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shall be opened indefinitely, or for a term fixed, as the thereto, passed the 15th of May, 1820, and an act entitled case may be, to British vessels coming from the said British “ An act to regulate the commercial intercourse between colonial possessions, and their cargoes, subject to no other the United States and certain British ports,” passed on the or higher duty of tonnage or impost, or charge of any 1st of March, 1823, are absolutely repealed; and the ports description whatever, than would be levied on the vessels of the United States are opened to British vessels and their of the United States, or their cargoes, arriving from the cargoes coming from the British colonial possessions in the said British possessions; and that it shall be lawful for the West Indies, on the continent of South America, the Basaid British vessels to import into the United States, and hama islands, the Caicos, and the Bermuda or Somer islands; to export therefrom, any article or articles which may be also, from the islands, provinces, or colonies of Great Britain imported or exported in vessels of the United States; and on or near the North American continent, and north or east that the act entitled “ An act concerning navigation,” of the United States. By virtue of the authority of this propassed on the eighteenth day of April, one thousand eight clamation, and in conformity with the arrangement made hundred and eighteen, an act supplementary thereto, between the United States and Great Britain, and under passed the fifteenth day of May, one thousand eight hun. the sanction of the President, you are instructed to admit dred and twenty, and an act entitled “An act to re- to entry such vessels, being laden with the productions gulate the commercial intercourse between the United of Great Britain or her said colonies, subject to the same States and certain British ports,” passed on the first day of cuties of tonnage and impost, and other charges, as are March, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-three, shall
, levied on the vessels of the United States, or their cargoes, in such case be suspended or absolutely repealed, as the arriving from the said British colonies. You will, also, case may require:
grant clearances to British vessels for the several ports of And whereas, by the said act, it is further provided, the aforesaid colonial possessions of Great Britain, such that, whenever the ports of the United States shall have vessels being laden with such articles as may be exported been opened under the authority thereby given, British from the United States in vessels of the United States: vessels and their cargoes shall be admitted to an entry in and British vessels, coming from the said British colonial the ports of the United States, from the islands, provinces, possessions, may also be cleared for foreign ports and or colonies of Great Britain, on or near the North Ameri- places other than those in the said British colonial possescan continent, and north or east of the United States: sions, being laden with such articles as may be exported
And whereas satisfactory evidence has been received by from the United States in vessels of the United States. the President of the United States, that, whenever he shall I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, give effect to the provisions of the act aforesaid, the Go
S. D. INGHAM, vernment of Great Britain will open, for an indefinite
Secretary of the Treasury. period, the ports of its colonial possessions in the West Indies, on the continent of South America, the Bahama islands, the Caicos, and the Bermuda or Somer islands, to Extract:-Mr. McLane to Mr. Van Buren, dated the vessels of the United States, and their cargoes, upon
Londox, November 6, 1830. the terms, and according to the requisitions, of the aforesaid act of Congress:
I received on the 2d instant your despatch, number 22, Now, therefore, I Andrew Jackson, President of the of the 5th October, transmitting the proclamation of the United States of America, do hereby declare and proclaim President, and instructions from the Treasury Department that such evidence has been received by me; and that, by to the collectors of customs, executing, on the part of our the operation of the act of Congress passed on the 29th of Government, the proposed arrangement with this, for the May, 1830, the ports of the United States are, from the restoration of the direct intercourse with the British West date of this proclamation, open to British vessels coming Indies. I communicated these documents to the Earl of from the said British possessions, and their cargoes, upon Aberdeen on the 3d instant, and have the honor to transthe terms set forth in the said act; the act entitled "An mit herewith his answer thereto, and an order of the King act concerning navigation,” passed on the 18th of April, in council, completing the proposed arrangement on the 1818, the act supplementary thereto, passed the 15th of part of Great Britain, and fully closing the negotiation May, 1820, and the act entitled “An act to regulate the upon this important part of our relations. commercial intercourse beweeen the United States and This arrangement has already produced, and will concertain British ports,” passed the 1st of March, 1823, are tinue to produce, considerable dissatisfaction in the British absolutely repcaled; and British vessels and their car- Northern provinces, and with those interests which have goes are admitted to an entry in the ports of the United been incidentally fostered by the omission of our GovernStates, from the islands, provinces, and colonies of Great ment to comply with the terms of the act of 5th July, Britain, on or near the North American continent, and 1825, and the British order in council of July, 1826. It north or east of the United States.
may be expected, therefore, as I have alreadly stated in Given under my hand, at the city of Washington, the my former despatches, that some attempt will be imme
5th of October, in the year of our Lord 1830, and dia:ely made to reconcile those interests to the restoration the fifty-fifth of the independence of the United of the direct intercourse. Some of the duties in favor of States.
the Northern productions will, doubtless, be increased, ANDREW JACKSON.
but others will be reduced. I cannot, however, at this By the President:
moment, speak fully or with entire certainty of the intenM. Vax BUREX,
tions of this Government in that respect. Secretary of State.
