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chased.; prices paid for trausportation; and generally, to every article of supply, and to all effects connected with the department.

The books and accounts of the Quarterinaster General is subject to a similar inspection.

Whenever private buildings are occupied as quarters, or lands for encampments, by the troops of the United States, a reasonable compensa tion is paid to the proprietor by the quartermaster of the department, post, or detachment. When the rate of compensation cannot be satisfactorily agreed upon), disinterested persons are appointed by the quar. termaster and proprietor, to appraise and determine the rent.

Every officer of the Quartermaster's Department must, before entering upon the duties of his office, give bond to the United States, with two or more sufficient securities, conditioned for the faithful performance of his duty. The Quartermaster General, in the sum of fify thousand dollars, quartermasters twenty thousand dollars, assistant quartermasters ten thousand dollars, and storekeepers five thousand dollars. The sufficiency of the sureties to be certified by the district attorney, or United States' Ljudge, of the State or Territory in which they reside, or of which they are citizens.

There are in the Quartermaster's Department, one Quartermaster General, with the rank of brigadier general; lour Quarter masters, with the rank of majors; and twenty Assistant Quartermasters, to be taken from the line.


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PURCHASING DEPARTMENT. C. Irvine, Commissary General of Purchases....

.83000 00 Timothy Banger, chief clerk........

1550 00 William C. Irvine, clerk, ......

1000 00 James Irvine, clerk....

950 DO Samuel Wilmar, messenger.................

700 00 William Banger, clerk, military storekeeper's office....... 900 00 Edwards S Fayssoux, military storekeeper, Philadelphia. Charles Litle, do. New York, each with pay, &c. of a captain of infantry.

The Commissary General of this department purchases on the orders and estimates of the War Department, all clothing, dragoon saddles and bridles, tents, tent poles, camp kettles, mess pans, bed sacks, and all other articles required for the public service for the army of the United States, excepting only such as are ordered to be purchased by the Ord wance, Quartermaster's, Subsistence, and Medical Departments.

All articles provided by the Commissary General of Purchases, and in a state fit for iminediate issue to the troops, must be deposited in the military store near the Schuylkill, and beld subject to the orders of the War Department.

Brevet Major John Garland, 30 Infantry.
William J. Smiib, Clerk......

...........$700 00 This bureau has been added to those attached to the War Department, for the purpose of securing more system and responsibility in supplying clothing for the troops. Besides a general superintendency as to economy ju obtaining articles necessary for the clothing of the army the disposition of them whey prepared for use, is entrusted to the officer in charge of this departineot. His duty is to prepare estimates for clothing and camp equipage, to be provided by the “ Purchasing Department," »8 well as the detailed estimates of those supplies issued to the army. He is required to keep sealed patterns, of every article procured under contracts, and to compare them from time to time, and whenever he deerns ir necessary, with ihe articles furnished, to establish their conformity as well as their quality. He is charged with all the correspondence of the departo ment, upon subjects connected with the clothing of the army, and with the appropriations and requisitions. It is his duty, also, to procure in

formation upon all topics relating to the clothing; and to suggest to the Secretary of War such alterations relative theieto as the good of the service may require, and to point out any disadvantages he may observe attending the present system. Patterns of every part of the dress of the officers, non-commissioned officers, and privates of the arniy, made in couformity with the requirements of the general order of the 11th June, 1832, restoring the facings worn by the revolutionary army, are also kept in this department.


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PAY DEPARTMENT. Nathan Towson, Paymaster General..............

$2500 00 Nathaniel Frye, chief clerk..

1700 00 William Rich, clerk......

1700 00 William D. Beall, clerk...

............ 1100 00 Jacob Brodbeck, nessenger.

700 00 The Paymaster General is stationed at the seat of government; he is charged with the military responsibilities of this department, in all its

details, The subordinate officers, being confined exclusively to the dis bursement of public money, are subject only to the order of the Secretary of War and the Paymaster General, except that they are liable to arrest by the senior officer of the department or command, to which they may be arranged for the regular payment of the troops.

