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tion of the country permits the Government to make a careful and enlarged examination of the true interests of these important portions of its dominions, no doubt is entertained that their future intercourse with the United States will be placed upon a more just and liberal basis.

The Florida archives have not yet been selected and delivered. Recept orders have been sent to the agent of the United States at Havana, to return with all that he can obtain, so that they may be in Washington before the session of the Supreme Court, to be used in the legal questions there pending, to which the Government is a party.

Internal tranquillity is happily restored to Porlugal. The distracted state of the country rendered unavoidable the postponement of a final payment of the just claims of our citizens. Our diplomatic relations will be soon resumed, and the long subsisting friendship with that Power affords the strongest guarantee that the balance due will receive prompt attention.

The first instalment due under the convention of indemnity with the King of the Two Sicilies, has been duly received; and an offer has been made to extinguish the whole by a prompt payment-an offer I did not consider myself authorized to accept, as the indemnification provided is the exclusive property of individual citizens of the United States. The original adjustment of our claims, and the anxiety displayed to fulfil at once the stipulations made for the payment of them, are highly honorable to the Government of the Two Sicilies. When it is recollected that they were the result of the injustice of an intrusive power, teniporarily dominant in its territory, a repugnance to acknowledge and to pay which would have been neither unnatural por unexpected, the circumstances cannot fail to exalt its character for justice and good faith in the eyes of all nations.

The Treaty of Amity and Commerce between the United States and Belgium, brought to your notice in my last annual message, as sanction. ed by the Senate, but the ratifications of which had not been exchanged, owing to a delay in its reception at Brussels, and a subsequent absence of the Belgian Minister of Foreign Affairs, has been, after mature deliberation, finally disavowed by that Government as inconsistent with the powers and instructious given to their Minister who negotiated it. This disavowal was entirely unexpected, as the liberal principles embodied in the convention, and which form the ground-work of the objections to it, were perfectly satisfactory to the Belgian représentative, and were supposed to be not only within the powers granted, but expressly conformable to the instructions given to him. An offer, not yet accepted, has been made by Belgium to renew negotiations for ai treaty less liberal in its provisions, on questions of general maritime law.

Our newly established relations with the Sublime Porte promise to be useful to our commerce, and satisfactory in every respect to this Go(vernment.

Our intercourse with the Barbary Powers continues without important change, except that the present political state of Algiers has induced me to terminate the residence there of a salaried consul, and to substitute an ordinary consulate, to remain so long as the place continues in the possession of France. Our first treaty with one of these powers-the Emperor of Morocco-was formed in 1786, and was limited to fifty

years. That period has almost expired. I shall take measures to renew it with the greater satisfaction, as its stipulations are just and liberal, and have been, with mutual fidelity and reciprocal advantage, scrupulously fulfilled.

lutestine dissensions have too frequently occurred to mar the prosperity, interrupt the commerce, and distract the governments of most of the nations of this hemisphere, which have separated themselves from Spain. When a firm and permanent understanding with the parent country shall have produced a formal acknowledgment of their iudependence, and the idea of danger from that quarter can be no longer entertained, the friends of freedom expect that those countries, so favored by nature, will be distinguished for their love of justice and their devotion to those

peaceful arts, the assiduous cultivation of which consers honor upon nations and gives value to human life. In the niean time I confidently hope, that the apprehensions entertained, that some of the people of these luxuriant regions may be tempted, in a moment of unworthy distrust of their own capacity for the enjoyment of liberty, to commit the too conmon error of purchasing present repose by bestowing on some favorite leaders the fatal gift of irresponsible power, -will not be read lized. With all these Governments, and with that of Brazil, no unexpected changes in our relations have occurred during the present year. Frequent causes of just complaint have arisen upon the part of the citizens of the United States,--sometimes from the irregular action of the constituted subordinate authorities of the maritime regions, a

and sometimes from the leaders or partisans of those in arms against the established Governments. In all cases, representations have been, or will be made, and as soon as their political affairs are in a settled position, it is expected that our friendly remonstrances will be followed by adequate redress.

