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Menendez, 74.

New Amsterdam, 303, 306, 313, 322;
Mennonites, 91, 111, 494.

Church of, 309.
Meriden (Conn.), Church of, 249. Newark (N.J.), 290, 399.
Methodists in Virginia, 100, 483, 491. Newfoundland, 362.
Michaelius, Jonas, 303.

NEW HAMPSHIRE, settlement, 290 ;
Middlebush (L.I.), 317.

"Agreement,'' 291; franchise, 291 ;
Middletown (Conn.), Church of, 249. union with Massachusetts, 292; Quak-
Midwout (L.I.), 311.

ers, 293; Church support, 294; Episco-
Milan, Edict of, 25, 26.

pal struggle, 295; Moody's resistance,
Milford (Conn.), 279, 286.

296; town establishment, 298; dissent,
Militia duty, 356, 380.

298; test oath, 299; state constitution,
Miller, Rev. John, 340.

499; Bill of Rights, 500; Protestant
Milton, 434.

Christians, 500; grudging toleration,
Milvian Bridge, battle of, 24.

515; constitution of 1889 retains
Ministers. See Clergy.

“Protestant Christians," 516.
Ministers excluded from office and legis- NEW HAVEN COLONY, settlement, 281;
lature, 368, 502.

theocracy, 282; rigorous laws, 284;
“Ministry Act” (N.Y.), 338-344, 405, New England Confederacy and New
406.

Haven jurisdiction, 285 ; Quakers,
Minuit, Peter, 303.

287; suffrage and discontent, 288;
Mitchell, The Matchless," 213.

regicides, 289; union with Connecti-
Model of Christian Charitie, Winthrop's,

cut, 289.
158.

NEW JERSEY, Berkeley and Carteret,
Mompesson, Judge, 348, 352.

concessions,” 400; purchase of West
Monophysite controversy,

20.

Jersey, 401; religious liberty, 402;
Monroe, James, 496.

political turmoil, 404; Quaker influ-
Montgomery, Governor, 351, 415.

ence, 404; crown takes over both
Moody, Joshua, 296.

Jerseys, 405; Church of England, 406;
Moody, Sir Henry, 308.

no establishment, 408; Quakers, 409
Moore, Domine, 317.

415; Hunter's administration, 411-416;
Moravians, 111, 277, 357, 360.

Presbyterian charter, 417; period of
Morean, Rev. Nicholas, 460.

Revolution, 502; full liberty to Prot-
Morley, John, 62.

estants, 503; test for office, 503.
Morris, Joshua, 103.

New Lights,” 271, 278.
Morris, Lewis, 339, 347,348, 355, 409 note, New London (Conn.), Church of, 248.
413, 415.

Newtown (L.I.), 307, 347, 352.
Morris, Samuel, 101.

Newtown (Mass.), 191, 281.
Morton of Merry Mount, 147, 170. New Utrecht (L.I.), Church of, 319.
Mosaic law, 287.

NEW YORK, New Netherland, 302; care
Mosley, 99.

for religion, 303; Reformed Church
Muggleton, Ludovick, 214.

established, 304; toleration, 307, 322;
Muirson, Rev. Mr., 266.

support of ministers, 310; harshness
Munster, 65.

of Stuyvesant, 312; Lutherans an-
Murray, Rev. Alexander, 459.

noyed, 313; Stuyvesant rebuked, 314;
Murray, Rev. Mr., 513.

Jews, 316 ; Conventicle Act, 317;
Mythologies, 21.

Quakers, 318; English conquest, 322;
brief return of Dutch, religious acts,

322–321; New York and English re-
Nansemond County (Va.), 85.

turn, 325; “Dutch Privileges," 325;
Nationalism, 36, 43, 45.

“Duke's Laws,” 326; toleration and
Nation, birth of the, 42.

civil control of Church, 327; procla-
Naturalization oath, 449.

mation of religious liberty, 329; arro-
Neill, Rev. Hugh, 473, 480.

gance of Andros, 330; Charter of
Neo-Platonism, 24.

Liberties,” 333; Church of England,
Netherlands, 52, 304.

