Slike strani

Eigron, the son of Caw, is stated to have founded a church in Cornwall.

Gwenafwy, Peillan, and Peithien; daughters of Caw, and saints, but there are no churches which retain their names.

Gallgo ab Caw, a saint, to whom Llanallgo, a chapel subordinate to Llaneigrad, Anglesey, is dedicated. Festival, Nov. 27.

Peirio ab Caw, a member of the congregation of Illtyd, after whose death he was elected principal of that society; but he is said to have died on the following day, and to have been succeeded by Samson ab Amwn Ddu. Rhospeirio, subject to Llanelian, Anglesey, is dedicated to his memory.

Cewydd ab Caw was the founder of Aberedw, and Diserth, Radnorshire, and of Llangewydd, an extinct church near Bridgend, Glamorganshire.

Maelog ab Caw, a saint of the congregation of Cattwg. The following curious notice of him occurs in the Life of Gildas from the Library of Fleury:*_“Caunus, the father of Gildas, is said to have had four other sons; namely, Cuillus,t a man of great prowess in arms, who, upon the death of his father, succeded to his kingdom; next, Mailocus, who was destined by his father to the study of sacred literature, in which he was well instructed; he left his father, and bidding adieu to his paternal estate, came to Lyuhes' in the district of Elmail,' where he built a monastery, in which, after having served God incessantly with hymns and orations, with watchings and fastings, he rested in peace, illustrious for his virtues and miracles. Egreas, moreover, with Allæcus, his brother, and Peteona, their sister, a virgin consecrated to God, in like manner leaving their father's estate ; and renouncing all worldly pomp, withdrew to the farthest part of that country, where, not far from each other, they built their several monas

* For the original, see Usher, Primordia, page 676.

+ Hywel, as he is called by other authorities,

teries, placing their sister in the midst.”—In this extract “Lyuhes in the district of Elmail” is obviously Llowes in Elfael, Radnorshire, which according to Ecton, is dedicated to St. Meilig. Egreas, Allæcus, and Peteona, are Eigrad, Gallgo, and Peithien ; and “the farthest part of the country” is the Isle of Anglesey, where Llaneigrad is situated with its chapel of Llanallgo, and another chapel called Llugwy,* which possibly may be the one intended for Peteona or Peithien. Maelog is the reputed founder of Llandyfaelog Tref-y-Graig, and another Llandyfaelog, Brecknockshire, and Llandyfaelog, Carmarthenshire; the syllable dy in these names being either epenthetic, or borrowed from the Norman de.t Llanfaelog, a chapel under Llanbeulan, Anglesey, is an instance where the syllable is omitted.

Meilig ab Caw, a saint to whom no churches are ascribed, except Llowes, Radnorshire, attributed to Maelog in the preceding notice. It is not improbable that the author of the Life of Gildas supposed that Maelog and Meilig were merely two modes of pronouncing the name of one individual; but it would appear that they belonged to different persons from the circumstance that Maelog is commemorated on the thirty-first of December, and Meilig on the fourteenth of November. I The latter appears to have been the founder of Llowes, as there is a place in the parish, called Croes Feilig, or St. Meilig's cross.

Gwrddelw ab Caw, a saint who is said to have had a church at Caerleon


Usk. Gwrhai ab Caw, the founder of Penystry wad in Arwystli, Montgomeryshire.

* Ecton names St. Michael as the patron of Llugwy.

† In the Taxation of Pope Nicholas, Llangadock, Carmarthenshire, is spelled “Landekadok."

Sir Harris Nicolas's Chronology of History.—The compiler of a “History of Anglesey" says that the festival of St. Maeleg is Jan. 30.

Huail ab Caw distinguished himself as a warrior in the service of Arthur. He passed the latter part of his life in the monastery of Cattwg; and it is said that there was a church dedicated to him in Euas, Herefordshire.

In this list of the family of Caw, the names of nine sons, who devoted their lives entirely to war, are not recounted; but the number of children assigned to him is too great to be received with credit, except upon the supposition that it includes his grand-children, and, perhaps, other relatives, who were his followers and composed his clan. The death of Geraint ab Erbin, one of the princes of Devon, who was slain, while fighting under Arthur at the battle of Llongborth, has been noticed already.* Four of his sons, who seem to have imitated the example of the children of Caw, were, Selyf, Cyngar, Iestin, and Cado or Cataw, all of whom were saints of the college of Garmon.

Selyf ab Geraint was the person who is called, in the legendary accounts, Solomon Duke of Cornwall. There are no churches in Wales which bear his name.

