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Sola, Pablo Vicente de, his defense against Buenos Ayres insurgents,

109-110; his opposition to Mexican revolution, 142-143; his trip
from Mexico to Monterey and his welcome, 143-145; as governor,
145; his troubles with foreigners, 145-146; establishments of mis-
sions under, 145-146; letter from Luis Arguello to, against Rus-
sians, 146; defense against Buenos Ayres insurgents at Santa Bar.
bara, 147; at San Pedro, 147; transference of California to Mexican

rule, 148-149.
Solano County, name and origin of, 320.
Solano Mission. See San Francisco Solano mission.
Solars, building lots in pueblos, 126.
Soledad Mission, foundation of, 90; death of Father Sarria at, 90.
Soler, Pablo, surgeon and physician, 128.
Somera, Father Angel, at founding of San Gabriel mission, 77-78; 350.
Songs, in mining camps, 237-238; official song of Native Sons of the

Golden West, 237-238.
Sonoma, captured by Americans and Bear Flag boisted, 185, 192, 193,

194, 195; Mexican military garrison at, 191; Bear flag replaced by

United States flag, 207.
Sonoma County, name and origin of, 320.
Sonoma Mission. See San Francisco Solano mission.
Sonora, trail blazed by Anza from, to Monterey, 123.
Soto, Antonio, commander of troops against Indian revolt, 181-182.
Spain, Mexican revolution against, 141-142.
Spanish Era in California, 117-150; why the Spanish were unprogressive

commercially, 278-279.
Spikes, on Central Pacific railroad, 290.
Stanford, Leland, 282; member of the Central Pacific company, 284-285;

governor of California and Senator from, 284; founding of the

University, 284; 290, 293.
Stanislaus County, name and origin of, 320-321.
State seal of California, designed by Major Garnett, description of, 274;

355-359.
Stearns, Abel, expatriated, 174.
Sterling, ship, 251.
Stevenson, Jonathan D., arrival of first detachment of a regiment, 269-

270.
Stevenson, Robert Louis, life at Monterey, 112-114.
Stockton, Robert F., arrival at Monterey and Sloat's transfer of au-

thority to, 243; address to people of California, 243-244; Sloat ob-
jects to address, 244; disregards Larkin's advice, 244; his refusal to
negotiate with Flores, 244-245, 263; at San Pedro, 244; in posses.
sion of Los Angeles, 245; declares himself Governor of California
and appoints Frémont military commander, 246; returns to Monterey,
246; General Kearney's message to, 252-253; his march from San
Diego towards Los Angeles and fight on San Gabriel River, 262-264;
again takes possession of Los Angeles, 265; letter to Frémont from,
265-266; his relations with General Kearney, 267-268; Frémont's

acknowledgment of his authority, 268-269; leaves California, 271.
Stockton (city), 231, 235.
Storm, Peter, his part in making Bear flag, 195.
Suertes, lots for cultivation in pueblos, 126.
Sutter, John A., contract with James W. Marshall, 213-214; Marshall's

interview with in regard to discovery of gold, 216-217; 321.
Sutter County, name and origin, 321.

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Sutter's Fort, prisoners in, during Bear Flag Revolution, 192; Mexican

Aag replaced by Bear' flag, 194-196; Bear flag replaced by United

States flag, 206.
Swift, G. P., 195.

Tavernier, paints bar of Sanchez' saloon, 112-113.
Tehama County, name and origin of, 321.
Thornton, Sir Edward, 340.
Tiles, manufacture of first, at San Luis Obispo, 80.
Todd, William L., artist of Bear flag and his description of flag, 195-196.
Tonopah Railroad. See Las Vegas and Tonopah Railroad.
Trade. See Commerce and trade.
Transportation. See Railroads.
Treaties, Cahuenga, 266-267; Guadalupe Hidalgo, 271.
Trees, sequoias, 40; “Serra tree,” 102; oaks at Monterey, 102; first

orange, 299.
Trinity County, name and origin of, 321.
Truckee, difficulties in construction railroad from Emigrant Gap to,

286-287.
Tulare County, name and origin of, 321.
Tuolumne County, name and origin of, 321.
“Two years before the mast, description of pueblos in, 153-155; de-

scription of San Francisco, 154-155.