It may be proper for me to inform you, that, by the act of Parliament of the 2d July, 1827, entitled “ An act to
amend the laws relating to the customs,” the importation Circular to the Collectors of Customs.
of salted beef and pork is admitted into Newfoundland
free of duty, and into all the other British ports at a duty TREASURY DEPARTMENT,
of twelve shillings sterling the hundred weight. Under October 6, 1830.
the present arrangement, by which the colonial ports are Sır: You will perceive by the proclamation of the Presi- now opened to our vessels, we shall be entitled to the bedent, herewith transmitted, that, from and after the date nefit of this act, and in that way acquire a valuable branch thereof, the act entitled " An act concerning navigation," of trade, which we could not have enjoyed by the famous passed on the 18th of April, 1818, an act supplementary act of 5th July, 1825.
Mr. McLane to Lord Aberdeen.
Lord Aberdeen to Mr. McLane. 9, Chandos STREET, PORTLAND PLACE,
FOREIGN OFFice, November 5, 1830. November 3, 1830.
The undersigned, his Majesty's principal Secretary of The undersigned, envoy extraordinary and minister State for Foreign Affairs, has the honor to acknowledge plenipotentiary from the United States, has the honor to the receipt of the note of Mr. McLane, envoy extraortransmit herewith to the Earl of Aberdeen, his Majesty’s dinary and minister plenipotentiary from the United States principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, a pro- at this court, of the 3d instant, in which he encloses a proclamation issued by the President of the United States clamation issued by the President of the United States on on the 5th of October last, and, also, a letter of instruc. the 5th ultimo, and also a letter of instructions from the tions from the Secretary of the Treasury, in conformity Secretary of the Treasury, in conformity thereto, to the thereto, to the several collectors of the United States, re- several collectors of the United States, removing the re. moving the restrictions on the trade in British vessels with strictions on the trade in British vessels with the ports of the ports of the United States and the colonial possessions the United States and the colonial possessions of Great of Great Britain. And the undersigned takes leave to add, Britain. that, although these papers appear to be sufficiently clear Mr. McLane observes, that, by virtue of the proclamaand explicit, he will take much pleasure in making any tion in question, and the operation of the act of Congress further personal explanation of their import that may be of the 29th May, 1830, the restrictive acts of the United considered desirable.
States are absolutely repealed; that the ports of the United It will be perceived, however, that, by virtue of the States are opened to the admission and entry of British foregoing proclamation, and the operation of the act of vessels coming from any of the British ports mentioned in Congress of the 29th May, 1830, the restrictive acts of both sections of the said act, with the same kind of British the United States are absolutely repealed; that the ports of colonial produce as may be imported in America. vessels, the United States are open to the admission and entry of and upon the same terms; that the alien duties, in the ports British vessels coming from any of the British ports men- of the United States, on British vessels and their cargoes, tioned in both sections of the said act, with the same kind and also the restrictions in the act of Congress of the of British colonial produce as may be imported in Ameri- United States of 1823 to the direct intercourse between can vessels, and upon the same terms; that the alien du- the United States and the British West India colonies, are ties, in the ports of the United States, on British vessels, abolished. and their cargoes, and also the restrictions in the act of the Mr. McLane adds, that, in performing these acts, the Congress of the United States of 1823 to the direct inter- President of the United States bas adopted, without recourse between the United States and the British West serve, the construction put upon the act of Congress of India colonies, are abolished.
the 29th of May, 1830, by himself, and by the undersigned The undersigned has the honor to state further, that in his note of the 17th of August last. these acts have been performed by the President in con The undersigned having stated to Mr. McLane, in his formity with the letter of the Earl of Aberdeen of the 17th above mentioned note, that, under such circumstances, all of August last; and that, by accepting the assurance of the difficulty on the part of Great Britain, in the way of the British Government, with the accompanying explanation, renewal of the intercourse between the United States and as a compliance with the requisitions of the act of Con- the West Indies, according to the proposition made by gress of the 29th May, 1830, and doing all that was ne. Mr. McLane, would be removed, he has now the honor to cessary on the part of the United States to effect the pro- transmit to Mr. McLane the accompanying copy of an orposed arrangement, he has adopted, without reserve, the der issued by his Majesty in council this day, for regulating construction put upon the act of Congress both by the the commercial intercourse between the United States and Earl of Aberdeen and the undersigned.
