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were demanded, and had with the following result: Yeas-Appel, Capron, Elias, Harte, Higgins, Hopkins, Stickney and Mr. Speaker-8. Nays-Bouchet, Bidwell, Boggs,

Garvin, Giles, Holaday, McCrackin, Tuttle and Walter—9. Só the amendment was lost.

"Mr. Speaker moved to amend by striking out all of the first section after and including the word ‘Prescott,' and insert at a point within ten miles of the junction of the Rio Verde with the Rio Salado, in the Third District in said Territory, the location of said permanent seat of government to be fixed by the Governor of said Territory, and two commissioners, to be appointed by the present Legislature, at a point not more than ten miles from the junction of said streams, and that said permanent seat of government shall be called Aztlan,' upon which the yeas and nays were demanded, and had with the following result : Yeas-Appel, Capron, Elias, Harte, Higgins, Hopkins, and Mr. Speaker—7. Nays-Bouchet, Bidwell, Boggs, Garvin, Giles, Holaday, McCrackin, Stickney, Tuttle and Walter-10. So the amendment was lost."

This was the commencement of the fight to remove the capital from Prescott, which will be shown as this history progresses to have been a bone of contention for many years thereafter, in fact, until it was permanently located at Phoenix.

On the 25th day of October, a select committee of five in the council, to whom was referred that portion of the Governor's message relative to the Colorado River, made the following report:

“The Colorado River is navigable at all stages of water to El Dorado Canyon (a distance from

its mouth of about five hundred miles), for steamers of a draught not exceeding twenty-five inches; and at a medium stage of water, boats have run up to Black Canyon. Owing to the sandy and changeable nature of the channel and banks of the river below Fort Mojave, it is the opinion of your committee that but little good can be done by the expenditure of money for improvements upon the same, as they must be temporary in their character. A small amount of money, however, can be advantageously expended in removing snags and other obstructions out of the channel below Fort Mojave. Above that point the general character of the river changes in many places; large boulders render the navigation difficult and dangerous at all times, and it is of the greatest importance that these obstructions should at once be removed, as there is sufficient water at all seasons for such boats as run on the lower river. The expedition sent out by General Connor, commanding the Department of Utah, the past summer, to open a wagon road from Great Salt Lake City to Fort Mojave, reported that a good wagon road exists from Great Salt Lake City to the mouth of the Rio Virgin. Could the Colorado be made navigable to the junction of the Virgin, which is only three hundred and fifty miles from Great Salt Lake City, the citizens of Utah and of the Northern portion of this Territory, could obtain their supplies and ship their produce and ores at a reduction of one hundred per cent, from the present rates of transportation. Your committee would recommend that the Congress of the United States be memorialized for an appropriation of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars to be expended as follows: Fifty thousand dollars to be expended on the river between Fort Mojave and Fort Yuma; also one hundred thousand to be expended in improving the river about Fort Mojave. There are at present steamers plying upon the Colorado River, carrying freight and passengers, and connecting with San Francisco by sail vessels from the mouth of the river, and to make the extent of the traffic and the necessity of improving the navigation of the Colorado River known, we herewith submit a statement of the capacity and tonnage of the boats now plying and in process of construction for the river trade. The Colorado Steam Navigation Company, incorporated in San Francisco, capital stock five hundred thousand dollars, have the following boats: The steamer Colorado, 60 tons burthen; Mojave, 100 tons burthen; Cocopah, 40 tons burthen, and several barges capable of carrying one hundred tons each. Their place of business and office is at Fort Yuma in the State of California. The Arizona and Miners Steam Navigation Company have one steamer, the Esmeralda, now plying on the river with two barges. The Esmeralda is fifty tons burthen, and capable of towing a barge of 100 tons. There is another steamer building at the mouth of the river for the same company, which is a joint stock company, with no incorporation, place of business not known to the committee. The Philadelphia Mining Company have a steamer on the river called the Mina Tilden, and another one in course of construction in San Francisco. Their mines are situated on the California side of the Colorado River, and their place of business unknown to the committee. In view of the amount of capital

invested in steam boats plying on the Colorado River, and the extent of country, the number of people, the vast amount of mining and other interests depending upon the navigable condition of the river, and the fact that this trade will be entirely for the benefit of Arizona, and the cornerstone upon which her speedy and permanent development rests, your committee would further suggest that the importance of this question calls upon you for prompt and immediate action. It will give an impetus to trade, increase the value of our mines, and prove to the people abroad that we have faith in our resources, and are eager to develop them.”

The Council, on October 26th, considered House Joint Resolution No. 5, which is as follows:

“Resolved by the Legislative Assembly of the Territory of Arizona:

That the Honorable Charles D. Poston, our delegate to the Congress of the United States, be instructed and requested to use every effort in his power to procure from the general government five hundred stand of Springfield rifled muskets, calibre 58, of the latest improved quality, with their equipments and fixed ammunition, sufficient for the purpose of arming and equipping a battalion of Arizona rangers, for active service against the Apaches and other hostile Indian tribes in this Territory.

“2. That he be instructed and requested to procure the establishment of the following mail routes, with weekly postal service on each: 1st. From Mesilla, via Tucson, Casa Blanca and Agua Caliente, to La Paz, in coaches. 2d. From Tucson, via Tubac, to Patagonia Mines. 3d.


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From Tubac, via Cerro Colorado, Fresnal and Cababi, to Tucson. 4th. From Casa Blanca, via Weaver, Walnut Grove and Upper Hassayampa, to Prescott. 5th. From Prescott to La Paz, in coaches. 6th. From La Paz via Williamsport, Castle Dome City, Laguna, and Arizona City, to Fort Yuma. 7th. From La Paz to Los An

. geles, in coaches. 8th. From Prescott to Mohave City, in coaches. 9th. From Mohave City to Los Angeles, via San Bernardino, in coaches. 10th. From Mohave City, via Aubry, to La Paz. 11th. From Mohave City, via Santa Clara, to Fillmore City, in the Territory of Utah. 12th. From Albuquerque, New Mexico, to Prescott, in coaches.

"3. That a copy of these instructions be forwarded immediately to the Honorable Charles D. Poston, by the Secretary of the Territory."

This joint resolution was finally passed on November 7, 1864.

On October 27, Mr. Hopkins, chairman of the Joint Committee on Education, made the following report:

“The Joint Committee on Education report, that after a mature consideration, they have decided that it would be premature to establish, or to attempt any regular system of common or district schools. At present the Territory is too sparsely settled, and the necessary officers for such an establishment, would be more costly than the education of the children would warrant.

In lieu of such system, and for a foundation of Territorial Schools, your committee earnestly recommend that an appropriation be made and given to these towns, where the number of children warrant the establishment of schools.

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