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The Law of Commerce in Time of War: With Particular Reference to the ...
Edward James Castle
Predogled ni na voljo - 2020
actual admitted allowed American appear applied armed attempt authority belligerent blockaded port bound breach Britain British capture cargo carry cause character circumstances claim commerce common condemned confiscation considered contraband contract Court cruiser Dana decided decisions despatches destination determined direct duty effect enemy enemy's enemy's country engaged England English entered established evidence existence fact follows force foreign give going Government granted ground held hostile ignorance illegal importation intention international law Judge judgment jurisdiction knowledge laid law of nations letter liable licence Lord Stowell master merchant military necessary neutral vessel offence Order in Council owner particular parties penalty permitted persons possession practice principle prize Prize Courts protection question reasonable recognised refused remove render residence resistance respect rule sailing says ship sufficient taken territory tion trade United Vide violation voyage Wheaton's Int
Stran 111 - ... (3) Equips any ship with intent or knowledge, or having reasonable cause to believe that the same shall or will be employed in the military or naval service of any foreign state at war with any friendly state...
Stran 93 - The neutral flag covers enemy's goods, with the exception of contraband of war ; 3. Neutral goods, with the exception of contraband of war, are not liable to capture under enemy's flag; 4. Blockades, in order to be binding, must be effective ; that is to say, maintained by a force sufficient really to prevent access to the coast of the enemy.
Stran 112 - He shall be guilty of an offence against this Act, and shall be punishable by fine and imprisonment, or either of such punishments, at the discretion of the court before which the offender is convicted; and imprisonment, if awarded, may be either with or without hard labour.
Stran 110 - But there is nothing in our laws, or in the law of nations, that forbids our citizens from sending armed vessels, as well as munitions of war, to foreign ports for sale. It is a commercial adventure which no nation is bound to prohibit, and which only exposes the persons engaged in it to the penalty of confiscation.
Stran 124 - Majesty's dominions by the captor, or any agent of the captor, or by any person having come into possession thereof with knowledge that the same was prize of war so captured as aforesaid, it shall be lawful for the original owner of such prize, or his agent or for any person...
Stran 70 - Contra, if the great predominant character of a port be that of a port of naval military equipment, it shall be intended that the articles were going for military use, although merchant ships resort to the same place, and although it is possible that the articles might have been applied to civil consumption...
Stran 112 - Builds, or agrees to build, or causes to be built, any Ship with intent or knowledge, or having reasonable cause to believe that the same shall or will be employed in the Military or Naval Service of any Foreign State at War with any friendly State...
Stran 4 - It is now fully established that the presumed object ' of war being as much to cripple the enemy's commerce as to ' capture his property, a declaration of war imports a prohibition ' of commercial intercourse and correspondence with the inhabitants • of the enemy's country, and that such intercourse, except with the 'licence of the Crown, is illegal.
Stran 36 - By the law and constitution of this country, the sovereign alone has the power of declaring war and peace. He alone therefore who has the power of entirely removing the state of war, has the power of removing it in part, by permitting, where he sees proper, that commercial intercourse which is a partial suspension of the war.
Stran 15 - The universal sense of nations has acknowledged the demoralizing effects that would result from the admission of individual intercourse. The whole nation are embarked in one common bottom, and must be reconciled to submit to one common fate. Every individual of the one nation must acknowledge every individual of the other nation as his own enemy — because the enemy of his country.