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After the adopting of this resolution, the Speaker arose and said: “Gentlemen of the House of Representatives :
“It is with the deepest emotion that I thank you for the approval of my official action as Speaker of the House of Representatives during the present session as expressed in the resolution just adopted.
“In the discharge of my duties I have pursued but one rule of action and that was to do what my conscience told me was right under the circumstances, faithfully, impartially, and with an eye single to the good of the whole country. I have had no political hopes, and no ambitious views to gratify. I have known no local divisions—no factions—no political parties. I have labored daily and nightly for the best interests of that Territory in which I have cast my lot, and in which is my home; and I gratefully acknowledge your co-operation with me in all that could advance the general welfare and best interests of the country.
“You have been orderly, sober, active and industrious, and your deliberations have been directed with an enlightenment of intelligence. You have gone with an energy and with a will into the business of the Legislature. You have worked unceasingly, and with great and good results. You have enacted a code of laws for the government of the Territory, equal, if not superior, to any code in the States of the Union. You have accomplished what no other Territorial Legislature has done before you.
“Your counties have been named so as to perpetuate the historie aboriginal names of the
country. You have a well digested code of mining laws, that secures and fixes upon a firm basis the rights of the miner. You have laid the foundation of a system of education by establishing a university and a library. You have established a historical society to preserve the relics and paint the wonders of the past as well as the events of the mighty present, teeming with history. You have laid broad and deep the foundations of civil and religious liberty, and have every earnest that the Territory is on the high road to develop her great and manifold resources. For this you have labored with indefatigable industry. May your efforts be crowned with the fullest success.
“Without Legislative experience when you arrived in this capital, you have conducted your business with the order and system of the sages of a senate. It will be with me one of the proudest recollections of my life that no offer has ever been made to take an appeal from any of my decisions during the session, but they have been acquiesced in with the magnanimity and harmony that have ever characterized your deliberation. I owe much to your gentlemanly courtesy and kind forbearance.
“Gentlemen, the time has arrived when we are about to separate—perhaps never to meet again. My prayers for your prosperity go with you. The recollections of my associations with you here will linger as the brightest and greenest spot in the clouded vista of the past. I cherish the kindest feelings, the warmest sympathies of my heart, for each and all of
and wherever you may go, wherever your lot may be cast, whatever may betide, my fondest recollections will cling around each and all of you, and I entertain the hope that by you I will not be forgotten.
"To the Chief Clerk and the officers of the House, I also return my thanks for the efficiency with which they have performed their duties.
“With the highest and best wishes for your welfare I bid you a kind farewell.
“Gentlemen, the hour of 12 m. has arrived, I now declare this House adjourned sine die.”
In very few subsequent Legislatures in Arizona did the same spirit of amity and mutual respect prevail. It was not long before personal interest and political ambitions made their appearance in the Legislative halls of the Territory to disturb, and sometimes to arrest, good legislation.
As before stated, the first act approved by the Governor was the one authorizing him to appoint a commissioner to prepare and report a code of laws for the use and consideration of the Legislature of the Territory, in accordance with which a code prepared by Judge Howell was presented, considered, amended and passed, which was the code of laws of the Territory for many years thereafter.
The second act was one divorcing John G. Capron, a member of the House of Representatives from the First Judicial District from one Sarah Rosser of the same District, and the fourth act was one divorcing Elliott Coues from Sarah A. Richardson. Elliott Coues was a post surgeon at Whipple at the time the divorce was granted, and afterwards published “On the Trail of a Spanish Pioneer, Garces Diary,” one of the standard works in reference to the Spanish missionaries of the West.
The third act, entitled: “An Act Declaring Certain Routes as a Country Road in the Territory of Arizona,” is one which will be interesting to all Arizonans. Section one provided that the road or route known as the Woolsey trail, beginning at the town of Prescott, thence continuing in a northeasterly direction a distance of twenty-five miles to the Agua Frio Ranch; from thence continuing in a southerly course to Big Bug Creek; from thence down said stream in a southeasterly course to Slate Creek; thence southerly to Black Cañon or the new mines; thence continuing southerly to Bird Springs, and thence to Casa Blanca or Pima Villagesshould be declared by the passage of the act a country road, free for all intents and purposes therein required.
Several acts were passed incorporating toll roads in different parts of the Territory, some of which were built. The rates which they were allowed to charge would be considered, in our day, excessive, particularly where a road was built over ground that required very little work to make it passable for teams. One of these roads, “The Tucson, Poso Verde and Libertad Road Company," was incorporated by an act of the Legislature, and the incorporators were given the exclusive privilege and power to construct and build a toll-road from the town of Tucson to the nearest and most convenient point in the direction of the port of Libertad on the Sonora line, and also a branch toll-road from Tucson, Cababi and Fresnal, to intersect the line of said main road at a point desirable, and also from the San Antonio, Mowry Silver Mine, and the Esperanza Mine, via Tubac, to Sopori on the line of said main road, passing almost entirely over the plain. Section 2 of the act provided, among other things, that the company was to construct bridges and grade said road, if they think proper, and to dig wells at practicable points, and to keep and maintain facilities for furnishing water to men and animals passing on said roads, and to do all other things necessary to complete said roads and make the same safe and passable at all times; and may construct and maintain one or more toll-gates, and may receive and collect toll or passage money in the sums not exceeding the following rates, to wit: For each wagon drawn by two horses, mules, or horned cattle, four cents per mile. For each additional span of horses or horned cattle, one cent per mile. For each carriage or cart drawn by one horse, mule, or ox, three cents per mile. For each horse or other animal and rider, two cents per mile. For each pack-animal, horse, mule, or ass, or horned cattle, one and one-half cents per
mile. For every goat, sheep, hog, or loose stock in droves, one-quarter of a cent per mile; it being understood that no foot traveller shall pay toll, , and that said company shall permit travellers to take water from any wells dug by them on the line of said road, sufficient for the use of said travellers and their animals while passing over said road or making the usual necessary stops thereon, without charge therefor. The above rates of toll shall only be collected over such roads as the company shall find it necessary to construct, and when wells are dug on the old portions of said roads, and which it shall not be ne