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HISTORY OF ARIZONA.
PRECIOUS METALS IN ARIZONA — MILITARY
GENERAL CARLETON'S CORRESPONDENCE. That the great wealth, or latent wealth, of Arizona and New Mexico was unappreciated for fifty years is susceptible of ample proof. Col. James Collier, Collector of the Port at San Francisco, who reached that place in November, 1849, upon his arrival there, having traversed what was then New Mexico, declared that he would not accept the entire Gila Valley as a gift. Genl. W. T. Sherman, who as a lieutenant accompanied Kearny's Expedition to California, it is claimed made the statement that we had had one war with Mexico to take Arizona, and we should have another to compel her to receive it back again. Col. Sumner, who was in command of the Military Department of New Mexico, in one of his official reports to the War Department, after calling attention to the fact that the holding of New Mexico, which then included what is now Arizona, was costing the government four millions of dollars a year, advised that the government buy out all the holders of property in that territory, remove them elsewhere, and then turn the entire country over to the Indians. 1