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Bettws Ifan and Bryngwyn. But this district, the only one in the list which possesses a plurality of parochial chapelries, shows the marks of a later origin so far that its chapels have not been formed into Perpetual Curacies, and continue to be served by the Vicar of Penbryn, or his stipendiary Curate,
The next Saint, whose churches were to be considered, was St. David, and the list according to Ecton is as follows.
DIOCESE OF ST. DAVID'S.
The Cathedral (St. David and St. Hubberston, R.
Andrew.)--5 Chapels, Gwrhyd; Bridell, R.
Llanddewi Felffre, R. & V. Whitchurch, V.
Maenor Deifi, R. Prendergast, R.
Llanddewi Brefi, C.-4 Chapels, Henfynyw, C,
Bettws Lleicu; Blaenpennal, Llanddewi Aberarth, P. (St. David ;) Gartheli; Gwen- Henllan,-chapel to Bangor (St. fyl, (St. Gwenfyl.)
David.) Blaenporth, P.
Blaenpennal,--chapel to LlanBangor, R.-1 Chapel, Henllan, ddewi Brefi (St. David.)
Henllan Amgoed, R.-1 Chapel, Abergwilly, or Abergwyli, V.Eglwys Fair a Churig.
3 Chapels, Llanfihangel Uwch Meidrym, V.-1 Chapel, Llan- Gwyli, (St. Michael ;) Llan
hangel Abercywync St. Michael. pumsant; and Llanllawddog, Capel Dewi,chapel to Llanelly (St. Llawddog.) (St. Ellyw.)
Bettws, C. Llanarth neu, P. & V.-1 Chapel, Llanycrwys, C. Llanlleian.
briw. Llanfaes, V. Maesmynys, R.
to Llangammarch (St. Cam
march.) Llanwrtyd,-chapel to Llangam
march (St. Cammarch.) Llanddewi'r Cwm, C.
Colfa, -chapel to Glascwm (St. Whitton, R.
David.) Llanddewi Ystrad Enni,-chapel Llanddewi Fach,-chapel to Lly
to Llanbister (St. Cynllo.) wes (St. Meilig.) Cregruna, R.-1 Chapel, Llan- Rhiwlen,-chapelto Glascwm (St.
badarn y Garreg, (St.Padarn.) David.) Glascwm, v.--2 Chapels, Colfa,
(St.David ;) and Rhiwlen, (St. David.)
Llanddewi in Gower.
DIOCESE OF LLANDAFF.
Bettws,-chapel to Newcastle (St. Laleston,-chapel to Newcastle Illtyd.)
Llanddewi Sgyryd, R.
Bettws,-chapel to Newport (St.
DIOCESE OF HEREFORD.
Kilpeck, C. (St. Mary & St. Da- Little Dewchurch, -chapel to vid.)
Lugwardine (St. Peter.) Dewchurch Magna, V.
It is remarkable that there is not one church or chapel, dedicated to St. David, in the whole of North Wales. The nationality of these churches will not be questioned, as the person, to whom they are dedicated, was the tutelar Saint of the country. Their antiquity appears from the fact that they are dispersed without reference to the petty conquests, or to the towns of later ages; and as they are to be found, in a certain quarter, beyond the borders of the Principality, they belong to an era when its limits were more extensive than at present. Their foundation is popularly ascribed to St. David himself; but in order to shew whether any of them can advance a plausible claim to so early a date, they must be submitted to the same kind of examination as the preceding; and the test is the more necessary, because, from the circumstance of his being canonized by the Pope in the twelfth century, he was adopted into the Romish Calendar, and several churches
have been dedicated to his memory in later times. Four endowments, in the list, are of the first class, having a plurality of chapels dependent on them; seven more have one chapel each; and most of these subordinate chapels are dedicated to St. David himself, or to Welsh Saints, his contemporaries. The chapels dedicated to St. David, and, for that reason, allowed a place in the front of the list, are subject to churches attributed to the same person, or to other Welsh Saints of contemporary or older date. Their relative situation would therefore show that both churches and chapels where founded in an age, when indiscriminate dedications had not become customary; for, according to Ecton, only one* of the chapels, dedicated to St. David, is subordinate to a church dedicated to one of the Apostles, and this exception does not occur within the present limits of Wales. Out of the thirteen chapelries assigned to St. David, eleven are parochial,t being a larger proportion than appears in the lists of those of St. Mary, or St. Michael. But it may be urged against the antiquity of the beneficed churches, that only four out of forty have endowments of the first foundation. A review of the list, however, compared with a map of the country, and some knowledge of its localities, will show that the majority of these benefices do not stand singly in their situations, but are joined by two, and sometimes by three together. Thus Whitchurch is contiguous to St. David's, Llanuchllwydog and Llanychaer are adjoining parishes, and the same may be said of Maenor Deifi and Bridell. Henfynyw and Llanddewi Aberarth are contiguous; so are Trallwng and Llywel; Maesmynys and Llanddewi'r Cwm; as well as Glascwm and Creg
The number of benefices, which stand alone and without chapels, is therefore reduced to twenty. To proceed,
* Little Dewchurch, subject to Lugwardine, (St. Peter,) in the Diocese and county of Hereford.
+ Ascertained from the Population Returns for 1831, printed by order of the House of Commons.
Brawdy and Whitchurch, though not contiguous, are nearer to each other than many detached chapelries. The same may be said of Henllan Amgoed and Llanddewi Felffre, and also of Llanddewi Brefi and Llanycrwys; Garthbrengi and Llanfaes are so situate with respect to each other,* that is probable they were first separated by the arrangements of the followers of Bernard Newmarch.t In Monmouthshire, Llanddewi Sgyryd and Llanddewi Rhydderch are near each other; as are also Trostre and Llangyniow; and the same rule will apply to the three churches in Herefordshire. The single churches which remain, are only nine; of which number, Prendergast, Hubberston, and Llanddewi in Gower, are situate in districts avowedly Flemish; so that it cannot be said what was the original extent of their endowments, and what churches might have been detached from them. Heyop and Whittonf are so situated, that there is reason to suppose they were once subordinate to the neighbouring church of Llangynllo: their churches are very small, and belong to a district which was one of the first to become subject to the Lords Marchers. Blaenporth, Cardiganshire, and Llanddewi Fach, Monmouthshire, may perhaps be ancient, but they afford no criterion to prove their antiquity.
* The author of the “ History of Brecknockshire" (Vol. II. p. 147.) gives his reasons for the supposition that Llanfaes was originally a chapel under Llanddew, a parish which intervenes between it and Garthbrengi. He further supposes Llanddew to be an abbreviation of Llanddewi; but while the connexion between the several parishes is admitted, there are certain objections to his etymology, into which it is at present unnecessary to enter. (See Appendix.)
+ A Norman adventurer, who took forcible possession of the county of Brecknock about A. D. 1090.
# The district around Whitton is included in the Survey of Domesday Book, and while the names of the surrounding churches are mentioned, that of Whitton is omitted; from which it may be inferred that the latter was founded after the Conquest, and the tract, assigned for its endowment, must have been taken from one of the adjoining parishes.