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Bradlaugh, Charles (1833–91). English statesman; founder of National Re
former; member of Parliament. Brewer, David Josiah (1837–1910). Justice United States Supreme Court. Bright, John (1811-89). English statesman; member of Parliament; author,
Speeches on Parliamentary Reform.
Bryan, William Jennings (1860–1925). American statesman; Congressman
from Nebraska ; Democratic candidate for President 1896, 1900, and 1908;
Secretary of State. Bryce, James V., Viscount. (1838–1922). English statesman; author, The
American Commonwealth. Buckle, Henry Thomas (1822–62). English historian, History of Civilization
in England. Burke, Edmund (1729-07). British statesman; member of Parliament; author,
Vindication of Natural Society. Butler, Nicholas Murray (1862– ). American educator; President of Colum
bia University; author, True and False Democracy. Byron, George Noel Gordon, Lord (1788–1824). English poet; died command
manding Greek insurgents at Missolonghi. Cady, Daniel Leavens (1861-1934). American poet, The Hill of Bennington. Carlyle, Thomas (1795–1881). Scottish essayist and historian. Cervantes, Miguel de (1547-1616). Spanish author, Don Quixote. Channing, William Ellery (1780–1842). American clergyman; one of the
founders of Unitarianism. Chapin, Edwin Hubbell (1814–80). American clergyman; author, Moral
Aspects of City Life, Cicero, Marcus Tullius (106–43 B. C.) 'Roman statesman; Praetor of Rome;
Cleveland, Grover (1837–1908). American statesman; Governor of New York;
President, 1885–89 and 1893–97.
Coke, Sir Edward (1552–1634). English jurist; Attorney General; Chief Jus.
tice King's Bench; Speaker, House of Commons. Coleridge, Samuel Taylor (1772–1834). English poet. Colton, Charles Caleb (1780–1832). English clergyman and writer. Cooke, Edmund Vance (1866–1932). American poet and lecturer. Cooley, Thomas McIntyre (1824–98). Chief Justice Supreme Court of Michi
gan; author, Constitutional Limitations. Coolidge, Calvin (1872–1933). American statesman; Governor of Massachu
setts; Vice President; President, 1923–29. Cooper, Thomas (1759–1840). American philosopher and politician, born in
Dana, Charles Anderson (1819-97). American editor, New York Sun and Ameri
can Cyclopedia. Demosthenes (384-322 B. C.) Athenian patriot, called the greatest of Greek
orators. Dewey, Thomas Edmund (1902– ). American lawyer ; District Attorney of
New York County, Republican candidate for Governor, 1938. Dickens, Charles (1812–70). English novelist, Oliver Twist and Christmas
Carol. Disraeli, Benjamin (1804-81). English statesman; member of Parliament;
Chancellor of the Exchequer; Prime Minister. Drake, Joseph Rodman (1795–1820). American poet, The American Flag. Eca, d', Raoul (1896– ). Naturalized American; author, Outline of Latin
American History; born in Portugal and reared in Brazil. Einstein, Albert (1879 ). Naturalized American; physicist, famous for his
theory of relativity; born in Germany. Emerson, Ralph Waldo (1803–82). American philosopher and essayist; editor,
The Dial; author, The Conduct of Life. Erskine, Thomas, Lord (1750–1823). British jurist; defender of Thomas
Paine; Lord Chancellor; member of Parliament. Farley, James A. (1888– ). American statesman ; Chairman of Democratic
National Committee; Postmaster General. Ferguson, Charles (1863– ). Americal clergyman; author, The Religion
of Democracy. Field, Stephen J. (1816–99). Chief Justice California Supreme Court; Justice
United States Supreme Court. Fields, James Thomas (1816–81). American author; editor, Atlantic Monthly. Franklin, Benjamin (1706–90). American statesman; founder of University
of Pennsylvania; Ambassador to France; inventor; author, Poor Richard's
Almanac. Frederick II, The Great (1712-86). King of Prussia. Freneau, Philip (1752-1832). American editor, National Gazette. Fuller, Alvan Tufts (1878– ). American statesman; Governor of Massa
chusetts; member of Congress. Garfield, James Abram 1831-81). American statesman; member of Congress;
elected President, 1880, assassinated, 1881. George, Henry (1839–97). American economist. Gibson, Ernest W., Jr. (1901– ). American lawyer; Senator from Vermont;
Chairman of Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies. Giles, Henry (1809–82). American author, Christian Thought on Life; born
in Ireland. Gladstone, William Ewart (1809_98). British statesman; member of Parlia
ment; Chancellor of the Exchequer; Prime Minister. Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von (1749–1832). German author, Faust; Privy
Councilor; President of Ducal Chamber.
