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there may be a special reference to the well-known coronation of Petrarch with the laurel crown ; and both Chaucer and Gower are addressed by King James as

“Superlative as poetes laureate

In rhetorique and eloquence ornate." Jonson was the first poet who was appointed to the office, so far as our proofs go, by letters patent. The theory, founded on the annuity of £50 granted to Spenser in 1591, that the great Court-poet of Elizabeth's age was the first regularly appointed Laureate, has no certain foundation ; nor was the office held after 1599 by Samuel Daniel identical with the Laureateship.

LIST OF POETS LAUREATE.

Ben Jonson

1619-1637
(Interregnum)
Sir William D'Avenant

1660-1668
John Dryden *

1670-1689 Thomas Shadwell

1689-1692 Nahum Tate

1692-1715 Nicholas Rowe.

1715-1718 Lawrence Eusden, Clerk †

1718-1730 Colley Cibber

1730-1757 William Whitehead :

1757-1785 Thomas Warton, Clerk

1785-1790 Henry James Pyet.

1790-1813 Robert Southey

1813-1843 William Wordsworth

1843-1850
Alfred Tennyson

1850-1892
(Interregnum)
Alfred Austin

1895 At Jonson's appointment the annual salary was fixed at 100 marks, which, on Ben's well-known rhyming petition to “the best of monarchs, masters, nen, King Charles," was raised to the same number of pounds sterling, and to this was added at the same time the annual gift of a tierce of Ben's favourite wine, Canary. With this office Jonson held the post, which he afterwards lost, of city chronologer, with an annual salary of 100 nobles ; and Dryden added 100 to his income as Historiographer Royal. The presentation of the butt wine, as all readers of Macaulay know, was discontinued by James II, but must have been resumed afterwards. We find it commuted for £27 in Pye's laureateship. In the time of the Georges the Laureate was expected to present an annual ode to the King on ihe royal birthday. Cowper, in his “ Table Talk,” refers to this as-

His quit-rent ode, his peppercorn of praise."

• Dryden did not receive his letters patent until the year 1670, but was paid his salary for the two preceding years:

+ For Eusden, see 'Dunciad,' i. 63 ; and for Cibber, see same work passim.

1 Better to err with Pope than shine with Pye"-Byron in English Bards and Scotch Reviewers.

INDEX OF NAMES.

22

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Asser, 22
Atterbury, Francis,

Bishop of
A.

Rochester, 423-4

Aubrey, John, 384
Adamnanus, St., 24

Austen, Jane, 644-9
Addison, Joseph, 414-22

Austin, John, 747
Aguilar, Grace, 574

Aytoun, William Edmonstoune, 789
Ailred, St., 30
Ainsworth, William Harrison, 575-6
Akenside, Mark, 520-1

B.
Albert, Archbishop of York, See
Ethelbert.

Bacon, Francis. See St. Albans,
Alcuin, 23-4

Viscount.
Aldhelm, St., Bishop of Sherborne, Roger, 29

Bage, Robert, 653
Alexander of Hales, 28

Bagehot, Walter, 711
William. See Stirling, Earl of. Baillie, Joanna, 631
Alfred, King, 24-5

Baldwin, William, 106
of Beverley, 30

Bale, John, 88, 150, 153
Alfric, 25

Banim, John, 674-5
Bata, 25

Michael, 674-5
Alison, Sir Archibald, 741-2

Barbauld, Anna Letitia, 543
Allingham, William, 789

Barbour, John, 59
Allott, Robert, 109

Barclay, Alexander, 76-7
Amory, Thomas, 508

-, Robert, 274
Ancrum, Robert, Earl of, 115 Barham, Richard Harris, 789-90
Andrewes, Lancelot, Bishop of Win. Barnabee, Drunken. See Brath-
chester, 274

waite.
Anselm, St., Archbishop of Canter. Barnard, Lady Anne, 546
bury, 28

Barnes, Barnabe, 110
Anstey, Christopher, 542-3

; William, 790
Arbuthnot, John, 405-6

Barnfield, Richard, III
Armstrong. John, 540

Barrow, Isaac, 369-71
Arnold, Matthew, 776-81

Sir John, 711
Thomas, 718

Barton, Bernard, 631
Ascham, Roger, 73-4

Baxter, Richard, 272-3
Ashe, Thomas, 789

Bayly, Thomas Haynes, 631
Ashmole, Elias, 383

Baynes, Thomas Spencer, 747

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Beaconsfield, Benjamin, Earl of, Brontë, Charlotte, 797-800
658-60

Emily Jane, 800
Beattie, James, 543

Brooke, Fulke, Lord. 248
Beaumont, Francis, 228–33

Arthur. See Broke.
Sir John, 262

-, Henry, 540-1
Joseph, 262

Broome, William, 389
Becket, Thomas, Archbishop of Brougham, Henry Peter, Lord,
Canterbury, 31

.

