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panies, each company to consist of one captain, one first lieutenant, one second lieutenant, two cadets, four sergeants, four corporals, four musicians, eight artificers, and fifty-six privates; to be formed into five battalions: Provided always, that it shall be lawful for the president of the united states to retain, with their present grade, as many of the first licutenants, now in service, as shall amount to the whole number of lieutenants required; but that in proportion as vacancies happen therein, new appointments be made to the grade of second lieutenants until their number amount to twenty: And each regiment of infantry shall consist of one colonel, one lieutenant-colonel, one major, one adjutant, one sergeant major, two teachers of music, and ten companies; cach company to consist of one captain, one first and one second lieutenant, one ensign, four sergeants, four corporals, four musicians and sixty-four privates.
8. SECT. III. There shall be one brigadier-general, with one aid-decamp, who shall be taken from the captains or subalterns of the line; one adjutant and inspector of the army, to be taken from the line of field officers; one paymaster of the army, seven paymasters and two assistants, to be attached to such districts as the president of the united states shall direct, to be taken from the line of commissioned officers, who, in addition to their other duties, shall have charge of the clothing of the troops; three military agents, and such number of assistant military agents as the president of the united states shall deem expedient, not exceeding one to each military post; which assistants shall be taken from the line; two surgeons; twenty-five surgeon's mates, to be attached to garrisons or posts, and not to corps.
9. SECT. IV. The monthly pay of the officers, non-commissioned officers, musicians and privates, be as follows, to wit: To the brigadier-general, two hundred and twenty-five dollars, which shall be his full and entire compensation, without a right to demand or receive any rations, forage, travelling expenses, or other perquisite or emolument whatsoever, except such stationery as may be requisite for the use of his department; to the adjutant and inspector of the army, thirty-eight dollars in addition to his pay in the line, and such stationery as shall be requisite for his department; to the paymaster of the army, one hundred and twenty dollars, without any other emolument, except such stationery as may be requisite in his department and the use of the public office now occupied by him; to the aid-de-camp, in addition to his pay in the line, thirty dollars; to each paymaster attached to districts, thirty dollars, and each assistant to such paymaster, ten dollars, in addition to his pay in the line; to each military agent, seventy-six dollars and no other emolument; to each assistant military agent, eight dollars, in addition to his pay in the line, except the assistant military agents at Pittsburg and Niagara, who shall receive sixteen dollars, each, in addition to their pay in the line; to each colonel, seventy-five dollars; to each lieutenant-colonel, sixty dollars; to each major, fifty dollars; to each surgeon, forty-five dollars; to each surgeon's-mate, thirty dollars; to each adjutant, ten dollars, in addition to his pay in the line; to each captain, forty dollars; to each first lieutenant, thirty dollars; to each second lieutenant, twenty-five dollars; to each ensign, twenty dollars; to each cadet, ten dollars; to each sergeant-major, nine dol
lars; to each sergeant, eight dollars; to each corporal, seven dollars; to each teacher of music, eight dollars; to each musician, six dollars; to each artificer, ten dollars; and to each private, five dollars.
10. SECT. V. The commissioned officers aforesaid, shall be entitled to receive, for their daily subsistence, the following number of rations of provisions: a colonel, six rations; a lieutenant-colonel, five rations; a major, four rations; a captain, three rations; a lieutenant, two rations; an ensign, two rations; a surgeon, three rations; a surgeon's mate, two rations; a cadet two rations or money in lieu thereof at the option of the said officers and cadets at the posts respectively, where the rations shall become due; and if at such posts supplies are not furnished by contract, then such allowance as shall be deemed equitable, having reference to former contracts, and the position of the place in question; and each non-commissioned officer, musician and private, one ration; to the commanding officers of each separate post, such additional number of rations as the president of the united states shall, from time to time, direct, having respect to the special circumstances of each post; to the women who may be allowed to any particular corps not exceeding the proportion of four to a company, one ration each; to such matrons and nurses as may be necessarily employed in the hospital, one ration each; and to every commissioned officer who shall keep one servant, not a soldier of the line, one additional ration. [ antea 2.]
SECT. VI. Each ration shall consist of one pound and a quarter of beef, or three quarters of a pound of pork, eighteen ounces of bread or four, one gill of rum, whiskey or brandy, and at the rate of two quarts of salt, four quarts of vinegar, four pounds of soap, and one pound and an half of candles to every hundred rations.
