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in the list of prelates of St. David's. In his time, therefore, the diocese of Menevia was united to that of Llandaff; and the circumstance may account for the claim afterwards made by the bishops of Llandaff, which, if maintained, would have involved the existence of the bishoprick of St. David's, which it went to deprive of its entire territory. But in effect it was little better than nominal, though attempts were not wanting to enforce it. There is reason to suppose that Oudoceus, the successor of Teilo at Llandaff, retained Monmouthshire and the adjacent part of Herefordshire under his jurisdiction; but he did not succeed to the bishoprick of St. David's,* the affairs of which were adninistered by Ceneu ;t and though the extent of its territories at the time of its separation, and for two centuries afterwards, is not determinable, it is clear that from the ninth century, or the establishment of the princes of Dinefwr of the line of Rhodri Mawr, it has maintained, with an occasional intrusion from the bishops of Llandaff, nearly the same limits as at present.

The churches founded by Teilo, or dedicated to him, which still exist, are the following:


Llandeilo Fawr, V.-3 chapels, Taliaris (Holy Trinity,) Capel yr Yuen, and Llandy faen, Carmarthenshire.

Brechfa, C. Carm.
Llandeilo Abercywyn, C. Carm.
Trelèch a'r Bettws, V.-1 chapel, Capel Bettws, Carm.
Llanddowror, R. Carm.

Cilrhedin, R.-1 chapel, Capel Ifan (St. John,) Carın. and Pembrokeshire.

Llandeilo, C. Annexed to Maenclochog, Pemb.
Llandeloi, V.-1 chapel, Llanhywel (St. Hywel,) Pemb.
Llandeilo Graban, C. Radnorshire.
Llandeilo’r Fân, C.-1 chapel, in ruins, Brecknockshire.

* Usher, p. 1155.
+ Giraldus, and Records of St. David's quoted by Godwin.

Llandeilo Talybont, V. Glamorganshire.
Bishopston, alias Llandeilo Ferwallt, R.-1 chapel, Caswel, Glam,


Llandaff Cathedral, (St. Teilo and St. Peter.)—1 chapel, Whitchurch (St. Mary,) Glamorganshire.

Merthyr Dyfan, R. Glam.
Merthyr Mawr, C.-St. Roque's Chapel, in ruins, Glam.

Llandeilo Cressenny, V.-1 chapel, Penrhos (St. Cattwg,) Monmouthshire.

Llanarth, V. Monm.
Llandeilo Bertholeu, or Porth-halawg, V. Monm.

The foregoing list, so far as regards the diocese of St. David's, may be compared with another which is curious for its antiquity. Between the years 1022 and 1031, in the reign of Canute, king of England; Rhydderch ab lestin, a prince of Glamorgan, obtained the sovereignty of South Wales,* and taking advantage of the opportunity, made an endeavour to restore the ancient diocese of Teilo. He therefore granted to the church of Llandaff, all such churches in the counties of Carmarthen, Pembroke, Brecon, and Radnor, as bore the name of that saint, together with several manors, lands, and villages, according to the following schedule ;t extracted literatim from “ Godwin's Bishops."


1 Lantelia maur cum suis duob. 3 Lanteliau garth teuir. territorijs.

4 Lanteliau maur brumur. 2 Lanteliau nant seru.

5 Lanteliau bechan in diffrin teiui.

* Welsh Chronicles in the Myv. Archaiology.

+ Its heading, according to the first edition of Godwin, is :-De omnibus subscriptis vestita fuit ecclesia Landauensis, simul et episcopus Joseph, pace quietâ et tranquilla tempore regnantis Ritherich per totam Gualiam, et admonitione Ælnod Archiepiscopi Cantuarensis simul cum literis commendatitiis Cnut regnantis Angliam.

The Hundreds of Caio and Catheiniog, in Carmarthenshire, between the rivers Towy and Tivy. The names of some of the places in this docu



6 Lanteliau landibr guir main- 16 Menechi arglann ritec iuxta

penalun. 7 Lantelian treficerniu.

17 Pull arda iuxta mainaur pir, 8 Lantoulidauc icair.

villa tantum. 9 Lanteliau aper coguin. 18 Luin teliau, villa tantum. 10 Lanteliau penn tiuinn.

