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*Part of the Hundred of Castle Martin, Pembrokeshire.
+ Pebidiog or Dewsland, Pembrokeshire. 31, Mathry.
Qu. Brycheiniog, Brecknockshire, as the place now called Brechfa was included in Cantref Mawr. 33, This manor, probably has reference to Llandeilo'r Fân, the only existing church of Teilo, in the diocese of St. David's, which is not mentioned in this list.
§ Cantref Selyf, Brecknockshire. 34, Llangoed, in the parish of Llys
The Hundred of Talgarth, Brecknockshire. 35, Llangors. 36, Probably Llanfihangel Cwm Du.
* The rural deanery of Elfael, Radnorshire. 38, Llowes, dedicated to St. Meilig. 39, Lege Llandeilo y ciliau yn nyffryn Machawy,-intended for Llandeilo Graban.
If this grant ever took effect, it was only for the short reign of Rhydderch ab Iestin; for the Dimetian princes, considering him to be an usurper, took up arms against him, and a battle ensued in which he was slain, leaving his principality to be divided between the conquerors.* * Subsequent events prove that they did not confirm his benefactions; and his reason for bestowing these possessions upon the see of Llandaff, if grounded upon the supposition that they once belonged to Teilo, must have rested upon a false foundation, for that prelate was also the acknowledged archbishop of Menevia. That the grant was reckoned invalid, is evident from the circumstance that, about a century after the period in question, Urban, bishop of Llandaff and a zealous assertor of its privileges, claimed to his diocese only so much of Carmarthenshire as lay to the south of the river Towy, together with the southern part of Brecknockshire, and that portion of the county of Hereford which lay on the western side of the Wye. He rested his claim, mainly, upon the right of former occupation, contending that his predecessor had exercised authority and instituted several persons to benefices in the disputed country. Upon his appealing to the Pope, an inhibition was issued to the bishops of St. David's and Hereford, commanding them to with-hold the exercise of their authority in the districts then called Gŵyr, Cydwely, Cantref Bychan, Ystrad Yw, and Erging; which were committed to the care of the bishop of Llandaff, until the other bishops should prove their title.t The remainder of the history of this controversy is lost; but
* Welsh Chronicles in the Myv. Archaiology. Their compilers, though agreeing generally as to facts, sometimes betray the bias of their respective provinces; Brut Ieuan Brechfa, written by a Dimetian, asserts that Rhydderch was an usurper; while Brut y Tywysogion, written by Caradog, a Silurian, contends that he was entitled to the sovereignty of South Wales by inheritance.
↑ Wharton's Anglia Sacra, Vol. II. and Godwin's Bishops.
its issue may be inferred from the fact, that the earliest notice* of these districts subsequently, exhibits them included in the diocese of St. David's and Hereford, in the state they are found at present.
The grant contains the names of one or two chapels, which must have been erected after the institution of parishes, and therefore at a later period than the era of Teilo. But as the bishops of St. David's were not likely to consecrate such edifices to the memory of a saint whose name implied subjection to the rival see; it may be gathered that the bishops of Llandaff had, upon some occasion, obtained a transient ascendancy before the time of Rhydderch. This appears to have been the case about the end of the eighth century, when Maredudd was king of Dyfed or Dimetia ;† for it is recorded that he gave six churches to Llandaff in the time of Guodloiu, its eleventh bishop.‡
Teilo lived to an advanced age, and most of the churches which perpetuate his name must have been founded by him after he succeeded to the honours of Cynog; but the account, which asserts that he was living at the time St. Augustin visited Britain, can hardly be admitted.§ It is said that he died at Llandeilo Fawr, and the following legend is related respecting his body. Three places put in their claims for the honour of his interment; Llandaff, where he had been bishop; Llandeilo Fawr, where he died; and Penalun,|| where his ancestors had been buried. The dispute was not likely to be settled, when, by a miracle, three bodies appeared in the room of one, so like that the real one could not be distinguished! It was therefore agreed to bury one body at each of the three
* The Taxation of Pope Nicholas.
+ Obiit A. D. 796. Welsh Chronicles.
Godwin; who says that Maredudd was a son of Rein, king of West
places, trusting to the chance which of them might be the identical corpse of the saint!!* He was commemorated on the ninth of February, and has been recorded in the Triads as one of the three canonized saints of Britain; the two others were Dewi and Cattwg.
Mabon, the brother of Teilo, called also Mabon Wyn and Mabon Hên, was a saint; and Llanfabon, a chapel subject to Eglwys Ilan near Llandaff, is dedicated to him. It is worthy of remark that in the parish of Llandeilo Fawr, there are two manors, the one called Maenor Deilo, and the other Maenor Fabon; affording an example of the mode in which names of places frequently bear reference to historical associations.
It would appear that Teilo encouraged the poetic genius of his countrymen. Gwrhir, one of his bards, was a saint and the founder of Llysfaen, Glamorganshire.
Ystyffan, another of the bards of Teilo, was the son of Mawan ab Cyngen ab Cadell.† He was the founder of Llanstyffan, Carmarthenshire, and Llanstyffan, in the county of Radnor; both of which churches have others attributed to Teilo in the parishes adjoining. A collection of stanzas, composed by him, is inserted in the third volume of the Myvyrian Archaiology.
According to the "Life of St. Oudoceus,"§ Budic, a native of Cornugallia in Armorica, and related to its chieftains, was forced to leave his country; and putting to sea with a fleet, he
* "Howbeit by diuers miracles done at the place of his buriall at Llandaffe, it appeareth that there the true body lyeth."-Godwin, from the Liber Landavensis.
+ Page 207.
Llandeilo Abercywyn, Carmarthenshire, and Llandeilo Graban, Radnorshire; which would imply that their association is due to the friendship of their founders.
§ Quoted by Usher p. 561, from the Regestum Landavense. The names "Budic" and "Anaumed" are here given in their Latin orthography, as they have not been seen in any Welsh writer.
landed in Dyfed, or Pembrokeshire, which was at that time under the government of a prince, named Aercol Lawhir. He was hospitably received, and making his abode in Dyfed, he married Anaumed, the daughter of Ensic or Enlleu, by whom he had two sons, Ismael already mentioned, and Tyfei. Both the children were devoted to the service of religion by their mother, who was the sister of St. Teilo; and in course of time Ismael received from his uncle the appointment of suffragan bishop of Menevia. He was the founder of St. Ishmael's near Kidwelly, Carmarthenshire, and of Camros, Usmaston, Rosemarket, St. Ishmael's, and East Haroldston, Pembrokeshire.
Tyfei, the brother of Ismael, was accidentally slain, when a child, by a person named Tyrtuc,* and has therefore been styled a martyr, though it is difficult to understand how a case of manslaughter could be construed into a death in testimony of the faith of the sufferer. He was buried at Penaly, Pembrokeshire; and is the patron saint of Llampheyt in that county: A church near Llandeilo Fawr is called Llandyfeisant; and the relationship of Teilo, who died in the adjoining parish, would justify the suggestion that the name means—“ the church of St. Tyfei," and not "the church of St. Dewi" as commonly supposed.
While Budic continued to reside in Dyfed, ambassadors came from Cornugallia, announcing to him the death of their king, and that the people, wishing to elect a successor of the same family, had made choice of him, and were desirous that he should undertake the government. The proposal was accepted. Budic, taking with him his wife and family, returned to his native country, and had the good fortune to establish his dominion over the whole of Armorica. Soon after his
* Godwin's Bishops.
+ Written "Lantefei" by Giraldus Cambrensis, and by Browne Willis "Llantiffi."