11. SECT. VII. The following officers shall, whenever forage is not furnished by the public, receive at the rate of the following sums per month, in lieu thereof: Fach colonel, twelve dollars; cach lieutenantcolonel, eleven dollars; each major, ten dollars; each adjutant, six dollars; each surgeon, ten dollars; and cach surgeon's mate, six dollars.
12. SECT. VIII. Every non-commissioned officer, musician and prirate of the artillery and infantry, shall receive annually, the following articles of uniform clothing, to wit: One hat, one coat, one vost, two pair of woolen and two pair of linen overalls, one coarse linen frock and trowsers for fatigue clothing, four pair of shoes, four shirts, two pair of socks, two pair of short stockings, one blanket, one stock and clasp, and one pair of half gaithers: And the secretary of war is hereby authorized to cause to be furnished to the paymasters of the respective districts, such surplus of clothing as he may deem expedient, which clothing shall, under his direction, be furnished to the soldiers, when necessary, at the contract prices, and accounted for by them out of their arrears of monthly pay.
13. SECT. IX. The president of the united states shall cause to be arranged, the officers, non-commissioned officers, musicians and privates of the several corps of troops now in the service of the united states, in such manner as to form and complete, out of the same, the corps aforesaid; and shall cause the supernumerary officers, non-commissioned
officers, musicians and privates to be discharged from the service of the united states from and after the first day of April next, or as soon thereafter as circumstances may permit.
14. SECT. X. The officers, non-commissioned officers, musicians and privates of the said corps, shall be governed by the rules and articles of war, which have been established by the united states in congress assembled, or by such rules and articles as may be hereafter, by law, established: Provided nevertheless, that the sentence of general courts martial, extending to the loss of life, the dismission of a commissioned officer, or which shall respect the general officer, shall, with the whole of the proceedings of such cases, respectively, be laid before the president of the united states, who is hereby authorized to dire& the same to be carried into execution, or otherwise, as he shall judge
15. SECT. XI. The commissioned officers who shall be employed in the recruiting service, to keep up by voluntary inlistment, the corps as aforesaid, shall be entitled to receive for every effective able bodied citizen of the united states, who shall be duly inlisted by him for the term of five years, and mustered, of at least five feet six inches high, and between the ages of eighteen and thirty-five years, the sum of two dollars: Provided nevertheless, That this regulation so far as respects the height and age of the recruit, shall not extend to musicians or to those soldiers who may re-inlist into the service: And provided also, That no person under the age of twenty-one years shall be inlisted by any officer, or held in the service of the united states, without the consent of his parent, guardian or master first had and obtained, if any he have; and if any officer shall inlist any person contrary to the true intent and meaning of this act,--for every such offence, he shall forfeit and pay the amount of the bounty and clothing which the person so recruited may have received from the public, to be deducted out of the pay and emoluments of such officer.
16. SECT. XII. There shall be allowed and paid to each effective able bodied citizen, recruited as aforesaid, to serve for the term of five years, a bounty of twelve dollars; but the payment of six dollars of the said bounty shall be deferred until he shall be mustered and have joined the corps in which he is to serve.
17. SECT. XIII. The said corps shall be paid in such manner, that the arrears shall, at no time, exceed two months, unless the circumstances of the case shall render it unavoidable.
18. SECT. XIV. If any officer, non-commissioned officer, musician or private, in the corps composing the peace establishment shall be disabled by wounds or otherwise, while in the line of his duty in public service, he shall be placed on the list of invalids of the united states, at such rate of pay, and under such regulations, as may be directed by the president of the united states for the time being: Provided always, that the compensation to be allowed for such wounds or disabilities, to a commissioned officer, shall not exceed for the highest rate of disa bility half the monthly pay of such officer, at the time of his being disabled or wounded; and that no officer shall receive more than the half pay of a lieutenant-colonel; and that the rate of compensation to non-commissioned officers, musicians and privates, shall not exceed
five dollars per month: And provided also, That all inferior disabilities shall entitle the person so disabled to receive an allowance proportionate to the highest disability.
19. SECT. XV. If any commissioned officer in the military peace establishment of the united states, shall, while in the service of the united states, die, by reason of any wound received in actual service of the united states, and leave a widow, or if no widow, a child or children under sixteen years of age, such widow, or if no widow, such child or children shall be entitled to and receive half the monthly pay to which the deceased was entitled at the time of his death, for and during the term of five years. But in case of the death or intermarriage of such widow before the expiration of the said term of five years, the half pay, for the remainder of the time, shall go to the child or children of such deceased officer: Provided always, that such half pay shall cease on the decease of such child or children.
