untill that time the military, Europeans as well as Malays, fall continue to enjoy their pay, as well as emoluments, as was cuftomary in the Company's fervice. None of the military fhall be forced, or even perfuaded, to enter into the service of his Majesty, or the honourable English Company.

Anf. The military officers, European and native, fhall receive the fame pay allowed to them in the Dutch fervice. The noncommiffioned and privates fhall be fubfifted according to the regulations of the British Government for prifoners of war. None fhall be forced to enter the fervice of Great Britain against their confent.

Art. XIV. The Sepoys and Moormen in the fervice fhall have liberty to return to their birth-place.

Anf. Granted.

Art. XV. The Chingaleefe Lafcars being foldiers, according to the nature of their service, and the burghers and civil fervants by the laws

of the colony being obliged to take up arms for its defence, it fhall not tend to prejudice thofe people.



Art. XVI. The Governor Van Angelbeck, the commander of Gale, Fretz, and all the other political or commercial fervants, not required in their official capacities for the purpofes mentioned in Article III. fhall have permiffion to remain as private individuals at Colombo, Gale, or other place on the island, or to betake themfelves elsewhere. In the firft cafe, a reasonable means of fubfiftence fhall be allowed to each, according to his rank. In the laft, they fhall be permitted to carry their effects along with them, without payment of any tax or duty whatever, but then all allowance to cease.

Anf. Granted, with this exception, that as the commanders of the British forces before Colombo are not authorized to grant the fubfiftence required, this fubject must be referred to the decifion of the govern ment of Fort St. George.


Art. XVII. The refpective Vendue Mafters here and at Gale fhall be maintained during the collection of the outstanding balances, in right of the preference granted thofe people by the Company.

Anf. Granted, for all balances now outstanding.

Art. XVIII. The clergy and other ecclefiaftical fervants fhall continue in their functions, and receive the fame pay and emoluments as they had from the Company.

Ánf. Granted, under the fame exception annexed to the 16th


Art. XIX. The citizens and other inhabitants fhall be allowed to follow their employments, and enjoy all the liberties and privileges as the fubjects of his Majesty.

Anf. Granted.

Art. XX. The native fervants in the different departments fhall be continued in their employs during their good behaviour.

Anf. Granted, fubject to fuch regulations as the British Govern ment may hereafter judge neceffary.

Art. XXI. The Eaftern Princes, Tommogoms, and other men of rank here as ftate prifoners, and who receive a monthly fubfiftence, fhall continue to receive it, according to the lift which fliall be given in.

Anf. Granted, while they remain in Ceylon.

Art. XXII. All notarial papers, fuch as wills, bills of purchafe and fales, obligations, fecurities, bonds, &c. fhall continue in force, and the registers of them be prefented by commiffaries appointed on both fides for that purpose.

Anf. Granted.

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Art. XXIII. All civil fuits depending in the council of juftice, fhall be decided by the fame council, according to our laws.

Anf. Granted; but they must be decided in twelve months from this date.

Art. XXIV. The deferters who are here fhall be pardoned.

Anf. All deferters from the English fervice must be unconditionally given up.

Art. XXV. The above articles of capitulation fhall be faithfully fulfilled and confirmed by the fignatures of the officers commanding his Majefty's fea and land forces, Colonel James Stuart, and Captain Alan Hyde Gardner; and in cafe of any thing appearing obfcure, it fhall be


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faithfully cleared up; and if any doubts fhall arife, it fhall be construed for the benefit of the befieged.

Anf. Granted.

Art. The garrifon fhall march out, agreeably to the 9th Article, at ten o'clock to-morrow morning, when the gate of Delft fhall be delivered to a detachment of the British troops. The Governor Van Angelbeck will order an officer to point out the powder magazines, pofts, and public ftores, that guards may be placed for their fecurity, and the prefervation of order in the 'garrifon.

Done in Colombo, this 15th day of February, 1796. (Signed) J. GRAN. ANGELBECK. (Signed) P. A. AGNEW, Adj. Gen. Approved and confirmed,




From the LONDON GAZETTE, July 23.

Downing-freet, July 23.

