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genesis and growth of the “Old World Idea” in regard to Church and State, which obtained in full force in every European government at the time of American colonization, with which the American liberty stands in so sharp a contrast, and from the bonds of which the story will show the colonies gradually setting themselves free.

As to works cited, it is proper to specially note that the citations from Bancroft's “ History of the United States” refer to the 23d (8 vol.) edition, Boston, 1864; also, that in the sketch of the “Old World Idea," in view of its special place in this treatise, the author has felt at liberty to depend largely upon the very acute and comprehensive monograph, “ Church and State,” by A. Innes of Edinburgh, whose page is cited in every instance of direct quotation.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

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Church and State in Europe — A problem of western Christendom - A

Christian problem — The Hebrew theocracy — Pagan conditions -
At first Christianity religio illicita — Spread of the Church - Per-
secution by Diocletian — Toleration of Galerius — Constantine
Edict of Milan - Proclamation to the peoples of the East - A full
Religious Liberty — Repression of heathenism by sons of Constantine
- Christianity established by law — Ambrose · Augustine — His
maxim - Episcopal power - The Church saves society — Rome -
Epochs of development - Claims of the Church - Gregory the Great

Charlemagne — Subjection of the Church to the empire — Hilde-
brand - Henry IV. – Canossa – Investitures - Innocent III.
Church supremacy - Frederic II. — Rise of nationalism — Boniface
VIII. – Edward I. — Philip the Fair -— No freedom of conscience in
nationalism - Protestantism - Lutheran and Reformed - Power of
princes - Cujus regio, ejus religio-Conceded by Protestants -- Peace
of Augsburg - Luther - Confession of Augsburg - Calvin – Helvetic
Confessions - French Confession — Zwinglius — Belgic Confession-
Arminius — Church of England — Church of Scotland – Westmin-
ster Confession - Erastus Grotius — Spinoza — Cartwright

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2. The Carolinas

Charter — Anglican Church established — Toleration Religious con-

trol — Dissenters – "Fundamental Constitutions” - Atheists ex-
cluded – Church of England · Rules for dissenting churches

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From Scrooby to Holland - Attempts to emigrate to America – Lord

Bacon - Plymouth Company - Emigration as a church — Mayflower
Compact Freedom of conscience Freeman's law Tolerant
spirit — Religious legislation — “Presbyterian Cabal” – Criticism
by Massachusetts — Quakers — Hubbard — Chauncy - Lechford -
Oldham - Doughty - Thomas Morton — Governor Bradford — Com-
parative isolation of Plymouth - United with Massachusetts

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First settlers on the Bay - Coming of Endicott - Salem - Charter to

“Governor and Company of Massachusetts Bay - Religious atti-
tude of the Puritans — Endicott's administration - Religious aim –
" The Planters' Plea" “ Scottow's Narrative" — Company's in-
structions — Organization of Church at Salem — Civil power over
religion — Expulsion of the Brownes — “New England's Planta-
tion" — Emigration of 1630 – John Winthrop – Dudley - Cotton's
“ Abstract of Laws” — Tax for support of Church — Voluntary sup-
port in Boston - Morton of Merry-Mount — Freemen - Franchise
made dependent on membership in State-Church Reasons for
exclusiveness — Act of 1635 completing the establishment - Inquisi-
torial power - No right of presentation - Origin of the establishment
- Domicile - Heresy – Contempt — Non-attendance at church –
Romanists – New England Confederacy - Power of the ministers -
Civil Code – Roger Williams - Process against him — His flight -
Reasons for the persecution – Mrs. Hutchinson — Antinomian con-
troversy Sir Harry Vane - Wheelwright - Synod of 1637 —

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