Ugarte, Father Juan, 330-331.
Unicorns, 28-29.
Union Pacific Railroad, vice-president of, 290.
United States Senators, William M. Gwin, 273; Frémont elected, 273;

Stanford elected, 284.
Urdenata, Andreas de, 278.
Uria, Father Francisco Xavier, his defense of Santa Ynez mission against

Indians, 165-166.

Valencia, Gabriel, 336.
Vallejo, capital of California, 273.
Vallejo, Ignacio, Governor Fages letter to, 128.
Vallejo, Maria Antonio Lugo de, 160-161.
Vallejo, Mariano G., character of, 179-180; prisoners sent by Castro to,

180; cruel treatment of Indians by, 181-182; his attitude during
the Bear Flag Revolution, 185; taken prisoner at Fort Sutter, 185;

in charge of Sonoma garrison, 191-192; 356.
Vallejo, Salvador, massacre of Indians by, 182-183; taken prisoner, 192.
Vancouver, George, in Monterey harbor, 132; meeting between Governor

Borica and, 132; Governor Arrillaga's attitude toward, 129.
Vandalis, ship, 251.
Varela, Serbulo, leads attack against Americans in Los Angeles, 246-251;

his pronunciamento, 247-249.
Vasquez, Tiburcio, 104.
Ventura County, Spanish grant given to Picos in, 158; name and origin

of, 322.
Verdugo, José Maria, his Spanish grant, 158.
Vi of New in. See under: Branciforte, Marques de; Bucareli,

Antonio Maria; Crois, Marques de; Zuñiga, Gaspar de.

Victoria, Manue', as governor, 174-177; pronunciamento against, 174-175;

Pablo de Portilla marches to Los Angeles against, 175-176; result

of fight, 176-177.
Vigilance Committee, organized in San Francisco, 235-237; official declar-

ation of, 367-368; names of, of San Francisco, 368.
Vigilantes, list of names of, 368-369.
Villa, Vicente, commander of ship San Carlos, sails for California, 63;

at San Diego mission, 71.
Viscaino, Juan, sails on ship San Antonio for California, 63.
Viscaino, Sebastian, 31; expedition to California, 38-40; reaches San

Diego, 38, 317; at Santa Catalina, 38; at Monterey, 39, 100, 102;

his map, 58, 59, 71, 315; names Santa Barbara, 318.
Visitador-general. See Galvez, José de.
Vittoria (afterwards Santa Catalina), named, 48.
Vizcaino. See Viscaino.

Warner's ranch, General Kearney at, 256.
Washington navel, how brought to California, 299.
Water Ways. See under Serra, Father.-Owens River Aqueduct.
Western Pacific Railroad, acquired by “Big Four,” 293; 295.
"What the Engines Said,'' Bret Harte's poem in celebration of com-

pletion of Central Pacific Railroad, 291-293.
Wheat, crop in 1868, 281.
Wimmer, Mrs. Jane, her account of discovery of gold, 215-216.
Wimmer, Peter L., 214.
"Woman of San Nicolas," legend of, 43-45.
Workman, William, 263.
Wozencraft, O. M., 356.
Wright, George W., elected to Congress, 273.

Yerba Buena, meaning of the word, 221. See also, San Francisco.
Yolo County, name and origin of 322.
Yuba County, name and origin of, 322.
Zamorano, Augustin, his marriage, 173.
Zanjero, William Mulholland as, in Los Angeles, 303-304.
Zuñiga, Gaspar de, Conde de Monterey, viceroy of New Spain, Monterey

named in his honor, 100, 315.

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