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slowly formed by the flowing of a scream, 1
which, coming down the mountain in
which the cavern is found, enters at a
narrow fissure in the roof, and, descend-
ing from crag to crag, presents a beau-
tiful succession of cascades, till it reaches
the level of the floor, where it spreads
out in a quiet little pond. The whole
cavern is large, being divided into two
compartments by an immense rock which
has fallen from above. The inner cham-
ber is about seventy feet in length,
while the Gothic arch above is twenty
feet in width, and the top about two
hundred feet high.
“ The scene,

remarks a visiter, “is well fitted to inspire devotional feelings : the heart acknowledges the power of the Creator, and rises in admiration of his works."

Troy is one of the numerous towns in this state which display striking evi

St. Paul's Church, Troy. dence of rapid, substantial, and permanent improvement, which has been so small but constant streams flowing down extensively occasioned by the enlight- the eminence on which the spectator is ened internal policy of the government, supposed to stand; and such is the vaand accomplished by the intelligence and riety found among the factories, mills, industry of the people. A view from &c., in this immediate vicinity, that we Mount Ida, an eminence rising abruptly can not pretend to give a full account from its eastern border, embraces à of them. Population, 1850, 29,000. scene of life and activity seldom sur- PLATTSBURGH.- This town, the capipassed. A young and flourishing city tal of Clinton county, one hundred and below, with streets crowded with busy twelve miles north of Whitehall, and people, the noble Hudson sweeping ma- one hundred and sixty-four miles from jestically by, crossed by a fine pier, Albany, enjoys an advantageous and which serves the double purpose of a pleasant situation, on the western side bridge and a viaduct to the railroad- of Lake Champlain. The township is the combined trunk of the Champlain supplied with many fine mill-seats, by and Erie canal, floating the crowded the Saranac and Salmon rivers, and sevboats from the north and the west-sev.. eral other small streams ; and the easteral of the splendid New York steam-ern part of it is generally level, although boats, which penetrate to this highest the western is hilly. The village stands accessible point : all these are embraced on the lake-shore, at the mouth of the within the immediate range of the eye,

Saranac. In speaking of Lake Chamwith the various signs of bustle to which plain, on a preceding page, we alluded they give rise. The United States ar- to the important naval victory achieved senal, at Watervliet, stands opposite; on the Cumberland bay, opposite this while nearer by, the environs of Troy place, in the last war with Great Britare beautified by the mansions and gar- ain, in 1814. dens of some of the wealthy citizens, Plattsburgh was twice taken by their and the rumbling of machinery, and the troops, but the country below was finalsmoking of chimneys, betray the vicini- ly delivered from danger by the event ty of some of the largest and best manu- just mentioned. The victorious Ameri

, factories in the country. Some of these can squadron, under Commodore Mcare supplied with moving-power by the Donough, had 820 men, and 86 guns,


and the British 1,050 men, and 96 guns. 1 hours and twenty minutes; and we The following recollections of the battle knew the work of death was going on are from the pen of a friend :

at every new report. Such a sabbath The Battle of Plattsburgh.—It was may this land never see again! It was a bright sabbath in September, one of nci a day of rest,' or of worship, but those rich, soft, and mellow days that one to be remembered with feelings of begin to wear the sober tints of autumn, horror and dread. A few gathered in that my

childish heart was made sad by the morning, aged men, women, and the scenes and the sounds of war. Our children, in a lonely group, for worship; home was on the eastern border of the but, as the excitement increased, every lake, just across from Plattsburgh; and, man fled from the village, and, in short, for many long months, the event of hat- almost every one had climbed to some tle had been the theme of conversation height on the hills, or in the steeple of by the fireside, among men as they met the church, to read, in the progress of in their daily haunts, and friends by events, our consequent destiny. When the wayside. Preparations were going the British ships struck their colors, and forward for defence; and among men victory was the cry, there was great rethere was enlisting, draughting, &c., and joicing, in the sure and delightful feelall things wore the aspect of some im- ing of safety, far more than in that of pending evil, which threw a kind of success. gloom over the feelings, in which all “Men and boys had nearly all crossed sympathized. We lived within less than over the lake to witness the scene, from a day's march of the enemy's ground, the hills about the village, and were and consequently were often alarmed spectators of the bloody affray. One of with conjectures and painful suspense, my brothers went aboard one of the in regard to their movements. Often vanquished slips, soon after the action were we surprised with rumors of the ceased. The deck was strewed with near approach of the British—that they the dead and dying, weltering in gore. had crossed the lines-were marching The gallant Downie, who had commanddown upon us, &c., which kept the in- ed the British forces, lay on a large iron habitants in a very uneasy and unsettled chest, just as he was slain. Victory was condition. But so many false alarms the theme and the cry of the conquerhad a tendency, at length, to lull them ors; but grief and dismay were the feel. into a state of indifference, or to allay ings of the vanquished. their apprehensions so much, that peo