683-4
Beckford, William, 572

Brown, John, 712
Beddoes, Thomas Lovell, 755-6

Thomas, 505
Bede, The Venerable, 23

Tom, 335
Behn, Aphra, 358-9

Browne, Edward, 384
Bellenden, John, 88

Isaac Hawkins, 541
Bentham, Jeremy, 726

Sir Thomas, 266-7
Bentley, Richard, 436-7

William, 257
Berkeley, George, Bishop of Gloyne, Browning, Elizabeth Barrett, 774-6
427-9

Robert, 766-73
Berners, John, Lord, 71

Bruce, James, 509
Birch, Thomas, 506

Michael, 547
Biscop, Benedict, 23

Brunton, Mary, 675
Blacklock, Thomas, 543

Bryan, Sir Francis, 86
Blackmore, Sir Richard, 413

Bryant, Jacob, 506
Blackstone, Sir William, 498-9 Buchanan, George, 141
Blair, Hugh, 502-3

Buckhurst, Thomas, Lord, 106-7,
Robert, 540

154-5
Blake, William, 532-3.

Buckingham, George, Duke of, 360
Blayds, C. S. See Calverley. Buckinghamshire, John, Duke of,
Blessington, Marguerite, Countess 360
of, 675

Buckle, Henry Thomas, 742
Bloomfield, Robert, 631-2

Budgell, Eustace, 432
Bodenham, John, 108

Bull, George, Bishop of St. Davids,
Boece, Hector, 88

381-2
Boleyn, George. See Rochford.

Bulwer, Lytton., E. G. E. and E. R.
Bolingbroke, Henry, Viscount, 425-6 See Lytton.
Boniface, St., Archbishop of May- Bunyan, John, 322-8
ence, 22

Burgon, John William, 749
Borron, Helie de, 33

Burke, Edmund, 493-6
Robert de, 33

Burnet, Gilbert, Bishop of rum,
Borrow, George, 711-2

380-1
Boston, Thomas, 383

Thomas, 380
Boswell, James, 478-82

Burney, Frances, 641-2
Bourchier, John. See Berners. Burns, Robert, 533-6
Bower, Archibald, 508

Burton, John Hill,

742-3
Bowles, Caroline Anne. See Sir Richard Francis, 712
Southey.

Robert, 134-5
William Lisle, 632

Butler, Joseph, Bishop of Durham,
Boyle, Charles, 436-7

499-500
Robert, 379-80

Samuel, 303-9
Roger. See Cork and Orrery. William Archer, 747
Bradwardine, Thomas, Archbishop Byrom, John, 541
of Canterbury, 29

Byron, George Gordon Noël, Lord,
Brathwaite, Richard, 262

602-14
Breton, Nicholas, 108
Brewer, John Sherren, 742

C.
Brimley, George, 712
Broke, Arthur, 138

Cædmon, 20-1
Brome, Alexander, 247

Calamy, Edmund, 382
Richard, 247

Calverley, Charles Stuart, 790
Brontë, Anne, 800

Camden, William, 142

.

Campbell, George, 503

Constable, Henry, 110
, Thomas, 630-1

Cooke, John, 248
Canning, George, 632

Cooper, Thomas, Bishop of Win-
Caradoc of Llancarvan, 30

chester, 140
Carew, Richard, 113

Corbet, Richard, Bishop of Norwich,
- Thomas, 254-5

262
Carleton, William, 675

Cork and Orrery, Roger, Earl of,
Carlyle, Thomas, 696-701

439
Carroll, Lewis. See Dodgson, C.L. Cornwall

, Barry. See Procter, B. W.
Carte, Thomas, 434

Cory, William, 790
Carter, Elizabeth, 546

Coryat, Thomas, 263
Cartwright, William, 247

Cosin, John, Bishop of Durham,
Cary, Henry Francis, 632

274
Caryll, John, 393

Cotton, Charles, 262
Cavendish, George, 88

-, Nathaniel, 543-4
; Margaret. See Newcastle, Coverdale, Miles, Bishop of Exeter,
Duchess of.

70
Caxton, William, 66

Cowley, Abraham, 260-1
Chalmers, Thomas, 741

Cowper, William, 527-9
Chamberlayne, William, 262 Coxe, William, 743
Chamier, Frederick, 675

Crabbe, George, 530-2
Chapman, George, 223-5

Craik, Dinah Maria, 817-8
Chapone, Hester, 501

Crashaw, Richard, 253-4
Charles I, 274

Creech, Thomas, 337
Charleton, Walter, 337

Croker, John Wilson, 712-3
Chatterton, Thomas, 522-4

Thomas Crofton, 675
Chaucer, Geoffrey, 38-56

Croly, George, 633
Cheke, Sir John, 73

Crowne, John, 359
Chesterfield, Philip Dormer, Earl Cudworth, Ralph, 382
of, 483-4

Cumberland, Richard, Bishop of
Chettle, Henry, 247-8

Peterborough, 382
Chillingworth, William, 265

Richard, 538
Church, Richard William, 735-6 Cunningham, Allan, 633
Churchill, Charles, 543

Cynewulf, 21
Churchyard, Thomas, 113-4
Cibber, Colley, 361
Clarendon, Edward, Earl of, 328-31
Clarke, Samuel, 432-3

