Organizing for Work

Sprednja platnica
Harcourt, Brace and Howe, 1919 - 113 strani
 

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Stran 109 - But it has so happened, in all ages of the world, that some have labored, and others have without labor enjoyed a large proportion of the fruits. This is wrong, and should not continue. To secure to each laborer the whole product of his labor, or as nearly as possible, is a worthy object of any good government.
Stran 109 - Upon this subject the habits of our whole species fall into three great classes — useful labor, useless labor, and idleness. Of these the first only is meritorious, and to it all the products of labor rightfully belong; but the two latter, while they exist, are heavy pensioners upon the first, robbing ifc of a large portion of its just rights. The only remedy for this is to, so far as possible, drive useless labor and idleness out of existence.
Stran 104 - The general policy of the past has been to drive, but the era of force must give way to that of knowledge, and the policy of the future will be to teach and to lead, to the advantage of all concerned.
Stran 45 - There are many methods of cost accounting; but there are only two leading theories as to what cost consists of. They are : First, that the cost of an article must include all of the expense incurred in producing it, whether such expense actually contributed to the desired end or not. Second, that the cost of an article should include only those expenses actually needed for its production, and any other expenses incurred by the producers for any reason whatever must be charged to some other account.
Stran 7 - The community needs service first, regardless of who gets the profits, because its life depends upon the service it gets . . . The . . . business system had its foundation in service, and as far as the community is concerned has no reason for existence except the service it can render...
Stran 7 - ... the lines along which our present system grew up; namely, that its first aim should be to render service. It is this conflict of ideals which is the source of the confusion into which the world now seems to be driving headlong. The community needs service first, regardless of who gets the profits, because its life depends upon the service it gets. The business man says profits are more important to him than the service he renders; that the wheels of business shall not turn, whether the community...
Stran 34 - Most of the cost systems in use, and the theories on which they are based, have been devised by accountants for the benefit of financiers, whose aim has been to criticize the factory and to make it responsible for all the shortcomings of the business.
Stran 30 - While it is possible to get quite accurately the amount of material and labor used directly in the production of an article, and several systems have been devised which accomplish this result, there does not yet seem to have been devised any system of distributing that portion of the expense known...
Stran 7 - ... industrial democracy." In the opening chapter, "The Parting of the Ways," and in the closing one, "The Religion of Democracy," he maintained: ". . . our modern civilization is dependent absolutely upon the service it gets from the industrial and business system . . . (There has arisen a) ... conflict of ideals which is the source of the confusion into which the world now seems to be driving headlong. The community needs service first, regardless of who gets the profits, because its life depends...
Stran 40 - ... industrial system today, and farther reaching than the differences between employers and employees. 32 The problem that faces us is then first to find just what plant, or part of a plant, is needed to produce a given output, and to determine the "overhead" expense on operating that plant or portion of a plant. : This is primarily the work of the manufacturer, or engineer, and only secondarily that of the accountant, who must, as far as costs are concerned, be the servant of the superintendent....

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