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Bradlaugh, Charles (1833–91). English statesman; founder of National Re

former; member of Parliament. Brewer, David Josiah (1837–1910). Justice United States Supreme Court. Bright, John (1811-89). English statesman; member of Parliament; author,

Speeches on Parliamentary Reform.
Bruce, Robert (1274–1329). King of Scotland.

Bryan, William Jennings (1860–1925). American statesman; Congressman

from Nebraska ; Democratic candidate for President 1896, 1900, and 1908;

Secretary of State. Bryce, James V., Viscount. (1838–1922). English statesman; author, The

American Commonwealth. Buckle, Henry Thomas (1822–62). English historian, History of Civilization

in England. Burke, Edmund (1729-07). British statesman; member of Parliament; author,

Vindication of Natural Society. Butler, Nicholas Murray (1862– ). American educator; President of Colum

bia University; author, True and False Democracy. Byron, George Noel Gordon, Lord (1788–1824). English poet; died command

manding Greek insurgents at Missolonghi. Cady, Daniel Leavens (1861-1934). American poet, The Hill of Bennington. Carlyle, Thomas (1795–1881). Scottish essayist and historian. Cervantes, Miguel de (1547-1616). Spanish author, Don Quixote. Channing, William Ellery (1780–1842). American clergyman; one of the

founders of Unitarianism. Chapin, Edwin Hubbell (1814–80). American clergyman; author, Moral

Aspects of City Life, Cicero, Marcus Tullius (106–43 B. C.) 'Roman statesman; Praetor of Rome;

Consul.

Cleveland, Grover (1837–1908). American statesman; Governor of New York;

President, 1885–89 and 1893–97.

Coke, Sir Edward (1552–1634). English jurist; Attorney General; Chief Jus.

tice King's Bench; Speaker, House of Commons. Coleridge, Samuel Taylor (1772–1834). English poet. Colton, Charles Caleb (1780–1832). English clergyman and writer. Cooke, Edmund Vance (1866–1932). American poet and lecturer. Cooley, Thomas McIntyre (1824–98). Chief Justice Supreme Court of Michi

gan; author, Constitutional Limitations. Coolidge, Calvin (1872–1933). American statesman; Governor of Massachu

setts; Vice President; President, 1923–29. Cooper, Thomas (1759–1840). American philosopher and politician, born in

England.
Cowper, William (1731–1800). English poet.
Curran, John Philpot (1750–1817). Irish orator and judge.

Dana, Charles Anderson (1819-97). American editor, New York Sun and Ameri

can Cyclopedia. Demosthenes (384-322 B. C.) Athenian patriot, called the greatest of Greek

orators. Dewey, Thomas Edmund (1902– ). American lawyer ; District Attorney of

New York County, Republican candidate for Governor, 1938. Dickens, Charles (1812–70). English novelist, Oliver Twist and Christmas

Carol. Disraeli, Benjamin (1804-81). English statesman; member of Parliament;

Chancellor of the Exchequer; Prime Minister. Drake, Joseph Rodman (1795–1820). American poet, The American Flag. Eca, d', Raoul (1896– ). Naturalized American; author, Outline of Latin

American History; born in Portugal and reared in Brazil. Einstein, Albert (1879 ). Naturalized American; physicist, famous for his

theory of relativity; born in Germany. Emerson, Ralph Waldo (1803–82). American philosopher and essayist; editor,

The Dial; author, The Conduct of Life. Erskine, Thomas, Lord (1750–1823). British jurist; defender of Thomas

Paine; Lord Chancellor; member of Parliament. Farley, James A. (1888– ). American statesman ; Chairman of Democratic

National Committee; Postmaster General. Ferguson, Charles (1863– ). Americal clergyman; author, The Religion

of Democracy. Field, Stephen J. (1816–99). Chief Justice California Supreme Court; Justice