THE letters, of which the following are copies, have been received from the honourable William Frederick Windham, his Majefty's envoy extraordinary and minifter plenipotentiary to the Grand Duke, of Tufcany, and from Mr. Udney, his Majefty's conful at Leghorn, by the right honourable Lord Grenville, his Majefty's principal fecretary of ftate for the department of foreign affairs.



Florence, June zz.;

I HAVE the honour to inform your lordship, that on the 18th instant the French entered Bologna, to the number of about 15,000 men, having previoufly fent before them a commiffary and a troop of cavalry, to demand entrance into the city, with a promise of treating it in a friendly manner: in confequence, being mafters of the town and fortrefs, they made the garrifon prifoners of war, and fent them under efcort into the Milanefe. The Pope's legate they immediately ordered to quit the Bolognefe.

On receiving this information, I immediately waited on the prime minifter Serrati, and the Marquis Manfredini, to know whether his royal highness had any intelligence of an intent of the French to march into Tuscany, or to garrifon Leghorn, and I had the most pofitive affurances from both, that the French had no idea at prefent of entering Leghorn.

I own, my lord, that I do not place much confidence in their promifes of not coming to Leghorn; I have therefore thought proper to write to the admiral my fentiments to that effect, requesting him to leave fome veffels at Leghorn, to carry off the merchants and British fubjects, with their effects, in cafe of a fudden invafion. I have likewife defired the conful to convene the British factory, and to tell them not to rely too much on French faith.

I have the honour, &c.



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Florence, June 25, 1796.

I HAVE the honour to inform your lordship, that the fituation of affairs in this country is materially changed: the neutrality of the Grand Duke, which, from every promife on the part of the Directory at Paris and their minifter here, we had reafon to expect would be religiou.y refpected, has been openly violated, by the march of a confiderable body of French troops to Piftoia, the deftination of which I have reafon to believe, from a variety of concurring circumftances, to be for Leghorn; and the republic of Lucca has given intimation to this government, that fuch is, undoubtedly, the project of the French. The violation of the neutrality is fo palpable, and the measures taken by the enemy fo apparently hoftile, as to make it probable that the country will not escape contributions. I have omitted no means of forwarding information almost daily to the conful and admiral. I have the honour, &c. W. F. WYNDHAM.


Florence, June 25, 1796.


I WAS this day informed, by the fecretary of state, that a column French troops was on its march from Bologna, by the way of Figuano and Peugia, of which he did not know the number; that another column, confifting of between 8 and 9,000, were to arrive this day at Pistoia; that the Marquis Manfredini, who was difpatched by the Grand Duke to Bologna on the inftant, with the strongest remon ftrances, and ordered to use his utmost endeavours with Buonaparte and Salicetti to diffuade the French from entering Tufcany, had received for answer, that no orders had been given by the Directory at Paris to that effect, and confequently it was not in their power to do otherwife; and all that they would do was, to pafs through Tufcany as fpeedily, friendly, and quietly as poffible, and by whatever road his royal highness fhould be pleafed to dictate; but that the commiffaries and two generals of the column marching to Piftoia, being arrived there, have declared to the General Strafoldo, (who was fent by the Grand Duke to meet them, and to give the neceffary orders to infure tranquillity) that they have no orders to receive from the Grand Duke, and do not know the rout they hall take a circumftance utterly impoffible, as they precede the army to obtain provifions.

I have the honour, &c.


On board his Majefty's Ship the Inconftant,
Leghorn Read, June 27.

MY LORD, IN confequence of the intelligence which I received on the 24th instant, from the hon. William Fredrick Wyndham, his Majesty's minister at Florence, and from my different emiflaries on the roads, that there was a confiderable probability that the French would enter Leghorn, I immediately called a meeting of the gentlemen of the factory, and communicated to them the above mentioned information; and if equal attention had been paid to it by all, as was done by the principal members, the lofs would have been far lefs confiderable. I am happy, however, to be able to inform your lordfhip, that by the extraordinary exertions which have been made, and particularly by Captain Freemantle, commanding his Majefty's fhip the Inconitant,

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