his Majesty's possessions abroad. In communicating these documents to the Earl of Aber The undersigned cannot omit this opportunity of es. deen, the undersigned is instructed to inform him that the pressing to Mr. McLane the satisfaction of his Majesty's President has derived great satisfaction from the candor Government at the promptitude and frankness with which manifested by his Majesty's ministers in the course of the the President of the United States has concurred in the negotiation; and that, having thus given effect to the ar- view taken by them of this question; and at the conserangement on the part of the United States, he does not quent extension of that commercial intercourse which doubt that Great Britain, acting in the spirit and terms of it is so much the interest of both countries to mainthe proposition submitted by the undersigned, and accept- tain, and which his Majesty will always be found sincerely ed in the letter of Lord Aberdeen of the 17th of August desirous to promote by all the means in his power. last, will as promptly comply with those terms on her The undersigned avails himself of this occasion to repart, and remove the existing obstructions to the renewal new to Mr. McLane the assurances of his highest consiof the intercourse between the ports of the United States deration. and the British colonial possessions.
ABERDEEN. In conclusion, the umdersigned takes leave to state, that, Louis McLANE, Esq. &c. from the date of the proclamation of the President, the vessels of Great Britain have been and are actually in the
AT THE COURT AT ST. JAMES', enjoyment of all the advantages of the proposed arrange
November 5, 1830. ment, while the vessels of the United States are and must
Present: 'The King's Most Excellent Majesty in council. remain excluded from the same until the requisite mea Whereas, by a certain act of Parliament, passed in the sures shall be adopted by this Government. The under-sixth year of the reign of his late Majesty King George signed has the honor to ask, therefore, that the Earl of the Fourth, entitled “ An act to regulate the trade of the Aberdeen will enable him to communicate the adoption of British possessions abroad,” after reciting that “by the those measures to his Government, by the opportunity law of navigation foreign ships are permitted to import which will offer for that purpose on the 6th instant.
into any of the British possessions abroad, from the counThe undersigned avails limself of this occasion to re-tries to which they belong, goods the produce of those new to the Earl of Aberdeen the assurance of his highest counties, and to export goods from such possessions to be consideration.
carried to any foreign country whatever, and that it is esLOUIS MCLANE.
podlient that such permission should be subject to certain The Rt. Hon. Die Earl of ABERDEEN, &c.
conditions, it is therefore enacted, that the privileges there
by granted to foreign ships shall be limited to the ships of sessions in the West Indies or America, with articles of those countries which, having colonial possessions, shall the growth, produce, or manufacture of the said States, grant the like privilege of trading with those possessions certain duties of tonnage and of customs therein particuto British ships, or which, not having colonial posses- larly specified: And whereas it hath been made to appear sions, shall place the commerce and navigation of this to his Majesty in council, that the restrictions heretofore country and of its possessions abroad upon the same foot- imposed by the laws of the United States aforesaid upon ing of the most favored nation, unless his Majesty, by his British vessels navigating between the said States and his order in council, shall in any case deem it expedient to Majesty's possessions in the West Indies and America have grant the whole or any of such privileges to the ships of been repealed, and that the discriminating duties of tonany foreign country, although the conditions aforesaid nage and of customs heretofore imposed by the laws of shall not in all respects be fulfilled by such foreign coun- the said United States upon British vessels and their car. try:" And whereas, by a certain order of his said late goes, entering the ports of the said States from his MajesMajesty in council, bearing date the 27th day of July, ty's said possessions, have been also repealed; and that the 1826, after reciting that the conditions mentioned and reports of the United States are now open to British vessels ferred to in the said act of Parliament had not in all re- and their cargoes coming from his Majesty's possessions spects been fulfilled by the Government of the United aforesaid: His Majesty doth, therefore, with advice of his States of America, and that, therefore, the privileges so privy council, and in pursuance and exercise of the pow. granted as aforesaid by the law of navigation to foreign ships ers so vested in him as aforesaid, by the said act so passed could not lawfully be exercised or enjoyed by the ships in the sixth year of the reign of his said late Majesty, or of the United States aforesaid, unless' bis Majesty, by by any other act or acts of Parliament, declare that the order in council, should grant the whole or any of such pri- said recited orders in council of the 21st day of July, 1823, vileges to the ships of the United States aforesaid, his said and of the 27th day of July, 1826, and the said order in late Majesty did, in pursuance of the powers in him vested council of the 16th day of July, 1827, (so far as the such last by the said act, grant the privileges aforesaid to the ships mentioned order relates to the said United States,) shall be, of the said United States, but did thereby provide and de- and the same are hereby, respectively revoked: And his clare that such privileges should absolutely cease and Majesty doth further, by the advice aforesaid, and in pur. determine in his Majesty's possessions in the West Indies suance of the powers aforesaid, declare that the ships of and South America, and in certain other of his Majesty's and belonging to the United States of America may impossessions abroad, upon and from certain days in the said port from the United States aforesaid, into the British pos. order for that purpose appointed, and which are long since sessions abroad, goods the produce of those States, and passed: And whereas, by a certain other order of his said may export goods from the British possessions abroad, to
late Majesty in council, bearing date the 16th of July, be carried to any foreign country whatever. | 1827, the said last mentioned order was confirmed: And And the Right Honorable the Lords Commissioners of whereas, in pursuance of the acts of Parliament in that his Majesty's Treasury, and the Right Honorable Sir behalf made and provided, his said late Majesty, by a George Murray, one of his Majesty's principal Secretaries certain order in council, bearing date the 21st day of July, of State, are to give the necessary directions herein, as to 1823, and by the said order in council, bearing date the them may respectively appertain. 27th day of July, 1826, was pleased to order that there
JAMES BULLER. should be charged on all vessels of the said United States which should enter any of the ports of his Majesty's pos COUNCIL OFFICE, WHITEHALL, Nov. 6, 1830.
