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EARLY TERRITORIAL DAYS.
-PROCLAMATION ORGANIZING TUCSON AS
FORMATION OF COUNTIES SCHOOLS. The Governor spent a month in visiting the newly discovered mining district for the protection of which Fort Whipple had been erected, and then went eastward to the Verde and Salinas Rivers with a view to ascertaining the character of that comparatively unknown portion of the Territory.
The months of April and May were devoted by the Governor to a tour throughout the southern portion of the Territory, on which trip the Governor visited Yuma and Tucson, and while at Tucson issued the following proclamation: “To All Whom It May Concern:
“In accordance with the request made to me by the citizens of Tucson, and in pursuance of the resolutions adopted by them, at a meeting held on the 8th day of May, 1864, I appoint
Wm. S. Oury, Mayor, and Mark Aldrich, Juan Elias, Sen., Hiram S. Stevens, Francisco S. Leon, and Jeremiah Riordan, Councillors.
“And the municipality of Tucson, as defined in said resolutions, and limited by said officers, is constituted a district within which said officers may exercise all the powers with which they are vested.
“Every attempt made to establish government and law will receive my approval and support.
“I enjoin all good citizens to conform to all regulations and ordinances made by said officers within the scope of their powers, and to sustain them in establishing law and order.
“Given under my hand and the seal of said Territory at Tucson, this eleventh day of May, A. D. 1864, and of the Independence of the United States the eighty-eighth.”
“JOHN N. GOODWIN. “By the Governor: “Richard C. McCormick,
“Secretary of the Territory." So far as I am advised, Tucson was the first town ever incorporated by a Governor of a State or Territory, independent of other legislation.
The first seat of Government was located at Fort Whipple in the Little Chino Valley, from which point the Governor issued the following proclamation: “To All Whom It May Concern:
“Whereas, It is provided by the first section of the Act of Congress, providing a temporary government for the Territory of Arizona, that the act organizing the Territorial Government of New Mexico, and acts amendatory thereto, together with all legislative enactments of the Territory of New Mexico, not inconsistent with the provisions of the first-named act, are extended to, and continued in force in said Territory of Arizona, until repealed or amended by future legislation.
And, Whereas, it is provided by the tenth Section of said act, organizing the Territory of New Mexico, that the said Territory shall be divided into three Judicial Districts, and a District Court shall be held in each of said Districts by one of the Justices of the Supreme Court, at such time and place as may be prescribed by law; and by the sixteenth section of said act, it is further provided, that temporarily, and until otherwise provided by law, the Governor of said Territory may define the Judicial Districts of said Territory, and assign the Judges who may be appointed for said Territory to the several Districts, and also appoint the time and places for holding Courts, in the several counties, or subdivisions, in each of said Judicial Districts, by proclamation to be issued by him.
“Now, by virtue of the aforesaid enactments, I do hereby order and direct, that until otherwise provided, the Territory of Arizona shall be Districted, the Judges assigned and the Courts held as follows, viz. :
“All that portion of said Territory lying south of the Gila River, and east of the 114th degree of longitude, west from Greenwich, shall constitute the First Judicial District.
“All that portion of said Territory lying west of the 114th degree of longitude, west from Greenwich, shall constitute the Second Judicial District.
“And all that portion of said Territory lying north of the Gila River and east of the 114th degree of longitude, west from Greenwich, shall constitute the Third Judicial District.
“The Hon. William T. Howell is hereby assigned to the First Judicial District, and will hold the courts therein.
“The Hon. Joseph P. Allyn is hereby assigned to the Second Judicial District, and will hold the courts therein.
“The Hon. William F. Turner is hereby assigned to the Third Judicial District, and will hold the courts therein.
“In the First Judicial District, a District Court of the United States, for said District, shall be held at Tucson, commencing on the last Tuesday of May next, and to continue two weeks; and the second term of said Court, for said District, shall be held at Tucson, commencing on the last Tuesday of October next, and to continue two weeks.
“In the Second Judicial District, a District Court of the United States, for said District, shall be held at La Paz, commencing on the last Tuesday of June next, and to continue two weeks; and a second term of said Court, for said District, shall be held at La Paz, commencing on the last Tuesday of November next, and to continue two weeks.
“The times and places for holding terms of the District Court, in the Third Judicial District, will be designated in a subsequent proclamation.
“Given under my hand and the Seal of said Territory, at Fort Whipple, this ninth day of April, A. D. 1864, and of the Independence of the United States of America, the eighty-eighth.
“John N. GOODWIN. “By the Governor: “RICHARD C. McCORMICK,
“Secretary of the Territory."
On the 26th day of May, the Governor issued a proclamation ordering an election for members of the Legislature of the Territory, which is as follows: “To All Whom It May Concern:
“Whereas, In and by the second Section of an act of the Congress of the United States, entitled 'An Act to provide a temporary government for the Territory of Arizona, and for other purposes,' approved February 24, 1863, it is enacted 'That the legislative power shall consist of a Council of nine members, and a House of Representatives of eighteen.
“And Whereas, In the same Section it is further enacted that 'The Act organizing the Territory of New Mexico, and acts amendatory thereto, together with all legislative enactments of the Territory of New Mexico, not inconsistent with this act, are in force in the said Territory of Arizona, until repealed, or annulled by future legislation.
“And Whereas, In and by the fifth Section of said act organizing the Territory of New Mexico, it is enacted that ‘An apportionment shall be made, as nearly equal as practicable, among the several counties or districts, for the election of the Council and House of Representatives, giving to each section of the Territory representation in the ratio of its population, (Indians excepted) as nearly as may be. And the members of the Council and of the House of Representatives shall reside in, and be inhabitants of the district for which they may be elected respectively. Previous to the first election, the Governor shall cause a census or enumeration of the inhabitants of the several counties and dis