United States Supreme Court. Fields, James Thomas (1816–81). American author; editor, Atlantic Monthly. Franklin, Benjamin (1706–90). American statesman; founder of University

of Pennsylvania; Ambassador to France; inventor; author, Poor Richard's

Almanac. Frederick II, The Great (1712-86). King of Prussia. Freneau, Philip (1752-1832). American editor, National Gazette. Fuller, Alvan Tufts (1878– ). American statesman; Governor of Massa

chusetts; member of Congress. Garfield, James Abram 1831-81). American statesman; member of Congress;

elected President, 1880, assassinated, 1881. George, Henry (1839–97). American economist. Gibson, Ernest W., Jr. (1901– ). American lawyer; Senator from Vermont;

Chairman of Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies. Giles, Henry (1809–82). American author, Christian Thought on Life; born

in Ireland. Gladstone, William Ewart (1809_98). British statesman; member of Parlia

ment; Chancellor of the Exchequer; Prime Minister. Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von (1749–1832). German author, Faust; Privy

Councilor; President of Ducal Chamber.

Grant, Ulysses Simpson (1822–85). American soldier and statesman; Com

mander of the Union Army ; Secretary of War; President, 1869–77. Gratian, Henry (1100–77). Italian Benedictine monk; author, Decretum

Gratiani.

Hall, Robert (1764-1831). English author, Apology for the Freedom of the

Press.

Hamilton, Andrew (1676–1741). American lawyer, defender of John Peter

Zenger in famous free press case. Hayes, Rutherford Birchard (1822–93). American stateman; Governor of

Ohio; President, 1877–81. Helvetius, Claude Adrien (1715–71). French philosopher; author, De L'esprit,

which Parliament ordered burned in 1759. Henry, Patrick (1736-99). American statesman; Governor of Virginia. Herbert, Auberon Edward (1838–1906). English author; member of Parlia

ment. Holbach, Paul Heinrich von (1723-89). French writer, born in Germany. Holyoake, George Jacob (1817-1906). English reformer; author, History of

Cooperation in England. Hoover, Herbert Clark (1874– ). American statesman; United States Food

Administrator; Secretary of Commerce; President, 1929–33. Hughes, Charles Evans (1862– ). Governor of New York ; Republican can

didate for President 1916; Secretary of State; Chief Justice United States

Supreme Court. Hull, Cordell (1871– ). American statesman; Senator from Tennessee;

Secretary of State. Huxley, Thomas Henry (1825–95). English biologist and writer; president

of Royal Society. Ickes, Harold (1874– ). Secretary, U. S. Department of the Interior. Jefferson, Thomas (1743–1826). American statesman; Governor of Virginia ;

Secretary of State; Vice President; President 1801-09; author, Declara

tion of Independence. Johnson, Charles S. (1893– ). American Negro educator; director of In

stitute of Race Relations; author, The Negro in American Civilization. Johnson, James Weldon (1871- ). American Negro author, Book of Ameri

oan Negro Poetry; Secretary of the National Association for the Advance

ment of Colored People. Jones, Samuel Milton (1846–1904). American reformer; Mayor of Toledo. Junius. Pen name of English political writer whose letters appeared in Eng

land, 1769–72; advocate of civil liberty. Kett, Robert (?–1549). English martyr; leader in rebellion against protec

torate of Somerset; hanged, 1549. Kindler, Hans (1893– ). Musician, founder and conductor of National

Symphony Orchestra; born in Holland.

Kipling, Rudyard (1865–1936). English author, The Light That Failed, Sol

diers Three, and Barrack Room Ballads.

