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erable number of handsome, well-built cipal streets are one hundred and sixty dwellings, while the following are the feet wide, and run north and south, principal public edifices : the arsenal, crossed by twelve others, ninety-nine exchange, courthouse, barracks belong-feet wide. The academy, market, schooling to the United States, theatre, hos- houses, five banks, and five churches, pital, market, banks, public library, are among the public buildings, and the three academies, thirteen churches, &c. place contains a number of cotton-fac

The Pulaski Monument was erected tories, mills, &c. The population is in the year 1825, in memory of Generals about eight thousand. A flourishing Pulaski and Greene, of the revolutionary trade in cotton employs several steamarmy. It is a neat and simple obelisk boats, and it is a place of much busiof white marble, fifty-three feet high. ness, although so late as 1827 it was a The base of the pedestal is ten feet four council-town of the Coweta Indians, and inches by six feet eight inches, and its the commissioners appointed to apporheight thirteen feet, the needle which tion the lots of the city began their work surmounts the pedestal being thirty- so late as the 10th of July, 1828. The seven feet in height. It is built upon Cowetas, who inhabited this region, and a platform of granite, three feet above made this spot the chief settlement, the ground, and the whole is enclosed were one of the seven tribes of the by a cast-iron railing. It has a very Creek nation. advantageous position, in the middle of The Courthouse is a fine building, with one of the public squares. See p. 385. a basement, two stories, and a steeple

MILLEDGEVILLE.-This town is the one hundred and ten feet high, and two capital of the state. It stands on the Grecian porticoes on the front. southern side of the Oconee, one hun- The Planters' and Mechanics' Bank dred and fifty-eight miles from Savan- has a portico, in the style of the celenah, on an irregular surface, at the head brated Temple of the Winds, in Athens. of steam navigation. The streets cross The private buildings of Columbus each other at right angles; those run- display a good degree of taste, as do the ting in one direction lying parallel to the decorated yards and flower-gardens river. At the distance of three quarters which are here and there displayed. vf a mile from its banks is a fine public The Cotton Warehouse, on the bank square, on the summit of a hill, which is of the river, is one of the largest in adorned with the statehouse. This is a Georgia, an extensive fireproof building, ouilding in the Gothic style ; and the covering an acre and three quarters. In representatives' hall, which is sixty feet the year 1838, 42,000 bales of cotton in length, and fifty-four in breadth, were shipped here, and the amount has is ornamented with full-length portraits increased considerably of Generals Oglethorpe and" Lafay- ATHENS, on the right bank of the atte, while those of Washington and Oconee, contains about three thousand Jefferson are in the chamber of the inhabitants, and has a pleasant and

healthy situation, seventy five miles from In different parts of the city are the Milledgeville. It is the seat of arsenal, magazine, market, academy, The Georgia University, founded in three banks, three churches, and the 1785, which has six professors and about governor's residence.

eighty students, with a large philosophCOLUMBUS, two hundred and eighty- ical apparatus, and libraries containing four miles from Savannah, stands on the about twenty thousand volumes. left bank of the Chatahoochee, at an

The railroad affords the means of a elevation of sixty feet above the water. daily communication with Augusta. The falls, which extend for three miles MADISON SPRING.–This fashionable above the town terminate steamboat resort is named after the county in which navigation. They are a succession of it is situated, and is found in the midst capids, descending, in all, one hun- of a wild region, near Oconee river, dred and eleven feet. The two prin- I seven miles distant from Danielsville,

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An institution for female education in a stage-coach from Athens. The na- was opened here in 1839, under the ture of the water has been known about name of the Georgia Female College, twenty years, but the place has but re- which is in a flourishing condition, havcently attracted much notice, since ac- ing about one hundred pupils, under the commodations have been provided for charge of a president, three professors, visiters. A large hotel has been erected, and several other instructors.

AUGUSTA.-This town is situated on summer residence of families; and an the Savannah river, one hundred and avenue, several hundred yards in length, thirty-five miles from its mouth, and one leads through the forest to the spring, hundred and twenty north of Savannah. which is provided with conveniences, as It is a place of much trade, receiving represented in our engraving. The wa- large quantities of produce from the ter, which flows from a marble curb, is neighboring country, especially cotton, chalybeate, in a greater degree than the and being connected with Charleston by springs of Cheltenham and Brighton, in the great railroad, which extends beyond England. A sulphur spring has been it, still further into the interior. During discovered at three miles' distance. a certain part of the year, the river is

Macon is already a considerable and navigable by steamboats. flourishing place, with seven thousand The streets are regular, and planted inhabitants, although so lately as the with shade-trees, and the houses are year 1822 there was but a single house generally of brick. Among the public on the spot. The situation is favorable buildings are the courthouse, city-hall, for business, being at the head of steam medical college, hospital, theatre, arnavigation on the Ocmulgee river, which senal, female asylum, several academies flows through the middle of it, and is and churches. crossed by a fine bridge, three hundred The Medical College of Georgia.and eighty feet long. A great quantity The first proposal to establish a medical of cotton is annually received at this school in this state was made by Dr. place, and sent down the river, while Antony, in 1827; but active measures there is a daily communication with Sa- for it were not taken until the year 1830, vannah by the railroad.

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