331; religious state of the province,

335; instructions of William III., 336; Palmer, Rev. Solomon, 467.
tests, 337; “Ministry Act,” 338; con- Parker, Rev. Joel, 221.
strued by assembly as non-Anglican, “Parsons' Cause," 110, 395, 473, 484.
340 ; Cornbury's usurpations, 344 ; | Patronage in Virginia, 87.
Jamaica case, 315; Antonides and Patroons, 305.
Freeman, 349; Mackemie, 351; Gov- Peasants' War, 50.
ernor Hunter, 354; Quakers again, Pelham Manor, 338.
355; Moravians persecuted, 357; Pendleton, Edmund, 493.
growth of liberty, 360; period of the PENNSYLVANIA, 71, 403, 422; charter,
Revolution, 501; repeal of “Ministry 440; no church establishment, 441;
Act,” 502; discriminations against Penn's Address and “Holy Experi-
Romanists and ministers, afterward ment,” 441; Frame of Government,
repealed, 502; full liberty, 502.

with religious restrictions, 442; first
Nicæa, Council of, 31.

assembly and the “Great Law,” 443;
Nicholas, Robert Carter, 493.

oath of toleration act, 445; charter
Nichols, Colonel Richard, 224, 326. voided and province joined to New
Nicholson, Governor, 87, 333, 388.

York, 446; charter restored and new
Nieuwenhuysen, Rev. William, 328. act of settlement, 446; final frame of
Northampton (Mass.), 486.

government voided by Queen Anne,
NORTH CAROLINA. See The Carolinas, who imposes toleration act of England,

period of the Revolution, religious 447; ratified by the legislature, 447;
restrictions, full liberty, 504.

relief of Quakers, 449; Protestant-
Northey, Attorney-General, 68, 106. ism, 449; no persecution, 450; act to
Norton, James, 252.

disarm Romanists, 450; period of Rev-
Norton, Rev. John, 201, 203, 207, 222. olution, 482; restrictions, 503; in con-
Norwalk (Conn.), Church of, 250, 253. stitution of 1837, 515; law against
Norwich (Conn.), Church of, 249, 254. blasphemy, 516.

Penn, William, 367, 401, 440, 445–447, 482.
Oakes, President, 68.

Periods of development, 37.
Oath, official, in Maryland, 372, 375. Perry's Collections, 464.
"Oath of Fidelity,” 377.

Persecution, 3; of Diocletian, 23; right
Oaths. See Tests.

or wrong, 67; in Virginia, 90, 99, 104,
Occam, William of, 45.

108, 111, 470; in Carolina, 125; in
Ogden, David, 417.

Massachusetts, 159, 181, 188, 195, 204,
Oglethorpe, 418-420.

213; in New Hampshire, 293, 296; in
Oldenbarneveldt, 52.

New Amsterdam, 313–320; in New
Oldham, John, 144.

York, 351-353.
“Old Lights," 271.

Persian philosophy, 21.
“ Old Side," 271.

Peter, Apostle, 30.
Opprobrious terms,” 372, 376.

Peter of Alexandria, 30.
Orange, Fort, 305, 323.

Petrie, Professor, 364.
Ordination, 331, 332, 455, 466.

Philip the Fair, 43.
Organization of Churches, 119, 157, 173, Phillips, Rev. Mr., 356.
247, 259, 270, 275, 276.

| Pilgrims, The, 48,55,66. See Plymouth.
Origin of colonial establishments, 72. Plaine Dealing, Lyford's 146.
Osburne, Thomas, 228.

Plainfield (Conn.), 252.
Otto the Great, 39.

PlantersPlea, 154.
Owen (Quaker), 91.

Plastowe, Josias, 180 note.
Owen, Rev. John (of England), 203. PLYMOUTH COLONY, Pilgrims in Hol-
Owen, Rev. John (of Groton), 274.

land, 133; desire to go to Virginia,

134; Plymouth Company, 134; May-
Paganism, 21.

flower compact, 135: emigration as a
Paine, Thomas, 9.