A true copy
[The schedule of duties, and the extract of a letter relating to it, (referred to in the list of papers,) are omitted.]
PASSED AT TIL SECOND SESSION, WHICH WAS BEGUN AND HELD AT THE CITY OF WASHINGTON, IN THE DISTRICT OF CO
LUMBIA, ON MONDAY, THE SIXTH DAY OF DECEMBER, ONE THOUSAND EIGHT HUNDRED AND THIRTY, AND ENDED ON T
IRD OF MARCH, ONE THOUSAND EIGHT HUNDRED AN THIRTY-ONE.
AN ACT 10 change the time of holding the rule term the said three per centum to be transmitted to the Secreof the Circuit Court for the District of West Tennessee. tary of the Treasury be, and the same is hereby repealed. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa
Approved: January 13, 1831 tives of the United States of America in Congress assem. bled, "That it shall be the duty of the District Judge of AN ACT making appropriations for carrying into effect
certain Indian Treaties. Tennessee, to hold a term of the Circuit Court at Nashville, for the District of West Tennessee, on the first Be it enacted, &c. That the following sums be, and the Monday in March, in each year, who shall have power to same are hereby appropriated, for the service of the year make all necessary rules and orders touching any suit, one thousand eight hundred and thirty: action, appeal, writ of error, process, pleadings or pro For the annual support of a school for the education ceedings, that may be pending in said Circuit Court, or of Indian youth, as stipulated for by the sixth article of that may have issued returnable to the Circuit Court to the treaty of the fifth of August, one thousand eight hunbe holden on the first Monday in September next, prepa. dred and twenty-six, with the Chippewa tribe of Indians, ratory to the bearing, trial, or decision of such action, one thousand dollars ; suit, appeal, writ of error, process, pleadings, or pro. For the payment of the annuity of two thousand dollars, ceedings; and all writs and process may hereafter bere and also the sum of two thousand dollars for education, turnable to the said Courts to be holden on the first Mon as stipulated for by the third article of the treaty of the day in March, in the same manner as to the sessions of sixteenth October, one thousand eight hundred and twen. the Circuit Courts directed by law to be held at Nash- ty-six, with the Potawattamies, the annual sum of four ville on the first Monday in September of each year ; and thousand dollars ; the writs and other process returnable to the said Circuit For the annual support of a blacksmith and miller, and Court on the first Monday in September, may bear teste for furnishing annually one hundred and sixty bushels of on the first Monday in March.
salt, under the same treaty, one thousand five hundred Suc. 2. And be it further enacted, that the said District and twenty dollars ; Judge shall have power to adjourn from clay to day, or For the payment of the permanent and limited annui. to any other period of time, more than three months be- ties provided for by the second article of the treaty with fore ihe September term of said Court: Provided, That the Pottawattamies, of the twentieth of September, one no final judgment be rendered at said term to be held thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, annually the by the District Judge, except by the consent of both sum of three thousand dollars ; parties.
For tobacco, iron, steel, education, annuity to the
For payment of permanent annuity under the fourth President of the Senate. article of the treaty with the Miamies, of the twenty-third Approved: January 13, 1831.
of October, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-six, ANDREW JACKSON.
twenty-five thousand dollars ;
For iron, steel, tobacco, and laborers, by same article, AN ACT to amend an act, entitled “An act to provide one thousand one hundred dollars.
for paying to the State of Illinois threc per centum of For support of the poor and infirm, and for education, the nett proceeds arising from the sale of the public under the sixth article of said treaty, two thousand dollars. Jands within the same."
Approved: January 13, 1831. Be it enacted, &c. That so much of the act, entitled, an act to provide for paying to the State of Illinois three per AN ACT' for the benefit of schools in Lawrence county, centum of the nett proceeds arising from the sale of the
Mississippi. public lands within the same," approved the twelfth of Be it enacted, &c. That one section of the public lands December, eighteen hundred and twenty, as requires an subject to private entry and sale in the state of Missis. annual account of the application, by the said State, of sippi, be located for the use and benefit of schools in