According to Capgrave, Cungarus, the founder of a monastery or college in the diocese of Llandaff, came from Cungresbury in the county of Somerset ; which suggests the opinion that the founder of the college of Llangenyst was Cyngar ab Geraint, and not Cyngar ab Arthog ab Ceredig. He is the patron saint of Badgworth, and Cungresbury, Somerset; and of Hope, Flintshire, and Llangefni, Anglesey.

Iestin ab Geraint was the founder of Llaniestin in Lleyn, Carnarvonshire; and also of Llaniestin in Anglesey, where a stone was seen in the last century with an inscription purporting that he was buried there.

Cado or Cataw ab Geraint, a saint, but there are churches ascribed to him in Wales.


* Page 169.

| Page 153 antea. # Mona Antiqua ; Myv. Archajology, Vol. II. p. 46.

Of the sons of Gwynllyw Filwr, chieftain of Gwynllwg, Monmouthshire; Cattwg, the eldest, was the first president of the college of Llancarfan; the rest, who have had the credit of sanctity, were :

Cammarch ab Gwynllyw, the founder of Llangammarch, Brecknockshire.

Glywys Cerniw, the founder of a church at Coed Cerniw in Gwynllwg, Monmouthshire.

Hywgi, otherwise Bugi, the father of St. Beuno. He gave all his lands for the endowment of his brother's college at Llancarfan, where he spent the latter part of his life.

Cyfyw ab Gwynllyw, an officer in the college of Cattwg, and patron saint of Llangyfyw near Caerleon.

Cynfyw, or Cynyw ab Gwynllyw; possibly another pronunciation of the preceding name, as Llangyfyw is written, by Ecton, “ Llangyniow.” There is a church, called Llangynyw, in Montgomeryshire, of which he may have been the founder.

Gwyddlew, Cyflewyr, and Cammab; sons of Gwynllyw, and saints, but nothing farther is known respecting them.

Maches, a daughter of Gwynllyw, suffered martyrdom at a place since called Merthyr Maches, or Llanfaches, in Monmouthshire.


alms to all who asked ; and a pagan Saxon, who appeared before her as a mendicant, stabbed her with a knife.”*

The children of Ynyr Gwent by Madrun, daughter of Gwrthefyr Fendigaid, were another Silurian family that flourished about this time. Caradog, the eldest, lived at Caerwent, and succeeded to his father's territories; he married Derwela, one of the sisters of Amwn Ddu.t

Iddon ab Ynyr Gwent was a chieftain, who afterwards devoted himself to religion. It is said that he made a grant, to the see of Llandaff, of- “Llanarth with all the landes there,

- She

Cambrian Biography.

+ Usher, p. 532.


and Lantelio Porth-halawg with the territory unto the same belonging, and certaine landes at Lantelio Crissenny; all in thankfulnesse to God for a victory obtained against the Sax

It is also stated that he made a grant of “ Lancoyt;" and the charters conferring these donations are cited from the register, or “ Book,” of Llandaff ;+ but without attempting to assert their genuineness, it is right to observe that the alleged date of these grants is misplaced by Godwin, who says they were made in the time of Comegern and Argwistill, the eighth and ninth bishops of the see. The prelate, contemporary with Iddon, was Teilo; the second on the list, and a principal witness to the grants in question.g

Ceidio and Cynheiddion, sons, and Tegîwg, a daughter, of Ynyr Gwent, were saints of whose history no particulars have been recorded, except that Ceidio was a member of the monastery of Llancarfan.

The period between the years 500 and 550 is believed to include the date of a calamity on the coast of Wales, of which the most exaggerated and mystified accounts have reached posterity :// for it is asserted that an irruption of the sea broke in upon a large tract of country, which it has since continued to cover, forming the whole of the present Cardigan Bay. It is not necessary to dwell upon the proofs, that such a calamity could not have occurred to the extent related; as the testimony of Ptolemy, the geographer, is, so far, conclusive against

* Godwin's English Bishops.—These churches, which still retain their names, are situated in Monmouthshire, and acknowledge Teilo for their patron saint.

+ This record, one or two transcripts of which are reported to be extant, is still unpublished.

| See pp. 184, 185 of this Essay.

$ In Chartis Donationum Idonis regis, filii Ynir Guent, inter testes è Clericis, primo loco cernitur Teliaus Archiepiscopus.--Ushor, p. 98.

|| Triad 37, Third Series --See also Davies's Mythology of the Druids, page 242, and Cambro Briton, Vol. I. p, 361.

« PrejšnjaNaprej »