Church, 136; civil affairs, freeman's
“ Palatine," 116, 363, 383.

law, 138; little discord and liberal
Palatines, 100, 449 note.

spirit, 139; little religious legislation,
140; criticised for laxity, 141; trial of in New Amsterdam, 318; in New
Lyford and Oldham, 144; “Particu- York, 337, 356; in Maryland, 380,
lars," 144; action against Morton, 387-390, 396; in New Jersey, 399, 401,

146; united to Massachusetts, 148. 403, 406, 409-415; in Pennsylvania,
Polhemus, Domine, 311.

418, 450,
Popery, No, 55, 82, 85, 209, 336, 357, Quary, Colonel, 412, 461.

365, 369, 381, 384, 396, 445, 451, 502, 508. Quebec, 490.
Popple, William, 61, 355, 416.

Queens County (N.Y.), 338, 344.
Porter, John, 90.

Quinnipiac, 281.
Powell, Michael, 202.

Quo warranto, writ of, 229, 382.
Poyer, Rev. Mr., 318, 355.
Pragmatic Sanction, 43.

Raleigh, Sir Walter, 74.
Prayer for royal family, 299.

Ramsey, Rev. John, 107.
Prayer for the king, 478.

Randolph, Edmund, 231.
Prayer for the United States govern- Randolph, Peyton, 105.
ment, 501.

Ranke, quoted, 19, 40, 43, 47.
Prayer meetings, 318, 319.

Rates. See Tax for Church Support.
“ Preference,"' 15, 513.

Rawle, quoted, 17.
Presbyterian Cabal, 140, 198.

Reeves, John, 214.
Presbyterian Church in New York, 342, Reformation, the, 20, 46.
475.

Reformed Church, 47; established in
Presbyterianism in England, 58.

New Netherland, 301, 322, 323; dis-
Presbyterians, in Virginia, 100, 102, 106, established, 325; referred to, 339, 399,

112, 484, 496; in Carolina, 118; in New 455, 456.
Jersey, 400, 402, 417.

Reformed Dutch (Collegiate) Church in
Presbytery of Hanover, 491.

New York City, charter of, 341.
Presentation in New York, 326, 330, 334, Regicides, 289.
336, 340, 314, 347–350.

Regium Donum, 66 note.
Preston, Sister, 284 note.

Religio illicita, 22, 227.
Prevoost, Bishop, 480.

Religio licita, 24.
Prince, Mary, 215.

Religion, use of force in, 368.
Princes, power of, 48.

RELIGIOUS LIBERTY, American idea, 2;
Printing, in Virginia, 97; in Maryland, growth, 4; not freedom of conscience,
373.

6; not toleration, 7; equality of all, 8;
Proclamation to the Peoples of the East, relation to civil law, 12; fostering
27.

conditions, 14; elements, 15; defini-
Profanation of the Sacraments, 268, 269. tion by Story, 16; by Lieber, Kent,
Progress of the faith, 30.

Rawle, Cooley, 17; proclamation of,
Protestant divisions, 47.

by Constantine, 25; no liberty in
Protestantism, rise of, 46.

nationalism, 45; proclamation of, in
Protestants in Pennsylvania, 449, 450. America by James II., 328, 445; status
Providence (R.I.), 5, 423, 424, 430.

in Maryland, 363, 371, 373, 374, 376,
Pumroy, Benjamin, 274.

377, 387, 503; in New Jersey, 401, 402,
Puritans, 55; in Virginia, 83, 84, 85, 404, 502, 503; in Georgia, 419, 507; in

244, 374, 457 ; in Maryland, 244, 370, Rhode Island, 432, 435; in Penn-
377, 379, 384, 387, 388.

sylvania and Delaware, 442, 447, 449,
Pynchon, William, 203.

503, 515, 517; in Virginia, 490-499; in
Pyrlaens (Moravian), 278.

New Hampshire, 499, 516; in Massa-

chusetts, 500, 515; in Connecticut, 501,
Quakers, 61, 64, 71; in Virginia, 89, 513; in New York, 502; in North

494; in Carolina, 126, 127-129; in Carolina, 504; in South Carolina, 505,
Plymouth, 139, 142; in Massachusetts, 517; in the United States, 507, 509;
213-223, 244; in Rhode Island, 217, in Vermont, 517; objections to, 522;
437; in Connecticut, 259; in New "incomplete,” 522; exemption from
Haven, 287; in New Hampshire, 293; taxes, 523; “unchristian," 524; re-

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ligion not in phrase but in life, 525; | Sandys, Sir Edwin, 134.
the most Christian attitude, 526; pre- Savages, conversion of, 74.
cepts of Christ, 527.