Kossuth, Louis (1802–94). Hungarian patriot; imprisoned by Austrians for

advocating independence; leader of independent Hungary. Landon, Alfred M. (1887– ). American statesman; Governor of Kansas ;

Republican candidate for President, 1936. Lang, Anton (1905– ). Play producer, born in Germany. Latimer, Hugh (1488?–1555). English martyr; Bishop of Worcester; burned

at stake, 1555. Lawrence, David (1888– ). American editor, U. 8. News. Lehman, Herbert H. (1878– ). American statesman; Governor of New

York. Lincoln, Abraham (1809–65). American statesman; author, Emancipation

Proclamation; Congressman; President, 1861–65; assassinated, 1865. Lippmann, Walter (1889 ). American columnist; author, The Method of

Freedom. Lloyd, John William (1876– ). American educator and horticulturist. Locke, John (1632–1704). English author, Concerning Toleration and Con

cerning Humane Understanding. Lowell, James Russell (1819). American author, Democracy; editor, Atlantic

Monthly. Macaulay, Thomas Babington (1800–59). English historian, History of Eng

land; member of Parliament; Secretary of War. Mackay, Charles (1814–89). English poet and journalist. McKinley, William (1843–1901). American statesman; Governor of Ohio;

President, 1897–1901; assassinated, 1901. McNutt, Paul Vories (1891– ). American statesman; Governor of Indiana ;

U. S. High Commissioner to the Philippines ; Federal Security Administrator. Madison, James (1751-1836). American statesman; Congressman; Secretary

of State; President, 1809–1817. Mann, Thomas (1875– ). Novelist, Joseph and His Brethren; winner, Nobel

Prize for Literature, 1929; born in Germany. Maris, Albert Branson (1893– ). American jurist and writer. Markham, Edwin (1852–1940). American poet, The Man With the Hoe. Marshall, John (1755-1835). Secretary of State; Chief Justice United States

Supreme Court. Mason, George (1725–92). American statesman; member of Constitutional

Convention. Mattathias ( ? -166 B. C.). Jewish priest and reformer; leader in revolt

against religious oppression. Mill, John Stuart (1806–73). English philosophical writer and economist. Milton, John (1608–74). English poet, Paradist Lost.

Montgomery, James (1776-1854). Scottish poet and lecturer.
Moore, Thomas (1779–1852). Irish poet.
Morris, George Pope (1802–64). American poet, Woodman, Spare That Tree.

Müller, Max (1823–1900). English philologist and orientalist, born in Germany. Newman, Louis Israel (1893– ). Jewish rabbi; Chairman Palestine Man

date Defense League.

O'Connell, Daniel (1775–1847). Irish lawyer; member of Parliament.
Paine, Thomas (1737–1809). American author, Common Sense, Rights of Man,

and Age of Reason.
Parker, Theodore (1810-60). American clergyman and author.
Pasternak, Joseph (1901– ). Motion picture producer, born in Hungary.
Pericles (495–429 B. C.). Athenian statesman; leader of democratic party;

Minister of Athens. Petrie, Margaret S. ( ). American author, History of Liberty, 1874. Phillips, Wendell (1811-84). American reformer; president Anti-Slavery

Society. Pickens, William (1881- ). American Negro educator; secretary of the

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; author, Abra

ham Lincoln, Man and Statesman. Pitt, William (1708–78). English statesman; member of Parliament; Secre

tary of State; Prime Minister. Plato (427-347 B. C.). Greek philosopher; founder of Academy. Poole, John P. (1786–1879). English playwright. Proskauer, Joseph H. (1877- ). American jurist; Justice Supreme Court

of New York.

Quincy, Josiah (1744–75). American statesman; co-defender, with John Adams,

of British soldiers in Boston Massacre case ; special representative to England. Robertson, John Mackinnon (1856–1933). English author, History of Free

Thought; Privy Councilor. Roosevelt, Franklin Delano (1882– ). American statesman; Governor of

New York; elected President 1932, 1936, and 1940. Roosevelt, Theodore (1858–1919). American statesman; Governor of New

York; Vice President; President, 1901–09.
Scherger, George Lawrence (1874- ). American clergyman; author, The

Evolution of Modern Liberty.
Schiller, Johann von (1759–1805). German poet and dramatist.

Seneca, Lucius Annaeus (4 B. C.-65 A. D.). Roman philosopher; member of

Roman Senate. Shelley, Percy Bysshe (1792–1822). English poet, The Spirit of Solitude. Sheridan, Richard Brinsley (1751-1816). British dramatist; member of Par

liment; Secretary of the Treasury.

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