20. SECT. XVI. The paymaster shall perform the duties of his office, agreeably to the direction of the president of the united states, for the time being; and before he enters on the duties of the same, shall give bonds, with good and sufficient sureties, in such sums as the president shall direct, for the faithful discharge of his said office; and shall take an oath to execute the duties thereof with fidelity: And it shall, moreover, be his duty to appoint from the line, with the approbation of the president of the united states, the several paymasters to districts and assistants prescribed by this act; and he is hereby authorized to require the said paymasters to districts, and assistants, to enter into boad, with good and sufficient surety, for the faithful discharge of their respective duties.
21. SECT. XVII. It shall be the duty of the military agents, designated by this act, to purchase, receive, and forward to their proper destination, all military stores, and other articles for the troops in their respective departments, and all goods and annuities for the Indians, which they may be directed to purchase, or which shall be ordered into their care by the department of war. They shall account with the department of war, annually, for all the public property which may pass through their hands, and all the monies which they may expend in discharge of the duties of their offices, respectively: Previous to their entering on the duties of their offices, they shall give bonds, with sufficient sureties, in such sums as the president of the united states shall direct, for the faithful discharge of the trust reposed in them: And shall take an oath faithfully to perform the duties of their respective olices.
22. SECT. XVIII. If any non-commissioned officer, musician or prirate, shall desert the service of the united states, he shall in addition to the penalties mentioned in the rules and articles of war, be liable to serve, for and during such a period, as shall, with the time he may have served previous to his desertion, amount to the full term of his inlistment; and such soldier shall and may be tried by a court martial, and punished, although the term of his inlistment may have elapsed previous to his being apprehended or tried.
23. SECT. XIX. Every person who shall procure or entice a soldier in the service of the united states to desert, or who shall purchase from
any soldier, his arms, uniform clothing, or any part thereof; and every captain or commanding officer of any ship or vessel, who shall enter on board such ship or vessel, as one of his crew, knowing him to have deserted, or otherwise carry away any such soldier, or shall refuse to deliver him up to the orders of his commanding officer, shall, upon legal conviction, be fined at the discretion of any court having cognizance of the same, in any sum not exceeding three hundred dollars, or be imprisoned any term not exceeding one year.
24. SECT. XX. Every officer, non-commissioned officer, musician and private, shall take and subscribe the following oath or affirmation, to wit: "I, A. B. do solemnly swear, or affirm, (as the case may be) that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the united states of America, and that I will serve them honestly and faithfully against their enemies or opposers, whomsoever; and that I will observe and obey the orders of the president of the united states, and the orders of the officers appointed over me, according to the rules and articles of war."
25. SECT. XXI. Whenever a general court martial shall be ordered, the president of the united states may appoint some fit person to act as judge advocate, who shall be allowed, in addition to his other pay, one dollar and twenty-five cents for every day he shall be necessarily employed in the duties of the said court; and in cases where the president shall not have made such appointment, the brigadiergeneral or the president of the court may make the same.
26. SECT. XXII. Where any commissioned officer shall be obliged to incur any extra expense in travelling and sitting on general courts martial, he shall be allowed a reasonable compensation for such extra expense actually incurred, not exceeding one dollar and twenty-five cents per day, to officers who are not entitled to forage, and not exceed ing one dollar per day to such as shall be entitled to forage.
27. SECT. XXIII. No non-commissioned officer, musician or private, shall be arrested, or subject to arrest, or to be taken in execution for any debt under the sum of twenty dollars, contracted before inlistment, nor for any debt contracted after inlistment.
28. SECT. XXIV. Whenever any officer or soldier shall be discharged from the service, except by way of punishment for any offence, he shall be allowed his pay and rations, or an equivalent in money, for such term of time as shall be sufficient for him to travel from the place of discharge to the place of his residence, computing at the rate of twenty miles to a day.
29. SECT. XXV. To each commissioned officer who shall be deranged by virtue of this act, there shall be allowed and paid, in addition to the pay and emoluments to which they will be entitled by law at the time of their discharge-to each officer whose term of service in any of military corps of the united states shall not have exceeded three years, three months pay; to all other officers, so deranged, one month's pay their grades, respectively, for each year of past service in the army of the united states, or in any regiment or corps now or formerly in the
30. SEGF. XXVI. The president of the united states is hereby authorized and empowered, when he shall deem it expedient, to organize and establish a corps of engineers, to consist of one engineer, with the