Grant, Ulysses Simpson (1822–85). American soldier and statesman; Com
mander of the Union Army ; Secretary of War; President, 1869–77. Gratian, Henry (1100–77). Italian Benedictine monk; author, Decretum
Hall, Robert (1764-1831). English author, Apology for the Freedom of the
Hamilton, Andrew (1676–1741). American lawyer, defender of John Peter
Zenger in famous free press case. Hayes, Rutherford Birchard (1822–93). American stateman; Governor of
Ohio; President, 1877–81. Helvetius, Claude Adrien (1715–71). French philosopher; author, De L'esprit,
which Parliament ordered burned in 1759. Henry, Patrick (1736-99). American statesman; Governor of Virginia. Herbert, Auberon Edward (1838–1906). English author; member of Parlia
ment. Holbach, Paul Heinrich von (1723-89). French writer, born in Germany. Holyoake, George Jacob (1817-1906). English reformer; author, History of
Cooperation in England. Hoover, Herbert Clark (1874– ). American statesman; United States Food
Administrator; Secretary of Commerce; President, 1929–33. Hughes, Charles Evans (1862– ). Governor of New York ; Republican can
didate for President 1916; Secretary of State; Chief Justice United States
Supreme Court. Hull, Cordell (1871– ). American statesman; Senator from Tennessee;
Secretary of State. Huxley, Thomas Henry (1825–95). English biologist and writer; president
of Royal Society. Ickes, Harold (1874– ). Secretary, U. S. Department of the Interior. Jefferson, Thomas (1743–1826). American statesman; Governor of Virginia ;
Secretary of State; Vice President; President 1801-09; author, Declara
tion of Independence. Johnson, Charles S. (1893– ). American Negro educator; director of In
stitute of Race Relations; author, The Negro in American Civilization. Johnson, James Weldon (1871- ). American Negro author, Book of Ameri
oan Negro Poetry; Secretary of the National Association for the Advance
ment of Colored People. Jones, Samuel Milton (1846–1904). American reformer; Mayor of Toledo. Junius. Pen name of English political writer whose letters appeared in Eng
land, 1769–72; advocate of civil liberty. Kett, Robert (?–1549). English martyr; leader in rebellion against protec
torate of Somerset; hanged, 1549. Kindler, Hans (1893– ). Musician, founder and conductor of National
Symphony Orchestra; born in Holland.
Kipling, Rudyard (1865–1936). English author, The Light That Failed, Sol
diers Three, and Barrack Room Ballads.
Kossuth, Louis (1802–94). Hungarian patriot; imprisoned by Austrians for
advocating independence; leader of independent Hungary. Landon, Alfred M. (1887– ). American statesman; Governor of Kansas ;
Republican candidate for President, 1936. Lang, Anton (1905– ). Play producer, born in Germany. Latimer, Hugh (1488?–1555). English martyr; Bishop of Worcester; burned
at stake, 1555. Lawrence, David (1888– ). American editor, U. 8. News. Lehman, Herbert H. (1878– ). American statesman; Governor of New
York. Lincoln, Abraham (1809–65). American statesman; author, Emancipation
Proclamation; Congressman; President, 1861–65; assassinated, 1865. Lippmann, Walter (1889 ). American columnist; author, The Method of
Freedom. Lloyd, John William (1876– ). American educator and horticulturist. Locke, John (1632–1704). English author, Concerning Toleration and Con
cerning Humane Understanding. Lowell, James Russell (1819). American author, Democracy; editor, Atlantic
Monthly. Macaulay, Thomas Babington (1800–59). English historian, History of Eng
land; member of Parliament; Secretary of War. Mackay, Charles (1814–89). English poet and journalist. McKinley, William (1843–1901). American statesman; Governor of Ohio;
President, 1897–1901; assassinated, 1901. McNutt, Paul Vories (1891– ). American statesman; Governor of Indiana ;
U. S. High Commissioner to the Philippines ; Federal Security Administrator. Madison, James (1751-1836). American statesman; Congressman; Secretary
of State; President, 1809–1817. Mann, Thomas (1875– ). Novelist, Joseph and His Brethren; winner, Nobel
Prize for Literature, 1929; born in Germany. Maris, Albert Branson (1893– ). American jurist and writer. Markham, Edwin (1852–1940). American poet, The Man With the Hoe. Marshall, John (1755-1835). Secretary of State; Chief Justice United States
Supreme Court. Mason, George (1725–92). American statesman; member of Constitutional
Convention. Mattathias ( ? -166 B. C.). Jewish priest and reformer; leader in revolt
against religious oppression. Mill, John Stuart (1806–73). English philosophical writer and economist. Milton, John (1608–74). English poet, Paradist Lost.
Montgomery, James (1776-1854). Scottish poet and lecturer.
Müller, Max (1823–1900). English philologist and orientalist, born in Germany. Newman, Louis Israel (1893– ). Jewish rabbi; Chairman Palestine Man
date Defense League.
O'Connell, Daniel (1775–1847). Irish lawyer; member of Parliament.
and Age of Reason.
Minister of Athens. Petrie, Margaret S. ( ). American author, History of Liberty, 1874. Phillips, Wendell (1811-84). American reformer; president Anti-Slavery
Society. Pickens, William (1881- ). American Negro educator; secretary of the
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; author, Abra
ham Lincoln, Man and Statesman. Pitt, William (1708–78). English statesman; member of Parliament; Secre
tary of State; Prime Minister. Plato (427-347 B. C.). Greek philosopher; founder of Academy. Poole, John P. (1786–1879). English playwright. Proskauer, Joseph H. (1877- ). American jurist; Justice Supreme Court
of New York.
Quincy, Josiah (1744–75). American statesman; co-defender, with John Adams,
of British soldiers in Boston Massacre case ; special representative to England. Robertson, John Mackinnon (1856–1933). English author, History of Free
Thought; Privy Councilor. Roosevelt, Franklin Delano (1882– ). American statesman; Governor of
New York; elected President 1932, 1936, and 1940. Roosevelt, Theodore (1858–1919). American statesman; Governor of New
York; Vice President; President, 1901–09.
Evolution of Modern Liberty.
Seneca, Lucius Annaeus (4 B. C.-65 A. D.). Roman philosopher; member of
Roman Senate. Shelley, Percy Bysshe (1792–1822). English poet, The Spirit of Solitude. Sheridan, Richard Brinsley (1751-1816). British dramatist; member of Par
liment; Secretary of the Treasury.