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for military and civil purposes have been completed, and several of the reports iv relation to the same have been submitted to Congress:

1. Report of a survey between the waters of St. Andrew's bay and the river and bay of Chattahoocbie, and between Pensacola bay and Bod Secour, along the northern coast of the Gulf of Mexico, with a view to ascertain the practicability and cost of canals to connect said bays and rivers, under the act of Congress of July 4, 1832. 2. A survey of the route sor a road in the Territory of Arkansas, from a point opposite to

Memphis to the house of William Strong. or some other point on the St. Francis river, under the act of March 2, 1833. 3. A survey of Portland harbor, Maine, with a view to the erection of a breakwater. 4 A survey of Throg's point, New York, with a view to the erection of fortifications for the defence of the city of New York. 5. A survey of Burlington bay, Vermont, and Port Rent and Plattsburg harbors, New York, with a view to their improvement. 6. A survey of Vermillion river, with a view to its improvement 7. A survey between the Pearl and Yazoo rivers, Mississippi, with a view to their connexion by a rail-road or canal; also, a survey of the “ Yazoo pass," in the same State. 8. A survey of the mouth of Chagrin river, Ohio, with a view to its improvement. 19. A survey of the Putomac river, from Georgetown to Alexandria, D. C., with a view to its improvement. 10. The report and maps of the Taunton and Weymouth canal, Massachusetts. 11. The drawings of a survey, in order to ascertain the military defence of St. Mary's river, Maryland. 12. The surveys, reports, and estimates of a route for a railroad froin Mad river to Lake Erie, in the State of Ohio. 13. The reports a nd drawings of the survey for a route for a rail-road from Wil. liamsport, Pennsylvania, to Elinira, New York 14. A survey of the Monongahela river, with a view to its improvement.

The duty of carrying into effect the provisions of the appropriation which refer to geological and mineralogical investigations, has been consigned to G.W. Featherstonbaugh, Esq. who is now engaged upon it. His report has not yet been received, but his known talents and industry, as well as the various letters which have been received from him afford the most solid grounds for anticipating that it will be executed in a manner highly creditable to himself, and the government with which it originated. Civil Engineers, employed under the Topographical Bureau, with the

amount of compensation, pay and emoluments, allowed to each. W. B. Guyon, surveys in Mississippi, $3 50 per day, and $3 00 while

on office duty, and 10 cents per mile while travelling under orders. G. W. Hughes, Assistant Civil Engineer, superintending construction of

the Potomac bridge, $3 50 per day, and $3 00 while on office duty,

and 10 cents per mile while travelling under orders. H. Stansbury, Civil Engineer, survey of Cumberland river, $110 00 per

month, and 10 cents per mile while travelling under orders. C. V. Hagner, on duty at Washington City, do. do do. John P. Baily, Assistant to H Stansbury, do. do. do. G O'Driscoll, do.

do.

do. do. do. W R. Palmer, on duty at Washington City, do.

do.

do. G. W. Featherstonhaugh, Geologist; Geological surveys in Arkansas

Territory, 86 00 per day, and 12 cents per mile travelling.

Operations of the Ordnance Department during the past year. The general result of the operations at the several arsenals and armories of the United States, in the manufacture, repair, and purchase of the principal articles of ordnance and ordnance stores, during the year, betweeu the 1st of October, 1833, and the 30th September, 1834, exhibits, among other articles of ordnance and ordnance stores, which have been fabricated or procured, the following, viz:

Of artillery, 213 32-pounder cannon, 3 12- pounder, and 3 6 pounder cannon, 3 24-pounder, and 3 12. pounder howitzers, 10 32 pounder, and 6 24 pounder casemate carriages, 6 10-inch mortarbeds, and 44 field artillery carriages.

Of small arms manufactured and procured, viz : 26,126 muskets, and 2,120 (Hall's) rifles, made at the national armories. And at the private factories, 1,030 carbines, (Hall's,) 300 rifles, (Hall's,) 11,140 muskets, and 2,900 artillery swords.

Of accoutrements for small arms, about 1,440 sets for infantry, 1,050 sets for riflemen, and 1,320 sets for cavalry.

Of the munitions of war issued by the Ordnance Department during the year, between the 1st October, 1833, and the 3011 September, 1834, to the army, 4 24-pounder cannon and carriages, 5 10-inch mortars with their beds, 17 fuld cannon with their carriages, complete, 750 pistols, 750 carbines, complete, 750 sets of accoutrements for dragoons, 750 sabres, 695 swords, and 204 sets of infantry accoutrements, are among the principal articles issued.

By the operations of the Lead Mines it appears that the lead made during the present year, amounts to

7,971,579 lbs. Excess over the last year,

29,787 « Total amount of lead made from 1921 to 30th September, 1834,

71,817.319 " Total amount of rent lead, accruing for the above period, 5,699,631 " Amount of rent lead due the United States, 30th September, 1834, yet to be collected,

328,802 6 The mining operations have been successfully continued on the west bank of the Mississippi, in the country ceded to the United States by the Sac and Fox Indians; and should not the recent sales of lands in the mineral regions, and the locations made for the lodians there, materially interfere with the interests and operations of the arining establishments, the product of these mines may reasonably be expected to be greatly increased hereafter.

