Das internationale Landkriegsrecht

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J. Baer & Company, 1914 - 252 strani
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Gennemgang af landkrigsretten, der bygger på Haager-konventionen af 1899 og Genevekonventionerne. Der fortælles om krigsførelsens jura, om krigserklæringen, civilisters rettigheder, om krigsfanger og sårede, neutralitet, spionage, våbenstilstand, overgivelse og kapitulation, besatte landes infrastruktur, overgreb og krigsforbrydelse.

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Stran 152 - ... armistice be declared, without conditions, it extends no further than to require a total cessation of hostilities along the front of both belligerents. If conditions be agreed upon, they should be clearly expressed, and must be rigidly adhered to by both parties. If either party violates any express condition, the armistice may be declared null and void by the other. 137. An armistice may be general, and valid for all points and lines of the belligerents ; or special, that is, referring to certain...
Stran 157 - Commanding generals may cause the magistrates and civil officers of the hostile country to take the oath of temporary allegiance or an oath of fidelity to their own victorious government or rulers, and they may expel every one who declines to do so.
Stran 148 - ... unauthorized or secret communication with the enemy is considered treasonable by the law of war. Foreign residents in an invaded or occupied territory, or foreign visitors in the same, can claim no immunity from this law. They may communicate with foreign parts, or with the inhabitants of the hostile country, SO far as the military authority permits, but no further. Instant expulsion from the occupied territory would be the very least punishment for the infraction of this rule.
Stran 162 - A prisoner of war is subject to no punishment for being a public enemy nor is any revenge wreaked upon him by the intentional infliction of any suffering or disgrace, by cruel imprisonment, want of food, by mutilation, death or any other barbarity.
Stran 148 - ... 101. While deception in war is admitted as a just and necessary means of hostility, and is consistent with honorable warfare, the common law of war allows even capital punishment for clandestine or treacherous attempts to injure an enemy, because they are so dangerous, and it is so difficult to guard against them.
Stran 146 - Honourable men, when captured, will abstain from giving to the enemy information concerning their own army ; and the modern law of war permits no longer the use of any violence against prisoners, in order to extort the desired information, or to punish them for having given false information.
Stran 152 - An armistice is not a partial or a temporary peace; it is only the suspension of military operations to the extent agreed upon by the parties.
Stran 155 - L'autorité du pouvoir légal ayant passé de fait entre les mains de l'occupant, celui-ci prendra toutes les mesures qui dépendent de lui en vue de rétablir et d'assurer, autant qu'il est possible, l'ordre et la vie publics en respectant, sauf empêchement absolu, les lois en vigueur dans le pays.
Stran 157 - When the commander of a besieged place expels the non-combatants, in order to lessen the number of those who consume his stock of provisions, it is lawful, though an extreme measure, to drive them back, so as to hasten on the surrender.
Stran 162 - So soon as a man is armed by a sovereign government, and takes the soldier's oath of fidelity, he is a belligerent; his killing, wounding, or other warlike acts, are no individual crimes or offences.

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