Darwinian Natural Right: The Biological Ethics of Human Nature

Sprednja platnica
SUNY Press, 1. jan. 1998 - 332 strani
This book shows how Darwinian biology supports an Aristotelian view of ethics as rooted in human nature. Defending a conception of "Darwinian natural right" based on the claim that the good is the desirable, the author argues that there are at least twenty natural desires that are universal to all human societies because they are based in human biology. The satisfaction of these natural desires constitutes a universal standard for judging social practice as either fulfilling or frustrating human nature, although prudence is required in judging what is best for particular circumstances.

The author studies the familial bonding of parents and children and the conjugal bonding of men and women as illustrating social behavior that conforms to Darwinian natural right. He also studies slavery and psychopathy as illustrating social behavior that contradicts Darwinian natural right. He argues as well that the natural moral sense does not require religious belief, although such belief can sometimes reinforce the dictates of nature.

 

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Vsebina

ARISTOTLE DARWIN AND NATURAL RIGHT
1
Ten Propositions
6
Seven ObJections
7
An Overview of the Book
13
DESIRE AND REASON
17
The Nature of Desire
18
The Normative Structure of Animal Movement
21
Twenty Natural Desires
29
Natural Genitals and Natural Feet
149
Feminist Culturalism
158
MASTER AND SLAVE
161
Ant Slavery and Human Slavery
162
Aristotle
170
Hume
178
Jefferson
182
Darwin
189

Nurturing Nature
36
Four Source of Moral Disagreement
44
Prudence
46
POLITICAL ANIMALS
51
Ants Bees and Other Political Animals
52
The Hobbesian Critique
58
The nature of Culture
64
THE HUMAN NATURE OF MORALITY AND FREEDOM
69
Natural Freedom
83
Conclusion
87
PARENT AND CHILD
89
Religious Communication in the Oneida Community
92
Secular Communism in the Kibbutz
95
Four Biological Causes
101
The Human Ecology of Parental Investment
116
Infanticide Adoption and Sexual Bonding
119
MAN AND WOMAN
123
Feminist Naturalism
124
The Biology of the Sex Differences
129
Mating Desires
132
Male Dominance and Male Vulnerability
137
The Moral Complementarity
143
Lincoln
193
Racial Science
201
Conclusion
208
THE POVERTY OF PSYCHOPATHIC DESIRE
211
The Mask of Sanity
212
The Flat Soul Behind the Mask
216
An Evolutionary Niche for Machiavellians
219
To know But Not to Feel
223
Moral Strangers
227
THE ENDS AND KINDS OF LIFE
231
Natural Kinds
232
Natural Ends
238
NATURE AND NATURES GOD
249
McShea Masters and Wilson
250
Aristotle and Augustine
251
Hume and Darwin
255
Moses and Darwin
258
The desire to Understand
267
References
277
Index
321
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O avtorju (1998)

"This beautiful little book rediscovers the missing biology of Aristotle especially as it applies to moral phisophy and does so in a thoroughly modern way, that is, by integrating it with modern Darwinian thinking, a subject Arnhart easily masters. The result is a very impressive piece of intellectual work, rich in detail and far-reaching in scope and in conclusions." -- Robert Trivers, Rutgers University

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