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Define each of these words, spell it, and use it in

a sentence.

II. Some results of careless spelling:

1. I was helled for an hour in the office. Tardy Pupil. 2. We ascended Vesuvius to see the creator smoke.

One who is not intentionally blasphemous.

III. Capitalization is one branch of spelling. The fundamental law of capitalization is: "All proper names must be capitalized." Why do we write this sentence thus: "The Franklin High School is the largest high school in Athens"?

IV. The spelling of the possessive case is a source of trouble to many high-school pupils. Pray remember: 1. The possessive singular of nouns is formed by adding 's to the nominative singular. Example: Nominative, "boy"; Possessive, “boy's."

2. The possessive plural of a noun is formed by adding an apostrophe to the nominative plural. Example: Nominative, "boys"; Possessive, "boys'."

3. If the singular ends in s, the preceding rules hold.

Thus we write: "Burns's poems"; "Dickens's novels."

4. Apostrophes are never used to form the possessive case of pronouns.

5. The possessive plural of "man" is "men's"; of "woman," ""women's"; of "child," "children's"; of "ox," " 'oxen's."

T. Tense

1. If you begin a story in the present tense, use the present tense throughout.

2. If you begin with the past tense, use the past tense throughout.

U. Unity

1. The law of sentence unity requires that each sentence should contain only one idea.

2. The law of paragraph unity requires that each paragraph should contain only one topic.

3. The law of unity also requires that each composition have only one subject.

Compositions are like houses. Each paragraph is a room. If the laws of unity are observed, the effect is agreeable; it is like that produced by a respectable home, in which the right things are in each room. If the laws of unity are violated, the composition becomes as unattractive as the cabin of a shiftless family in which the same room is occupied by the piano, the trundle bed, the washtub, and the cooking-stove. A lack of unity ruins the effect of a composition. Concentrate your effort always on one point. Do not divide your forces. A composition without unity is a mob; with unity, an army.

V. Vulgarity

Never use a word that is not modern, national, and reputable. Otherwise you will endanger your reputa

tion and will run some risk of being misunderstood. Some slang phrases are clever; so, too, are some jokes; but both slang and jokes become wearisome after one has heard them repeatedly. Somebody has defined slang as an invention of the Arch Enemy to enable wretched unideaed persons to chatter. Amuse yourself by translating into English, if you can, the following weird sentences:

1. The Swede was dispert because the gent threw him down.

2. He sure is some swimmer.

3. The Georgia peach pulled several good stunts.

4. The easy mark was up against the real thing.

5. When it comes to a jolly, you are there with the goods.

6. It is better to be the main stem in Fostoria than to cut no ice in little old New York.

7. The scrappy kid thought it was up to him.

W. Words

I. Never use a word unless you know what it means. Consult the dictionary. The following sentences afford "horrible examples" of the results of carelessness in this particular:

1. Me and ma has been in Paris so long you might call us Parisites. We think the Apollo Belladonna and the Dying Gladiolus just lovely.

2. What is more sympathetic than a lost baby?

3. The gods intercepted in their favor.

4. The orator's perforation was grand.

5. Chiasmus is the inversion of words which have subsequently been referred to in the preceding word or phrase.

6. He went abroad to study moderate languages.

7. Our stock is full paid and non-accessible.

8. We are studying dismal fractions.

9. The Crusaders fought with the infielders. 10. The Pope lives in a vacuum.

II. "Very." Use this word sparingly.

III. Write sentences containing each of the following pairs of words:

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(f) "Middle" and "center.” (g) “A” and “an.”

(h) “Expose” and “exposition.”

IV. Write a sentence containing "to," "too," and "two."

V. The definite article must never be used except under the following conditions:

1. When it precedes a noun that refers and can refer to only one thing or person; as, for example, "the definite article," "the President," "the White House."

2. When the person or thing to which it refers has been defined by something which precedes.

3. When the noun which it precedes is followed by a restrictive phrase or clause.

VI. The following jokes illustrate the fact that a nice sense of the value of words may bring sweetness and light into life:

1. "What is the difference," asked the teacher, "between caution and cowardice?"


Johnny, who observed things carefully for so youthful a person, answered:

"Caution is when you're afraid and cowardice is when the other fellow's afraid." Ladies' Home Journal.

Rich Papa "You foolish girl, that English nobleman who's courting you really does n't look on you as his equal."

Wilful Heiress "I don't care for that, papa, as long as he's my peer." - Tit-Bits.




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"Can you suggest a title for my new book? "What is it about?"

He-"England's most famous battles."

She "Ah! Why not call it 'Scraps of English History'?" Tit-Bits.

4. Among the Monday morning culprits haled before a Baltimore police magistrate was a darky with no visible means of support.

"What occupation have you here in Baltimore?" asked His Honor.

"Well, jedge," said the darky, "I ain't doin' much at present - jest circulatin' round, suh.”

His Honor turned to the clerk of the court and said: "Please enter the fact that this gentleman has been retired from circulation for sixty days." Green Bag.

X. The Unknown Quantity

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Often it is best for pupils to discover their own mistakes. This letter means that you have made an error and that the teacher expects you to find it. Turn the X-ray of your mind on the line, determine what is wrong, and make the necessary corrections.

Y. Youth

Modern science has proved that the habits formed before the age of twenty-one are the habits that last throughout life. After that age the gray matter of the brain becomes set, so to speak, so that it is as hard to make an impression on it as it is to make a dent in a block of solid concrete. The moral is obvious. Force yourself to be industrious now; if you do not, you cannot do it later. If you do, it will become second nature. Good habits are as easily formed as are bad ones. Verbum sapienti.

Z. Zero

A very wise man once loved to say: "Let us proceed slowly that we may the sooner make an end." The

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