The Government of Mexico made known in December last, the appointment of Commissioners and a Surveyor, on its part, to run, in conjunction with ours, the boundary line between its territories and the

United States, and excused the delay for the reasons anticipated-the prevalence of civil war. The Commissioners and Surveyors not having met within the time stipulated by the treaty, a new arrangement became necessary, and, our Chargé d'affaires was instructed, in January last,

to negotiate, in Mexico, an article additional to the pre-existing ireny This instruction was acknowledged, and no difficulty was apprehended in the accomplishinent of that object. By information just received, that additional article to the treaty will be obtainers, and trausmitted to this country, as soon as it can receive the ratification of the Mexican Congress.

The re-union of the three States of New Granada, Venesuela, and Equador, forming the Republic of Colombia, seems every day to become more inprobable. The Commissioners of the two first are understood tis be now negotiating a just division of the obligations contracted by them when united under one Government. The civil war in Equador, it is

believes, has prevented, even the appointment of a Commissioner on its part is!: nndil 26 oti: 1618.! itoni 11,por

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merce of that country to the United States, and the large claims of cur citizens upon the Government, arising before and since the division of Colombia, rendering it, in my judgment, improper longer to delay the step.

Our representatives to Central America, Peru, and Brasil, are either at, or on their way to, their respective posts.

From the Argentine Republic, froni which a Minister was expected in this Goveroment, nothing further has been heard. Occasion has been taken, on the departure of a new Consul to Buenos Ayres, to remind that Government, that its long delayed Minister, whose appointment had been made known to us, bad not arrived.

It becomes my unpleasant duty to inform you that this pacific and highly gratifying picture of our foreign relations does not include those with France, at this time. It is not possible that any Government and People could be more sincerely desirous of conciliating a just and friendly intercourse with another nation, than are those of the United States with their ancient ally and friend. This disposition is founded, as well on the most grateful and honorable recollections associated ith our struggle for independence, as upon a well grounded conviction that it is consonant with the true policy of both. The People of the United States could not, therefore, see without the deepest regret, even a temporary interruption of the friendly relations between the two countries—a regret which would, I am sure, be greatly aggravated, if there should turn out to be any reasonable ground for attributing such a result to any act or omission or commission on our part. I derive, therefore, the highest satisfaction from being able to assure you, that the whole course of this Government has been characterized by a spirit so conciliatory and forbeuring, as to make it impossible that our justice and moderation should be questioned, whatever may be the consequences of a longer perseverance, on the part of the French Government, in her omission to satisfy the conceded claims of our citizens.

The history of the accumulated and unprovoked aggressions upon our cominerce, committed by authority of the existing Governments of France, between the years 1800 and 1817, has been rendered 100 painfully familiar to Americans to make its repetition either necessary or desirable. It will be sufficient here to remark, ihat there has, for many years, been scarcely a single administration of the French Government by whom the justice and legality of the claims of our citizens to indem. Joity, were not, to a very considerable extent, admitted ; and yet near a quarter of a century has been wasted in ineffectual negotiations to secure it.

Deeply sensible of the injurious effects resulting from this state of {things upon the interests and character or both nations, I regarded it as among my first duties to cause one more effort to be made to satisfy France, that a just and liberal settlement of our claims was as well due to her own honor as to their incontes:ible validity. The negotiation for this purpose was commenced with the late Government of France, and was prosecuted with such success, as to leave no reasonable ground to doubt, that a settlement of a character quite as liberal as that which was subsequently made, would have been effected, had not the resolution, by wbich the negotiation was cut off, taken place. The discussions were

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resumed with the present Government, and the result showed, that we were not wrong in supposing, that an event by which the two Govern. ments were made to approach each other so much nearer in their politi. cal principles, and by which the motives for the most liberal and friendly intercourse were so greatly multiplied, could esercise no other than a salutary infuence upon the negotiation. After the most deliberate and thorough examination of the whole subject, a treaty between the two

Governments was concluded and signed at Paris on the 4th of July, 1831, by which it was stipulated that “the French Government, in order to liberate itself from all the reclamations preferred agaiust it by citizens of the United States, for unlawful seizures, captures, sequestrations, confiscations, or destruction of their vessels, cargoes, or other property, engages to pay a sum of twentyfive millions of francs to the United States, who shall distribute it among those entitled, in the manner and according to the rules it shall determine;" and it was also stipulated on the part of the French Government, that this twenty-five millions of francs should

“ be paid at Paris in six annual instalments of four millions one hundred and sixty-six thousand six hundred and sixty-six francs and sixtysix centimes each, into the hands of such pers

as shall be authorized by the Government of the United States to receive it. The first instalment to be paid “at the expiration of one year next follow. ing the excbange of the ratifications of this convention, and the others

at successive intervals of a year, one after another, till the whole shall be paid. To the amount of each of the said instalments shall be added interest at four per centun thereupon, as upon the other instalments then remaining unpaid, the said interest to be computed from the day of the exchange of the present convention."

