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be, and the same is hereby, erected into a temporary government by the name of the Territory of Arizona: Provided, that nothing contained in the provisions of this act shall be construed to prohibit the Congress of the United States from dividing said Territory or changing its boundaries in such manner and at such time as it may deem proper: Provided, further, that said government shall be maintained and continued until such time as the people residing in said Territory shall, with the consent of Congress, form a State government, republican in form, as prescribed in the Constitution of the United States, and apply for and obtain admission into the Union as a State, on an equal footing with the original States.

“Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, that the government hereby authorized shall consist of an executive, legislative and judicial power. The executive power shall be vested in a governor. The legislative power shall consist of a council of nine members, and a house of representatives of eighteen. The judicial power shall be vested in a supreme court, to consist of three judges, and such inferior courts as the Legislative Council may by law prescribe; there shall also be a secretary, a marshal, a district-attorney, and a surveyor-general for said Territory, who, together with the governor and judges of the supreme court, shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and the term of office for each, the manner of their appointment, and the powers, duties, and compensation of the governor, legislative assembly, judges of the supreme court, secretary, marshal, district attorney, and surveyor-general aforesaid, with their clerks, draughtsmen, deputies, and sergeant-at-arms, shall be such as are conferred upon the same officers by the act organizing the Territorial government of New Mexico, which subordinate officers shall be appointed in the same manner, and not exceed in number those created by said act, and acts amendatory thereto, together with all legislative enactments of the Territory of New Mexico not inconsistent with the provisions of this act, are hereby extended to and continued in force in the said Territory of Arizona, until repealed or amended by future legislation: Provided, that no salary shall be due or paid the officers created by this act until they have entered upon the duties of their respective offices within the said Territory.

“Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, that there shall neither be slavery nor involuntary servitude in the said Territory, otherwise than in the punishment of crimes, whereof the parties shall have been duly convicted; and all acts, and parts of acts, either of Congress or of the Territory of New Mexico, establishing, regulating, or in any way recognizing the relation of master and slave in said Territory, are hereby repealed.

“Approved Feb. 24, 1863.'

On the 18th of July, 1864, the election was held. There were five candidates for Delegate to Congress, and Charles D. Poston, Superintendent of Indian Affairs, was, according to the Fish manuscript, elected by the following vote:

C. D. Poston.


Wm. D. Brad Wm. J. S. Adams. Leib.

shaw. Berry, Union

Union Democrat


31 Charles D. Poston, even at that early date, was known as the "Father of Arizona,” undoubtedly due to his activities in mining in the Territory, and subsequently to his influence in Washington in having the bill organizing the Territory passed.

Leib, according to A. F. Banta was a German, and at that time was residing at Fort Whipple. He was a personal friend of President Lincoln, and Mr. Lincoln appointed him quartermaster of the Army of the Potomac. The Senate of the United States refused to confirm his appointment. After Congress adjourned, the President reappointed the Doctor to the same position. He served in this capacity for nearly a year, when it became known to the Department that he was hopelessly involved, and he was summarily removed from office. The shortage in his accounts amounted to something like three or four hundred thousand dollars. He was honest enough, and no one accused him, but the army contractors used him as a tool to plunder and rob the Government. He wrote a book: “Six months in the Quartermaster's Department, or How to make a Million."

He also wrote a German campaign song which was sung by all the German troops in the Union Army.

William D. Bradshaw came to Arizona from California in 1862 or 1863, settling first at La Paz. The following I condense from A. F. Banta and C. B. Genung: He established a ferry


on the Colorado River at a point about six miles below La Paz, at what was known as Olive City. (Olive City consisted of one shanty made of poles and mud.) William Bradshaw's brother Isaac, ran the ferry most of the time, while “Bill” as he was known at the time, ran over the country prospecting and exploring. In 1863 he was in Weaver, but all the rich ground was taken up, and he failed to get a claim. From there he led a small party on a trip to the Bradshaw Mountains, and gave the mountains his name. He was dissipated in his habits, but a man of some culture with a fine presence and a good deal of personal magnetism. In a fit of delirium tremens he cut his throat with a razor at La Paz, at which place he was buried, but his grave is unmarked. His brother Isaac mined in the Copper Basin and elsewhere for some years, and finally died in Yavapai County.

Adams was called “Steamboat Adams" from the fact that he advocated the navigation not only of the Colorado, but of the Gila and Hassayampa Rivers. I have been unable to ascertain when or where he died.

Of Berry there is nothing I can find.

In addition to the election of a Delegate to Congress, members of the First Legislature of the Territory of Arizona were elected as follows:


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Residence. Occupation. Age. Where Born. W. Claudo Jones, Tucson,


46 Ohio. John G. Capron,


35 Daniel H. Stickney, Cababi,


52 Massachusetts. Gregory P. Harts, Tucson,


24 Ohio Henry D. Jackson,

Wheelwright 40 New York. Jesus M. Elias,


35 Arizona. Nathan B. Appel, Tubac,


36 Germany.
Norman S. Higgins, Cerro Colorado, Mining Engr. 28 Ohio.
Gilbert W. Hopkins, Maricopa Mine, Mining Engr. 35 New York.
Luis G. Bouchet,

La Paz,

32 California. George M. Holaday,

Hotel Keeper 46 Indiana. Thomas J. Bidwell, Castle Dome, Miner

31 Missouri. Edward D. Tuttle, Mohave City, Miner

28 New York. William Walter,


28 Pennsylvania. John M. Boggs,


32 Missouri. Jackson McCrackin, Lynx Creek, Miner

36 South Carolina. James Garvin, Prescott,


33 Illinois. James S. Giles,




On the 26th of September, 1864, the Legislature convened at Prescott, which had been laid out in the previous June, in accordance with the proclamation of the Governor, and organized by the election of Coles Bashford as President of the Council, and W. Claude Jones as Speaker of the House.

Coles Bashford was born near Cole Springs, New York, January 24th, 1816, and finished his education at Wesleyan University, New York, after which he studied law and was admitted to practice in all the courts of his native State in the year 1842. He served very satisfactorily as District Attorney of Wayne County, New York, to which office he was elected in 1847. In 1850 he moved to Wisconsin, and soon attained an enviable position in his profession. He was elected to the State Senate on the Whig ticket, and upon the dissolution of that party became one of the founders of the Republican party in 1854–55, being elected to the Legislative Assembly at that time.

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