Say and Sele, Lord, 169, 220, 239.
"Remonstrance,” Antinomian, 192. Saybrook (Conn.), 239, 255, 272.
Renaissance, 20, 43.

Saybrook synod, 257.
Rensselaerwyck, 306, 309.

Schenectady (N.Y.), Church of, 349.
Reyner, Rev. John, 143.

Schoolmen, 45.
RHODE ISLAND, 5, 71, 373; settlement, Schools in Virginia, 97.

421; Roger Williams, 421-429; Aquid- Scotland, Church of, 56, 417.
neck and island settlement, 429; Scottow's Narrative, 154, 429.
democracy and liberty, 430; Provi- Scrooby, 133.
dence Plantation and Warwick char. Seabury, Bishop, 480.
ter, 430; code of laws, 431; full Secker, Archbishop, 465, 466, 467, 477.
liberty, 432; disorders and rejection Seekonk, Baptists at, 204.
by New England Confederacy, 432; Selyns, Domine, 315.
movement to unite the settlements, "Separates," 278.
433; charter of 1662 and the “lively Separatists, 4, 138.
experiment,” 435; full liberty, 436; Servetus, 51.
Quakers, 437; pseudo legislation "Seven Pillars,” 282.
against Romanists, 438; disorders Seven Years' War, 450.
again, 439; period of the Revolution, Sewall, Samuel, 209 note, 230, 231, 232,
482, 500.

233.
Richmond County (N.Y.), 338, 310. Seymour, Attorney-General, 479 note.
Roan, Rev. John, 103.

Sharp, Governor, 392, 473.
Robinson, Rev. John, 134, 136, 142, 143, Shaw, Rev. Mr., 278.
156.

Shelton, 99.
Robinson, William (Presbyterian), 103. Shepherd, Thomas, 179, 194.
Robinson, William (Quaker), 90, 217. Sherlock, James, 296.
Rodgers, Rev. John, 104.

Shute, Rev. Mr., 508.
Rogerines, 265, 268.

Simple Cobler of Aggawam in Amer-
Rogers, John, 265.

ica, 68, 172, 207.
Rogers, Rev. Ezekiel, 165.

Skelton, Rev. Samuel, 153, 157, 184.
Roman Catholics, in Virginia, 85, 108; Sloughter, Governor, 337.

in Carolina, 124; in Massachusetts, Small Treatise, Winthrop's, 181.
177, 233; in Connecticut, 276; in New Smith, Rev. Ralph, 160, 183, 195.
Hampshire, 294, 500; in New York, Smith, Richard, 307.
335, 336, 337, 502; in Maryland, 244, Smith, William, 472, 476.
369, 370, 374, 397, 398, 457, 504; in Society for the Promotion of Christian
New Jersey, 405; in Georgia, 420; in Knowledge, 391.
Rhode Island, 437; in Pennsylvania, Society for the Propagation of the Gos-
441, 445, 450; in Quebec, 490.

pel in Foreign Parts, 128, 129, 268,
Rome, heathen, 30.

346, 347, 348, 355, 391, 408, 461, 463,
Rome, prestige of Christian, 36.

465, 467, 477.
Rotation in office, 165.

Socinian in Pennsylvania, 445, 450.
Rudolph, Emperor, 41.

Sonmans, 410.
Russell, Ensign, 336.

South CAROLINA. See The Carolinas,
Russia, 10.

period of the Revolution, 505; consti-
Rustdorp (L.I.), 318.

tution of 1778 and establishment of
Rye (N.Y.), 338.

Protestantism, 505; unique provisions,

506; full liberty, 517.
Sabbath laws, 255, 257, 519.

Southold (L.I.), 271, 274, 284, 328.
Salem (Mass.), 157, 182, 237, 243. Spinoza, 7, 59.
Salisbury, Bishop of, 330.

Spotswood, Governor, 98, 99, 127, 129.
Saltonstall, Sir Richard, 68, 162, 206. Stamford (Conn.), 285.
Sandy Beach (N.H.), 299.