Dacres, Edward, 139
Cleveland, John, 252

Daniel, Samuel, 100-1, 141
Clifford, William Kingdon, 747 Darley, George, 633
Clive, Caroline, 817

Darwin, Charles Robert, 730-1
Clough, Arthur Hugh, 786-7

- Erasmus, 526-7
Cobbett, William, 712

D'Avenant, Sir William, 248, 259
Cokayne, Sir Aston, 248

Davenport, Robert, 248
Coleridge, Hartley, 632-3

Davie, Adam, 56
Samuel Taylor, 587-96 Davies, John, 114
Sara, 633

Sir John, 102-3
Colet, John, 69

Davis, Sir John, 118-9
Collier, Jeremy, 361-2

Davison, Francis, 109
Collins, Anthony, 434

Day, John, 248
Charles Allston, 817

Defoe, Daniel, 440-6
Mortimer, 817

Dekker, Thomas, 225-7
Wilkie, 810

De Lolme, Jean Louis, 506
William, 515-7

Denham, Sir John, 259
Colman, George, senior, 537-8 Dennis, John, 388
George, junior, 538

De Quincey. Thomas, 691-3
Columbanus, St., 24

Derham, William, 379
Congreve, William, 348-53

De Tabley, John Leycester, Lord,
Conington, John, 753

D.

790

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De Vere, Sir Aubrey Hunt, 637 Farmer, Richard, 509
Dickens, Charles, 660-8

Farnborough, Thomas Erskine,
Dillon, Wentworth. See Ros- Lord, 745
common, Earl of.

Farquhar, George, 346-8
D'Israeli, Isaac, 713

Fawkes, Francis, 544
Disraeli, Benjamin. See Beacons. Felltham, Owen, 275
field, Earl of.

Fenton, Elijah, 389
Dobell, Sydney Thompson, 790 Ferguson, Adam, 505
Doddridge, Philip, 503

Sir Samuel, 791
Dodgson, Charles Lutwidge, 790-1 Fergusson, Robert, 545
Dodsley, Robert, 544

Ferrers, George, 106
Domett, Alfred, 791

Ferrier, James Frederick, 747
Donne, John, 103-4

Susan Edmonstone, 649-50
Dorset, Charles, Earl of, 360

Field, Nathaniel, 248
Douglas, Gavin, Bishop of Dunkeld, Fielding, Henry, 450-7
67-8

Sarah, 471
Doyle, Sir Francis Hastings, 791 Filmer, Sir Robert, 366
Drayton, Michael, 101-2

Finch, Anne. See Winchilsea,
Drummond, William, 115

Countess of.
Dryden, John, 309–22

Finlay, George, 718
Dugdale, Sir William, 384

Fisher, John, Bishop of Rochester
Dunbar, William, 67-8

and Cardinal, 88
Duns Scotus, 28-9

Flavel, John, 382
Dunstan, St., Archbishop of Canter. Fletcher, Andrew, of Saltoun, 384
bury, 22

Giles, senior, 110
Dyer, Sir Edward, 109

Giles, junior, 105-6
John, 541

-, John, 228–33

Phineas, 105-6
E.

Florence of Worcester, 29

Florio, John, 139
Eadmer, 29

Foote, Samuel, 537
Earle, John, Bishop of Sarum, 274-5 Ford, John, 243-4
Echard, Laurence, 434

Fordun, John of, 59
Edgeworth, Maria, 643-4

Forster, John, 743
Edwards, Richard, 108, 155

Fortescue, Sir John, 66
Egbert, Archbishop of York, 23 Foster, John, 749
Eliot, George, See Evans, Marian. Fox, George, 273,
Elliott, Ebenezer, 633

Foxe, John, 21
Ellwood, Thomas, 382

Francis, Sir Philip, 496–7
Elphinstone, Mountstuart, 743 Fraser, James Baillie, 573-4
Elyot, Sir Thomas, 88

Freeman, Edward Augustus, 723-5
Erigena. Johannes Scotus, 24 Frere, John Hookham, 633
Erskine, Ebenezer, 504

Froissart, Jehan, 33
-, Ralph, 504

Froude, James Anthony, 721-3
Ethelbert, Archbishop of York, 23

Richard Hurrell, 749
Ethelwold, St., Bishop of Win. Fuller, Thomas, 267-9

chester, 22
Etherege, Sir George, 341

G.
Eusden, Laurence, 391
Evans, Marian, 802-7

Gaimar, Geoffrey, 32
Evelyn, John, 332-3

Gale, Theophilus, 382-3

Galt, John, 650
F.

Garrick, David, 537

Garth, Sir Samuel, 410
Faber, Frederick William, 791 Gascoigne, George, 89-90
Fabyan, Robert, 72

Gaskell, Elizabeth Cleghorn, 800-2
Fairfax, Edward, 113

Gast, Lucas de, 33
Falconer, William, 526

Gauden, John, Bishop of Worcester,
Fanshawe, Sir Richard, 262

274

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