“ The officers who fell in these enple had resumed their avocations in counters, both by land and water, were comparative quiet.

buried side by side in the graveyard at “But at last the event burst upon us, Plattsburgh. Monuments have been with all the dreaded realities of blood- erected to all. Friends and foes sleep shed and war ! The scene was suffi- as quietly as if they had never had colciently distant to prevent immediate | lision here on earth. Commodore Dowdanger, yet all knew that their future nie, though slain in the invasion of our security hung on the result, and every country, as the officer of the highest eye was strained, and every heart beat rank, is placed in the centre; and a tabwith deep anxiety, for the sequel. let, erected to his memory, bears the

" It was a peaceful sabbath morning; following inscription : the sun had risen with its accustomed “Sacred to the memory of George splendor, and nature wore the stillness Downie, Esq., a post-captain in the Britpeculiar to the sacred day. But alas! ish navy, who gloriously fell on board it was a strange sabbath with man. The his B. M. ship Confiance, while leading booming sounds of guns came across the the vessels under his command to the water, in such quick and rapid succes- attack of the American flotilla, at anchor sion, that they shock the earth, ani in Cumberland lay, off Plattsburgh, on sounded like heavy and deep-toned the 11th of September, 1814.–To mark thunder. The engagement lasted two the spot where the remains of a gallant officer and sincere friend were honora-southern extremity, is now the most bly interred, this stone has been erected populous, as well as the most important, by his affectionate sister-in-law, Mary on the western continont, and vies, ir Downie.


commercial rank, with many of the prin" The family of Dr. Davidson were cipal ones of the old world. It now ocresidents of Plattsburgh at this time; cupies the whole of Manhattan island, and Mrs. Davidson, in a work of hers being conterminous with the county of called • Selections,' has given an inter- New York. Its limits, therefore, extend esting sketch of events that occurred in to the narrow channel between the Hudher own family during the scene of son and East rivers, called Harlem river; those eventful days.

a distance of 141 miles, with a breadth “ After some months, the vessels were varying up to two miles, and an area of laken to the head of the lake, at White- 21 square miles. The southern porhall. Circumstances of travelling just tion, forming about one sixth of the at that time gave me an opportunity, in whole, is occupied by the main body of the impressible season of childhood, to the population, amounting, in 1840, to see from the tall masts the British and 312,710, and in 1850 to 515,547. The American flags floating lazily in the number of buildings, in 1850, in the cornbreeze, the conquered lion' looking pact part of the city, was 37,730 ; the just as fierce and terrible as if he had valuation of real estate, $227,000,000, not been a captive among Americans. and of personal estate, $93,000,000. We were invited on board, and saw the The harbor is very capacious, with mutilated ships of war. They were good anchorage for the largest ships, making preparations to sink them in almost wholly free from shoals, and with the lake, which was afterward done, for currents strong enough to keep it usupreservation, and the soldiers were ally free from ice in the winter, even rolling cannon-balls into their holds, as when more southern ports are obstructweights.

ed. Governor's and Bedlow's islands “ Commodore M.Donough was pres- are strongly fortified; and the entrance ent—a man of middle stature; but there to the lower bay is defended by Fort was nothing in his looks or manner which Hamilton, on Long island, Fort Lafayindicated aught of the exciting scenes ette, on a rock in the water, and battethrough which he had passed. It is said ries on Staten island, opposite. The of him that, after the enemy's fleet hove Hudson river opens a natural navigable in sight, the men of his ship were as- channel of 150 miles to Albany, and sembled on the quarter-deck, when he with the various canals and railroads kneeled down, and, in humble and fer- heretofore mentioned ; while the East vent prayer, commended himself, his river comunicates with Long Island men, and the cause in which they were sound, which pours much trade into this engaged, to the God of battles,' and city. Lines of the most capacious and arose from that posture with a calmness splendid steamboats lead daily, and aland serenity on his brow which showed most hourly, in all directions; and new that he had received comfort and assu- channels of communication are now in rance from above.

preparation, which will still further faThe dead of both armies were taken cilitate and extend the great commerto the small islands near the scene of cial relations of New York, action, and there buried. Those waters The streets in the lower and oldest now look as blue and as beautiful as if part of the city are generally narrow and never disturbed with war; and those crooked; but in the upper portion, to islands are as green and verdant as if which many of the inhabitants have never broken with new-made graves." changed their residences within a few

New York City.The site of this years, they are straight, broad, well city, which was first occupied by Euro- built, and more agreeable. peans in 1614, or 1615, and then only The number of churches is 245. Of by the erection of a blockhouse near its these there are—baptist, 31; congrega

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View of New York City

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