19 Eccluis Gunniau, vbi natus est 11 Lanteliau luin guaidan, villa S. Teliaus, tantum, in euilfre.

20 Porth medgen, villa tantum 12 Lanrath.

21 Porth manacli mainaur mam13 Lanconguern cum trib. terri ithiel.

torijs. Finis illarum Ofruit 22 Din guenhalf inlonian, villa Gurcant Lutglanrath.

tantum. 14 Tref carn, Villa tantum, sine 23 Lantelian litgarth in findouecclesia.

cledif hache mei mainaur. 15 Layth ty teliau, villa tantum su 24 Lantelia cil retin in emmper ripam ritec iuxta penalun.



25 Lan issan mainaur. 26 Bronu lann.

27 Langurfrit.
28 Telich elouuan.

ment are disguised by its orthography, and others have been changed by lapse of time; those that can be recognised, are as follow, according to their numbers. 1, Llandeilo Fawr; 2 & 3, one of these probably represents the church of Brechfa. 4 Llandeilo Rwnnws, an extinct chapel in the parish of Llanegwad; it is called “Llanteilan Brunus” in a charter of the Abbey of Talley.

* The western part of Carınarthenshire with a large portion of Pembrokeshire. 6, Llanddowror. 7, The relative position of this church agrees with the locality of Trelôch. 9, Llandeilo Abercywyn. 11, LlwynGwaddan near Llanddewi Felffre; the name indicates that a church once stood there, which appears to have been in ruins at the time of the grant. 14, Trefgarn, now the name of a church and parish. 15 & 16, Penalun may be recognised in Penaly near Tenby. 17, Mainaur pir,—Maenor Bør, vulgo Manorbeer. 18, Written-“Lwyn Teilau”-in the second edition of Godwin. 22, Lanion, near Pembroke. 23, Lege Llandeilo Lwydgarth, in fin Daugleddyf a Chemmaes maenor; intended for Llandeilo, near Maenclochog, on the borders of the Hundreds of Dungleddy and Cemmaes. 24, Cilrhedin in Emlyn.

+ The Hundred of Rhos, Pembrokeshire.

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* Part of the Hundred of Castle Martin, Pembrokeshire. + Pebidiog or Dewsland, Pembrokeshire. 31, Mathry.

+ Qu. Brycheiniog, Brecknockshire, as the place now called Brechsa was included in Cantref Mawr. 33, This manor, probably has reference to Llandeilo's Fân, the only existing church of Teilo, in the diocese of St. David's, which is not mentioned in this list.

$ Cantref Selyf, Brecknockshire. 34, Llangoed, in the parish of Llys.


|| The Hundred of Talgarth, Brecknockshire. 35, Llangors. 36, Probably Llanfibangel Cwm Du.

* The rural deanery of Elfael, Radnorshire. 38, Llowes, dedicated to St. Meilig. 39, Lege Llandeilo y ciliau yn nyffryn Machawy, intended for Llandeilo Graban.

If this grant ever took effect, it was only for the short reign of Rhydderch ab Iestin; for the Dimetian princes, considering him to be an usurper, took up arms against him, and a battle ensued in which he was slain, leaving his principality to be divided between the conquerors. * Subsequent events prove that they did not confirm his benefactions; and his reason for bestowing these possessions upon the see of Llandaff, if grounded upon the supposition that they once belonged to Teilo, must have rested upon a false foundation, for that prelate was also the acknowledged archbishop of Menevia. That the grant was reckoned invalid, is evident from the circumstance that, about a century after the period in question, Urban, bishop of Llandaff and a zealous assertor of its privileges, claimed to his diocese only so much of Carmarthenshire as lay to the south of the river Towy, together with the southern part of Brecknockshire, and that portion of the county of Hereford which lay on the western side of the Wye. He rested his claim, mainly, upon the right of former occupation, contending that his predecessor had exercised authority and instituted several persons to benefices in the disputed country. Upon his appealing to the Pope, an inhibition was issued to the bishops of St. David's and Hereford, commanding them to with-hold the exercise of their authority in the districts then called Gŵyr, Cydwely, Cantref Bychan, Ystrad Yw, and Erging ; which were committed to the care of the bishop of Llandaff, until the other bishops should prove their title.t The remainder of the history of this controversy is lost ; but

* Welsh Chronicles in the Myv. Archaiology. Their compilers, though agreeing generally as to facts, sometimes betray the bias of their respective provinces; Brut leuan Brechfa, written by a Dimetian, asserts that Rhydderch was an usurper; while Brut y Tywysogion, written by Caradog, a Silurian, contends that he was entitled to the sovereignty of South Wales by inheritance.

+ Wharton's Anglia Sacra, Vol. II. and Godwin's Bishops.

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