Standish, Myles, 138 note, 147.

Stanhope, Lord, 8.

| Tithes, 38, 56. See Tax for Support of
St. Ann's Church (Burlington, N.J.),409. Church.
St. Louis, 43.

Toleration Act of Maryland, 376, 379,
St. Mary's Church (Md.), 382.

380.
State constitutions, 518-520.

Toleration Act of William III., 61, 62,
State rights in religious matters, 510. 66; in Virginia, 98, 107; in New
States-General of Holland, 302, 304, 310, Hampshire, 299; in New York, 337,
315, 332.

352; in Maryland, 377, 387-390; in
State supremacy, 36, 48.

New Jersey, 404; in Pennsylvania,
Stevenson, Marmaduke, 215, 217, 218. 445.
Stillé, quoted, 446, 450.

Toleration, not liberty, 7, 8, 492; view
Stone, Captain, 180 note.

of, in early New England, 68.
Stone, Governor, 375, 379.

Toryism of Anglican clergy, 476–478,
Story, Judge, quoted, 16, 19, 158.

484.
Stratford (Conn.), 266, 268, 272.

Town Church establishment, 298, 500,
Stuart, Rev. John, 476.

515.
Stundists, 10.

Townsend, Henry, 317, 319.
Stuyvesant, Peter, 304, 306, 308, 312, 314, Townsend, John, 319.
318, 320, 399, 459 note.

Tryon, Governor, 354.
Suffragan, 394, 463, 473.

Tyler, Rev. Mr., 478.
Swanzey, 228.

Tything-men," 257.
Sweno, 42.
Swift, Dean, 463.

Unam Sanctam, Bull, 44.
Switzerland, 51, 66 note.

Underhill, Captain, 190.
Symond's letter to Winthrop, 200. Uniformity, 55; Jefferson on, 493; Acts
Synod, of Newtown, 191; of Cambridge, of, in England, 61; in Virginia, 80,

201; of Boston, 211, 254; Second, of 82; in Carolina, 125; in Massachu-
Boston, 213; of Saybrook, 257; fruit- setts, 171, 176, 198, 202; in Maryland,
less effort for, in 1725, 235, 475.

374.

Unitarians, 445, 514.
Talbot, Rev. Mr., 356, 416.

United States, Constitution of, 480, 507,
Talcott, Governor, 262, 269, 272.

509.
Tallman, John, 345.

Universalists, 513.
Taxation of clergy, 44.

Universities closed to dissenters, 56.
Tax for Church support, in Virginia, Urmston, Rev. Mr., 129.

80 note, 108; in Carolina, 131; in Urquhart, Rev. Mr., 347.
Massachusetts, 169, 170, 234; in Con-
necticut, 248, 269, 270; in New Hamp- Valentinian, 29, 31.
shire, 294; in New Netherland, 304, Vane, Sir Harry, 60, 61, 190, 192.
309, 310; in New York, 326, 338; in Van Rensselaer, Kiliaen, 305.
Maryland, 386, 394; in New England, Van Rensselaer, Rev. Nicholas, 330,
464, 471, 474, 484, 491, 493, 494, 500, Van Vleck, 333.
501, 504, 507, 513-515, 517.

Van Vleck, Paul, 344.
Tesschenmacker, 331.

Vedantic philosophy, 21.
Test and Corporation Act, 8.

VERMONT, begins with restrictions and
Tests, religious, 35, 36; in New Hamp- makes church a town establishment,

shire, 299; in New York, 337, 356, abolished in a few years, 517.
358; in Pennsylvania, 445, 447-449; Vesey, Rev. Mr., 355, 416.
in Delaware, 452; in New Jersey, 503, Vestries, in Virginia, 87, 88, 494; in
515, 519.

New York, 337, 341.
Theocracy," Cotton's definition, 169. Villiers, 134.
Theodosius the Great, 30, 31.

VIRGINIA, religious motive, 74; charter,
Thomson, Rev. William, 86.

74; Church of England established,
Throgmorton, 308.

75; New Life of Virginia, 75; Good
Tilton, Mr., 309.

News from Virginia, 76; religious

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