It being provided by law that “the troops be paid in such manner, that the arrears shall, at no time, exceed two months, unless the circumstances of the case shall render it una voidable," regular payments become due on the last days of February, April, June, August, October and December, in each year. Payments are made on those days, or as soon after as the situation of the troops and other unavoidable circumstances will permit, and in the same rotation ; in order that the payments at all posts may be at regular periods.

There are, in the Pay Department, besides the Paymaster General fourteen paymasters, authorized by the act of March 2, 1821.

SUBSISTENCE DEPARTMENT. Brevet Brig. Gen. George Gibson, Commissary General of Subsistence. Major James H. Hook, Commissary of Subsistence. Captain Thomas Huni, 5ih Infantry.

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Charles G. Wilcox, principal clerk, Subsistence of the Army...$1350 00 Ricbard Gott, ............... 800 00 George Forsyth,

1000 00 W c Easton, principal clerk, Removal & Subsistence of lodians 1600 00 James Orri, clerk. odo.........,do........ 1000 00 Townsend Waugh, ..........10.............. 1000 00 Basil H. Waring,

800 00 Subsistence of the Army. The present mode of supplying the army with subsistence was established by the 6th, 719, 8th, 9ih i nd 10th sections of

act of Congress, passed April 14, 1818, entitled "an act regulating the staff of the a my of the United States ;” and by the eighth section of

“ an act to reduce and fix the military peace estab.ishment,”p.issed 20 March, 1821. By the former, it was to continue for five years; and it was renewed for five more by "an act to continue the present mode of supplying the ariny," passed 23. January, 1923; and again for five years by act of same title, passed 2d March, 1829.

The first named act provides for a Commissary General of Subsistence, whose dulips are to make estimates of expenditures for his departmen'; contract and purchase subsistence for the army; regulate the transmission of funds to his assistants; make payıpenis to contractors; adjust accounts for settlement, locate his assistants at their several stations; and in general, provide for the proper administration of his department in all its ramifications. This act provides, also, for as many assistant commissaries as might be required, to be taken from the subalterns of the line. The 8th section of the act of 21 March, 1821, limits these assistants to arty, and subjects them to the performance of duty in the Quartermaster's

Department. By the act of 21 March, 1829, “ the better to enable the Commissary General of Subsistence to carry into effect the provisions of the above specified acts” (wo commissaries are provided for

Reinoval und Subsistence of Indians — The present policy of Indian emigration to the west of the Mississippi, and of the western boundary of the United States, may be considered as having b-en firmly established by the act of 28th May, 1830, providing for “ an exchange of lands with the Indians, and their removal west of the Mississippi.By ihis act the

President was authorized to cause any Territory west of the Mississippi, not included in any State or organizer Territory, to be divided to districis, for the reception of emigrant tribes, who may choose to exchange th-ir laods where thay now reside, and remove there ; to guarantee to them a title in perpetuity ; to pay for their abaodoned improvements; 10 secure them in their new places of abode, the protection of the United

States ; avd to aid and assist them whilst removing west, and for the first year after their removal. For all these purposes, five hundred thousand dollars were by that act a ppropriated.

The apperiaining to the active operations of the removal of 11dians, and their subsistence on the way, and for a year afterwards, was confided by the President to the Commissary General of subsistence, who, under this act, and the several subsequent acts of appropriation, has removed, and is now making arrangements for the reinoval from the States east of the Mississippi, and the State of Missouri, and Territory of Arkansas, of most of the tribes inhabiting the same.

MEDICAL DEPARTMENT. Joseph Lorell, Surgeon General..............

$2500 00 Richmond Johnson, Clerk........

................................, 1150 00 The surgeon General is stationed at the City of Washington ; he is the director and immediate accounting officer of the Medical Depart.

ment He issues all orders and instructions relating to the protessional ruties of the officers of the medical staff; and calls for, and receives, such reports and returns from them, as may be requisire to the perform ance of his several duties.

He receives from the medical director of armies, districts and departments, confidential reports relative to the condition of hospitals and infirmaries—the and conduct of the surgeons and assistant swgeons—the state of their books and accounts—the medical topography of the several posts and stations--the nature of the prevailing complaints, their probable causes, and the treatment adopted.