The arms, accoutrements, &c., procured under the act for arming and equipping the militia, from the 1st October, 1833, to the 30th September, 1834, are

Muskels, complete, 11, 140 ; rifles, Hall's, complete, 300; carbines, Hall's, 2; artillery swords, 2,900 ; sets infantry accoutrements, complete, 1,200 ; sets rifle accoutrements, complete, 800 ; cartridge box belts, 1,004; bayonet scabbards, 430; bayonet belts, 968 ; belt plates, 5,380 ; cavalry cartridge boxes, 1,050 ; holsters, pairs, 1,141; sabre belts, buff, (9,500; sword belts, buff, 1,000; hides of buff leather, 362; six-pouuder field carriages, with implements, complete, 26; gun metal for the fabrication of brass field artillery, lbs., 7,718.

return.

480)

154

Apportionment of arms to the Militia for the year 1833, under the Act of 1808. STATES AND TER- Date of the Number of No.ofarms). Ordnance and Ordnance RITORIES.

Militia. apport'nd.

Stores distributed to the Malne

18:33 33,604 414 New Hampshire

Militia under the Act of 1833 28,025 315 Massa busetts

April 1808, from the 1st 1833 44,973 505 Connecticut

October, 1833, to the 30th 1834

24,786 278 Rhoile Island 1832

September, 1834.

5,950 67 Vermont

73 six pounder iron cin1824 25,581

287 New York 1832 186,223 2,090

non and carriage, with New Jersey 1% 29 39,171

equipments, &c. com

440 Pensylvania 1834

plete.

202 231 2,270 Delaware 1827

70 percussion cannon

9,229 104 Maryland

locks, 1833 46 899 526 Virginia

1,010 muskets, complete. 1833 102,119 1,1 16

300 rifles. North Carolina 18.33 68,498

769 South Carolina

1 Hall's patent car. 1833 51,112 573

bine. Georgia

1831 42,832 Kentucky

1,100 pistols.
1833
65,208 732

550 sabres. Tennessee

1832 72,991 819 Ohio

201 artillery swords. 1834 134,164 1,505 300 sets rifle accoutreLouisiana

1830 14,808 166 Indiana

ments. 1833 53,913 605 Mississippi

450 sabre belts, wbite 1830 13,7241

leather. Illiois 1831 27,386 307

400 do. black leather. Alabama

18.9 22,146 252 Missouri

1,100 pairs holsters. 1830 5,326 60 Michigan

1,310 sets insanıry accou. 1831 5,476 60 Arkansas

1825
2,023

tremenis, black. 23

600 sets do, white F.or:da

1831

827 9 Dist. of Columbia

500 artillery sword belts. 1832 1,249 14

1,250 cavalry catridge Total 11,336,829 15,000

boxes. Quantity of Lead made at U. S. Lead Mines, annually, from 1821 to 1834.

Fever River. Missouri. Total. Ibs of lead made from 1821 to 30 Sepu. 182.3 335,130

335,130 Do in the year ending 30th Sept. 1824 175,220

175,220 Do do do 1825

664,530 386,59 1,05),120 Do do

do 1826 958.842|1,374,962 2,333.804 Do do do 1827

5,182,180 910,380 6,092.560 Do do

do 1828 11,105,81,1,205,92112,311,730 Do do do 1829

13,343,150 1,198,160 14,541,310 Do do

do 1830 8,323,998 8,06 8,332 058 Do do do 1831

6,381.900 67,18 | 6,419,080 Do do do 1832 4,281,876

4,281,876 По do do 1833 7,941,792

7.941,792 Do do do 1834 7,971,579

7,971,579 Total

66.666.06715 151 2521-1.817,319 Note.-The total amount of rent lead, accruing for the above period, is 5,699,631 lbs. Operations of the United States Lead Mines, in the vicinity of Fever River, from the

30th September, 1833, to the 30th September, 1834. Pounds of lead made juring the year

7,971,579 Pounds of lead which have accrued, as rent, the present year

452,792 Pounds or rent lead remaining due September 30, 1833

211,094 Total of rent lead due

63,886 Pounds of rent lead received in the year, ending Sept. 30, 1834 335,084 Pounds of rent lead remaining due September 30, 1834

328,802

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INDIAN AFFAIRS. Operations under the Indian Department during the year 1834. Measures have been adopted for the execution of the several treaties with the Cherokees, Creeks, S. minoles, Appalachicolas, Quapaws, the united bands of Otoes and Missourias of the river Platie, and the four confederated bands of Pawnees of the Platte and the Loup Fork, all of which were ratified at the last session of Congress. Preparatory steps have also been taken foi the removal of the Creeks and Seminoles, and it is expected that a considerable portion of those tribes will be removed beyond the Mississippi during the ensuing season, and find a happier bome in the domains set apart for their residence, under the guaranty of the United States.