It was also stipulated, on the part of the United States, for the pur. pose of being completely liberated froin all the reclamations presented by France on behalf of its citizens, that the sum of one million five bundred thousand francs should be paid to the Government of France, in six annual instalments, to be deducted out of the annual sums which France had agreed to pay, interest thereupon being in like manner computed from the day of the exchange of the ratifications. In addition to this stipulation, important advantages were secured to France by the follow. ing article, viz: “ The wines of France, from and after the exchange of the ratifications of the present Convention, shall be admitted to consumption in the States of the Unjon, at duties which shall not exceed the following rates by the gallon, (such as it is used at present for wines in the United States) 10 wit: six cents for red wines in casks; ten cents for white wines jo casks; and twenty-two cents for wines of all sorts in bottles. The proportions existing between the duties on French wines thus reduced, and the general rates of the tariff which went into operation on the first January, 1829, shall be maintained, in case the Govern. ment of the United States should think proper to diminish those general rates in a new tariff.

In consideration of this stipulation, which shall be binding on the United States for ten years, the French Government abandons the reclamations which it had formed in relation to the Sth article of the treaty

of cession of Louisiana. It engages, moreover, to establish on the long staple cottons of the United States, which, after the exchange of the ra


|tifications of the present Convention, shall be brought directly thence to France by the vessels of the United States, or by French vessels, the same duties as on shorl staple collons."

This treaty was duly ratified in the manner prescribed by the constitutions of both countries, and the ratifications was exchanged at the City of Washington on the 2d of February, 1832. Ou account of its commercial stipulations it was, in five days thereafter, laid before the Congress of the United States, which proceeded to enact such laws savorable to the commerce of France as were necessary to carry it into rull execution ; and France has, from that period to the present, been in the unrestricted enjoyment of the valuable privileges that were thus se. cured to her. The faith of the French natiou having been thus soleninly pledged, through its constitutional organ, for the liquidation and ultimate payment of the long deferred claims of our citizens, as also for the ad. justment of other points of great and reciprocal benefits to both countries, and the United States having with a fidelity and promptitude by which their conduct will, I trust, be always characterized, done every thing that was necessary to carry the treaty into full and fair effect on their part, counted, with the most perfect confidence, on equal fidelity and promptitude on the part of the French Government. In this reasonable expectation we have been, I regret to inform you, wholly disappointed. No legislative provision has been made by France for the execution of the treaty, either as it respects the indemnity to be paid, or the commer. cial benefits to be secured to the United States, and the relations between the United States and that power, in consequence thereof, are placed in in a situation threatening to interrupt the good understanding which has so long and so happily existed between the two nations.

Not only has the French Government been thus wanting in the performance of the stipulations it has so solemnly entered into with the United States, but its omissions have been marked by circumstances which would seem to leave us without satisfactory evidences, that such performance will certainly take place at a future period. Advice of the exchange of ratifications reached Paris prior to the 8th April, 1832. The

French Chambers were theu sitting, and continued in session until the 21st of that month, and although one instalment of the indemnity was payable on the 2d of February, 1833, one year after the exchange of rarifications, no application was made to the Chambers for the required appropriation, and in consequence of no appropriation having then been made, the draft of the United States Government for that instalment, was dishonored by the Minister of Finance, and the United States thereby involved in much controversy. The next session of the Cham bers commenced on the 19th November, 1832, and continued until the

25th April, 1833. Notwithstanding the omission to pay tve first instalment, had been made the subject of earnest remonstrance on our part, the treaty with the United States, and a bill making the necessary ap. propriations to execute it, were not laid before the Chamber of Deputies until the 6th of April, nearly five months after its meeting, and only pineteen days before the close of the session. The bill was read apstreferred to a committee, but there'sulas no further action upon itir The iw xt session of the Chambers commenced on the: 26th April, 1833, and printinuerliestitil the 26th of June following. 2 A nemi bill Wire introduced


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