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sufferings and dangers of the earlier valuable “Annals of Tryon County," ' settlements, and yet removed from ca- are painful in the extreme, but yet valu.. nals and railroads, and every other in- able to impress future generations with fluence which might have given it a abhorrence of war, and especially that rapid growth or sudden and great pros- unwarrantable practice, in which severperity. Left to the steady but slow al civilized nations have engaged, of improvement of an agricultural neigh- hiring savages to exercise their bloodborhood, it presents fewer evidences of thirsty ferocity upon the innocent and increase in wealth or numbers, but is defenceless. The sketch given in that less liable to some of the evils incident work, of the history of the settlement, to many other places.
and the character of the people, renders There are a few small manufactories their fate the more deeply interesting. along the banks of the outlet of the We shall here introduce an account lake, where about eight thousand spin- abridged from its pages. dles are employed in cotton-spinning, The survey was made in 1739, and and on that of Oak creek, one of the the ground first occupied by Mr. Lindenumerous small streams in this county, say, a Scotch gentleman, of some formost of which flow southward into the tune and distinction. He took with Susquehannah.
him his wife and his father-in-law, a Mr. Otsego county is hilly, and in some Congreve, a lieutenant in the British parts mountainous, being crossed by the army. The low ground was then covSusquehannah and Kaatsberg ranges. ered with a thick forest of beech and There is much good grass land. Lime- maple, mingled with wild-cherry trees, stone is found near Schuyler's lake in the highlands with evergreen; and the Cherry Valley, and iron ore in several native wild animals, even the deer, elk, places.
bears, and wolves, undisturbed by civilCherry Valley is one of those unfor- ized man, ranged through the woods, tunate villages which suffered from In- being hunted only occasionally by the dian barbarity in the Revolutionary Mohawks. The settlers sought the war ; and it may be noticed in this friendship of ihe wild men, and with place. It is fourteen miles northeast of success. In the winter of 1745, while Cooperstown, and fifty-three west of Al- the snow lay very deep, and the journey bany, amidst the high and irregular to the nearest neighbors, on the Mohawk ground which gives rise to Canajoharie river, 15 miles off, was impossible for creek and several other early tributaries any of the family, all the provisions of the Mohawk, with the head stream were consumed, and nothing but famine of that river. Several vales lie between and death were in prospect. An Indi. the neighboring hills, which possess a an, travelling on snowshoes, becoming fertile soil; and one of these, with the acquainted with their situation, supplied wild cherry-trees that naturally abound-them with food through the remainder ed in the neighborhood, gave to the of the season, by bringing, repeatedly, place its pleasing name.
loads upon his back all that distance. It happened to lie so exposed and de- The following year, the settlement fenceless, in the early years of its histo- was increased, by the addition of severry, that it shared in the dangers of the al Scotch and Irish families, who reother scattering settlements in the neigh- moved from Londonderry, in New boring region, and was finally surprised Hampshire, at the invitation of the Rev. by a band of Indians, led by the notori. Samuel Dunlop, one of their countryous Col. Butler, from Canada, and fell men, a gentleman of education and under a general and indiscriminate mas- travel, who had been induced by the sacre, in which whole families, men, present of a large tract of land, to join women, and children, bled under the Mr. Lindesay. They brought an additomahawk.
tion of thirty persons, and the aspect of The particulars given of this mourn the place was speedily improved by ful tragedy by Wm. W. Campbell, in his their industry. A house was built of
woods, and remained concealed until the level on the Erie canal, the rocky shore savages had accomplished their work of has been excavated, and lofty walls destruction, and taken their departure. erected, and sufficient breadth gained, On returning home, a sad spectacle to conduct that noble work, by successive met his view—the bodies of his wife locks, down to the level which exand four children. The house was burn- / tends below. The railroad has since ing, but he succeeded in extinguishing found a path for its more rapid vehicles; the fire. On examining the bodies, he and now the roar of the river mingles found evidences of remaining life in one with the sounds of the locomotive and of them—his little daughter. He imme- the bugles of the boatmen. diately raised her, and endeavored to The accompanying engraving gives an resuscitate her; but just then, observing accurate and pleasing view of the natusome of the enemy approaching, he con- ral scenery, and some of the works of cealed himself, and, when they came art, which stand in such striking contrast up, saw one of them, a tory, named in this picturesque and remarkable Newbury, strike the innocent little vic- The village in the distance is that of tim with his hatchet, and thus put an Little Falls, which takes its name from end to his last hope. The next day the the continued series of cascades, by disconsolate father, wholly unassisted, which the Mohawk here finds its way removed all the corpses, on a sled, to i to the meadows stretching through the the fort, where the soldiers assisted him eastern valley. The principal fall on to inter them. The same Newbury was this stream, the Cohoes, near its mouth, executed for his crimes the next year, makes these comparatively second in on the testimony of Mr. Mitchell, having importance; and hence the term by been arr sted when engaged as a spy, which they are distinguished. The in the arı y of General Clinton, at Can. channel is in several places divided by ajoharie.
rocks and islands, of rough and ragged Mr. Campbell's house was attacked, forms, which bear the appearance of and his family were taken into captivity. having been worn away by the force of He was absent; but, although he hast- a current far more deep and impetuous ened homeward on hearing the gun fired than any now ever produced by the rivin the fort, he arrived too late to render er, even at its highest floods; and the any assistance.
The number of inhab- descent of the channel is so great as to itants killed was thirty-two, and of sol- render the passage impossible, even in diers sixteen. A few persons escaped small boats. to the Mohawk, and the remainder were It is, therefore, doubly interesting to made captive. The buildings were all the spectator to observe the triumph of burned, the settlement was laid waste, art, with the obstacles of nature which and abandoned by the survivors, un- have been overcome, in full view. If til more peaceful times.
passing through this dark, wild, and roLITTLE Falls.—This is one of the mantic gorge, in a canal-boat, he glides favorite spots with travellers of taste; smoothly along upon the glassy surface and there are but few points at which are of the canal, and here and there is gradassembled, within so narrow a space, ually raised or let down, by the locks, such a display of picturesque scenery, from one level to another, without injury with so many works of useful science or inconvenience, by the same element and art.
Here the Mohawk river, hav- which is seen, in its natural, untamed ing reached the eastern boundary of the state, rushing and raving furiously berich German Flats, once the bottom of low. Or, if he is a passenger in one a lake, pours through the descending, of the cars which pursue the railroad rocky channel cut by the current, where track, from the other side of the river he the waters, in some long-past age, found beholds the same scene, from a different an outlet through their ancient barrier. but no less striking point of view, and, Here, to form an artificial passage for in a few moments, makes a rapid transiboats arriving at the end of the Long | tion from one to the other of those