Io pursuance of instructions from the department, General William Marshall, Indian agent for the Miamies, opened a negotiation recently with the chiefs of that tribe, for the purchase of their land in the State of ludiana. He has succeeded in procuring from them a cession of two hundred thousand acres, on ternis advantageous to themselves and the United States It may be considered the precursor to a total cession of their remaining land in that State, and their consequent emigration to the western territory; a result resii able in many respects, especially connecied with advantages 10 a portion of our citizens, and doubly gratifying from its being compatible with the best interests of the tribe.

The alteration proposed by a resolution of the Senate at the last session of Congress, in the boundaries of the land granted by the Chicago treaty of 1833, to the united nation of Chippewa, Ottawa, and Pottawatamie Indians, has received their asserit under certain modifications, specified in their agreement of the 1st of October last.

No material alteration has taken place during the past year in the condition of the Cherokees. The question of einigration finds them still divided, and a considerable portion appear to be insensible of the manifest benefits accruing from its Adoption. Without tolerable unaniinity, it is impossible to proceed with it advantageously to all parties interested in the general issue. In the mean time, the division has enge.idered much malignancy, and the opposing parties appear to evince a rancor bordering on hostility. Occasionally their animosity has broken out into acts of violence; and, in one instance, resulted in the death of a very meritorious and much regretted individual. On his return from their National Council at Red Clay, in August last, where the question of emigration was agitated in a tumultuous and excited meeting, John Walker, jr., one of their leading men friendly to its adoption, was waylaid and shot. The necessary orders for the arrest of the assassins were promptly issued by Governor Carroll, the present executive of Tennes

Several persons are now in confinement on a charge of having taken part in the murder Should the occasion call for it, the military will be ordered out for the protection of those who decide on emigration, and of the emigrating officers of the government engaged in this hazardous and responsible service.

A negotiation has been commenced by Governor Lucas, of Ohio, with the band of Wyandots in that State, for a cession of their remaining land, and their removal to the west of the Mississippi ; and recent com

see.

munications furnish stroog grounds of belief, that under his judicious managemeut it will be eventually brought to a successful close.

The expedition to the far west, under the command of General Leavenworth, undertaken in compliance with orders from the War Department, for the objects therein detailed, proceeded on its route through regions almost unknown, and amid difficulties of the most perplexing nature. In consequence of the death of that brave and lamented officer while in the performance of duty, the comnand devolved on Colonel Dodge, who returned with the expedition to Fort Gibson, bringing along Ja Jumber of the chiefs of the Pawnee and Kioway Indians, bold and warlike tribes, who have entertained no very friendly feelings towards our citizens, between whom and them there had hitherto been but little intercourse. These cribes being borderers on the newly occupied Indian territories, it became imperative to repress their hostile disposition, uniter the guaranty of the United States to afford adequate protection to the emigrating Indians.

With the view of establishing pacific relations between these and other tribes, a general council was held vunder the auspices of Colonel Dodge and Major F. W Armstrong, which resulted in mutual engagements of peace and trieodship, fortified by proper intimations on the part of those officers, in behalf of their government, of support to the injured, and punishment to aggressors.

At the general council, impressive speeches were delivered by severall chiefs of ine Creek, Cherokee, Osage and Choctaw tribes. In their addresses to the warlike chiets then assembled, ihvy took occasion substantially to observe," that their people had opened their ears to the advice which had been given to them, and adopted the habits of the white main, and that by so doing they had become peaceful, prosperous, and happy; that they had relinquished the chase, and cultivated the earth, an's that by becoming agricultural they lived in peace, and in the enj'yment of abundance; and thal the same inestimable benefits would assuredly await all the tribes who would walk in the same path."

The duties and services of the commissioners west have closed by the expiration of their commission, according to the provisions of the art under which they were appointed. Great benefit has resulted to the various tribes by virtue of their mission. Important treaties were cou cluded by them, existing divisions were healei, difficulties that ihreatened collision were settled, and a spirit of peace and conciliation was infused among the India as through their instrumentality.

There is little mention to be made of Indian hostilities during the past year. They have been few, and those not of an agzravated nature. A steady and onward course is observable among the Indian tribes towards the grand point of civilization. Their long imputed indomitable spui il of revenge, and their eager thirst for war, have undergone a sensible change in the process of meliorating rircumstances

The happiest consequences may be anticipated from extending the means of tuition among their young people, from the introduction of mechauical arts into the different triber, and from the increased attention bestowed on agricultural pursuits, under the patronage of government, throughout the territoo ries of emigration; nor can the gratuitous but useful labors of the missionary, and the inculcation of the pure doctrines of christianity, be

VOL. XIII

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