He receives from every surgeon and assistant, performing the duties of surgeon, quarterly reports of sick, with such remarks as may be necessa ry to explain the nature of the diseases of the troops, the practice adop ted, and the kinds oi medicines and stores required, togeiher with a copy of the entries made, for the quarter, in the book kept for the diary of the weather, accompanied with suitable observations

He receives from every surgeon and assistant surgeon, having charge of public property of any description for the use of the sick, duplicate semi-annual returns of the same, in the form and manper prescriber, and also annual requisitions for the supplies required for each hospital, regiment, post, on garrison, for the ensuing year, and transmits them, with his instructions, to the officers of the apothecary's department.

He receives from the officers of the apothecary's department, duplicates of all invoices and supplies, put up for, and delivered or forwarded to, the several surgeons and assistant surgeons, and also a return of the several articles purchased, received and issued by them

It is his duty to examine the returns and accounts of the surgeons and assistant surgeons; see that proper vouchers are sent for articles issuedi, and that the quantities expended with the sick are according to the sumber on the sick reports, and the nature of their complaints ; if found to be so, he shall certify it, and at the end of each year, and oftener if necessary, send the returns and accounts thus certified, to the office of the proper accounting officer of the treasury, (Second Auditor) for final set tlement.

Army surgeons have precedence in their several grades, according to dates of commiesions They may, when necessary, be employed as judge advocates, but are not to be detailed as members of either general, regimental, or garrison courts martial. They are uot perauitted to be engaged in private practice.

The act of March 2, 1821, provides that the Medical Departnent shall consist of one surgeon general, eight surgeons, and forty-five assistant surgeons. And the act of June 28, 1832, “ to increase the number ou surgeons and assistant surgeons of the arıny of the United States," authorizes the appointment of “four additional surgeons, and ten additional surgeon's mates."

NAVY DEPARTMENT. MAHLON DICKERSON, of New Jersey, Secretary, $6,000

per annum. The office of the Secretary of the Navy was created by act of April 30, 1798. He issues all orders to the navy of the United States, and superintends the concerns of the naval establisbment generally. A Board

of Navy Commissioners was instituted by the act of February 7, 1815, to aid him in the discharge of his duties. By act of July 10, 1832, all the powers conferred, and duties imposed, by existing laws, on the Commissioners of the Navy, and privateer pension and hospital funds, were transferred to the Secretary of the Navy. He is, by usage, a member of the cabinet, and holds his office at the will of the President,

CLERKS IN THE NAYY DEPARTMENT. John Boyle, chief clerk, superintends, under the direction of the

Secretary, the duties of the department, examines or refers to the other clerks all matters requiring examination; apportions the business of the office among the clerks, and submits the same, when prepared, to the Secretary; and sees that all directions given by him, are carried into effect......

$2000 00 Christopher Andrews, duties—general correspondence with

commanders of squadrons, and ships of war, and stations, and commandant of marine corps; heads of departments, and officers; both houses and committees of Congress. The annual estimates for the naval service, and Secretary's office, and navy building; African agency; claims; correspondence with navy commissioners; orders for recruiting; orders for courls of inquiry and courts martial ; summaries of proceedings and decisions; preservation of their records; and agent for paying salaries and contingent expenses of the Secretary's office.....

.................. 1600 00 Laurislon B. Hardin, is charged with the register of the

officers of the navy, aud with keeping an account of their services and orders for duty; register of the officers of the marine corps, wavy agents, naval storekeepers, aod naval constructors, and vessels of war. He prepares nominations, commissions, warrants, and acting appointments; keeps an account of deaths, resignations, and dismissions; prepares for publication, annually, the navy register, for the departe ment, and, bienjally, for the State Department; attends to the correspondence with officers, relative to their orders, services, &c, and with other persons on the same subjects; attends to the monthly publication of vessels of war on foreign stations, and the changes which take place among them, &c........

.............. 1400 00 Abraham H Quincy, has charge of applications for appoint

ments of every description in the navy, and enters the same in proper books, endorses and files the recommendations in such manner that applications may be referred to at a moments notice. He has charge of the Congress book, and of

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